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Patents and Patent Applications from Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT


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US20140161830 AMINE-CONTAINING LIPIDOIDS AND USES THEREOF  
Provided herein are lipidoids that may be prepared from the conjugate addition of alkylamines to acrylates. In some embodiments, provided lipidoids are biodegradable and may be used in a variety of...
US20140161772 ENGINEERED ENZYMATICALLY ACTIVE BACTERIOPHAGE AND METHODS FOR DISPERSING BIOFILMS  
The present invention is directed to engineered enzymatically active bacteriophages that are both capable of killing the bacteria by lysis and dispersing the bacterial biofilm because they have...
US20140161753 Self-Assembling Peptide and Peptide Gel with High Strength  
Provide are a peptide gel with practically sufficient mechanical strength and a self-assembling peptide capable of forming the peptide gel. The self-assembling peptide is formed of the following...
US20140160476 Method and Apparatus for Performing Spectral Classification  
A method and a device useful for identifying or detecting the presence of a material of interest, such as an explosive or a biological contaminant, in a sample is presented herein. The sample is...
US20140160192 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DEPOSITING FILMS  
The disclosure relates to a method for depositing films on a substrate which may form part of an LED or other types of display. In one embodiment, the disclosure relates to an apparatus for...
US20140159748 SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ELECTROMAGNETIC IMAGING THROUGH ELECTROQUASISTATIC SENSING  
A system and method for providing electromagnetic imaging through electroquasistatic sensing contains an electromagnetic sensor for imaging a sample. The electromagnetic sensor contains drive/sense...
US20140159582 THERMO-ELECTRICALLY PUMPED LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES  
Contrary to conventional wisdom, which holds that light-emitting diodes (LEDs) should be cooled to increase efficiency, the LEDs disclosed herein are heated to increase efficiency. Heating an LED...
US20140158977 NEAR-INFRARED LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE USING SEMICONDUCTOR NANOCRYSTALS  
A near-infrared light emitting device can include semiconductor nanocrystals that emit at wavelengths beyond 1 μm. The semiconductor nanocrystals can include a core and an overcoating on a surface ...
US20140158591 AQUA-ROBOTIC POLLUTANT REMOVING SYSTEMS AND DEVICES, AND METHODS OF REMOVING POLLUTANTS FROM BODIES OF WATER  
An aqua-robotic pollutant removing device includes a buoyant body, an electromechanical housing coupled to the buoyant body, and a pollutant absorbing belt coupled to the electromechanical housing...
8751556 Processor for large graph algorithm computations and matrix operations  
A multiprocessor system and method for performing matrix operations includes multiple processors cooperatively performing a sparse matrix operation. Distributed among the processors are non-zero...
8751049 Kinetic input/output  
In exemplary implementations of this invention, an input/output device (“Bulb”) is attached to on an articulated, actuated robotic arm. The robotic arm can move the Bulb by translating it along thr...
8751042 Methods of robot behavior generation and robots utilizing the same  
A method of generating a behavior of a robot includes measuring input data associated with a plurality of user responses, applying an algorithm to the input data of the plurality of user responses...
8750647 Kinetic super-resolution imaging  
Methods and a computer program product for deriving a super-resolution image of a physical object, the super-resolution image characterized by a resolution exceeding a “camera imaging r...
8749871 On-chip miniature optical isolator  
An optical structure for generating nonreciprocal loss is provided that includes a first substrate layer and a magneto-optical layer positioned on the first substrate layer. The magneto-optical...
8749619 Methods and apparatus for transient light imaging  
In illustrative implementations of this invention, multi-path analysis of transient illumination is used to reconstruct scene geometry, even of objects that are occluded from the camera. An...
8749441 Simultaneous transmit and receive antenna system  
Described is a simultaneous transmit and receive antenna system having a ring array of transmit antenna elements and a receive antenna element disposed on an axis that is perpendicular to and...
8748933 Nanocrystals including III-V semiconductors  
Semiconductor nanocrystals including III-V semiconductors can include a core including III-V alloy. The nanocrystal can include an overcoating including a II-VI semiconductor.
8748670 Highly active oxide catalysts for the catalytic ketonization of carboxylic acids  
The present invention provides methods comprising reacting a first carboxylic acid or ester with a second carboxylic acid or ester in the presence of a metal oxide comprising Zr, Ce, Mn and O to...
8748219 Method and apparatus for super radiant laser action in half wavelength thick organic semiconductor microcavities  
The disclosed device is a solid state organic semiconductor VCSEL in which the microcavity is composed of metal and dielectric mirrors and the gain layer is only λ/2n thick. The gain layer ...
8748111 Multiplexed olfactory receptor-based microsurface plasmon polariton detector  
The invention provides a bio-sensing nanodevice comprising: a stabilized G-protein coupled receptor on a support, a real time receptor-ligand binding detection method, a test composition delivery...
8747989 Pattern production and recovery by transformation  
A transformative periodic structure includes a plurality of elastomeric or elasto-plastic periodic solids that experiences a transformation in the structural configuration upon application of a...
8747869 Lipid vesicle compositions and methods of use  
The invention provides delivery systems comprised of stabilized multilamellar vesicles, as well as compositions, methods of synthesis, and methods of use thereof. The stabilized multilamellar...
8747848 Immunoglobulins with reduced aggregation  
The present disclosure relates to immunoglobulins with reduced aggregation and compositions, methods of generating such immunoglobulins with computational tools and methods of using such...
8746885 Methods and apparatus for cataract detection and measurement  
In exemplary implementations of this invention, cataracts in the human eye are assessed and mapped by measuring the perceptual impact of forward scattering on the foveal region. The same method can...
US20140155634 EPOXIDATION CATALYSTS  
The present invention generally relates to methods for the synthesis of catalysts, including epoxidation catalysts, and related compounds and catalyst compositions. Embodiments described herein may...
US20140154672 Methods for Identifying Stem Cells Based on Nuclear Morphotypes  
Methods for identifying stem cells and other cells specific to embryogenesis and carcinogenesis, classifying tissue samples, diagnosing precancerous and cancerous or atherosclerotic lesions,...
US20140154595 ANAEROBIC ALUMINUM-WATER ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL  
An anaerobic aluminum-water electrochemical cell includes electrode stacks, each electrode stack having an aluminum or aluminum alloy anode, and at least one solid cathode configured to be...
US20140153399 MULTIPROCESSOR COMMUNICATION NETWORKS  
A parallel multiprocessor system includes a packet-switching communication network comprising a plurality of processor nodes operating concurrently in parallel. Each processor node generates...
US20140153083 RIN REDUCED OPTICAL SOURCE FOR OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY  
A relative intensity noise (RIN)-suppressed light source is provided that includes a light source that produces an incoming light. A semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) arrangement receives the...
US20140151912 Virus/Nanowire Encapsulation within Polymer Microgels for 2D and 3D Devices for Energy and Electronics  
Methods and apparatuses for encapsulating inorganic micro- or nanostructures within polymeric microgels are described. In various embodiments, viruses are encapsulated with microgels during...
US20140150879 APPARATUS FOR ADJUSTING SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY TRANSITION TEMPERATURES TO TRACK SLOWLY CHANGING AMBIENT TEMPERATURE  
A valve actuator, valve, and method of actuation of a valve are disclosed. The valve actuator includes a shape memory alloy element attachable to a valve body, capable of use with a valve to cause...
US20140150869 GAS-LIFT SAFETY VALVE ACTUATED BY A SENSOR  
A valve actuator, valve, and method of actuation of a valve are disclosed. The valve actuator includes a shape memory alloy element attachable to a valve body, capable of use with a valve to cause...
8745604 Transferring data in a parallel processing environment  
An integrated circuit includes a plurality of tiles. Each tile includes a processor, a switch including switching circuitry to forward data over data paths from other tiles to the processor and to...
8744648 Integrated framework for vehicle operator assistance based on a trajectory prediction and threat assessment  
Various types and levels of operator assistance are performed within a unified, configurable framework. A model of the device with a model of the environment and the current state of the device and...
8744185 Efficient MCMC sampling with implicit shape representations  
In an approach for sampling a distribution of segmentations of an image, the segmentations are based on a level set function. For each sample of the distribution, the sampling includes the...
8743377 Using dynamic data to determine a material profile for earpiece  
The attenuation and other optical properties of a medium are exploited to measure a thickness of the medium between a sensor and a target surface. Disclosed herein are various mediums, arrangements...
8742794 Analog logic automata  
A distributed, reconfigurable statistical signal processing apparatus comprises an array of discrete-time analog signal processing circuitry for statistical signal processing based on a local...
8742770 System and method for providing electromagnetic imaging through magnetoquasistatic sensing  
A system for providing electromagnetic imaging through magnetoquasistatic sensing contains an electromagnetic sensor for imaging a sample. The electromagnetic sensor contains drive/sense...
8742092 RNA sequence-specific mediators of RNA interference  
The present invention relates to a Drosophila in vitro system which was used to demonstrate that dsRNA is processed to RNA segments 21-23 nucleotides (nt) in length. Furthermore, when these 21-23...
8741833 Self-assembling peptides incorporating modifications and methods of use thereof  
The invention relates to a novel class of self-assembling peptides, compositions thereof, methods for the preparation thereof and methods of use thereof. The invention also encompasses methods for...
8740958 Apparatus and method for laser treatment with spectroscopic feedback  
A platform Smart Scalpel system using rapid real-time feedback for effecting laser treatment. The platform system includes an imaging system for rapid real-time detection of tissue characteristics,...
8740838 Injection methods using a servo-controlled needle-free injector  
A method for injecting a substance through a biological body surface includes providing a needle-free transdermal transport device configured to inject the substance through the surface. The...
8740819 Method and apparatus for measuring representational motions in a medical context  
Disclosed is an apparatus and corresponding method to capture individual representational motions made by a person while performing a neuropsychological test. A user of the apparatus and method may...
8739390 Method for microcontact printing of MEMS  
The embodiments disclosed herein are directed to fabrication methods useful for creating MEMS via microcontact printing by using small organic molecule release layers. The disclose method enables...
US20140148846 Adhesive Articles Containing a Combination of Surface Micropatterning and Reactive Chemistry and Methods of Making and Using Thereof  
Adhesive articles containing microtopography, such as microprotrusions, and a coating of adhesive glue, such an adhesive having known toxicity and/or tissue reactive functional groups are described...
US20140148413 COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR PREVENTING AND TREATING ORGAN INJURY AND/OR DYSFUNCTION  
The present embodiments relate to compositions and methods for treating the inflammatory response in a tissue or organ, such as the liver, by contacting the tissue with a tissue-specific gap...
US20140147951 DEPOSITION OF SEMICONDUCTOR NANOCRYSTALS FOR LIGHT EMITTING DEVICES  
A method of depositing semiconductor nanocrystals on a surface can include applying a voltage to the nanocrystals.
US20140146901 DIGITAL TRANSMITTER  
An equalizer provided in a digital transmitter compensates for attenuation in a signal channel to a digital receiver. The equalizer generates signal levels as a logical function of bit history to...
US20140145522 Electromagnetic Digital Materials  
Electromagnetic digital materials are made up of a set of voxels, some of which are made from electromagnetically active materials. Each voxel is adapted to be assembled into a structure according...
US20140145107 Heat Exchangers Using Metallic Foams on Fins  
Heat exchanger. Metallic foam is disposed on at least one fin made of high thermal conductivity material. The metallic foam exchanges heat with a gas stream flowing therethrough.