Patents and Patent Applications from Stanford University


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9265413 i-DDrOP: Interfacial dewetting and drainage optical platform  
An interfacial dewetting and drainage optical platform (i-DDrOP) is provided which is an instrument that can quantify drainage and dewetting processes of in vitro model tear films covering contact...
US20160049291 METHOD OF FORMING THIN FILM OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE  
Provided is a method of forming a thin film of a semiconductor device. The method includes forming a precursor layer on a surface of a substrate by supplying a precursor gas into a chamber,...
US20160049217 SEAL-HEALING COMPOSITES AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF  
A battery electrode includes an electrochemically active material and a binder covering the electrochemically active material. The binder includes a self-healing polymer and conductive additives...
US20160049215 METHOD AND STRUCTURE FOR PLASMONIC OPTICAL TRAPPING OF NANO-SCALE PARTICLES  
Methods and article for optically trapping nano-sized objects by illuminating a coaxial plasmonic aperture are disclosed.
US20160048753 Multiplicative recurrent neural network for fast and robust intracortical brain machine interface decoders  
A brain machine interface (BMI) to control a device is provided. The BMI has a neural decoder, which is a neural to kinematic mapping function with neural signals as input to the neural decoder...
9263524 Semiconductor materials, apparatuses and methods  
Various methods and apparatuses involving salt-based compounds and related doping are provided. In accordance with one or more embodiments, a salt-based material is introduced to a semiconductor...
9259513 Photocatalytic disinfection of implanted catheters  
An implantable catheter is provided that may be disinfected without removal from the body of a patient, using a photocatalytic method to activate a reaction on the catheter surface that generates...
US20160041652 INTERFACE APPARATUS AND METHODS  
Input devices are provided. In accordance with an example embodiment, an input device includes an interface layer that flexes in response to pressure, a plurality of sense electrodes, a dielectric...
US20160041185 Methods of Detecting Complement Fixing and Non-Complement Fixing Antibodies and Systems for Practicing the Same  
Provided are methods for simultaneously determining the presence or absence of complement-fixing antibody (CFAb) and non-complement-fixing antibody (non-CFAb) in a biological sample in a single...
US20160039792 ACTIVITY-BASED PROBE COMPOUNDS, COMPOSITIONS, AND METHODS OF USE  
Activity-based probe compounds for use in labeling a cysteine protease are provided. The compounds are targeted to the protease through a specific targeting element. The compounds additionally...
US20160039756 BENZYL UREA DERIVATIVES FOR ACTIVATING TGF-BETA SIGNALING  
Compositions and methods for treatment and prevention of disorders and conditions characterized by reduced TGF-B signaling are described. In particular, the compositions and methods are useful for...
9255335 Catalysts for low temperature electrolytic CO2 reduction  
A method for electrochemically reducing CO2 is provided. A cathode is provided, wherein the cathode comprises a conductive substrate with a catalyst of a metal and a metal oxide based coating on a...
9255300 Compositions and methods for modulating activity of capped small RNAS  
Compositions and methods for modulating transcription by RNA polymerases are described.
9254505 Method for manufacturing nanowire meshes  
A variety of methods, devices, systems and arrangements are implemented involving nanowire meshes. One such method is implemented to include synthesizing metal nanowires in a solution containing a...
US20160033524 Methods of Detecting Donor-Specific Antibodies and Systems for Practicing the Same  
Provided are methods for determining the presence or absence of donor specific antibodies in a biological sample. The methods include mixing a cellular sample from a donor with a biological sample...
US20160033415 DEVICE AND METHODS OF DETECTION OF AIRBORNE AGENTS  
Provided are methods, devices and systems that utilize free-surface fluidics and SERS for analyte detection with high sensitivity and specificity. The molecules can be airborne agents, including...
US20160030510 METHODS OF TREATING ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE AND OTHER TAUOPATHIES WITH INHIBITORS OF MICROTUBULE AFFINITY REGULATING KINASE  
Methods of treating Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies are disclosed. In particular, the invention relates to methods of treating Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies with inhibitors...
9253511 Systems and methods for performing multi-modal video datastream segmentation  
Systems and methods are described that can provide users with personalized video content feeds. In several embodiments, a multi-modal segmentation process is utilized that relies upon cues derived...
9249460 Methods for obtaining a sequence  
The invention generally relates to methods for obtaining a sequence, such as a consensus sequence or a haplotype sequence. In certain embodiments, methods of the invention involve determining an...
9249234 Light-sensitive ion-passing molecules  
The invention provides polynucleotides and methods for expressing light-activated proteins in animal cells and altering an action potential of the cells by optical stimulation. The invention also...
9249200 Expression vector comprising a nucleotide sequence encoding a Volvox carteri light-activated ion channel protein (VChR1) and implantable device thereof  
Methods, systems and devices are implemented in connection with light-responsive ion channel molecules. One such method is implemented using a light-activated ion channel molecule that responds to...
9248149 Methods for treating a neoplastic disease in a subject using inorganic selenium-containing compounds  
The invention features methods and selenium-containing compositions for treating a neoplastic disease in a subject. In particular, the invention features methods for enhancing sensitivity of a...
9248051 Skin treatment devices and methods with pre-stressed configurations  
Devices, bandages, kits and methods are described that can control or regulate the mechanical environment of a wound to ameliorate scar and/or keloid formation. The mechanical environment of a...
9248049 Skin treatment devices and methods with pre-stressed configurations  
Devices, bandages, kits and methods are described that can control or regulate the mechanical environment of a wound to ameliorate scar and/or keloid formation. The mechanical environment of a...
US20160025914 Dielectric Metasurface Optical Elements  
A dielectric gradient metasurface optical device provides optical wavefront shaping using an ultrathin (less than 100 nm thick) layer of nanoscale geometric Pancharatnam-Berry phase optical...
US20160025701 Method to sort cells on the basis of radionuclide uptake  
A method of sensing radionuclides in cells is provided that includes exposing a cell of interest to a radiolabeled molecule, encapsulating the cell of interest with a chemical sensor in an...
US20160024579 NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF FETAL INHERITANCE OF PARENTAL HAPLOTYPES AT THE GENOME-WIDE SCALE  
The present invention provides a method, device and a computer program for haplotyping single cells, such that a sample taken from a pregnant female, without directly sampling the fetus, provides...
US20160022654 Methods of Improving Microvascular Integrity  
The disclosure relates to methods of preserving or improving microvascular integrity in a patient in need thereof comprising administering pirfenidone therapy to the patient.
9246106 Electron deficient molecules and their use in organic electronic applications  
Improved electron acceptor materials for organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells are provided. More specifically, electron acceptor materials for OPVs can include vinylimide, vinylthioimide, alkynylimide...
9246078 Piezoelectric apparatuses, systems and methods therefor  
Various aspects as described herein are directed to piezoelectric materials. As consistent with one or more embodiments, an apparatus includes a nanomaterial and structures coupled to the...
9244179 Time-based digitizer for PET photodetector  
An integrated circuit in a PET imaging system with a plurality of photo detectors is provided. A plurality of differential transimpedance amplifiers with differential inputs and differential...
9243282 Droplet-based pyrosequencing  
The present invention relates to droplet-based pyrosequencing including a method of identifying a base at a target position in a sample nucleic acid. The method includes: (a) providing a droplet...
9243232 Inhibitors of mitochondrial fission and methods of use thereof  
The present disclosure provides peptides and constructs that inhibit mitochondrial fission, and compositions comprising the peptides or constructs. The present disclosure provides methods of...
9242274 Pre-charged CMUTs for zero-external-bias operation  
Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) having a pre-charged floating electrode are provided. Such CMUTs can operate without an applied DC electrical bias. Charge can be provided...
9242273 Method for operating CMUTs under high and varying pressure  
Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) in permanent contact mode are provided. Such a CMUT always has its plate in contact with the substrate, even for zero applied electrical...
9241972 Use of Wnt agents to prevent hypoxic injury  
Methods and compositions are provided for the therapeutic use of Wnt proteins or Wnt agonists in protecting tissue from the adverse effects of hypoxia.
US20160019994 High Density Grids  
An X-ray data collection grid device is provided that includes a magnetic base that is compatible with robotic sample mounting systems used at synchrotron beamlines, a grid element fixedly...
US20160017435 Differential Methylation Level of CpG Loci That Are Determinative of a Biochemical Reoccurrence of Prostate Cancer  
The present disclosure provides for and relates to the identification of novel biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of prostate cancer or the biochemical reoccurence of prostate cancer. The...
US20160017420 METHODS FOR PROFILING AND QUANTITATING CELL-FREE RNA  
The invention generally relates to methods for assessing the health of a tissue by characterizing circulating nucleic acids in a biological sample. According to certain embodiments, methods for...
US20160015265 Implantable Micro-Fluidic Device for Monitoring of Intra-Ocular Pressure  
Glaucoma is the second most common cause of blindness in the global world. It is a multifactorial disease with several risk factors, of which intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most important. IOP...
9238670 Aminoglycoside antibiotics with reduced ototoxicity  
This disclosure relates generally to aminoglycoside derivatives of Formula (I) as described herein. The present disclosure also relates to pharmaceutical compositions containing these compounds...
9238150 Optical tissue interface method and apparatus for stimulating cells  
In one example, a system electrically stimulates target cells of a living animal using an elongated structure, a modulation circuit and a light pathway such as provided by an optical fiber...
US20160014876 Distributed Coupling and Multi-Frequency Microwave Accelerators  
A microwave circuit for a linear accelerator has multiple metallic cell sections, a pair of distribution waveguide manifolds, and a sequence of feed arms connecting the manifolds to the cell...
US20160013462 INTERFACIAL ENGINEERING FOR STABLE LITHIUM METAL ANODES  
A battery includes 1) an anode, 2) a cathode, and 3) an electrolyte disposed between the anode and the cathode. The anode includes a current collector and an interfacial layer disposed over the...
US20160008026 APPARATUS AND METHODS INVOLVING ELONGATED-MEDICAL INSTRUMENT FOR SENSING TISSUE INTERACTION FORCES  
Various aspects as described herein are directed to methods and systems that include a tissue-engagement apparatus. The tissue-engagement apparatus includes a distal needle portion having a...
US20160007859 Coherent Frequency-Domain Microwave-Induced ThermoAcoustic Imaging  
A thermoacoustic imaging device is provided having a transmitter configured to provide an electromagnetic transmit signal (e.g. a continuous sinusoidal signal) to an object being imaged. The...
US20160007851 Implantable Pressure Sensors for Telemetric Measurements through Bodily Tissues  
Continuous pressure sensing is important for patients with several different conditions. We provide an implantable sensor, based on microfluidic principles, which in one example has 1 mmHg limit...
9237658 Strongly coupled inorganic-graphene hybrid materials, apparatuses, systems and methods  
Nanocarbon-based materials are provided in connection with various devices and methods of manufacturing. As consistent with one or more embodiments, an apparatus includes a nanocarbon structure...
9236197 Graphene hybrid materials, apparatuses, systems and methods  
Graphene based materials are provided in connection with various devices and methods of manufacturing. As consistent with one or more embodiments, an apparatus includes a graphene sheet and a...
9234790 Apparatus and methods utilizing optical sensors operating in the reflection mode  
Optical apparatus and methods utilizing sensors operating in the reflection mode are provided. The apparatus includes at least one optical bus. The at least one optical bus is configured to be...