This invention relates to an ecological wall and floor unit used in home construction. The Ecological Wall Veres is made with the same type empty glass bottles adhered with binding material (a special mortar with higher adherence improved and blended with Tegaproof and Thoropigmented sealers), which make the wall waterproof. The wall is finished with different type of panels. The idea of using this type of wall in home construction has started due to desire to offer people houses with excellent living conditions at WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION standards.
It all starts with using same type empty glass bottles as the main and most original element of this invention. These bottles are useful, sturdy, clean, and full of energy while usually being treated as garbage. In the case of our invention, this product once again becomes useful and has new life. Due to the materials involved, and the way they are used, these bottles make for a very strong, sturdy and long lasting wall. The floor and the wall itself have very good hygro-aero-thermo qualities. A house built with these types of walls is a very strong, comfortable house.
The quiet interior offers the family very good living conditions, while assuring physical and mental rest. Due to the comfort of the house, creative activities will be stimulated and easy to perform. Also in a house built with these types of walls, the health of the family is well protected. The house protects against excessive noises, very hot or very cold weather, bad atmospheric conditions, pollution, etc as per WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION standards.
The collecting of the same type empty glass bottles to be used in the wall construction is not only an ecological action, but also the empty glass bottles will be used as construction material (closing material) as a substitute for bricks.
The ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES can be successfully used in ecological house building or building of house with ecological properties. These walls have very high hygro-aero-thermo properties. The houses built with these types of walls are very resilient and sturdy. These walls fare very well against sudden changes in the temperature, climate changes and high winds. During and after the construction process, the impact against natural surroundings is negligible.
The idea of this invention is the creation of an ecological wall to be used in home and general construction. This type of wall, which goes under the name ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES, is made in totality of ecological materials with no ill impacts on the home's natural surroundings. The ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES does not contain, nor release any toxins or smells into the air; it does not accumulate static electricity and is mold free. Actually, these types of walls have special hygro-aero-thermo properties. The structures with these types of walls have their energy use for heating and cooling reduced by up to 80%. This is due to the small coefficient of temperature loss. In addition, the phonic protection increases by up to 40 dbl. The wall, made fireproof, will protect the construction against an internal or external fire for up to two hours before structural damage takes place. The ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES is a resilient and sturdy wall compared with other walls. It fares very well against sudden changes in the temperature and surroundings, bad weather and strong winds. This wall is ideal for structures built in cold climates with strong winds, tornadoes and areas prone to hurricanes.
FIG. 1—Illustrates a front elevation view of a house build with ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES.
FIG.2—Illustrates an exterior view of the structure and the resistance of a house built with ECOLOGICAL WALLS VERES.
FIG. 3—Illustrates an exterior frontal view of the ECOLOGICA WALL VERES made of same type empty glass bottles and mortar on the foundation, while having the support pillars as lateral support.
FIG.4—Illustrates a cross sectional view of the foundation, the ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES, the gravel layer, and the concrete platform and floor.
FIG.5—Illustrates an above view of a construction segment of a house built with ECOLOGICAL WALLS VERES
FIG.6—Illustrates the foundation and wall details. The embedding of the support pillars into the foundation. The ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES is erected between the pillars.
FIG.7—Illustrates an exploded view of the ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES.
The ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES was conceived as the exterior wall of a house, but can also be built in existing homes as a partition wall. The actual construction of the wall can begin after the foundation is dry and the support pillars are embedded in the foundation's shuttering, according to the design of each structure.
These steps are repeated successively until the wall is complete. During the construction of the wall, spaces for windows and doors will be taken in to consideration according to the architect, as will the thickness of the mortar layers. The wall will be grounded upon the foundation. The support pillars will give it lateral support. The binding material between these elements will be the special mortar mentioned earlier.
After the wall is up, run the electrical cables and the necessary pipes for the house in between the open spaces of the glass bottles' necks. This way both cables and pipes will have the required space and support to function well. After the cables, pipes, doors and windows are completed, the facade will be added. The interior of the house will be done with thermo-phonon-electro isolated polystyrene panels. These will be placed on top of the cables and pipe systems and, of course, the top of the bottles' necks. Over the polystyrene panels, sheetrock panels will be added. These will be attached to the support pillars giving the wall a smooth surface ready for painting. At the exterior of the house, over the raw wall, plaster will be applied, which is made of the same type of mortar used in building the wall.
Other impervious materials can be used to give the wall total protection from water.
Over the plaster, the thermo-phonon-electro isolated multistratum panels will be added. These panels will give the wall a superior finish in every aspect. These panels have hygro-thermo-electro properties. The multistratum panels have special properties such as fireproof, non-corrosive, high impact resistance, humidity, washable, easy to install/maintain and fare very well against sudden temperature changes.
To assure protection against fires and the corrosion of the support pillars in the wall, the UNITY TECHNOLOGY with the UNITERM SYSTEM will be used. Fireproof paints, that last an extremely long time as long as the initial conditions do not change, will be used. These elements will protect the wood against a fire for up to two hours by producing a foam that will turn into a protective layer. The wood used will be treated against termites.
The interior of the house will be painted with ecological paints and dyes which are toxin-free and odorless.
As you can see, the construction of the ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES does not require heavy machinery. The builders used in construction of the wall will not need special qualifications or degrees. Some of the steps required in building the wall can be done simultaneously, shortening building process. The building of the wall is simple, easy and fast. In addition, the wall's configuration allows easy installation of cables and pipes, as opposed to conventional walls. In case of an emergency with the electrical or plumbing, the access is very easy by dismantling the panels without changing the integrity of the wall.
These improvements alone will save money, aggravation and time. In the building of the floor, ecological materials will be used. A reinforced concrete platform 9 inches thick will be laid over the 12-inch gravel layer. Thermo-phonon-electro isolated polystyrene panels will be installed on the platform. In between each of the panels will be dry, anti-termite treated wood rods, used in the floor installation. This process will build an ecological floor and will protect against heat loss, while maintaining a constant temperature for the structures interior.
In addition, the support pillars that are embedded into the foundation sets the invention apart from common walls (see FIG. 6). Before the concrete is poured, hardened wood shuttering will be placed in the foundation's ditch according to the architect's specifications. The shuttering will have a parallelepiped shape. The concrete is poured. After the concrete is dry, the support pillars will be embedded into the wood shuttering. The shuttering will match the support pillars dimensions. Before the embedding of the support pillars, the surfaces that came in contact with both the support pillars and shuttering will be coated with a special wood adhesive. After the pillars are mounted into the wooden shuttering and the adhesive is dry, the two wood elements will unite to form a solid base, and the wall construction can begin.
The improvements that the ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES bring in a construction are:
The five elements used in the walls construction sets this invention apart from others. From interior out sheetrock panels, hygro-thermo-electro isolated panels, empty glass bottles and mortar, plaster made with special waterproof mortar improved with additives with higher adherence and the multistratum panels at the exterior, the end product is an original one with hygro-thermo-electro properties.
All these features of the wall and floor lead to the easy maintaining of a good, healthy, comfortable ambiance regardless of outside surroundings and weather. A house built with ECOLOGICAL WALLS VERES is a house offering a higher standard of living and health conditions in concordance with WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION standards.
FIG. 1 Illustrates a frontal elevation view of a house built with ECOLOGICAL WALLS VERES (4). The walls (4) are made at the exterior of thermo-phonon-electro isolated panels (17). These panels (17) are fireproof, air and water tight, very resistant against physical impact, and fare very well against sudden changes in temperature and weather conditions. The roof will be covered with ceramic tiles (19). The foundation (2) of the house is made of reinforced concrete. These construction materials will protect the house well against bad weather conditions and fire.
FIG. 2 Illustrates the structures resistance when made with ECOLOGICAL WALLS VERES (4). The structures resistance is made of a foundation (2) of waterproof reinforced concrete with higher adherence, and dry, fireproof, anti-termite treated wooden support pillars (3). The support pillars (3) embedded in the foundation's (2) wooden shuttering (18) is made of hardened anti termite treated wood. This occurs after the concrete has dried. Improved wood adhesives will bind material between the wooden shuttering (18) and the support pillars (3). The wooden beams (5) (made of fireproof dry wood) are then attached to the Support pillars (3). This will be according to the architect's specifications. The wooden rafters (6) connect the beams (5) with the roof of the house. Next, the ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES (4), made with the same type empty glass bottles (14), can be built.
FIG. 3 Illustrates a front elevation view of the ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES (4). The ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES (4) is made with the same type empty glass bottles (14) using waterproof mortar as binding material (16) with higher adherence. The empty glass bottles (14) are positioned with the bottom facing the exterior of the house and the top (neck) facing the inside of the house in a horizontal position. The ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES (4) uses the foundation (2) as its base and the support pillars (3) as its lateral supports.
FIG. 4 Illustrates the cross section view of the concrete foundation (2), ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES (4), gravel layer (7), concrete platform (8) and floors. The ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES (4) is composed of five layers: sheetrock panels (12), polystyrene panels (10), same type empty glass bottles (14), mortar plaster (15) and the multistratum panels (17). The waterproof mortar (16) with higher adherence will bind the materials, while the floors will be made of polystyrene panels (10). These panels will be situated on the concrete platforms (8), and divided by the wooden beams (9) between them. The wood floor (11) will be assembled on these wooden beams (9).
FIG. 5 Illustrates an overhead view of a segment of the structure showing the foundation (2), support pillars (3), wooden beams (5), concrete platform (8) and the ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES (4). The wall will consist mostly of the same type empty glass bottles (14) and waterproof mortar with higher adherence (16).
FIG. 6 Illustrates wall (4) and foundation (2) details such as the embedding process of the support pillars (3) into the wooden shuttering (18). This is done with improved wood adhesives and after the concrete dries.
FIG. 7 Illustrates an exploded view of the ECOLOGICAL WALL VERES (4). The wall (4) rests upon the foundation (2), made of reinforced concrete. It uses the support pillars (3) as lateral support. The wall (4) is made of the same type empty glass bottles (14). A waterproof mortar (16) with higher adherence will be used as a binding material. The plaster (15) is made of the same type mortar used with binding material. The multistratum hygro-thermo-electro panels (17) will be installed Over the plaster (15). On the interior of the wall, thermo-phonon-electro isolated polystyrene panels (10) will be installed over the empty glass bottle (14) necks. Sheetrock panels (12) will be installed over the polystyrene panels (10). These panels will be mounted on the wooden pillars (3).