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Patents and Patent Applications from Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT


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8750647 Kinetic super-resolution imaging  
Methods and a computer program product for deriving a super-resolution image of a physical object, the super-resolution image characterized by a resolution exceeding a “camera imaging r...
8749871 On-chip miniature optical isolator  
An optical structure for generating nonreciprocal loss is provided that includes a first substrate layer and a magneto-optical layer positioned on the first substrate layer. The magneto-optical...
8749619 Methods and apparatus for transient light imaging  
In illustrative implementations of this invention, multi-path analysis of transient illumination is used to reconstruct scene geometry, even of objects that are occluded from the camera. An...
8749441 Simultaneous transmit and receive antenna system  
Described is a simultaneous transmit and receive antenna system having a ring array of transmit antenna elements and a receive antenna element disposed on an axis that is perpendicular to and...
8748933 Nanocrystals including III-V semiconductors  
Semiconductor nanocrystals including III-V semiconductors can include a core including III-V alloy. The nanocrystal can include an overcoating including a II-VI semiconductor.
8748670 Highly active oxide catalysts for the catalytic ketonization of carboxylic acids  
The present invention provides methods comprising reacting a first carboxylic acid or ester with a second carboxylic acid or ester in the presence of a metal oxide comprising Zr, Ce, Mn and O to...
8748219 Method and apparatus for super radiant laser action in half wavelength thick organic semiconductor microcavities  
The disclosed device is a solid state organic semiconductor VCSEL in which the microcavity is composed of metal and dielectric mirrors and the gain layer is only λ/2n thick. The gain layer ...
8748111 Multiplexed olfactory receptor-based microsurface plasmon polariton detector  
The invention provides a bio-sensing nanodevice comprising: a stabilized G-protein coupled receptor on a support, a real time receptor-ligand binding detection method, a test composition delivery...
8747989 Pattern production and recovery by transformation  
A transformative periodic structure includes a plurality of elastomeric or elasto-plastic periodic solids that experiences a transformation in the structural configuration upon application of a...
8747869 Lipid vesicle compositions and methods of use  
The invention provides delivery systems comprised of stabilized multilamellar vesicles, as well as compositions, methods of synthesis, and methods of use thereof. The stabilized multilamellar...
8747848 Immunoglobulins with reduced aggregation  
The present disclosure relates to immunoglobulins with reduced aggregation and compositions, methods of generating such immunoglobulins with computational tools and methods of using such...
8746885 Methods and apparatus for cataract detection and measurement  
In exemplary implementations of this invention, cataracts in the human eye are assessed and mapped by measuring the perceptual impact of forward scattering on the foveal region. The same method can...
US20140155634 EPOXIDATION CATALYSTS  
The present invention generally relates to methods for the synthesis of catalysts, including epoxidation catalysts, and related compounds and catalyst compositions. Embodiments described herein may...
US20140154672 Methods for Identifying Stem Cells Based on Nuclear Morphotypes  
Methods for identifying stem cells and other cells specific to embryogenesis and carcinogenesis, classifying tissue samples, diagnosing precancerous and cancerous or atherosclerotic lesions,...
US20140154595 ANAEROBIC ALUMINUM-WATER ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL  
An anaerobic aluminum-water electrochemical cell includes electrode stacks, each electrode stack having an aluminum or aluminum alloy anode, and at least one solid cathode configured to be...
US20140153399 MULTIPROCESSOR COMMUNICATION NETWORKS  
A parallel multiprocessor system includes a packet-switching communication network comprising a plurality of processor nodes operating concurrently in parallel. Each processor node generates...
US20140153083 RIN REDUCED OPTICAL SOURCE FOR OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY  
A relative intensity noise (RIN)-suppressed light source is provided that includes a light source that produces an incoming light. A semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) arrangement receives the...
US20140151912 Virus/Nanowire Encapsulation within Polymer Microgels for 2D and 3D Devices for Energy and Electronics  
Methods and apparatuses for encapsulating inorganic micro- or nanostructures within polymeric microgels are described. In various embodiments, viruses are encapsulated with microgels during...
US20140150879 APPARATUS FOR ADJUSTING SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY TRANSITION TEMPERATURES TO TRACK SLOWLY CHANGING AMBIENT TEMPERATURE  
A valve actuator, valve, and method of actuation of a valve are disclosed. The valve actuator includes a shape memory alloy element attachable to a valve body, capable of use with a valve to cause...
US20140150869 GAS-LIFT SAFETY VALVE ACTUATED BY A SENSOR  
A valve actuator, valve, and method of actuation of a valve are disclosed. The valve actuator includes a shape memory alloy element attachable to a valve body, capable of use with a valve to cause...
8745604 Transferring data in a parallel processing environment  
An integrated circuit includes a plurality of tiles. Each tile includes a processor, a switch including switching circuitry to forward data over data paths from other tiles to the processor and to...
8744648 Integrated framework for vehicle operator assistance based on a trajectory prediction and threat assessment  
Various types and levels of operator assistance are performed within a unified, configurable framework. A model of the device with a model of the environment and the current state of the device and...
8744185 Efficient MCMC sampling with implicit shape representations  
In an approach for sampling a distribution of segmentations of an image, the segmentations are based on a level set function. For each sample of the distribution, the sampling includes the...
8743377 Using dynamic data to determine a material profile for earpiece  
The attenuation and other optical properties of a medium are exploited to measure a thickness of the medium between a sensor and a target surface. Disclosed herein are various mediums, arrangements...
8742794 Analog logic automata  
A distributed, reconfigurable statistical signal processing apparatus comprises an array of discrete-time analog signal processing circuitry for statistical signal processing based on a local...
8742770 System and method for providing electromagnetic imaging through magnetoquasistatic sensing  
A system for providing electromagnetic imaging through magnetoquasistatic sensing contains an electromagnetic sensor for imaging a sample. The electromagnetic sensor contains drive/sense...
8742092 RNA sequence-specific mediators of RNA interference  
The present invention relates to a Drosophila in vitro system which was used to demonstrate that dsRNA is processed to RNA segments 21-23 nucleotides (nt) in length. Furthermore, when these 21-23...
8741833 Self-assembling peptides incorporating modifications and methods of use thereof  
The invention relates to a novel class of self-assembling peptides, compositions thereof, methods for the preparation thereof and methods of use thereof. The invention also encompasses methods for...
8740958 Apparatus and method for laser treatment with spectroscopic feedback  
A platform Smart Scalpel system using rapid real-time feedback for effecting laser treatment. The platform system includes an imaging system for rapid real-time detection of tissue characteristics,...
8740838 Injection methods using a servo-controlled needle-free injector  
A method for injecting a substance through a biological body surface includes providing a needle-free transdermal transport device configured to inject the substance through the surface. The...
8740819 Method and apparatus for measuring representational motions in a medical context  
Disclosed is an apparatus and corresponding method to capture individual representational motions made by a person while performing a neuropsychological test. A user of the apparatus and method may...
8739390 Method for microcontact printing of MEMS  
The embodiments disclosed herein are directed to fabrication methods useful for creating MEMS via microcontact printing by using small organic molecule release layers. The disclose method enables...
US20140148846 Adhesive Articles Containing a Combination of Surface Micropatterning and Reactive Chemistry and Methods of Making and Using Thereof  
Adhesive articles containing microtopography, such as microprotrusions, and a coating of adhesive glue, such an adhesive having known toxicity and/or tissue reactive functional groups are described...
US20140148413 COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR PREVENTING AND TREATING ORGAN INJURY AND/OR DYSFUNCTION  
The present embodiments relate to compositions and methods for treating the inflammatory response in a tissue or organ, such as the liver, by contacting the tissue with a tissue-specific gap...
US20140147951 DEPOSITION OF SEMICONDUCTOR NANOCRYSTALS FOR LIGHT EMITTING DEVICES  
A method of depositing semiconductor nanocrystals on a surface can include applying a voltage to the nanocrystals.
US20140146901 DIGITAL TRANSMITTER  
An equalizer provided in a digital transmitter compensates for attenuation in a signal channel to a digital receiver. The equalizer generates signal levels as a logical function of bit history to...
US20140145522 Electromagnetic Digital Materials  
Electromagnetic digital materials are made up of a set of voxels, some of which are made from electromagnetically active materials. Each voxel is adapted to be assembled into a structure according...
US20140145107 Heat Exchangers Using Metallic Foams on Fins  
Heat exchanger. Metallic foam is disposed on at least one fin made of high thermal conductivity material. The metallic foam exchanges heat with a gas stream flowing therethrough.
US20140144397 Engine Reformer Systems For Lower Cost, Smaller Scale Manufacturing Of Liquid Fuels  
A reformer-liquid fuel manufacturing system that utilizes an engine to generate hydrogen-rich gas is disclosed. The engine operates at very rich conditions, such as 2.5<φ<4.0. In doing so, it ...
8735844 Compact neutron imaging system using axisymmetric mirrors  
A dispersed release of neutrons is generated from a source. A portion of this dispersed neutron release is reflected by surfaces of a plurality of nested, axisymmetric mirrors in at least an inner...
8735630 Transition-metal-catalyzed carbon-nitrogen and carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions  
One aspect of the present invention relates to ligands for transition metals. A second aspect of the present invention relates to the use of catalysts comprising these ligands in various...
8735313 High charge density structures, including carbon-based nanostructures and applications thereof  
The present invention generally provides compositions including carbon-based nanostructures, catalyst materials and systems, and related methods. In some cases, the present invention relates to...
8735132 Mutations and genetic targets for enhanced L-tyrosine production  
The invention relates to identification of mutations and genetic targets for enhanced L-tyrosine production, and bacterial strains capable of L-tyrosine production.
8734528 Artificial ankle-foot system with spring, variable-damping, and series-elastic actuator components  
An artificial foot and ankle joint consists of a curved leaf spring foot member having a heel extremity and a toe extremity, and a flexible elastic ankle member that connects the foot member for...
8733321 Fuel management system for variable ethanol octane enhancement of gasoline engines  
Fuel management system for efficient operation of a spark ignition gasoline engine. Injectors inject an anti-knock agent such as ethanol directly into a cylinder of the engine. A fuel management...
8733099 Flexible actuator based on shape memory alloy sheet  
A flexible unit-cell actuator includes a shape memory alloy sheet having a fold between adjacent legs in one state and a heat source that upon activation concentrates heating of the shape memory...
US20140142026 Anti-Pathogen Treatments  
Chimeric molecules that contain at least one pathogen-detection domain and at least one effector domain, and their methods of use in preventing or treating a pathogen infection in a cell or...
US20140141561 METHODS OF PROVIDING LIQUID MATERIAL TO SELECTED REGIONS OF SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL WITH TEXTURED SURFACES  
Semiconductor bodies, such as for solid state electronics and photovoltaic cells, have surfaces that are textured for processing, charge carrying and photovoltaic reasons. Absorbing regions may...
US20140141329 MOLYBDENUM OXIDES AND USES THEREOF  
The present disclosure describes, among other things, new layered molybdenum oxides for lithium ion battery cathodes from solid solutions of Li2MoO3 and LiCrO2. These materials display high energy...
8729286 Platinum compounds as treatment for cancers, and related methods, kits, and compositions  
The present invention is a platinum(II) compound comprising a beta-diketonate ligand represented by the following general formula: Or general formula: whereinR1 and R2 are independently selected...