Title:
Hydrogen/Oxygen Fuel Generator
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A compact and portable system adapted for use in decomposing water and separating an oxygen rich gaseous stream and a hydrogen rich gaseous stream which produces a massive output of Hydrogen fuel, (along with the proportional amount of oxygen) capable of operating at varying levels of output, on-demand. This system can interface easily with existing technologies to power standard motor vehicles (gas, diesel, ethanol or hydrogen systems), recreational vehicles, home energy systems and home appliances, commercial/industrial power generators, smelters and much more.


Inventors:
Osman, Dana Charles (Gold Beach, OR, US)
Application Number:
12/465515
Publication Date:
11/19/2009
Filing Date:
05/13/2009
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
204/230.2
International Classes:
C25B9/00
View Patent Images:
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Dana, Osman (25473 Cape View Loop, Golden Beach, OR, 97444, US)
Claims:
I claim:

1. A hydrogen/oxygen fuel generator system for use in fractionating water and separating an oxygen rich gaseous stream and a hydrogen rich gaseous stream, the system comprising a resonate coil assembly, resonant water capacitor, top and base assembly, water tight container, electrode tubing assembly, temperature thermostat/sensor, positive, negative and neutral electrodes, the water tight and pressure capable container comprising means for supplying a flow of water to the container and means for decomposing the water into gaseous mixture containing hydrogen and oxygen atoms, said means for decomposing the water including a waveform modulator coupled to the resonant cell configuration and adjusted to allow resonance and gaseous flow; A modulated, composite waveform applied to the resonant cell components—and at resonance—the hi internal currents, resonate hi voltages and zero resistance states occur within. Electrical resonance of the water molecules and fractionation of their covalent bonds are accelerated, freeing H and O atoms.

2. A hydrogen/oxygen fuel generator system in accordance with claim 1, wherein said resonate coil assembly is comprised of a hollow coil form with circular end form winding supports secured on each end and a threaded bolt stock adjustment core fitted to a threaded end cap assembly and an insulated copper wire wound in several continuous layers and distributed evenly throughout the coil form length within the end forms.

3. A hydrogen/oxygen fuel generator system in accordance with claim 1, wherein said resonant water capacitor is comprised of a water tight container with removable lid, a temperature/sensor/thermostat connected to the watertight tube, a water/electrolyte fill and empty port, a PSI gauge, a gas directed exhaust out piping, positive/negative and neutral electrodes and distilled water.

4. A hydrogen/oxygen fuel generator system in accordance with claim 1, wherein said electrode tubing assembly is comprised of 3 or more stainless steel tubes (or plates)—to act in the capacity of anode cathode and neutral electrodes.

5. A hydrogen/oxygen fuel generator system in accordance with claim 1, wherein said waveform modulator is comprised of A modulator driver circuit, a modulator amplifier circuit and an impedance matching tunable modulation output transformer.

6. A hydrogen/oxygen fuel generator system in accordance with claim 1, wherein said resonant cell configuration is as follows; a. An inductor or wire wound multi-layered coil with an adjustable threaded core. b. A water capacitor within a sealed, watertight vessel capable of designed PSI factors. c. Within the sealed vessel (#2 above) are multiple stainless steel tubes electrically and physically separated from each other and emersed in an electrolyte solution. d. The water capacitor and inductor (in either or both series or parallel configurations or combinations thereof) are designed to resonate together 180 degrees out of phase.

7. A hydrogen/oxygen fuel generator system for use in fractionating water and separating an oxygen rich gaseous stream and a hydrogen rich gaseous stream, the system comprising a resonate coil assembly, resonant water capacitor, top and base assembly, water tight container, electrode tubing assembly, temperature thermostat/sensor, positive, negative and neutral electrodes, the water tight and pressure capable container comprising means for supplying a flow of water to the container and means for decomposing the water into gaseous mixture containing hydrogen and oxygen atoms, said means for decomposing the water including a waveform modulator coupled to the resonant cell configuration and adjusted to allow resonance and gaseous flow.

8. A hydrogen/oxygen fuel generator system in accordance with claim 7 wherein power passes through the oscillator, mixer, sub carrier generator, harmonic selection, PWM generator, frequency sweep, buffer stage, modulator drive, modulator, modulation transformer creating a frequency of 81356 hertz and selected harmonics thereof, within a continuous spectral band pass from 42.326 hertz to 162.712 kHz, with duty cycle variable from 2 to 99.5%. and with a “Q” factor from 5 to 14 resonance level which passes through the water separating an oxygen rich gaseous stream and a hydrogen rich gaseous stream

9. A resonance water cell that contains a zero resistance field. The mathematical parameter of resonance is expressed when; XL=XC or when the inductive and capacitive reactance at resonance are equal but in opposite sines. At resonance the reactance (expressed in ohms or the reactive Z in resonant circuits) of both inductor XL and water capacitor XC cancel out and the resultant reactance or ohms of the circuit is zero. Note that the inductor or coil has copper and other resistive dc losses inherent to itself which are additive in the reduction of resonant circuit efficiency or merit expressed as “Q”.

Description:

This application emanates from a previous provisional patent filing dated May 13, 2008, application No. 61/052,694

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention generally relates to methods and systems for generating oxygen and hydrogen gases from water, and, more particularly, to methods and systems for decomposing water into oxygen and hydrogen gases utilizing electrical forces and for separating an oxygen rich gas and a hydrogen rich gas from the water decomposition products.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Various systems and devices are known in the art for producing oxygen from water and water vapor alone or as contained in various other gases such as waste gases. One such device is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,263,112 to Aylward which relates to an electrolytic converter for electrolytically converting water and moisture vapor to oxygen and hydrogen for use in a closed environment, particularly in connection with space travel. The device includes a housing providing a cell chamber, an inlet for water vapor and outlets for oxygen and hydrogen, the chamber containing a cell assembly including a gas pervious catalytic anode, a gas pervious cathode and an electrolyte containing matrix member between the anode and the cathode providing a conductive path. The anode specifically incorporates a catalytic coating to effect electrolysis of water vapor to hydrogen ions and oxygen, the catalytic coating containing iridium oxide.

Another such system is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,254 086 to Sanders which relates to system wherein a mixture of gases containing hydrogen is prepared by the dissociation of water vapor at an elevated temperature in excess of 350° C. The resultant gaseous mixture containing hydrogen is then passed through a maze formed of a plurality of wafers of porous refractory material having a hydrogen permeable platinum group metal membrane. In the maze of wafers, hydrogen is separated to leave an oxygen enriched gas.

In addition, U.S. Pat. No. 4,747,925 to Hasebe et al discloses a system which simultaneously generates a mixed oxygen hydrogen gas by providing at least one pair of positive and negative electrodes opposed to each other in a tank of aqueous electrolyte solution which has a gas outlet. Also there are provided in the tank at least one pair of a magnetic member with the polarities thereof fixed in one and the same direction so that the forces therefrom will be directed upwardly in accordance with Fleming's left-hand rule in connection with the direction of the potential difference generated between the pair of electrodes. Oxygen and hydrogen produced in the system of the Hasbe patent are separated by interposing a diaphragm between the pair of electrodes and providing separate outlets for the respective gases.

The disclosures of the above patents are incorporated by references in their entireties.

Several disadvantages are inherent with such systems not including their relative complexity and relatively high costs associated therewith in term of equipment and energy costs. Among these disadvantages of conventional process for the electrolysis of water including those as noted above, there are the use of toxic compounds such as acids, acetate, ammonia, arsenic, asbestos, cadmium, carbon monoxide, caustic soda, chlorine, formaldehyde, methanol, mercury, phosphorous, cyanide and compounds of sulfur. As is readily apparent, use of these toxic materials involves environmental hazards as well as direct hazards to human safety.

In addition, many of the conventional processes and systems for the electrolysis of water use expensive precious metals and exotic organometallic compounds as catalysts or as composites of electrodes and electrolytic fluids. Furthermore, these processes and systems tend to utilize very high heat, very high pressures, polychemical processes and the like and tend to operate slowly which pyramids equipment costs and magnifies equipment problems. In addition, such systems tend to be quite large and require significant amounts of energy for operation.

Hydrogen is an ideal eco-friendly fuel but has limited applications thus far due to inefficient production technologies. The subject invention is compact and produces a massive output of Hydrogen fuel, (along with the proportional amount of oxygen) capable of operating at varying levels of output, on-demand. Our power cell can interface easily with existing technologies to power standard motor vehicles (gas, diesel, ethanol or hydrogen systems), recreational vehicles, home energy systems and home appliances, commercial/industrial power generators, smelters and much more.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is; therefore; a feature of the subject invention to provide a system for the decomposition of water into an oxygen rich stream and hydrogen rich stream which utilizes electrical forces alone.

It is another feature of the present invention to provide a system which is capable of recovering an oxygen rich stream from the decomposition of water.

It is another feature of the present invention to provide a system which is capable of recovering a hydrogen rich stream from the decomposition of water.

It is a further feature of the present invention to provide a water decomposition system which is able to operate with relatively low amounts of energy and thus has low operational costs.

It is another feature of the present invention to provide a water decomposition system which can be easily and simply constructed from relatively inexpensive components to thereby provide an operational system of a relatively low cost.

It is a further feature of the present invention to provide a system for the decomposition of water which utilizes dynamic and concentrated electrical forces so as to produce large volumes of both relatively pure hydrogen and relatively pure oxygen at a low cost.

It is also a feature of the present invention to provide a system which uses the energy upon the covalent bonds binding the water molecule. The modulated waveform is applied to the resonant cell components, and internal currents, voltages, zero resistance and electrical resonance occur in the water molecules, fractionating the covalent bonds, freeing the H and O atoms

It is also a feature of the system of present invention to use electrical forces and spacing of the source of such electrical forces to create resonances within the body of water.

It is a further feature of the present invention to eliminate the use of toxic compounds conventionally used in the electrolysis of water. SEE claim 8 We do use a minute amount of Sulfuric Acid. Only roughly 50 parts per million (PPM) it makes the water the same ph as orange juice, and not an environmental threat.

It is also a feature of the present invention to eliminate the use of the precious metals and exotic organometallic compounds as catalysts or as composites of electrodes and electrolytic fluids as conventionally used in electrolysis of water.

It is also a feature of the systems of the present invention to provide separate hydrogen and oxygen gaseous streams for use in a fuel cell, as a supplement to an internal combustion engine cycle or for other appropriate uses.

It is also a feature of the present invention to provide for the immediate use or consumption of these oxygen and hydrogen rich gases as they are produced so as to manage the overwhelming bulk storage and hazards associated therewith.

Briefly, in its broader aspects, the present invention comprehends a portable system adapted for use in decomposing water and separating an oxygen rich gaseous stream and a hydrogen rich gaseous stream through electrically induced resonance.

Further features, objects and advantages of the present invention will become more fully apparent from a detailed consideration of the arrangement and construction of the constituent parts as set forth in the following description when taken together with the accompanying drawings.

By subjecting standard distilled water (with a minute amount of a electrolytic agent suspended in it), to uniquely modulated electric frequencies, the molecular bonding of the water molecules becomes massively fractionated and readily separates into it's base components of hydrogen and oxygen. By increasing or decreasing the current flow, we achieve on-demand production, and in volume vastly exceeding the production capability of any other water based hydrogen fuel technologies in the market. Once the reaction is initiated, extremely low levels of power input are required to maintain the reaction. The system may potentially require one very small low pressure tank to act as a reserve buffer for starting or continuity under load, thus eliminating the dangers associated with conventional fuel tanks and/or high pressure systems for hydrogen fuel systems. This is an on-site, on-demand, compact, reliable, inexpensive and extremely high output capability fuel cell producing hydrogen and oxygen

Electrical power device connected to tube(s) containing water with catalyst allowing for high output, on-demand separation of water into it's basic components of Hydrogen and Oxygen. This is not simple Browns gas technology.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the electronics for my Hydrogen/Oxygen generator Figure

FIG. 2 is a frontal view (with details) of my resonant water capacitor with 3 electrodes

FIG. 3 is a frontal view (with details) of my resonant water capacitor with 5 electrodes

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

FIG. 1 is detailed as follows:

1—LOW VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY—Delivers>80% dynamic/clamped voltage regulation to the low-level system stages with a negative chassis return.

2—DISTRIBUTED POWER SUPPLY—Provides branch low level positively regulated voltages to the low level/low current stages with >80% branch voltage regulation parameters.

3A—PLL OSCILLATOR—This stage is a PLL Oscillator, which generates three specific fundamental frequencies, the fundamental frequency, and two offset generated carriers at −18 degree carrier lags which are configured as a VSB (Vestigial Side Band). This VSB component is phase lock looped by a feed back circuit from the output modulator to the oscillator to effect frequency correction of the system.

3B—PLL—Feedback loop pulse/signal, which corrects the system operational frequency within 0.05% @67 deg F. ambient temperature as a design center.

4—PWM GENERATOR—(Pulse Wave Modulated) square wave signal with a variable duty cycle adjustment and mixed with the VSB signal carriers from the previous stage combining the −18 degree carrier lagged composite signal. Constructs the base composite waveform for further processing, VSB generation, amplification, mixing, harmonic carrier fixing, harmonic sub-carriers, phase shift and composite pulse buffering. This stage presents a 4 db signal gain to the system chain. These waveform components are mixed with the selected fundamental frequencies and selected harmonics which are positioned on specific sub carriers with designed amplitude levels and then (configured) into the subsequent composite waveform then frequency swept at a given repetition rate which is then presented to the isolation buffer stage as a composite, sweeping digital signal for further amplification and processing.

5—BUFFER ISOLATION STAGE—This stage provides isolation and minimal coupling loading between the waveform composite mixer and the modulator driver stage. The buffer isolation stage has unity gain.

6A—MODULATION DRIVER—Configured as a mosfet half bridge low impedance driver for the modulator stage. This driver has an 8 db circuit gain at a drive signal input of 1 mv.

6B—MODULATOR DRIVER POWER SUPPLY—A mid-level regulated power supply providing the modulator driver stage with voltage and required current for its amplification.

7A—MODULATOR AMPLIFIER—Configured as a full bridge class D mosfet P-P design without a low pass filtering in the output to preserve the composite pulse formation. The stage gain is 10 db.

7B—MODULATOR POWER SUPPLY—Isolated ground buss power supply provides the positive and negative rail voltage and currents necessary for half wave or full wave class “D” isolated buss operation of the primary modulation amplifier stage.

8—MODULATION TRANSFORMER—Used as an impedance matching and coupling device to provide a step up pulse ratio output which is presented to the resonant inductor/water capacitor circuits.

9—RESONANT CIRCUIT FOR HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN EXTRACTION—Water Capacitor into which a composite waveform is coupled to either a series and/or parallel circuit, within a given “Q” value range to establish resonance. 50 ppm of H2SO4 sulfuric acid is used as an additive to pure distilled H2O within the water capacitor (classified here as the dielectric component or material) to reduce its ohmic/volume resistance to a manageable value for resonance of which electrode size, spacing and a dielectric constant is used to calculate the capacitance values. The dielectric value of distilled H2O is exponentially a value of 80 at room temperature F.

The H2O molecule (referred to as the dielectric), at resonance, is elevated to a state of “hyper resonance” using a hi voltage, low current, configured, composite pulse train keyed to the water molecule electrical constants, causing efficient water molecule fractionation and the on demand production of hydrogen and oxygen from this hyper resonant state. During dielectric molecule separation, the Hydrogen atomic geometry of magnetic and electrostatic values are changed into a super-conductive state at room temperature with their respective hydrogen and oxygen forms being collected at their opposite sine electrodes.

(Also see detail drawing FIGS. 2 and 3 with their supportive text)

10—RESONANT FLYWHEEL POWER SUPPLY—Senses load current demands of the regulated voltage within 10% of demand levels. A crow bar type regulation is incorporated. This power supply is connected to the main resonant circuit components through a parallel resonant circuit exhibiting infinite impedance to the resonance frequencies (isolation), but passing the necessary dc component to the resonant circuit components.

11—OUTPUT—Hydrogen and Oxygen are released in the form of gas from this exit port, in a controlled, variable and on-demand production output.

FIG. 2 is detailed as follows

1—Circular electrode tubing assembly (3 electrodes shown). The geometric designs are variable in size, for a given production of hydrogen and oxygen, maintaining system resonance's and related resonant “Q” values of XC and XL with respect to series, parallel and/or combination resonant circuit designs using inductive and capacitive reactance values.

2—Water/PSI tight container.

3—Top and base assembly routed for O-ring compression and PSI seals.

4—Hydrogen/oxygen gas output port assembly.

5—PSI safety valve assembly.

6—PSI indicator.

7—Distilled H2O/electrolyte captive area.

8A—Adjustment knob for resonant coil assembly.

8B—Inductor adjustable core assembly for resonant circuit adjustments.

9—Resonate coil assembly.

10—Temperature thermostat coupler.

11—Temperature indicator.

12—Support base assembly.

13—Flat washers and nuts.

14—Threaded bolt stock to provide assembly compression of the top and bottom O-ring/base assemblies.

15—Compression and seal composite O-ring.

16—Delran or polymer bolts to insulate and separate electrodes electrically and physically with electrode spacers and same securing nuts.

17—Delran or polymer spacers positioned between the electrodes for spacing.

18—Outer and inner stainless steel tubing anode and cathode electrodes.

19—Mid-positioned neutral electrode electrically and physically insulated and not connected to reduce line current demands of the cell currents by ½ for each added neutral up to 5 neutral electrodes. These neutral electrodes are also resonated and an electrical component of the water cells resonant compliment.

20—Electrode spacing constant of all stainless steel circular geometry is uniformly 0.200″ for all electrode surfaces.

DETAIL B-sub reference circled numbers

B-1, Polymer/composite O-ring compression washer. (for electrical connection and to seal feed through bolts providing PSI integrity of the water cell).

B-2, Stainless Steel electrical and mechanical support bracket assembly drilled two locations to accommodate at thread tight compression fit mating to B-1 above.

B-3, Stainless steel bolts (2 req for each cell).

B-4, ANODE ELECTRODE.

B-5, CATHODE ELECTRODE.

B-6, LOC-STAR compression washer.

B-7, Stainless steel bolts

FIG. 3 is detailed as follows:

1—Circular electrode tubing assembly (5 electrodes shown). The geometric designs are variable in size, for a given production of hydrogen and oxygen, maintaining system resonance's and related resonant “Q” values of XC and XL with respect to series, parallel and/or combination resonant circuit designs using inductive and capacitive reactance values.

1b—Centering non-metallic standoff brackets (8 req).

2—Water/PSI tight container.

3—Top and base assembly routed for O-ring compression and PSI seals.

4—Hydrogen/oxygen gas output port assembly.

5—PSI safety valve assembly.

6—PSI indicator.

7—Distilled H2O/electrolyte captive area.

8A—Adjustment knob for resonant coil assembly.

8B—Inductor adjustable core assembly for resonant circuit adjustments.

9—Resonate coil assembly.

10—Temperature thermostat coupler.

11—Temperature indicator.

12—Support base assembly.

13—Flat washers and nuts.

14—Provides assembly compression between top and bottom O-ring/base assemblies.

15—Compression and seal composite O-ring.

16—Delran or polymer bolts to insulate and separate electrodes electrically and physically with electrode spacers and same securing nuts.

17—Delran or polymer spacers positioned between the electrodes for spacing.

18—Outer stainless steel anode electrode.

19—Mid-positioned neutral electrodes electrically and physically insulated and not electrically connected to the resonant water capacitor, to reduce line current demands of the cell currents by ½ for each added neutral electrode up to 5 neutral electrodes. These neutral electrodes are also resonated and an electrical component of the water cells resonant compliment.

20—Inner stainless steel cathode electrode.

21—Electrode spacing is constant in all stainless steel circular geometry uniformly @0.200″ for all electrode surfaces.

DETAIL B-sub reference circled numbers

B-1, Polymer/composite O-ring compression washer. (For electrical connection and to seal feed through bolts providing PSI integrity of the water cell).

B-2, Stainless steel electrical and mechanical support bracket assembly drilled two locations to accommodate a thread tight compression fit mating to B-1 above or welded as an assembly.

B-3, Stainless steel bolts.

B-4, ANODE ELECTRODE.

B-5, CATHODE ELECTRODE.

B-6, LOC-STAR compression washer.

B-7, Stainless steel bolts