Title:
Layered candle
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
A composite candle structure is provided. A variety of color-scented hollow wax discs and a center filler wax form a laminated candle body providing a permanent base with mixed aroma for supporting a collection of removable tea-light candles in matching colors and scents. Each layer of wax disc may be distinguished by its color and scent and further by an inscribed pattern of words or messages for a spectator to read and get inspired. Also, a user can make swift changes among various illuminative as well as aromatic effects due to the simple fitting of interchangeable tea-light sections.



Inventors:
Moeller, Robert (Lafayette, CA, US)
Application Number:
11/515058
Publication Date:
03/20/2008
Filing Date:
09/01/2006
Primary Class:
International Classes:
F23D3/16
View Patent Images:
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Primary Examiner:
NDUBIZU, CHUKA CLEMENT
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NEWHOPE LAW, PC (CLEMENT CHENG, ESQ. 4522 Katella Avenue #200, Los Alamitos, CA, 90720, US)
Claims:
1. A candle comprising: a. a composite wax base having a predetermined number of hollow discs laminated in a longitudinal stack, the wax base being in the form of a pillar having elongated side walls and flat top and bottom surfaces and the hollow discs being made of two or more different wax compositions including distinctive mixtures of coloring agent and fragrance; b. inscribed patterns on the outer surfaces of the hollow discs for conveying a meaning to be carried and highlighted by the candle; c. a wax filler extending partially though the hollow space of the discs and fused thereto but stopped short of the top surface of the pillar wax base to leave a top recess therein; and d. a group of interchangeable fuel sections each contained in a transparent pot shaped to fit in the top recess of the wax base, each of the fuel sections having a wick inserted therein.

2. The candle of claim 1, wherein each layer of the wax discs is distinguished by its color and scent before and after combustion of the candle and further by an inscribed pattern of word or message for an illuminated spectator to read and get inspired.

3. The candle of claim 2, wherein the inscribed pattern is provided with colored ink.

4. The candle of claim 1, wherein the interchangeable fuel sections are formed of the same materials used to make the hollow discs so that the fuel sections correspond to the layers of the wax discs in number as well as composition.

5. The candle of claim 1, wherein the respective pots of the fuel sections are printed with the same pattern as inscribed in the respective discs of the wax base to relate the respective compositions to specific messages to highlight in a coherent manner throughout the candle.

6. The candle of claim 1, wherein the interchangeable fuel sections are tea-lights.

7. The candle of claim 1, wherein the wax base is isolated from a flame of the fuel section to provide a prolonged reuse thereof.

8. The candle of claim 1, wherein the pot containing the fuel section in the top recess of the wax base protrudes above the flat top surface of the wax base to facilitate removal and replacement of the fuel section.

9. The candle of claim 8, wherein the pot containing the fuel section has three or more legs for raising the pot from the bottom of the top recess to avoid a vacuum pull acting against its removal due to a tight fit between the pot and the recess of the wax base.

9. A candle comprising: a. a composite wax base having a plurality of hollow discs laminated in a longitudinal stack, the wax base being in the form of a pillar having elongated side walls and flat top and bottom surfaces and the hollow discs being made of a plurality of wax compositions having different mixtures of coloring agent and fragrance; b. letters written on the outer surfaces of the hollow discs for conveying a message; c. a wax filler extending partially though the hollow space of the discs with a top recess; and d. a group of interchangeable small sized candles shaped to fit in the top recess of the wax base, each of the small sized candles having a wick.

9. The candle of claim 8, wherein the pot containing the fuel section has three or more legs for raising the pot from the bottom of the top recess to avoid a vacuum pull acting against its removal due to a tight fit between the pot and the recess of the wax base.



10. The candle of claim 1, wherein each layer of the wax discs is distinguished by its color and scent before and after combustion of the candle and further by an inscribed pattern of word or message for an illuminated spectator to read and get inspired.

11. The candle of claim 2, wherein the inscribed pattern is provided with colored wax.

12. The candle of claim 1, wherein the interchangeable fuel sections are formed of the same materials used to make the hollow discs so that the fuel sections correspond to the layers of the wax discs in number as well as composition.

13. The candle of claim 1, wherein the respective pots of the fuel sections are printed with the same pattern as inscribed in the respective discs of the wax base to relate the respective compositions to specific messages to highlight in a coherent manner throughout the candle.

14. The candle of claim 1, wherein the interchangeable fuel sections are tea-lights.

15. The candle of claim 1, wherein the wax base is isolated from a flame of the fuel section to provide a prolonged reuse thereof.

16. The candle of claim 1, wherein the pot containing the fuel section in the top recess of the wax base protrudes above the flat top surface of the wax base to facilitate removal and replacement of the fuel section.

Description:

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

A. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to wax candles. More particularly, the present invention relates to a laminated candle that holds a selection of interchangeable aromatic candle sections so as to provide variable illumination combined with inspirational messages and colors.

B. Description of the Prior Art

Candles provide warm ambient lights as they are combusted and can quickly fill a large space with a beneficial aroma infused at manufacture. They are relatively simple to manufacture using petroleum material like paraffin, natural products of stearin, beeswax, gel of resin and mineral oil, or some plant waxes. Candles are produced in various colors, shapes, sizes and scents. Most candle productions generally start with the liquification of the solid fuel by the controlled application of heat and ends with the insertion of a wick. The liquid fuel is poured into a mold to produce pillar candles, a fireproof jar to produce container candles, or a wick is repeatedly immersed in the liquid to create a dipped taper. Often, fragrance oils are added to the liquid wax prior to pouring. Natural scents of essential oils may be used to make some premium candles. Candles may also be colored by the addition of some sort of coloring agent. In practical terms this is almost always an aniline-based dye, although pigments can be used in some circumstances.

It is also known to mold a stack of sectional pillars to form a candle assembly. U.S. Pat. No. 6,203,313 discloses a candle constructed of individual wax members, which are stacked one over another and strung by wick through holes formed in the wax members so that the wax members may form a strung pillar candle while permitting a user to realign the wax members about the wick to take various irregular lateral shapes. The wax members have respective colors and scents to form a combination candle.

However, the candle of '313 patent suffers from its limitation in reconfigurations. Specifically, the order of wax members in a stack and thus their sequence to burn is firmly set between bottom and top knots of the wick which need to be carefully positioned to provide the reconfiguration without tipping over. Its rigid structure makes it difficult to reconfigure an already determined sequence of stack of the wax member. In other words, the candle falls short of offering a user ability to determine what scent of candle at its top burn at any moment. Instead, the candle structure requires the user to figure out ways to restring the candle by untying and tying the knots of the wick, rearranging the wax members, and restring them through the tight wick holes with the ideal distance kept between the two knots so that the wax members are not too loose or not too tight against each other to keep the right flexibility. Without sophisticated positioning of the knots the candle will not work properly. Overall, it calls for an overly complex manipulation of a supposedly simple piece of candle.

There is clearly a need to improve the combination candle operation involving only steps intuitive to the masses.

In view of this and other shortcomings of the prior art advancements, the primary object of the present invention is to provide a decorative pillar candle and a pool of easily replaceable tea-light candle sections wherein the majority of the candle is reused over a lengthy period for a decorative support of the dedicated combusting sections of tea-lights for illumination. With provided tea-lights at hand, no special consideration is necessary to vary the lighting effect through combinations of scent, color and pattern.

Another object of the present invention is to incorporate into each candle lamination an individual color and a pattern design matching with scented tea-light candle sections to enhance the expression of a created theme of the candle through more diversified ways than before.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A variable candle according to the present invention generally comprises a composite wax base having a predetermined number of hollow discs laminated in a longitudinal stack and a group of interchangeable fuel sections each contained in a transparent pot shaped to mate with the wax base, each of the fuel sections having a wick inserted therein.

The wax base is in the form of a pillar having elongated side walls and flat top and bottom surfaces and the hollow discs are made of two or more different wax compositions including distinctive mixtures of coloring agent and fragrance. On the outer surfaces of the hollow discs designed patterns are inscribed for conveying a meaning to be carried and highlighted by the candle. A wax filler extends partially though the hollow space of the discs and fused thereto but stopped short of the top surface of the pillar wax base to leave a top recess for receiving the removable fuel section therein.

Each layer of the wax discs is distinguished by its color and scent before and after combustion of the candle and further by an inscribed pattern of word or message for an illuminated spectator to read and get inspired. The inscribed pattern is provided with colored ink. The fuel sections are formed of the same materials used to make the hollow discs so that the fuel sections correspond to the layers of the wax discs in number as well as composition. The fuel section positioned in the top recess of the wax base protrudes above the flat top surface of the wax base to facilitate removal and replacement of the fuel sections.

The transparent pot containing the fuel section has three or more legs for raising the pot from the bottom of the top recess to avoid a vacuum pull acting against its removal due to a tight fit between the pot and recess of the wax base.

The laminated candle pillar provides a permanent base with mixed aroma for supporting a collection of the tea-light candles in matching colors and scents. Each layer of the wax discs may be distinguished by its color and scent and further by an inscribed pattern of words or messages for an illuminated spectator to read and get inspired. Also, a user can make swift changes among various illuminative as well as aromatic effects due to the interchangeable tea-light sections in differentiated colors.

The manufacture of the inventive candle starts with providing a specially designed mold for making the multiple layered structure of the candle body. A dual mold may be used for forming both the core and the layers consecutively. Alternatively, because the main purpose of the core is to partially fill the hollow center of the layers, it can be made of waste wax independently of molding the layers and supplied from elsewhere so that the layers in liquid state are molded thereto. In such case, the core may be a simple pillar having flat top and bottom without the sleeve. The layers at the top area will seat the tea-light. Then, molding the core may be skipped and the manufacturing process may start with pouring the liquidized layers.

The same composition for a layer may be used to make the matching tea light candle, which is contained in a designated clear pot printed with the same message as inscribed in the main candle body. The main candle body is isolated from a flame to work as a durable candleholder for the tea-lights.

Embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a variable candle according to the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view with a vertical section of the center of the candle of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a partly sectional view of a mold for making the variable candle of the present invention showing a first step of molding the central core.

FIG. 4 is a partly sectional view of the mold of FIG. 3 in its second step of molding surrounding layers of the variable candle.

Similar reference numbers denote corresponding features throughout the attached drawings.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

A variable candle 10 according to the present invention shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 has a composite structure comprising generally of a main pillar portion 11 and a removable tea-light section 12 in a pot 13 to be seated in a top recess 14 formed in the main portion 11. There are a variety of tea-light sections 12a-12c from which a user may select to burn to illuminate a space with extra enhancements unique to the present invention. The recess 14 has such a depth to protrude the pot 13 above the top of the main pillar 11 so that a user may easily grasp it for removal or replacement.

The main portion 11 of the candle 10 has a multitude of wax layers 15 having different combinations of color and scent. In the embodiment illustrated, ten layers 15 are integrally formed in a cylindrical form although other regular or irregular polygonal shapes are contemplated by the present invention.

Adjacent wax layers 15 of such as every three in the main portion 11 may have a gradation of changing colors and scents infused to wax materials layers at the manufacture.

Each wax layer 15 may be a disc structure with its center hollowed out to receive a known dimension of tea-light candle 12a-12c, approximately 1.5 to 2 inches in diameter including its pot. Manufacture of the tea-lights 12a-12c follows the well-known methods in the art except that the same fuel compositions used for the respective wax layers 15 are used in making the respective tea-lights and are equally labeled with the same inspirational words illustrated.

Pots 13a-13c for the tea-lights 12a-12c may be of a clear material like glass or acryl and contain the respective tea-light wax cores 12a-12c with wicks 16 and are printed at its surface with inscriptions 17 in relation to the color-scent enhancements designed by a candle designer.

The pots 13a-13c are provided with tiny legs 18 to work as a raiser means for facilitating removal of the pots out of the top wax layer 15 avoiding a vacuum pull that may be created between the pot 12 and the recess 14 in a tight fit.

To the interior walls of the hollow center throughout the wax layers 15 a filler core 19 is fused integrally leaving the recess 14 at the top for receiving the tea-light 12. The core 19 is generally solid and may extend over the recess 14 forming a thin annular sleeve 20 that covers a top portion of the interior walls of the wax layers 15 at one hand and to snugly receive the tea-light 12 at the other hand. Or a top section of the wax layers 15 may define the top recess 14 for seating the tea-light 12 at least partially.

The core 19 may be molded of a plain wax of any kind with or without a color or scent. A mixture of melted waste waxes is preferably used for the core 19 to help conserve the natural resources by recycling the petroleum product of paraffin in particular.

Visually, each layer 15 is distinguished by its color from the adjacent layer 15. For example, the top layer 15 may be blue and bordered by a green layer, which is then neighboring a light green layer. Facing one side of the main portion 11 are word inscriptions 17 of positive nature formed on each of the layers 15. Inscription can be performed during or after the molding of layers 15. A mold having its interior surfaces embossed with any desired carvings may form the words on the exterior surfaces of the candle 10 at the same time of molding the wax layers 15.

Engraving may be performed on the cured surfaces of the finished candle 10. The carvings should not be limited to words but they may be logos, any pictorial diagrams or combinations of the same that convey a meaning to highlight by the own light of the candle 10.

Referring to FIG. 3, the variable candle 10 is made in a dual mold 30 for forming both the core 19 and the layers 15 in succession. Alternatively, because the main purpose of the core 19 is to partially fill the hollow center of the layers 15, it can be made of recycled wax separately from the molding of layers 15 and supplied from elsewhere as a component introduced to join the layers 15 as they are molded. In such case, the core 19 may be a simple pillar having flat top and bottom without the sleeve 20. The layers 15 at the top area will seat the tea-light 12. Then, molding the core 19 may be skipped and the manufacturing process may start with pouring the melted wax for the layers 15 as shown in FIG. 4.

In FIG. 3, the mold 30 includes a lower metal mold 31 elongated longitudinally and opened at a top end 32. The lower mold 31 has a seat 33 for a plunger section 34 that corresponds to the shape of the recess 14 in the finished main candle portion 11. The plunger head 34 on the seat 33 is moved up and down by a lower actuator 35 to release a completed candle product from the mold 30 at a final step.

The mold 30 also includes an upper metal mold 36 for supplying melted filler wax 37. The upper mold 36 has a nozzle 38 in the center and is provided with an integral sleeve 39 draping down to abut upwardly facing bottom walls of the lower mold 31 about the plunger head 34. The sleeve 39 in transverse section is tapered toward its lower end to facilitate releasing the finished core 19 (see FIG. 4).

The upper mold 36 may be moved in and out of the lower mold 31 by an upper actuator not shown. The upper mold 36 may be fully lowered into the lower mold 31 until it is stopped by a shoulder 40 formed in the lower mold 31 near the top end 32 while at the same time the sleeve 30 of the upper mold 36 abuts the bottom walls of the lower mold 31.

Therefore, a closed space 41 to form the core 19 is collectively created by the upper and lower molds 36, 31 and the protruding plunger head 34. Then, a measured amount of melted wax is injected at the nozzle 38 into the same space. Shown in FIG. 3 is a half-poured wax to grow into the filler core 19. The hot wax is cooled before retracting the upper mold 36 in preparation for the layer 15 molding process.

Isolated by the sleeve 39 of the upper mold 36 is an elastomeric liner 42 attached to the inside of the lower mold 31 to form the exterior of the main portion 11 of the candle 10 as is described below with reference to FIG. 4.

The liner 42 may be prepared out of an elastic material in the shape of a sleeve with flexible embossing 43 formed on its exterior wall, which is turned inside out to define an interior molding surface when the liner 42 is attached to the inner surface of the lower mold 31. Then, the internal embossing of the lower mold 31 may be imprinted on the exterior surfaces of the wax layers 15 as they are being molded.

With the filler core 19 formed or positioned in the center of the lower mold 31, there is created an annular space 44 between the core 19 and the liner 42 for molding the layers 15.

In this embodiment, three different molds are provided to make the laminated outer layers 15 having three color-scent varieties in sequence. Each layer mold 45 has a number of downwardly extending nozzles 46 for injecting one of the wax compositions in a molten state.

The mold 45 is shown introduced into the lower mold 31 to add a layer of wax composition on top of two layers 15 that have been poured and fused to the core 19.

Depending on the pattern of color and scent desired for the candle 10, the subsequent molds similar to the mold 45 take turn to fill up the molding space 44 building up the ten layers 15 fused to each other and to the core 19.

Next, the respective layers 15 and the core 19 are cured into an integral body of candle 10. Since the candle 10 shrinks as it cools and due to the fact that the mold liner 42 is elastic, the candle 10 may be easily disengaged from the flexible embossing 43 and removed from the mold 30 by the actuator 35.

Finally, printing ink having a contrasting color to the candle 10 such as black is applied across the candle 10 over the inscriptions 17 by brush or roller to render the inscriptions more visible.

As described above, the variable candle according to the present invention has the replaceable candle sections that are neatly integrated into the layered candle body to save the lighting cost of the consumers through prolonged life of the candle while permitting the user-friendly variations of the lighting effect.

Therefore, while the presently preferred form of the candle has been shown and described, and several modifications thereof discussed, persons skilled in this art will readily appreciate that various additional changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, as defined and differentiated by the following claims.





 
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