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Patents and Patent Applications from California Institute of Technology


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US20130252808 CATALYSTS FOR THERMOCHEMICAL FUEL PRODUCTION AND METHOD OF PRODUCING FUEL USING THERMOCHEMICAL FUEL PRODUCTION  
To provide a catalyst, which is formed from a perovskite oxide, for thermochemical fuel production, and a method of producing fuel using thermochemical fuel production that is capable of allowing a...
US20130250479 Micro- and Nanoscale Capacitors that Incorporate an Array of Conductive Elements Having Elongated Bodies  
Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention implement micro- and nanoscale capacitors that incorporate a conductive element that conforms to the shape of an array elongated...
US20130249598 MICROSCALE DIGITAL VACUUM ELECTRONIC GATES  
Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention implement microscale digital vacuum electronic gates. In one embodiment, a microscale digital vacuum electronic gate includes: a...
US20130248109 RAPIDLY CROSSLINKABLE ADHESIVES FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS  
The present inventions are directed to novel medical adhesives and their use, for example, in biomedical applications. These compositions and applications allow for improved adhesion with and...
US20130247678 Multi-Directional Environmental Sensors  
Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention implement multi-directional environmental sensors. In one embodiment, a multi-directional environmental sensor includes: an inner...
8542888 Detecting facial similarity based on human perception of facial similarity  
Similar faces may be determined within images based on human perception of facial similarity. The user may provide an image including a query face to which the user wishes to find faces that are...
US20130243187 PHYSICAL KEY-PROTECTED ONE TIME PAD  
A device, including one or more Communication Physical Unclonable Function (CPUF) and key storage devices, the CPUF devices each comprising: a coherent Electromagnetic (EM) radiation source; a...
US20130240026 PHOTOVOLTAIC SEMICONDUCTIVE MATERIALS  
The disclosure provides semiconductive material derived from group IV elements that are useful for photovoltaic applications.
8538734 Extreme event performance evaluation using real-time hysteresis monitoring  
Extreme event performance evaluation using real-time hysteresis monitoring. A structure is monitored using one or more sensors. One or more inter-story Hysteresis Loops for the structure are...
8536545 Delayed emission detection devices and methods  
Embodiments of the present invention relate to a delayed emission detection device comprising a time-gated illumination source configured to provide excitation light to fluorophore during an...
8535512 Devices and methods for sequencing nucleic acids  
Methods and devices for sequencing nucleic acids are disclosed herein. Devices are also provided herein for measuring DNA with nano-pores sized to allow DNA to pass through the nano-pore. The...
US20130235165 THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGING SYSTEM  
Hardware and software configurations, optionally, for performing profilometry of an object are disclosed. An advantageous imaging device is described. An advantageous approach to determining imager...
US20130234023 CHARACTERIZATION OF NANOSCALE STRUCTURES USING AN ULTRAFAST ELECTRON MICROSCOPE  
The present invention relates to methods and systems for 4D ultrafast electron microscopy (UEM)—in situ imaging with ultrafast time resolution in TEM. Single electron imaging is used as a c...
US20130234022 PHOTON INDUCED NEAR FIELD ELECTRON MICROSCOPE AND BIOLOGICAL IMAGING SYSTEM  
A method of obtaining PINEM images includes providing femtosecond optical pulse, generating electron pulses, and directing the electron pulses towards a sample. The method also includes overlapping...
8530338 Structures of and methods for forming vertically aligned Si wire arrays  
A structure consisting of vertically aligned wire arrays on a Si substrate and a method for producing such wire arrays. The wire arrays are fabricated and positioned on a substrate with an...
8529712 Tough iron-based bulk metallic glass alloys  
A family of iron-based, phosphor-containing bulk metallic glasses having excellent processibility and toughness, methods for forming such alloys, and processes for manufacturing articles therefrom...
8529326 Games having biotechnological content  
Systems and methods for use in playing biotic games having a biologically active material as a component. Various games that provide for one or more human players to interact with biologically...
8529124 Methods for gas sensing with single-walled carbon nanotubes  
Methods for gas sensing with single-walled carbon nanotubes are described. The methods comprise biasing at least one carbon nanotube and exposing to a gas environment to detect variation in...
US20130232097 CONTINUOUS-WEIGHT NEURAL NETWORKS  
A computer-based multi-layer artificial network named Continuous-weight neural network (CWNN) configured to receive an input feature set wherein the input feature set comprises a variable number of...
US20130231499 SYNTHESIS OF Z-OLEFIN-CONTAINING LEPIDOPTERAN INSECT PHEROMONES  
The present invention is directed to methods of synthesizing insect pheromones, particularly lepidopteran insect pheromones, their precursors and derivatives from inexpensive, readily available...
US20130230554 TARGETED GENE DELIVERY FOR DENDRITIC CELL VACCINATION  
Methods and compositions are provided for delivery of a polynucleotide encoding a gene of interest, typically an antigen, to a dendritic cell (DC). The virus envelope comprises a DC-SIGN specific...
US20130230063 METHODS OF MODULATING MICROLASERS AT ULTRALOW POWER LEVELS, AND SYSTEMS THEREOF  
A microlaser system includes an optical source, a microlaser, an actuator switch, and a photovoltaic power source. The microlaser, which includes a control element, is optically pumped by at least...
US20130229210 ON-CHIP POWER-COMBINING FOR HIGH-POWER SCHOTTKY DIODE BASED FREQUENCY MULTIPLIERS  
A novel MMIC on-chip power-combined frequency multiplier device and a method of fabricating the same, comprising two or more multiplying structures integrated on a single chip, wherein each of the...
8525998 Optical phase processing in a scattering medium  
An optical phase processing system for a scattering medium. A first beam has a direction and a wavefront and the first beam is configured to enter a holographic recording medium. A scattering...
8525091 Wavefront imaging devices comprising a film with one or more structured two dimensional apertures and their applications in microscopy and photography  
Embodiments of the present invention relate to a wavefront sensor comprising a film and a photodetector. The film has one or more structured two dimensional apertures configured to convert a phase...
8524899 Alternative heterocycles for DNA recognition  
Methods and compositions are provided for forming complexes between dsDNA and novel oligomers comprising fused six-membered rings. By appropriate choice of target sequences and oligomers, complexes...
8524875 Nucleic acids encoding SOX10 promoter and methods to isolate SOX10 expressing cells  
DNA enhancer sequences are provided for use in constructs to identify early stage embryonic cells. The enhancer sequences can be used in parallel with short-hairpin RNA in a vector construct for...
US20130225774 HIGH METATHESIS ACTIVITY RUTHENIUM AND OSMIUM METAL CARBENE COMPLEXES  
Ruthenium and osmium carbene compounds that are stable in the presence of a variety of functional groups and can be used to catalyze olefin metathesis reactions on unstrained cyclic and acyclic...
US20130225441 INTEGRATED SEMICONDUCTOR BIOARRAY  
A biosensor array, system and method for affinity based assays that are able to simultaneously obtain high quality measurements of the binding characteristics of multiple analytes, and that are...
US20130224632 NOVEL SEPARATORS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS  
Provided are separator systems for electrochemical systems providing electronic, mechanical and chemical properties useful for a variety of applications including electrochemical storage and...
US20130224550 Lithium-Based High Energy Density Flow Batteries  
Systems and methods in accordance with embodiments of the invention implement a lithium-based high energy density flow battery. In one embodiment, a lithium-based high energy density flow battery...
US20130222115 AUTONOMOUS AND CONTROLLABLE SYSTEMS OF SENSORS AND METHODS OF USING SUCH SYSTEMS  
An autonomous and controllable system of sensors and methods for using such a system of sensors are described.
US20130220729 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR WAVE GENERATION AND DETECTION USING TENSEGRITY STRUCTURES  
A tensegrity apparatus having multiple tensegrity units for the transmission of solitary waves with adjustable profiles into a material or structure, and the detection of such waves from a material...
8518666 Site-specific incorporation of amino acids into molecules  
The invention provides certain embodiments relating to methods and compositions for incorporating non-natural amino acids into a polypeptide or protein by utilizing a mutant or modified...
8518193 Low density be-bearing bulk glassy alloys excluding late transition metals  
Low density Be-bearing bulk amorphous structural alloys with more than double the specific strength of conventional titanium alloys and methods of forming bulk articles from such alloys having...
US20130214760 MINIMAL POWER LATCH FOR SINGLE-SLOPE ADCs  
A latch circuit that uses two interoperating latches. The latch circuit has the beneficial feature that it switches only a single time during a measurement that uses a stair step or ramp function...
US20130213881 FILTRATION MEMBRANES AND RELATED COMPOSITIONS, METHODS AND SYSTEMS  
Described herein are filtration membranes and related, compositions, methods and systems and in particular filtration membranes with embedded polymeric micro/nanoparticles and related compositions,...
US20130213861 RADIAL OPPOSED MIGRATION AEROSOL CLASSIFIER WITH GROUNDED AEROSOL ENTRANCE AND EXIT  
A radial opposed migration classifier is provided for separating particles in a sample, introducing and removing the particles into and out of the classifier at the same potential. A sample passes...
US20130213860 OPPOSED MIGRATION AEROSOL CLASSIFIER GAS AND HEAT EXCHANGER  
A method is provided for changing a property of a sample. A sample, comprising particles suspended within a sample fluid, is introduced into a channel which comprises two walls that are permeable...
US20130213462 AXIALLY-INTEGRATED EPITAXIALLY-GROWN TANDEM WIRE ARRAYS  
A photoelectrode, methods of making and using, including systems for water-splitting are provided. The photoelectrode can be a semiconducting material having a photocatalyst such as nickel or...
8515131 Computation of intrinsic perceptual saliency in visual environments, and applications  
Detection of image salience in a visual display of an image. The image is analyzed at multiple spatial scales and over multiple feature channels to determine the likely salience of different...
8514268 Method and device for high-resolution three-dimensional imaging which obtains camera pose using defocusing  
A method and device for high-resolution three-dimensional (3-D) imaging which obtains camera pose using defocusing is disclosed. The device comprises a lens obstructed by a mask having two sets of...
8512722 Antimicrobial materials  
The disclosure provides methods and materials suitable for preparing coating layers on substrates. The coatings comprise quaternary amine groups and therefore impart anti-bacterial properties to...
US20130211012 Carrier Nanoparticles and Related Compositions, Methods and Systems  
Carrier nanoparticles comprising a polymer containing a polyol coupled to a polymer containing a boronic acid, configured to present the polymer containing a boronic acid to an environment external...
US20130210646 HEMOMOSAIC: HIGH-THROUGHPUT TECHNIQUE FOR RARE CELL DETECTION IN LIQUID SAMPLES BY MASSIVELY MULTIPLEXED PCR IN A PHOTOLITHOGRAPHIC MATRIX  
Described microfluidic technology focused on: 1) direct integration of microfluidic devices with solidified liquid tissue samples, 2) subordination of architectural and operational principles of...
US20130210080 PC BOARD-BASED POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION SYSTEMS, METHODS AND MATERIALS  
An apparatus for performing a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is disclosed. The apparatus comprises a PCR chamber for performing a Polymerase Chain Reaction and a printed circuit board (PCB)...
US20130210073 METHODS OF INCORPORATING AMINO ACID ANALOGS INTO PROTEINS  
The invention provides a method of incorporating nonstandard amino acids into a protein by utilizing a modified aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase to charge the nonstandard amino acid to a modified tRNA,...
US20130209454 ANTI-HIV ANTIBODIES HAVING INCREASED POTENCY AND BREADTH  
Embodiments of the present invention are directed to compositions and methods for anti-HIV (anti-CD4 binding site) antibodies having improved potency and breadth.
US20130209448 Carrier Nanoparticles and Related Compositions, Methods and Systems  
Carrier nanoparticles comprising a polymer containing a polyol coupled to a polymer containing a boronic acid, configured to present the polymer containing a boronic acid to an environment external...
US20130207639 WIRELESS VOLTAGE SENSING DEVICE  
A voltage sensing apparatus on a semiconductor substrate, including one or more inputs comprising metal contacts, an output comprising a laser transmitter, circuitry electrically connecting and...