Title:
METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A BI-METAL SCREW
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
The present invention pertains to a method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw comprising a sequence of procedures; wherein, the process preparation is for arranging a shank portion and a drilling portion made of different materials; the shank portion has a planar welding surface defined thereon; in particular, the drilling portion includes a conical section with a conical surface defined on the top face thereof. While operating, the conical section is gradually welded to the planar welding surface to form a composite screw, so as to smooth the air away for preventing the interspaces generated within the junction of the two portions and rendering the composite screw not to be slanted aside. Subsequently, an integral bi-metal screw is formed through the processes of precisely cutting and formation, thereby increasing the quality of the screw.



Inventors:
Hsieh, Yi-lin (TORTOLA, VG)
Application Number:
11/778916
Publication Date:
01/15/2009
Filing Date:
07/17/2007
Assignee:
TOP WELL TECH CORP (TORTOLA, VG)
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
29/456, 470/9
International Classes:
B21H3/02; B21K1/56
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
TOLAN, EDWARD THOMAS
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ROSENBERG, KLEIN & LEE (3458 ELLICOTT CENTER DRIVE-SUITE 101, ELLICOTT CITY, MD, 21043, US)
Claims:
I claim:

1. A method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw comprising the steps of: a procedure of preparation for arranging a shank portion and a drilling portion, which are respectively made of different materials; wherein, said shank portion consists of a screw head disposed on one end thereof and a planar welding surface formed on the other end thereof; a central axis is longitudinally defined from a center of said drilling portion, which has a conical section disposed thereon; said conical section has an outer diameter greater than a shank diameter of said drilling portion; wherein, said conical section includes a conical surface defined at the top face thereof and a bottom surface defined opposite to said conical surface; said bottom surface intersects to an outmost tip of said conical surface, thereby inwardly extending toward the direction of said drilling portion and engaging thereto; a procedure of welding for welding said planar welding surface of said shank portion to said conical section of said drilling portion; a composite screw is formed by welding; a procedure of cutting to chip and remove a scrap generated out of the junction of said planar welding surface and said conical section; a procedure of formation for molding a drill tip at the distal end of said drilling portion and continuously rolling a plurality of screw threads on said composite screw, hence a bi-metal screw is accomplished.

2. A method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw comprising the steps of: a procedure of preparation for arranging a shank portion and a drilling portion, which are respectively made of different materials; wherein, said shank portion consists of a screw head disposed on one end thereof and a planar welding surface formed on the other end thereof; a central axis is longitudinally defined from a center of said drilling portion, which includes a conical section disposed on one end thereof and a drill tip formed on the other end thereof; a scrap stock is disposed around the outer circumference of said drill tip; said conical section has an outer diameter greater than a shank diameter of said drilling portion; wherein, said conical section includes a conical surface defined at the top face thereof and a bottom surface defined opposite to said conical surface; said bottom surface intersects to an outmost tip of said conical surface, thereby inwardly extending toward the direction of said drilling portion and engaging thereto; a procedure of welding for welding said planar welding surface of said shank portion to said conical section of said drilling portion; a composite screw is formed by welding; a procedure of cutting to chip and remove a scrap generated out of the junction of said planar welding surface and said conical section; a procedure of formation for continuously rolling a plurality of screw threads on said composite screw and removing said scrap stock disposed around said drill tip, hence said bi-metal screw is accomplished.

3. A method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein said bottom surface is inclined to said central axis and has a sharp angle with said conical surface.

4. A method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein said conical surface is formed in a rough state.

Description:

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a method of forming a screw, in particular a method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw which facilitates to lower the interspaces within the junction of two materials while operating, and to increase the quality of the formation.

2. Description of the Related Art

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, a conventional method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw 1 comprising a sequence of procedures, which include a procedure of preparation 11, a procedure of welding 12, a procedure of cutting 13, and a procedure of formation 14; wherein, a shank portion 15 and a drilling portion 16 are arranged in the procedure of preparation 11, which are respectively made of different materials; the shank portion 15 has a screw head 151 formed on one end thereof and a welding surface 152 disposed on the other end thereof; the drilling portion 16 has a drill tip 161 defined at the distal end thereof and an engaging face 162 opposite to the drill tip 161; Moreover, a sheet 163 is disposed on the engaging face 162, and further a welding lug 165 with a flat surface 164 is projected from the sheet 163, thereby welding the welding surface 152 to the welding lug 165.

Continuing with the aforesaid, as referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the shank portion 15 is brought into contact with the drilling portion 16 by compressing both the welding surface 152 and welding lug 165 together; as referring to FIG. 4, a composite screw 2 is thus formed. Subsequently, the scrap generated and exposed out of the junction of the two portions would be removed through the procedure of cutting 13, further as shown in FIG. 5, a plurality of screw threads 21 are formed by a thread-rolling machine, thus a bi-metal screw 3 is finished.

However, the conventional method of manufacturing still has some disadvantages:

1. The Interspaces Generated Within the Joining of the Two Portions

By means of the flat surface 164 of the welding lug 165 compressed under pressure into the welding surface 152, the shank portion 15 and the drilling portion 16 can be combined into a composite screw 2; however, the air can not be fully smoothed away while welding, the interspaces hence is accumulated within the interface of the two portions, which affects the welding capability.

2. Reducing the Manufacturing Quality of the Screw

Due to that both the welding surface 152 and the flat surface 164 are formed as a planar surface and butt welded, the shank portion 15 may not be precisely joined to the drilling portion 16, whereas causing the composite screw 2 to be slanted aside during the welding process and influencing the quality of the formation.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The objects of the present invention are to provide a method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw which facilitates to decrease the interspaces accumulated inside the junction of the two materials while welding, and to increase the quality of the screw formation.

The method of forming a bi-metal screw in accordance with the present invention comprises in sequence a procedure of preparation, a procedure of welding, a procedure of cutting, and a procedure of formation; wherein, a shank portion and a drilling portion are arranged of different materials in the preparing process; the shank portion has a planar welding surface for connecting to a conical section of the drilling portion. By means of the conical section, the drilling portion can be gradually and precisely welded into the shank portion, so as to improve the problem of being slanted aside and decrease the interspaces generated in the junction of the two portions, thereby increasing the quality of the screw formation.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The advantages of the present invention over the known prior art will become more apparent to those of ordinary skilled in the art upon reading the following descriptions in junction with the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a flow diagram for showing a conventional method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw;

FIGS. 2-5 show how the drilling portion welds to the shank portion and show the formation of the bi-metal in the conventional method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw;

FIG. 6 is a flow diagram for showing the first preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a schematic view for showing the configurations of the shank portion and the drilling portion of the present invention;

FIGS. 8-10 show how the shank portion and the drilling portion are welded together and show the formation of the bi-metal in the method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw of the present invention; and

FIG. 11 shows the method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw of the second preferred embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Before the present invention is described in greater detail, it should be noted that the like elements are denoted by the same reference numerals throughout the disclosure.

Referring to FIG. 6, the first preferred embodiment of a method of manufacturing a bi-metal screw 5 comprises a procedure of preparation 51, a procedure of welding 52, a procedure of cutting 53, and a procedure of formation 54. Further referring to FIG. 7, a shank portion 7 and a drilling portion 8 are respectively formed and made of different materials in the procedure of preparation 5; wherein, the shank portion 7 is made of a kind of metal, for instance of a stainless steel, which comprises a screw head 71 formed on one side thereof and a planar welding surface 72 disposed on the other side thereof; furthermore, the drilling portion 8 is made of another kind of metal, for instance of a low-carbon steel, which is susceptible of carburizing-and-quenching, so as to promote the volume of the carbon up to 35% for increasing the hardness of the outer surface of the drilling portion 8.

wherein a central axis “β” is longitudinally defined from a center of the drilling portion 8, which has a conical section 81 defined thereon. The conical section 81 consists of a conical surface 82 defined at the top face thereof and a bottom surface 83 defined opposite to the conical surface 82. Furthermore, an outer diameter “D” of the conical section 81 is greater than a shank diameter “d” of the drilling portion 8, and the conical surface 82 is formed in a rough state. The bottom surface 83 intersects to an outmost tip of the conical surface 82, thereby inwardly extending toward the direction of the drilling portion 8 and engaging thereto; the bottom surface 83 can be perpendicular or inclined to the central axis “β” and has a sharp angle “α” with the conical surface 82, which results in narrowing the tip of the conical surface 82.

Subsequently, the procedure of welding 52 is proceeding to weld the conical section 81 of the drilling portion 8 to the planar welding surface 72 of the shank portion 7. By means of the conical surface 82 formed in a rough state, the drilling portion 8 can be precisely and gradually welded to the shank portion 7, thereby decreasing the interspaces generated and accumulated inside the junction of the two portions. Simultaneously, the conical section 81 of the drilling portion 8 is dissolved through the heat of welding into the shank portion and is precisely adhering thereto; therefore, a composite screw 6 is formed as illustrated in FIG. 8.

Referring to FIGS. 8 and 9, during the above procedure of welding 52, a scrap 61 is generated and exposed out of the junction of the shank portion 7 and the drilling portion 8, therefore the procedure of cutting 53 is proceeding for chipping and removing the scrap 61 out of the composite screw 6. Due to the configuration of the sharp angle “α”, the amount of the scrap 61 would decrease and facilitate to increase the cutting efficiency. Further referring to FIG. 10, a plurality of screw threads 63 are formed by a thread-rolling machine along the composite screw 6, and a drill tip 62 is also molded at the distal end thereof by some relative apparatuses, whereby an integral bi-metal screw 9 is finished. Illustrations of the above apparatuses are accordingly omitted. Substantively, for practical purpose, the bi-metal screw 9 can be adjusted again through the relative processes of the heat treatment based on the client's requirement. Let the bi-metal screw 9 to meet the actual use demand.

Referring to FIG. 11, the second preferred embodiment of the present invention comprising the same elements as described in the first preferred embodiment. Particularly, the drill tip 88 of the drilling portion 8 is formed in the preliminary procedure of preparation 51, and a scrap stock 881 is disposed around the outer circumference of said drill tip 88, thereby preventing from abrading the sharpness of a cutting edge 882 of the drill tip 88 while welding. The scrap stock 881 would be removed until the last procedure of formation. In this manner, the cutting capability of the drill tip 8 would hence be increased.

To sum up, the present invention takes advantage of configuration of the shank portion and the drilling portion. Particularly, the shank portion has a planar welding surface defined thereon, and a conical section is disposed on the drilling portion. By compressing the planar welding surface and the conical section together, the conical section can be gradually dissolved through the heat of welding into the shank portion, so as to decrease the interspaces accumulated in the junction of the two portions, improve the problem of being slanted aside, and increase the quality of the screw formation.

While we have shown and described the embodiment in accordance with the present invention, it should be clear to those skilled in the art that further embodiments may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.