Title:
Wet and dry pump
Kind Code:
A1


Abstract:
Disclosed is a wet and dry pump, comprising: a housing having an inlet and an outlet of fluid; an impeller rotatably set in the housing; and a motor including a rotating shaft connected to the impeller, a stator fixed to an inner circumferential surface of the housing and having a damp-proof-processed winding coil therein, and a rotor fixed to an outer circumference of the rotating shaft with maintaining a certain gap with an inner circumference of the stator. Therefore, it can be advantageous to improve characteristics of power consumption and noise by making wet air or liquid pass through a passage between the stator and the rotor.



Inventors:
Lee, Yo-han (Seoul, KR)
Choi, Jay-ho (Seoul, KR)
Lim, Jun-young (Incheon, KR)
Application Number:
11/026437
Publication Date:
01/19/2006
Filing Date:
01/04/2005
Assignee:
LG Electronics Inc. (Seoul, KR)
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
417/423.3, 417/366
International Classes:
F04B39/06; F04B35/04; F04B39/02; F04D13/06
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
HAMO, PATRICK
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KED & ASSOCIATES, LLP (P.O. Box 8638, Reston, VA, 20195, US)
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A wet and dry pump, comprising: a housing having an inlet and an outlet of fluid; an impeller rotatably set in the housing; and a motor including a rotating shaft connected to the impeller, a stator fixed to an inner circumferential surface of the housing and having a damp-proof-processed winding coil therein, and a rotor fixed to an outer circumference of the rotating shaft with maintaining a certain gap with an inner circumference of the stator.

2. The pump of claim 1, wherein the stator comprises: a plurality of bobbins arranged as a ring shape and each bobbin having a coil wound therein, wherein an entire outer portion of the each bobbin is molded; and a plurality of conductors connected to the plurality of bobbins, respectively, and exposed to the outside of the molding portion at a certain interval along an inner circumference of the stator.

3. The pump of claim 2, wherein the housing comprises: a cylindrical impeller cover having the inlet at a central upper portion thereof and in which an impeller is arranged; and a motor cover to which the impeller cover is coupled, at which a plurality of outlets are formed along an outer circumference thereof, and which the stator is fixed to an inner circumference thereof.

4. The pump of claim 3, wherein a guide member for guiding fluid sucked by the impeller toward the motor cover is installed between the impeller cover and the motor cover.

5. The pump of claim 4, wherein the guide member has a flat-type ring shape forming a curved surface toward the impeller.

6. The pump of claim 4, wherein the plurality of outlets are respectively formed at upper and lower sides of the stator.

7. The pump of claim 3, wherein a cooling passage through which fluid sucked by the impeller passes is formed between an outer circumference of the stator and an inner circumference of the motor cover.

8. The pump of claim 4, wherein the molding portion comprises a protruded portion protruding on an outer circumference of the molding portion to be fixed to an inner circumference of the motor cover, and a recessed portion recessed in the outer circumference of the molding portion to form the cooling passage with the inner circumference of the motor cover.

9. The pump of claim 1, wherein the motor is installed on a passage of the fluid flowed from the inlet to the outlet.

Description:

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a wet and dry pump, and particularly, to a wet and dry pump capable of making wet air or liquid pass through a space between a stator and a rotor by processing a motor to be damp-proof.

2. Description of the Conventional Art

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a conventional wet and dry pump includes: a housing 110 provided with a cylindrical impeller cover 111 and a cylindrical motor cover 112; an impeller 120 rotatably installed in the impeller cover 112; a motor 140 installed in the motor cover 112 and connected to the impeller 120 and a rotating shaft 130, for providing a driving force to rotate the impeller 120; and a cooling fan 170 connected to the rotating shaft 130 and rotated by a rotation of the rotating shaft 130 and thereby sucking a cooling air into the motor cover 102 to discharge it.

An inlet 113 for sucking fluid by an operation of the impeller 120 is formed at a central upper portion of the impeller cover 111, and a plurality of outlets 114 for discharging the fluid flowed in the impeller cover 111 is formed at a circumference of the impeller cover 111.

A suction opening 115 for sucking cooling air by an operation of the cooling fan 170 is formed at a central lower portion of the motor cover 112, and a plurality of discharge openings 116 for discharging the air having performed a cooling operation to the outside are formed at a circumference of the motor cover 112.

The motor 140 includes: a stator 141 of a ring shape fixed at an inner circumferential surface of the motor cover 112; and a cylindrical rotor 142 fixed at an outer circumference of the rotating shaft 130, maintaining a certain gap with an inner circumferential surface of the stator 141. According to this, the air sucked by the cooling fan 170 discharges to the outside a heat generated from the motor 140 when the air passes through the gap between the stator 141 and the rotor 142.

A shielding wall 117 is installed between the impeller cover 111 and the motor cover 112. As a result, the fluid sucked by the impeller 120 can not be flowed in the motor cover 112 and the cooling air sucked by the cooling fan 170 can not be flowed in the impeller cover 111 as well.

According to the aforementioned construction, when the motor 140 is operated, the impeller 120 is rotated by the rotation of the rotating shaft 130. As a result, fluid is flowed in the impeller cover 111 through the inlet 113 of the impeller cover 111 and discharged to the outside through the outlet 114.

Additionally, once the cooling fan 170 is rotated by the rotation of the rotating shaft 130, the external air is sucked in the motor cover 112 through the suction opening 115 and cools the motor 140 while passing through the gap between the stator 141 and the rotor 142, thereafter being discharged to the outside through the discharge opening 116.

In the aforementioned conventional wet and dry pump, since the shielding wall 117 for shielding a space between an inner space of the impeller cover 111 and an inner space of the motor cover 112 is installed therein, the fluid flowed in the impeller cover 111 is prevented from being flowed toward the motor 140 and thereby the conventional wet and dry pump can pump wet air or liquid.

However, because the conventional wet and dry pump should have the cooling fan 170 for cooling the motor 140, power loss of approximately 60˜70W is occurred, and noise of approximately 2˜3 dB is disadvantageously increased thereby.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a wet and dry pump capable of improving a cooling efficiency of a motor by processing it to be damp-proof and thus by making wet air or liquid pass through a space between a stator and a rotor, and capable of improving characteristics of power consumption and noise by removing a separate cooling fan for cooling the motor.

To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, there is provided a wet and dry pump, comprising: a housing having an inlet and an outlet of fluid; an impeller rotatably disposed in the housing; and a motor including a rotating shaft connected to the impeller, a stator fixed to an inner circumferential surface of the housing and having a damp-proof-processed winding coil therein, and a rotor fixed to an outer circumference of the rotating shaft with maintaining a certain gap with an inner circumference of the stator.

The foregoing and other objects, features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of the present invention when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a front view showing a conventional wet and dry pump;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the wet and dry pump shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a front view showing a wet and dry pump according to the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the wet and dry pump shown in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing a partially cut stator in FIG. 3;

FIG. 6 is a graph showing respective power consumption of the wet and dry pump according to the present invention and that of the conventional wet and dry pump, respectively in comparison therewith; and

FIG. 7 is a graph showing respective operation noise of the wet and dry pump according to the present invention and that of the conventional wet and dry pump in comparison therewith.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

Referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, a wet and dry pump according to the present invention is comprised of: a housing 10 provided with a cylindrical impeller cover 11 having an inlet 13 at a central upper portion thereof and a cylindrical motor cover 12 having a plurality of outlets 14 and 15 along an outer circumference thereof; an impeller 10 rotatably installed in the impeller cover 11; and a motor 40 installed in the motor cover 12 and connected to the impeller 20 and a rotating shaft 30, for providing a driving force to rotate the impeller 20.

The motor 40 includes: a stator 41 of a ring shape fixed to an inner circumferential surface of the motor cover 12; and a rotor 42 fixed to an outer circumference of the rotating shaft 30, maintaining a certain gap 50 with an inner circumference of the stator 41.

A brushless motor, particularly, a switched reluctance (SRM) motor is preferably applied as the motor 40, and according to characteristics of the brushless motor, the rotor 42 has a characteristic of damp-proofing.

As can be seen from FIG. 5, the stator 41 is comprised of: a plurality of bobbins 46 arranged as a ring shape and the each bobbin having a coil 45 which is wound therein, wherein entire outer portion of the each bobbin is molded (43) with a material such as a synthetic resin; and a plurality of conductors 47 connected to the plurality of bobbins 46, respectively, and exposed to the outside of the molding portion 43 at a certain interval along an inner circumference of the stator 41. As a result, even although wet air or liquid passes through a space between the stator 41 and the rotor 42, the coils 45 in the molding portion 43 are shielded from the wet air or the liquid.

The molding portion 43 has a plurality of protruded portions 48 and recessed portions 49 along an outer circumference thereof in order to form a cooling passage 51 through which fluid sucked by the impeller 10 passes for cooling the motor 40. Namely, the protruded portion 48 of the molding portion 43 is fixed to an inner circumferential surface of the motor cover 12 via welding or other engaging means, thus the cooling passage 51 is formed between the recessed portion 49 of the molding portion 43 and the inner circumferential surface of the motor cover 12.

The plurality of outlets 14 and 15 formed at the motor cover 12 are comprised of: a first outlet 14 formed at an upper side of the stator 41, for first discharging the fluid flowed in from the impeller cover 11; and a second outlet 15 formed at a lower side of the stator 41, for passing fluid, which is not discharged to the outside through the first outlet 14, through the space between the stator 41 and the rotor 42 and thereafter for discharging to the outside.

The rotating shaft 30 can be protruded to the outside of the motor cover 12. In this case, a bearing 17 is preferably installed between the rotating shaft 30 and the motor cover 12.

Preferably, a guide member 22 for guiding the fluid flowed in by the impeller 20 toward the motor cover 12 is installed between the impeller cover 11 and the motor cover 12. In the embodiment of the present invention, the guide member 22 has a flat type of ring shape forming a curved surface toward the impeller 20.

Hereinafter, an operation of the wet and dry pump according to the present invention will be described.

First, once the rotor 42 is rotated by an electromagnetic interaction between the stator 41 and the rotor 42, the impeller 20 connected to the rotor 42 and the rotating shaft 30 is rotated and thereby external fluid is flowed in through the inlet 13 of the impeller cover 11.

The fluid flowed in the impeller cover 11 is guided to the guide member 22 to be flowed in the motor cover 12. A part of the fluid flowed in the motor cover 12 is discharged to the outside through the first outlet 14, and non-discharged fluid passes through the cooling passage 50 between the stator 41 and the rotor 42 as well as the cooling passage 51 between the inner circumference of the motor cover 12 and the outer circumference of the stator 41 in order to cool the motor 40. Furthermore, the fluid having performed the cooling operation for the motor 40 is discharged to the outside through the second outlet 15.

Hereinafter, effect of the wet and dry pump in accordance with the present invention will be explained with reference to FIGS. 6 and 7.

FIG. 6 is a graph showing a variation of power consumption based on a diameter of the inlet 13, namely, variation of suction capacity of the pump according to the present invention with the conventional pump, respectively. As shown in FIG. 6, it can be noticed that the pump according to the present invention consumes power less than the conventional pump does because the cooling fan for cooling the motor has been removed.

FIG. 7 is a graph showing noise measured in the conventional pump and the pump according to the present invention, respectively. As shown in FIG. 7, it can be noticed that the pump according to the present invention is improved characteristics of noise in comparison with the conventional pump because the cooling fan for cooling the motor has been removed.

As stated above, the wet and dry pump according to the present invention can advantageously improve a cooling efficiency of the motor by processing it to be damp-proof and then making wet air or liquid pass through a passage between the stator and the rotor.

Furthermore, the wet and dry pump according to the present invention can efficiently improve characteristics of power consumption and noise by removing the cooling fan for cooling the motor.

As the present invention may be embodied in several forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof, it should also be understood that the above-described embodiments are not limited by any of the details of the foregoing description, unless otherwise specified, but rather should be construed broadly within its spirit and scope as defined in the appended claims, and therefore all changes and modifications that fall within the metes and bounds of the claims, or equivalence of such metes and bounds are therefore intended to be embraced by the appended claims.





 
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