Title:
Methods of treating fibrosis, cancer and vascular injuries
United States Patent RE47141


Abstract:
This invention relates to use of inhibitors of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) type I receptor (ALK5) and/or the activin type I receptor (ALK4) in treating, preventing, or reducing fibrosis, cancer, and vascular injuries.



Inventors:
Kim, Dae-kee (Seoul, KR)
Sheen, Yhun Yhong (Seoul, KR)
Jin, Chenghua (Seoul, KR)
Park, Chul-yong (Seoul, KR)
Domalapally, Sreenu (Seoul, KR)
Kota, Sudhakar Rao (Seoul, KR)
Maddeboina, Krishnaiah (Seoul, KR)
Vura Bala, Subrahmanyam (Seoul, KR)
Application Number:
15/382065
Publication Date:
11/27/2018
Filing Date:
12/16/2016
Assignee:
EWHA University—Industry Collaboration Foundation (Seoul, KR)
International Classes:
A61K31/437; A61K31/5377; C07D471/04
Field of Search:
514/119
View Patent Images:



Foreign References:
WO2000061576A12000-10-19TRIARYLIMIDAZOLES
WO2001062756A12001-08-30PYRIDINYLIMIDAZOLES
WO2002055077A12002-07-18USE OF IMIDAZOLYL CYCLIC ACETAL DERIVATIVES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF A MEDICAMENT FOR THE TREATMENT OF DISEASES MEDIATED BY THE ALK5 RECEPTORS
WO2003087304A22003-10-23TRI-SUBSTITUTED HETEROARYLS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME
WO2004026859A12004-04-01NOVEL IMIDAZOLE COMPOUNDS AS TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR (TGF) INHIBITORS
WO2005103028A12005-11-032-PYRIDYL SUBSTITUTED IMIDAZOLES AS ALK5 AND/OR ALK4 INHIBITORS
WO2009150547A22009-12-172-PYRIDYL SUBSTITUTED IMIDAZOLES AS ALK4 AND/OR ALK4 INHIBITORS
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Primary Examiner:
Railey II, Johnny F.
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Lucas & Mercanti, LLP
Parent Case Data:
This application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/826,338 filed Jun. 29, 2010 entitled “2-Pyridyl Substituted Imidazoles as Therapeutic ALK5 and/or ALK 4 Inhibitors”, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A method of inhibiting TGF-β or activin signaling pathways or both in a human, comprising administering to the human in need of treatment, a therapeutically effective amount of the one or more compounds of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound of the formula (I) has the structure: embedded image wherein: each Ra is independently H, halo, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, OH, —O—C1-6alkyl, —O—C1-6haloalkyl, —O—C3-6cycloalkyl, NH2, —NH—C1-6alkyl, —NH—C1-6haloalkyl, —NH—C3-6cycloalkyl, —S—C1-6alkyl, —S—C1-6haloalkyl, —S—C3-6cycloalkyl, CN, or NO2; m is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4; one of A1 and A2 is N and the other is NR1, wherein R1 is H, OH, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; X is —NR2—, —O—, or —S—, wherein R2 is H or C1-3alkyl; each Rb is independently H, halo, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, C2-6alkenyl, C2-6alkynyl, —(CH2)q—OR3, —(CH2)q—NR3R4, —(CH2)q—SR3, —(CH2)q—NO2, —(CH2)q—CONHOH, —(CH2)q—CN, —(CH2)q—COR3, —(CH2)q—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CN, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q—CH═CH-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—NHCOR3, —(CH2)q—NHCO2R3, —(CH2)q—CONHSO2R3, —(CH2)q—NHSO2R3, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CN, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q—C≡C-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—SOR5, —(CH2)q—SO2R5, or —(CH2)r—(OR3)2, wherein R3 and R4 are independently H, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; or taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a mono-cyclic ring such as imidazole, pyrrolidine, piperidine, morpholine, piperazine and homopiperazine; R5 is C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; q is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4; and r is 1, 2, 3, or 4; n is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

2. A method of treating a metastasis of breast cancer tumor cells in a human, comprising administering to the human in need of treatment, a therapeutically effective amount of one or more compounds of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound of the formula (I) has the structure: embedded image wherein: each Ra is independently H, halo, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, OH, —O—C1-6alkyl, —O—C1-6haloalkyl, —O—C3-6cycloalkyl, NH2, —NH—C1-6alkyl, —NH—C1-6haloalkyl, —NH—C3-6cycloalkyl, —S—C1-6alkyl, —S—C1-6haloalkyl, —S—C3-6cycloalkyl, CN, or NO2; m is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4; one of A1 and A2 is N and the other is NR1, wherein R1 is H, OH, C1-6alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; X is —NR2—, —O—, or —S—, wherein R2 is H or C1-3alkyl; each Rb is independently H, halo, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, C2-6alkenyl, C2-6alkynyl, —(CH2)q—OR3, —(CH2)q—NR3R4, —(CH2)q—SR3, —(CH2)q—NO2, —(CH2)q—CONHOH, —(CH2)q—CN, —(CH2)q—COR3, —(CH2)q—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CN, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q—CH═CH-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—NHCOR3, —(CH2)q—NHCO2R3, —(CH2)q—CONHSO2R3, —(CH2)q—NHSO2R3, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CN, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q—C≡C-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—SOR5, —(CH2)q—SO2R5, or —(CH2)—(OR3)2, wherein R3 and R4 are independently H, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; or taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a mono-cyclic ring such as imidazole, pyrrolidine, piperidine, morpholine, piperazine and homopiperazine; R5 is C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; q is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4; and r is 1, 2, 3, or 4; n is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

3. A method for treating liver fibrosis due to all etiologies, pulmonary fibrosis, wound healing and breast cancer, comprising administering to a human in need of treatment, a therapeutically effective amount of one or more compounds of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound of the formula (I) has the structure: embedded image wherein: each Ra is independently H, halo, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, OH, —O—C1-6alkyl, —O—C1-6haloalkyl, —O—C3-6cycloalkyl, NH2, —NH—C1-6alkyl, —NH—C1-6haloalkyl, —NH—C3-6cycloalkyl, —S—C1-6alkyl, —S—C1-6haloalkyl, —S—C3-6cycloalkyl, CN, or NO2; m is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4; one of A1 and A2 is N and the other is NR1, wherein R1 is H, OH, C1-6alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; X is —NR2—, —O—, or —S—, wherein R2 is H or C1-3alkyl; each Rb is independently H, halo, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, C2-6alkenyl, C2-6alkynyl, —(CH2)q—OR3, —(CH2)q—NR3R4, —(CH2)q—SR3, —(CH2)q—NO2, —(CH2)q—CONHOH, —(CH2)q—CN, —(CH2)q—COR3, —(CH2)q—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CN, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q—CH═CH-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—NHCOR3, —(CH2)q—NHCO2R3, —(CH2)q—CONHSO2R3, —(CH2)q—NHSO2R3, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CN, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q—C≡C-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—SOR5, —(CH2)q—SO2R5, or —(CH2)— (OR3)2, wherein R3 and R4 are independently H, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; or taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a mono-cyclic ring such as imidazole, pyrrolidine, piperidine, morpholine, piperazine and homopiperazine; R5 is C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; q is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4; and r is 1, 2, 3, or 4; n is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-difluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-difluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-difluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-chloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-chloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-chloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dichloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dichloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dichloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-bromoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-bromoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-bromoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-methylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-methylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-methylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dimethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dimethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dimethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-ethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-ethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-isopropylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-isopropylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-isopropylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-vinylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-vinylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-vinylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-ethynylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-methoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-methoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-methoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dimethoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dimethoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dimethoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(methoxymethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(methoxymethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(methoxymethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(methylthio)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(methylthio)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(methylthio)aniline; 2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phthalonitrile; 2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-n yl)methylamino)benzamide; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide; 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide; 2-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetonitrile; 2-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetonitrile; 1-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)ethanone; 1-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)ethanone; Methyl 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzoate; Methyl 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzoate; N-(2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide; N-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide; N-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide; N-(2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide; N-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide; N-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide; N1-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-N2,N2-dimethylbenzene-1,2-diamine; N1-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[15-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-N3,N3-dimethylbenzene-1,3-diamine; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-morpholinoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-morpholinoaniline; N3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-fluoro-N1,N1-dimethylbenzene-1,3-diamine; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-((dimethylamino)methyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-((dimethylamino)methyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(morpholinomethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(morpholinomethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-5-((dimethylamino)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-((dimethylamino)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-3-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-3-(morpholinomethyl)aniline; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazlo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitrile; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylaniline; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-N-methylaniline; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)(methyl)amino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)(methyl)amino)benzamide; 6-(5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-2-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine; 6-(2-((2-fluorophenoxy)methyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methoxy)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methoxy)benzamide; 6-(5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-2-(phenylthiomethyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine; 6-(2-((2-fluorophenylthio)methyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine, and or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

5. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-difluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-difluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-difluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-chloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-chloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-chloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dichloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dichloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dichloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-bromoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-bromoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-bromoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-methylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-methylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-methylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dimethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dimethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dimethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-ethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-ethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-isopropylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-isopropylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-isopropylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-vinylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-vinylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazlo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-vinylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-ethynylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-methoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-methoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-methoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dimethoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dimethoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dimethoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(methoxymethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(methoxymethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(methoxymethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(methylthio)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(methylthio)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(methylthio)aniline; 2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phthalonitrile; 2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide; 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide; 2-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetonitrile; 2-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetonitrile; 1-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)ethanone; 1-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)ethanone; Methyl 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzoate; Methyl 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzoate; N-(2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide; N-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide; N-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide; N-(2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide; N-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide; N-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide; N1-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-N2,N2-dimethylbenzene-1,2-diamine; N1-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-N3,N3-dimethylbenzene-1,3-diamine; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-morpholinoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-morpholinoaniline; N3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-fluoro-N′,N′-dimethylbenzene-1,3-diamine; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-((dimethylamino)methyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-((dimethylamino)methyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(morpholinomethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(morpholinomethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-5-((dimethylamino)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-((dimethylamino)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-3-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-3-(morpholinomethyl)aniline; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazlo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitrile; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylaniline; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-N-methylaniline; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)(methyl)amino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)(methyl)amino)benzamide; 6-(5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-2-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine; 6-(2-((2-fluorophenoxy)methyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methoxy)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methoxy)benzamide; 6-(5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-2-(phenylthiomethyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine; 6-(2-((2-fluorophenylthio)methyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

6. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-difluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-difluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-difluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-chloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-chloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-chloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dichloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dichloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dichloroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-bromoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-bromoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-bromoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-methylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-methylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-methylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dimethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dimethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dimethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-ethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-ethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-isopropylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-isopropylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-isopropylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-vinylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-vinylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-vinylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-ethynylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-methoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-methoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-methoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dimethoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dimethoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dimethoxyaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(methoxymethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(methoxymethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(methoxymethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(methylthio)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(methylthio)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(methylthio)aniline; 2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phthalonitrile; 2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-n yl)methylamino)benzamide; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide; 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide; 2-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetonitrile; 2-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetonitrile; 1-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)ethanone; 1-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)ethanone; Methyl 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzoate; Methyl 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzoate; N-(2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide; N-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[15-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide; N-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide; N-(2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide; N-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide; N-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide; N1-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-N2,N2-dimethylbenzene-1,2-diamine; N1-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-N3,N3-dimethylbenzene-1,3-diamine; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-morpholinoaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-morpholinoaniline; N3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-fluoro-N,N′-dimethylbenzene-1,3-diamine; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-((dimethylamino)methyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-((dimethylamino)methyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(morpholinomethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(morpholinomethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-5-((dimethylamino)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-((dimethylamino)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-3-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-3-(morpholinomethyl)aniline; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitrile; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylaniline; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline; N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-N-methylaniline; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)(methyl)amino)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)(methyl)amino)benzamide; 6-(5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-2-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine; 6-(2-((2-fluorophenoxy)methyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methoxy)benzonitrile; 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methoxy)benzamide; 6-(5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-2-(phenylthiomethyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine; 6-(2-((2-fluorophenylthio)methyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

8. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image embedded image embedded image

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

11. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image

12. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

13. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image embedded image

14. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image

15. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

16. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

17. The method of claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image embedded image

18. The method of claim 8, wherein the compound is embedded image

19. The method of claim 1, wherein, each Ra is independently C1-6alkyl; m is 1 or 2; one of A1 and A2 is N and the other is NR1, wherein R1 is H; X is —NR2—, —O—, or —S—, and R2 is H or CH3; each Rb is independently H, F, Cl, Br, CH3, CH2CH3, CH(CH3)2, CH═CH2 (Alkenyl), CCH (alkynyl), OCH3, CH2OCH3, OCF3, SCH3, CN, C(═O)CH3, C(═O)OCH3, C(═O)NH2, NHC(═O)CH3, NHSO2CH3, N(CH3)2, CH2N(CH3)2, (CH2)2N(CH3)2, —(CH2)q—NR3R4, wherein, q is 0, 1 or 2; R3 and R4 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a monocyclic ring being either pyrrolidine or morpholine.

20. The method of claim 19, wherein, Ra is CH3 or CH2CH3; m is 1; X is —NR2, and R2 is H; and one of Rb is F, Cl or Br and the remaining Rb are H.

21. The method of claim 20, wherein Ra is CH3 and one of Rb is F.

22. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

23. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image embedded image embedded image

24. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image

25. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

26. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image

27. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

28. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image embedded image

29. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image

30. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

31. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

32. The method of claim 2, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image embedded image

33. The method of claim 23, wherein the compound is embedded image

34. The method of claim 2, wherein, each Ra is independently C1-6alkyl; m is 1 or 2; one of A1 and A2 is N and the other is NR1, wherein R1 is H; X is —NR2—, —O—, or —S—, and R2 is H or CH3; each Rb is independently H, F, Cl, Br, CH3, CH2CH3, CH(CH3)2, CH═CH2 (Alkenyl), CCH (alkynyl), OCH3, CH2OCH3, OCF3, SCH3, CN, C(═O)CH3, C(═O)OCH3, C(═O)NH2, NHC(═O)CH3, NHSO2CH3, N(CH3)2, CH2N(CH3)2, (CH2)2N(CH3)2, —(CH2)q—NR3R4, wherein, q is 0, 1 or 2; R3 and R4 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a monocyclic ring being either pyrrolidine or morpholine.

35. The method of claim 34, wherein, Ra is CH3 or CH2CH3; m is 1; X is —NR2, and R2 is H; and one of Rb is F, Cl or Br and the remaining Rb are H.

36. The method of claim 35, wherein Ra is CH3 and one of Rb is F.

37. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

38. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image embedded image embedded image

39. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image

40. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

41. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image

42. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

43. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image embedded image

44. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image

45. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

46. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image

47. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: embedded image embedded image embedded image

48. The method of claim 38, wherein the compound is embedded image

49. The method of claim 3, wherein, each Ra is independently C1-6alkyl; m is 1 or 2; one of A1 and A2 is N and the other is NR1, wherein R1 is H; X is —NR2—, —O—, or —S—, and R2 is H or CH3; each Rb is independently H, F, Cl, Br, CH3, CH2CH3, CH(CH3)2, CH═CH2 (Alkenyl), CCH (alkynyl), OCH3, CH2OCH3, OCF3, SCH3, CN, C(═O)CH3, C(═)OCH3, C(═O)NH2, NHC(═O)CH3, NHSO2CH3, N(CH3)2, CH2N(CH3)2, (CH2)2N(CH3)2, —(CH2)q—NR3R4, wherein, q is 0, 1 or 2; R3 and R4 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a monocyclic ring being either pyrrolidine or morpholine.

50. The method of claim 49, wherein, Ra is CH3 or CH2CH3; m is 1; X is —NR2, and R2 is H; and one of Rb is F, Cl or Br and the remaining Rb are H.

51. The method of claim 50, wherein Ra is CH3 and one of Rb is F.

Description:

This application is a reissue of U.S. Pat. No. 8,513,222 B2, which issued from U.S. patent application Ser. No. 13/168,342, filed on Jun. 24, 2011.

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to use of inhibitors of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) type I receptor (ALK5) and/or the activin type I receptor (ALK4) in treating, preventing, or reducing fibrosis, cancer, and vascular injuries.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

TGF-β denotes a family of proteins, TGF-β1, TGF-β2 and TGF-β3, which are pleiotropic modulators of cell proliferation and differentiation, wound healing, extracellular matrix production, and immunosuppression. Other members of this superfamily include activins, inhibins, bone morphogenetic proteins, growth and differentiation factors, and Müllerian inhibiting substance.

TGF-β1 transduces signals through two highly conserved single transmembrane serine/threonine kinases, the type I (ALK5) and type II TGF-β receptors. Upon ligand induced oligomerization, the type II receptor hyperphosphorylates serine/threonine residues in the GS region of the ALK5, which leads to activation of the ALK5 by creating a binding site for Smad proteins. The activated ALK5 in turn phosphorylates Smad2 and Smad3 proteins at the C-terminal SSXS-motif thereby causing their dissociation from the receptor and heteromeric complex formation with Smad4. Smad complexes translocate to the nucleus, assemble with specific DNA-binding co-factors and co-modulators to finally activate transcription of extracellular matrix components and inhibitors of matrix-degrading proteases.

Activins transduce signals in a manner similar to TGF-β. Activins bind to serine/thereonine kinase, the activin type II receptor (ActRIIB), and the activated type II receptor hyperphosphorylates serine/threonine residues in the GS region of the ALK4. The activated ALK4 in turn phosphorylates Smad2 and Smad3. The consequent formation of a hetero-Smad complex with Smad4 results in the activin-induced regulation of gene transcription.

Numerous experimental animal studies demonstrate an association between glomerular expression of TGF-β and fibrosis, including the Thy-1 rat model of proliferative glomerulonephritis, anti-GBM glomerulonephritis in rabbits, and the 5/6 nephrectomy rat model of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, as has been reviewed recently (e.g., Bitzer, M. et al., Kidney Blood Press. Res. 21: 1-12 (1998)). Neutralizing antibody to TGF-β improves glomerular histology in the Thy-1 nephritis model (e.g., Border, W. A. et al., Nature 346: 371-374 (1990)).

Hyperglycemic conditions increase TGF-β mRNA and protein synthesis in both murine proximal tubule cells and human mesangial cells (e.g., Wahab, N. A. et al., Biochem. J. 316: 985-992 (1996); Rocco, M. V. et al., Kidney Int. 41: 107-114 (1992)). Diabetic patients with early kidney disease show increased accumulation of TGF-β mRNA and protein within the glomerulus (e.g., Yoshioka, K. et al., Lab. Invest. 68: 154-163 (1993)). In kidneys with chronic renal interstitial fibrosis, the hallmarks are thickened tubular basement membranes and an expanded interstitial compartment, with interstitial fibrosis characterized by an increase in collagens I, III, V, VII, and fibronectin (e.g., Eddy, A. A., J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 7: 2495-2508 (1996)).

TGF-β gene expression and protein production are increased in a variety of animal models of pulmonary fibrosis including bleomycin, silica, asbestos, and radiation (e.g., Phan, S. H. and Kunkel, S. L., Exp. Lung Res. 18: 29-43 (1992); Williams, A. O. et al., Am. J. Pathol. 142: 1831-1840 (1993); Rube, C. E. et al., Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 47: 1033-1042 (2000)). Coincident increase in TGF-β1 protein and collagen gene expression in adjacent tissue slices from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is observed in human pulmonary fibrotic disease (e.g., Broekelmann, T. J. et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88: 6642-6646 (1991)). Increased TGF-β production has been documented in patients with sarcoidosis, pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, and radiation-induced fibrosis (e.g., Khalil, N. et al., Am. J. Respir. Cell. Mol. Biol. 14: 131-138 (1996); Jagirdar, J. et al., Environ. Health Perspect. 105: 1197-1203 (1997)). Anti-TGF-β antibodies and TGF-β-soluble receptors could partially inhibit fibrosis in bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis rodent models (e.g., Giri, S. N. et al., Thorax 48: 959-966 (1993); Wang, Q. et al., Thorax 54: 805-812 (1999)). Tobacco smoke has been implicated as one of the most important factors that can cause small airway disease followed by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (e.g., Wright, J. M. et al., Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 146: 240-262 (1992)). COPD is a slowly progressive and irreversible disorder characterized by the functional abnormality of airway obstruction. TGF-β has been hypothesized to be involved in airway remodeling found in chronic airway inflammatory disorders such as COPD (e.g., Takizawa, H. Int. J. Mol. Med. 1: 367-378 (1998); Ning, W. et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101: 14895-14900 (2004)).

Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are the major source of extracellular matrix proteins in hepatic fibrosis. Extracellular matrix production by activated hepatic stellate cells is markedly increased through the action of TGF-β1 (e.g., Friedman, S. L., Prog. Liver Dis. 14: 101-130 (1996); Pietrangelo, A., Semin. Liver Dis. 16: 13-30 (1996)). Transgenic mice that overexpress TGF-β1 in the liver develop hepatic fibrosis as well as extrahepatic pathologies such as renal fibrosis (e.g., Sanderson, N. et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92: 2572-2576 (1995)).

TGF-β1 and its receptors are overexpressed in injured blood vessels and in fibroproliferative vascular lesions leading to overproduction of extracellular matrix (e.g., Saltis, J. et al., Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol. 23: 193-200 (1996); McCaffrey, T. A. et al., J. Clin. Invest. 96: 2667-2675 (1995)).

Anti-TGF-β antibodies reduce scar formation and improve the cytoarchitecture of the neodermis in rats (e.g., Shah, M., J. Cell. Sci. 108: 985-1002 (1995)), improve healing of corneal wounds in rabbits (e.g., Moller-Pedersen, T., Curr. Eye Res. 17: 736-747 (1998)), and accelerate wound healing of gastric ulcers in rats (e.g., Ernst, H., Gut 39: 172-175 (1996)).

Radiation fibrosis is a frequent sequel of therapeutic or accidental radiation overexposure in normal human tissues. TGF-β1 plays a central role in the initiation, development, and persistence of radiation fibrosis, as has been reviewed recently (e.g., Martin, M. et al., Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 47: 277-290 (2000)).

Organ transplantation is complicated in many instances by chronic rejection and for some organs such as the kidney, it is the major forms of graft loss. In human patients, chronic rejection of lung and kidney transplants is associated with increased expression of TGF-β within the tissue (e.g., El-Gamel, A. et al., Eur. J. Cardiothorac. Surg. 13: 424-430 (1998); Shihab, F. S. et al., J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 6: 286-294 (1995)).

TGF-β is implicated in peritoneal adhesions (e.g., Saed, G. M. et al., Wound Repair Regen. 7: 504-510 (1999)). The peritoneal and sub-dermal fibrotic adhesions could be prevented by inhibitors of ALK5 and/or ALK4.

TGF-β2 levels are increased in nearly half of the eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and in most of the eyes with juvenile glaucoma in the aqueous humor of eyes (e.g., Picht, G. et al., Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol. 239: 199-207 (2001)). Both TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 isoforms are reported to increase extracellular matrix production in cultured human Tenon's capsule fibroblasts derived from patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma and POAG (e.g., Kottler, U. B. et al., Exp. Eye Res. 80: 121-134 (2005)). US 2007/0142376 A1 discloses treatment of glaucoma and control of intraocular pressure using ALK5 modulating agents, and an ALK5 inhibitor reduces the level of fibronectin in TGF-β2-treated perfused human anterior segments and the levels of fibronectin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and pro-collagen type I C-peptide in TGF-β2-treated trabecular meshwork cell cultures.

The tumor cells and the stromal cells within the tumors in late stages of various cancers generally overexpress TGF-β. This leads to stimulation of angiogenesis and cell motility, suppression of the immune system, and increased interaction of tumor cells with the extracellular matrix (e.g., Hojo, M. et al., Nature 397: 530-534 (1999)). Consequently, the tumor cells become more invasive and metastasize to distant organs (e.g., Maehara, Y. et al., J. Clin. Oncol. 17: 607-614 (1999); Picon, A. et al., Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prey. 7: 497-504 (1998)).

PAI-1 is the major physiological inhibitor of both tissue-type plasminogen activator and urokinase-type plasminogen activator. Elevated levels of PAI-1 are associated with thrombosis and vascular disease, suggesting that high plasma PAI-1 may promote a hypercoagulable state by disrupting the natural balance between fibrinolysis and coagulation (e.g., Vaughan, D. E., J. Invest. Med. 46: 370-376 (1998)). It is known that TGF-β stimulates the expression of PAI-1 (e.g., Dennler, S. et al., EMBO J. 17: 3091-3100 (1998)). Accordingly, inhibition of the production of PAI-1 with an inhibitor of the TGF-β signaling pathway could produce a novel fibrinolytic therapy.

Activin signaling and overexpression of activin is linked to pathological disorders that involve extracellular matrix accumulation and fibrosis (e.g., Matsuse, T. et al., Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 13: 17-24 (1995); Inoue, S. et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 205: 441-448 (1994); Matsuse, T. et al., Am. J. Pathol. 148: 707-713 (1996); De Bleser et al., Hepatology 26: 905-912 (1997); Pawlowski, J. E., et al., J. Clin. Invest. 100: 639-648 (1997); Sugiyama, M. et al., Gastroenterology 114: 550-558 (1998); Munz, B. et al., EMBO J. 18: 5205-5215 (1999)), inflammatory responses (e.g., Rosendahl, A. et al., Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 25: 60-68 (2001), cachexia or wasting (Matzuk, M. M. et al., Proc. Natl. Acd. Sci. USA 91: 8817-8821 (1994); Coerver, K. A. et al., Mol. Endocrinol. 10: 534-543 (1996); Cipriano, S. C. et al., Endocrinology 141: 2319-2327 (2000)), diseases or pathological responses in the central nervous system (e.g., Logan, A. et al., Eur. J. Neurosci. 11: 2367-2374 (1999); Logan, A. et al., Exp. Neurol. 159: 504-510 (1999); Masliah, E. et al., Neurochem. Int. 39: 393-400 (2001); De Groot, C. J. A. et al., J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 58: 174-187 (1999); John, G. R. et al., Nat. Med. 8: 1115-1121 (2002)) and hypertension (e.g., Dahly, A. J. et al., Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 283: R757-767 (2002)). Studies have shown that TGF-β and activin can act synergistically to induce extracellular matrix production (e.g., Sugiyama, M. et al., Gastroenterology 114; 550-558 (1998)).

Therefore, it becomes evident that inhibition of ALK5 and/or ALK4 phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3 by the preferred compounds of this invention could treat and prevent disorders involving these signaling pathways.

WO 00/61576 and US 2003/0149277 A1 disclose triarylimidazole derivatives and their use as ALK5 inhibitors. WO 01/62756 A1 discloses pyridinylimidazole derivatives and their use as ALK5 inhibitors. WO 02/055077 A1 discloses use of imidazolyl cyclic acetal derivatives as ALK5 inhibitors. WO 03/087304 A2 discloses tri-substituted heteroaryls and their use as ALK5 and/or ALK4 inhibitors. WO 2005/103028 A1 and U.S. Pat. No. 7,407,958 B2 disclose 2-pyridyl substituted imidazoles as ALK5 and/or ALK4 inhibitors. Especially, one of the representative compounds claimed in WO 2005/103028 A1 and U.S. Pat. No. 7,407,958 B2, IN-1130, demonstrates its use in several animal models as ALK5 and/or ALK4 inhibitors. IN-1130 effectively suppresses renal fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in rats (Moon, J.-A. et al., Kidney Int. 70: 1234-1243 (2006)), ameliorates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in SBE-luc and GFAP-luc mice immunized with MOG35-55 (Luo, J. et al., J. Clin. Invest. 117: 3306-3315 (2007)), lessens tunical fibrosis and corrects penile curvature in rats (Ryu, J.-K. et al., J. Sex. Med. 6: 1284-1296 (2009)), and dramatically reduces tumor volume with an enhanced immune response in mice treated with murine prostate cancer cell line Tramp C2 (Lee, G. T. et al., J. Urol. 180: 2660-2667 (2008)). And, also, US 2008/0319012 A1 discloses 2-pyridyl substituted imidazoles as ALK5 and/or ALK4 inhibitors. Especially, one of the representative compounds claimed in US 2008/0319012 A1, IN-1233, demonstrates its use in several animal models as ALK5 and/or ALK4 inhibitors. IN-1233 effectively prevents the development and progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension in the monocrotaline rat model through the inhibition of TGF-β signaling (Long, L. et al., Circulation 119: 566-576 (2009)) and also prevents granulation tissue formation after bare metallic stent placement in a rat urethral model (Kim, J. H. et al., Radiology 255: 75-82 (2010)).

SUMMARY

Surprisingly, it has now been discovered that a class of 2-pyridyl substituted imidazoles function as potent and selective inhibitors of ALK5 and/or ALK4 and, therefore, have utility in the treatment, prevention, and reduction of various disease states mediated by ALK5 and/or ALK4, such as glomerulonephritis, diabetic nephropathy, lupus nephritis, hypertension-induced nephropathy, renal interstitial fibrosis, renal fibrosis resulting from complications of drug exposure, HIV-associated nephropathy, transplant nephropathy, liver fibrosis due to all etiologies, hepatic dysfunction attributable to infections, alcohol-induced hepatitis, disorders of the biliary tree, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, interstitial lung disease, acute lung injury, adult respiratory distress syndrome, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary disease due to infectious or toxic agents, post-infarction cardiac fibrosis, congestive heart failure, dilated cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, intimal thickening, vascular stenosis, hypertension-induced vascular remodeling, pulmonary arterial hypertension, coronary restenosis, peripheral restenosis, carotid restenosis, stent-induced restenosis, atherosclerosis, ocular scarring, corneal scarring, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, glaucoma, intraocular pressure, excessive or hypertrophic scar or keloid formation in the dermis occurring during wound healing resulting from trauma or surgical wounds, peritoneal and sub-dermal adhesion, scleroderma, fibrosclerosis, progressive systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, arthritis, osteoporosis, ulcers, impaired neurological function, male erectile dysfunction, Peyronie's disease, Dupuytren's contracture, Alzheimer's disease, Raynaud's syndrome, radiation-induced fibrosis, thrombosis, tumor metastasis growth, multiple myeloma, melanoma, glioma, glioblastomas, leukemia, sarcomas, leiomyomas, mesothelioma, and carcinomas of lung, breast, colon, kidney, ovary, cervix, liver, biliary tract, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, prostate, head, and neck.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The aforementioned aspects and other features of the present invention will be explained in the following description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 shows effect of Examples 2, 60, 86, 92, and 94 on the TGF-β1-induced 3TP-Luc reporter activity in HaCaT-3TP-Luc cells,

FIG. 2 shows effect of Examples 2, 60, 86, 92, and 94 on the TGF-β1-induced 3TP-Luc reporter activity in 4T1-3TP-Luc cells,

FIG. 3 shows effect of Example 2 on the TGF-β1-induced Smad2/3 nuclear translocation in MCF10A cells,

FIG. 4 shows effect of Example 2 on the TGF-β1-induced cell migration in MCF10A cells,

FIGS. 5A and 5B show effect of Example 2 on the TGF-β1-induced cell invasion in 4T1 cells. (5A). DAPI-stained cells remaining on the bottom surface. (5B). Average cell number per view field obtained from 5 random fields,

FIG. 6 shows effect of Example 2 on the cell growth of 4T1 cells,

FIG. 7 shows effect of Example 2 on the cell growth of MCF10A cells,

FIGS. 8A and 8B show effect of Example 3 on the breast tumor metastasis to the lung in BALB/c 4T1 xenografted mice. Example 3 (13.6 or 27.3 mg/kg) dissolved in water (vehicle) was given to mice orally BID five consecutive days per week for four weeks. (8A). White spots on the lung surface indicate metastastic nodules (white arrows). (8B). Number of metastastic nodules on whole lung surface,

FIGS. 9A and 9B show effect of Example 2 on the breast tumor metastasis to the lung in BALB/c 4T1 xenografted mice. Example 2 (5, 10, 20, or 40 mg/kg) dissolved in artificial gastric fluid formulation (vehicle) was given to mice orally five consecutive days per week for three weeks. (9A). White spots on the lung surface indicate metastastic nodules. (9B). Number of metastastic nodules on surface of left lobe of lung,

FIGS. 10A, 10B, and 10C show effect of Example 2 on the breast tumor metastasis to the lung in BALB/c 4T1 xenografted mice. Example 2 (5, 10, 20, or 40 mg/kg) dissolved in artificial gastric fluid formulation (vehicle) was given to mice orally every other day (three times per week) for 24 days. (10A). White spots on the lung surface indicate metastastic nodules. (10B). Number of metastastic nodules on surface of left lobe of lung. (10C). Effect on the TGF-β1-induced Smad2 phosphorylation in tumor tissues,

FIGS. 11A, 11B, and 11C show effect of Example 61 on the breast tumor metastasis to the lung in BALB/c 4T1 xenografted mice. Example 61 (43.6 mg/kg) dissolved in saline (vehicle) was given to mice intraperitoneally every other day (three times per week) for 2.5 weeks. (11A). White spots on the lung surface indicate metastastic nodules. (11B). Number of metastastic nodules on surface of left lobe of lung. (11C). Volume of primary tumor,

FIGS. 12A, 12B, 12C, and 12D show effect of Example 61 on the breast tumor metastasis to the lung in MMTV/c-Neu mice. Tumor-bearing MMTV/c-Neu mice were treated intraperitoneally with Example 61 (43.6 mg/kg) every other day for three weeks. (12A). Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining of mammary tumor and lung tissues. (12B). Number of histologically detectable metastastic lesions in the lung. (12C). Volume of mammary tumor. (12D). β-Casein mRNA level,

FIGS. 13A and 13B show effect of Example 3 on the breast tumor metastasis to the lung in MMTV/c-Neu mice. Tumor-bearing MMTV/c-Neu mice were treated intraperitoneally with Example 3 (43.6 mg/kg) every other day for ten weeks. (13A). β-Casein mRNA level. (13B). Activity of MMP-9 and MMP-2 in the primary mammary tumor,

FIGS. 14A, 14B, 14C, and 14D show effect of Example 3 on the bile duct-ligated liver fibrosis in rats. Example 3 (21.8 or 43.6 mg/kg) dissolved in saline (vehicle) was given to rats orally three times per week for four weeks starting from BDL surgery. (14A). Activity of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). (14B). Level of pSmad3 protein in the liver. (14C). Level of α-SMA, fibronectin, and vimentin proteins in the liver. (14D). Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining of liver tissues,

FIGS. 15A, 15B, and 15C show effect of Example 2 on the bile duct-ligated liver fibrosis in rats. Example 2 (5, 10, or 20 mg/kg) dissolved in artificial gastric fluid formulation (vehicle) was given to rats orally three times per week for four weeks starting from BDL surgery. (15A). Activity of ALT and AST. (15B). Level of α-SMA and fibronectin proteins in the liver. (15C). Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining of liver tissues,

FIGS. 16A and 16B show effect of Example 2 on the bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in mice. Example 2 (5, 10, or 20 mg/kg) dissolved in artificial gastric fluid formulation (vehicle) was given to mice orally five times per week for two weeks starting from day 7. (16A). Level of α-SMA and fibronectin proteins in the lung. (16B). Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining of lung tissues.

Table 1 shows structures and 1H NMR and MS spectral data of Examples 1-153,

Table 2 shows IC50 values of selected Examples on ALK5 kinase phosphorylation,

Table 3 shows either IC50 values or % inhibition of Example 2 on various kinases phosphorylation,

Table 4 shows effect of Example 3 on the body and organ weight changes in BDL rats, and

Table 5 shows effect of Example 2 on the body and organ weight changes in BDL rats.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

In an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a compound of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

embedded image

wherein each Ra is independently H, halo, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, OH, —O—C1-6alkyl, —O—C1-6halo alkyl, —O—C3-6cycloalkyl, NH2, —NH—C1-6alkyl, —NH—C1-6haloalkyl, —NH—C3-6cycloalkyl, —S—C1-6alkyl, —S—C1-6haloalkyl, —S—C3-6cycloalkyl, CN, or NO2;

m is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4;

one of A1 and A2 is N and the other is NR1, wherein R1 is H, OH, C1-6alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl;

X is a bond, —(CH2)p—, —NR2—, —O—, or —S—, wherein p is 0 or 1, and R2 is H or C1-3alkyl;

each Rb is independently H, halo, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, C2-6alkenyl, C2-6alkynyl, —(CH2)q—OR3, —(CH2)q—NR3R4, —(CH2)q—SR3, —(CH2)q—NO2, —(CH2)q—CONHOH, —(CH2)q—CN, —(CH2)q—COR3, —(CH2)q—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CN, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—CH═CH—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q—CH═CH-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—NHCOR3, —(CH2)q—NHCO2R3, —(CH2)q—CONHSO2R3, —(CH2)q—NHSO2R3, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CN, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—C≡C—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q—C≡C-tetrazole, —(CH2)q—SOR5, —(CH2)q—SO2R5, or —(CH2)r—(OR3)2, wherein R3 and R4 are independently H, C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; or taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a mono-cyclic ring such as imidazole, pyrrolidine, piperidine, morpholine, piperazine and homopiperazine; R5 is C1-6alkyl, C1-6haloalkyl, or C3-6cycloalkyl; q is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4; and r is 1, 2, 3, or 4;

n is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5.

As used herein, the double bond indicated by the dotted lines of formula (I), represent the possible tautomeric ring forms of the compounds falling within the scope of this invention, the double bond being to the unsubstituted nitrogen.

Preferably, Ra is C1-3alkyl or halo.

Preferably, m is 1 or 2.

Preferably, one of A1 and A2 is N and the other is NR1, wherein R1 is H.

Preferably, X is —(CH2)p— or —NR2—, wherein p is 0 and R2 is H.

Preferably, Rb is halo, C1-3alkyl, C1-3haloalkyl, C3-4cycloalkyl, C2-4alkenyl, C2-4alkynyl, (CH2)q—OR3, —(CH2)q—NR3R4, —(CH2)q—SR3, —(CH2)q—CN, —(CH2)q—COR3, (CH2)q—CO2R3, —(CH2)q—CONR3R4, —(CH2)q—NHCOR3, —(CH2)q—NHSO2R3, —(CH2)q—SOR5, or —(CH2)q—SO2R5, wherein R3 and R4 are independently H, C1-3alkyl, C1-3haloalkyl, or C3-4cycloalkyl; or taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a mono-cyclic ring such as imidazole, pyrrolidine, piperidine, morpholine, piperazine and homopiperazine; R5 is methyl; and q is 0, 1, or 2.

Preferably, n is 1, 2, or 3.

Specific compounds of the invention which may be mentioned include the following and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-fluoroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-fluoroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-difluoroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-difluoroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-difluoroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-chloroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-chloroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-chloroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dichloroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dichloroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dichloroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-bromoaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-bromoaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-bromoaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-methylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-methylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-methylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dimethylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dimethylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dimethylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-ethylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-ethylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-isopropylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-isopropylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-isopropylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-vinylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-vinylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-vinylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-ethynylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-methoxyaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-methoxyaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-methoxyaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2,3-dimethoxyaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,4-dimethoxyaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3,5-dimethoxyaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(methoxymethyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(methoxymethyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(methoxymethyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(methylthio)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(methylthio)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-(methylthio)aniline;
  • 2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile;
  • 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phthalonitrile;
  • 2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide;
  • 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzamide;
  • 2-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetonitrile;
  • 2-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetonitrile;
  • 1-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)ethanone;
  • 1-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)ethanone;
  • Methyl 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzoate;
  • Methyl 4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzoate;
  • N-(2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide;
  • N-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide;
  • N-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)acetamide;
  • N-(2-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide;
  • N-(3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide;
  • N-(4-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)phenyl)methanesulfonamide;
  • N1-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-N2,N2-dimethylbenzene-1,2-diamine;
  • N1-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-N3,N3-dimethylbenzene-1,3-diamine;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl) aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-morpholinoaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-morpholinoaniline;
  • N3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-4-fluoro-N1,N1-dimethylbenzene-1,3-diamine;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-((dimethylamino)methyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-((dimethylamino)methyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(morpholinomethyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(morpholinomethyl)aniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-5-((dimethylamino)methyl)-2-fluoroan iline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-((dimethylamino)methyl)-2-fluoroan iline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-3-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)an iline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-3-(morpholinomethyl)aniline ;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzon itrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzon itrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-((dimethylamino)methyl)benzon itrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzon itrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzon itrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)benzon itrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-4-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitril e;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-2-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitril e;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)-5-(morpholinomethyl)benzonitril e;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-3-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylaniline;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylamino)benzonitrile;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoroaniline;
  • N-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)-2-fluoro-N-methylaniline;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)(methyl)amino)benzonitrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)(methyl)amino)benzamide;
  • 6-(2-benzyl-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine;
  • 6-(2-(2-fluorobenzyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)benzonitrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methyl)benzamide;
  • 6-(5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-2-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine;
  • 6-(2-((2-fluorophenoxy)methyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methoxy)benzonitrile;
  • 3-((4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)methoxy)benzamide;
  • 6-(5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-2-(phenylthiomethyl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine;
  • 6-(2-((2-fluorophenylthio)methyl)-5-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine.

The compounds of the present invention typically are small organic molecules (non-peptide small molecules), generally less than about 1,000 daltons in size. Preferred non-peptide small molecules have molecular weights of less than about 750 daltons, more preferably less than about 500 daltons.

Compounds of formula (I) may also be supplied in the form of a “prodrug” which is designed to release compound of formula (I) when administered to a subject. Prodrug formed designs are well known in the art, and depend on the substituents contained in compound of formula (I). For example, a substituent containing hydroxyl could be coupled to a carrier which renders the compound biologically inactive until it is removed by endogenous enzymes or, for example, by enzymes targeted to a particular receptor or location in the subject.

A compound of formula (I) that is acidic in nature (e.g., having a carboxyl or phenolic hydroxyl group) can form a pharmaceutically acceptable salt such as a sodium, potassium, calcium, or gold salt. Also within the scope of the invention are salts formed with pharmaceutically acceptable amines such as ammonia, alkyl amines, hydroxyalkylamines, and N-methylglycamine. A compound of formula (I) can be treated with an acid to form acid addition salts. Examples of such acids include hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydroiodic acid, sulfuric acid, methanesulfonic acid, phosphoric acid, p-bromophenylsulfonic acid, carbonic acid, succinic acid, citric acid, benzoic acid, oxalic acid, malonic acid, salicyclic acid, malic acid, fumaric acid, ascorbic acid, maleic acid, acetic acid, and other mineral and organic acids well known to those skilled in the art. The acid addition salts can be prepared by treating a compound of formula (I) in its free base form with a sufficient amount of an acid (e.g., hydrochloric acid) to produce an acid addition salt (e.g., a hydrochloride salt). The acid addition salt can be converted back to its free base form by treating the salt with a suitable dilute aqueous basic solution (e.g., sodium hydroxide, sodium bicarbonate, potassium carbonate, or ammonia).

Some of the compounds of this invention may be crystallized or recrystallized from solvents such as aqueous and organic solvents. In such cases solvates may be formed. This invention includes within its scope stoichiometric solvates including hydrates as well as compounds containing variable amounts of water that may be produced by processes such as lyophilization.

Compounds of formula (I) may contain one or more asymmetric centers and thus can exist as enantiomers or diastereomers. It is to be understood that the invention includes both mixtures and separate individual isomers of compounds of the formula (I). Furthermore, certain compounds of formula (I) which contain alkenyl groups may exist as cis- or transisomers. In each instance, the invention includes both mixtures and separate individual isomers.

Compounds of formula (I) may also exist in tautomeric forms and the invention includes both mixtures and separate individual tautomers thereof.

Also included in the invention are radiolabelled derivatives of compounds of formula (I) which are suitable for biological studies.

As used herein, the term “alkyl” group refers to a saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon group containing 1-6 carbon atoms. An alkyl group can be straight or branched. Examples of an alkyl group include, but are not limited to, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, n-pentyl, and n-hexyl. An alkyl group can be optionally substituted with one or more substituents such as alkoxy, cycloalkoxy, amino, nitro, carboxy, cyano, halo, hydroxyl, sulfo, or mercapto.

As used herein, the term “cycloalkyl” group refers to an aliphatic carbocyclic ring of 3-6 carbon atoms. Examples of cycloalkyl groups include cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, and cyclohexyl.

As used herein, the term “haloalkyl” group refers to an alkyl group containing one or more halogen atoms. Examples of haloalkyl groups include fluoromethyl, chloromethyl, bromomethyl, and trifluoromethyl.

As used herein, the term “halo” group refers to fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine.

As used herein, the term “alkenyl” group refers to an aliphatic carbon group that contains 2-6 carbon atoms and at least one double bond. Like an alkyl group, an alkenyl group can be straight or branched. Examples of an alkenyl group include, but are not limited to, vinyl, allyl, isoprenyl, 2-butenyl, and 2-hexenyl. An alkenyl group can be optionally substituted with one or more substituents such as alkoxy, cycloalkoxy, amino, nitro, carboxy, cyano, halo, hydroxyl, sulfo, or mercapto.

As used herein, the term “alkynyl” group refers to an aliphatic carbon group that contains 2-6 carbon atoms and has at least one triple bond. An alkynyl group can be straight or branched. Examples of an alkynyl group include, but are not limited to, ethynyl, propargyl, and butynyl. An alkynyl group can be optionally substituted with one or more substituents such as alkoxy, cycloalkoxy, amino, nitro, carboxy, cyano, halo, hydroxyl, sulfo, or mercapto.

As used herein, the term “ALK5 and/or ALK4 inhibitor” refers to a compound, other than inhibitory Smads, e.g. Smad6 and Smad7, which selectively inhibits the ALK5 and/or ALK4 receptors preferentially over p38 or type II receptors.

As used herein, the term “ALK5 and/or ALK4 -mediated disease state” refers to any disease state which is mediated (or modulated) by ALK5 and/or ALK4, for example, a disease which is modulated by the inhibition of the phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3 in the TGF-β and/or activin signaling pathways.

As used herein, the term “ulcers” is used to include, but not to be limited to, diabetic ulcers, chronic ulcers, gastric ulcers, and duodenal ulcers.

The invention provides a compound of formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, or a pharmaceutical composition containing either entity, for use in therapy.

The invention further provides the use of a compound of formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, or a pharmaceutical composition containing either entity, for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of a disease, mediated by the ALK5 and/or ALK4 receptors in mammals.

ALK5- and/or ALK4-mediated disease states include, but are not limited to, glomerulonephritis, diabetic nephropathy, lupus nephritis, hypertension-induced nephropathy, renal interstitial fibrosis, renal fibrosis resulting from complications of drug exposure, HIV-associated nephropathy, transplant nephropathy, liver fibrosis due to all etiologies, hepatic dysfunction attributable to infections, alcohol-induced hepatitis, disorders of the biliary tree, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, interstitial lung disease, acute lung injury, adult respiratory distress syndrome, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary disease due to infectious or toxic agents, post-infarction cardiac fibrosis, congestive heart failure, dilated cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, intimal thickening, vascular stenosis, hypertension-induced vascular remodeling, pulmonary arterial hypertension, coronary restenosis, peripheral restenosis, carotid restenosis, stent-induced restenosis, atherosclerosis, ocular scarring, corneal scarring, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, glaucoma, intraocular pressure, excessive or hypertrophic scar or keloid formation in the dermis occurring during wound healing resulting from trauma or surgical wounds, peritoneal and sub-dermal adhesion, scleroderma, fibrosclerosis, progressive systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, arthritis, osteoporosis, ulcers, impaired neurological function, male erectile dysfunction, Peyronie's disease, Dupuytren's contracture, Alzheimer's disease, Raynaud's syndrome, radiation-induced fibrosis, thrombosis, tumor metastasis growth, multiple myeloma, melanoma, glioma, glioblastomas, leukemia, sarcomas, leiomyomas, mesothelioma, and carcinomas of lung, breast, colon, kidney, ovary, cervix, liver, biliary tract, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, prostate, head, and neck.

The invention further provides a method of inhibiting the TGF-β and/or activin signaling pathways in human, for example, inhibiting the phosphorylation of Smad2 or Smad3 by ALK5 and/or ALK4.

The invention further provides a method of reducing the accumulation of excess extracellular matrix in human by inhibiting the TGF-β and/or activin signaling pathways, for example, inhibiting the phosphorylation of Smad2 or Smad3 by ALK5 and/or ALK4.

The invention further provides a method of inhibiting metastasis of tumor cells in human by inhibiting the TGF-β signaling pathway.

The invention further provides a method of treating carcinomas mediated by an overexpression of TGF-β in human by inhibiting the TGF-β signaling pathway.

The present invention is further illustrated in the following Examples, which should not be taken to limit the scope of the invention described in the claims.

TABLE 1
Ex-
am-MS (ESI)
pleStructure1H NMR (ppm)m/z (MH+)
1embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.43 (br s, 1 H), 8.96 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.25-7.19 (m, 3 H), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.80 (tt, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.74-6.72 (m, 2 H), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)382.19
2embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.34 (br s, 1 H), 8.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.74 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.23 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.97-6.90 (m, 2 H), 6.94 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.72 (td, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.6 Hz), 6.69-6.63 (m, 1 H), 4.51 (s, 2 H), 2.35 (s, 3 H).400.18
3embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.44 (d, 1 H, J = 0.8 Hz), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.83 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.53 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.38 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.10 (ddd, 1 H, J = 12.0, 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 7.01 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.88 (br t, 1 H, J = 8.6 Hz), 6.70-6.64 (m, 1 H), 4.75 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)
4embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.40 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.0, 0.8 Hz), 8.64 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 2.0 Hz), 7.42 (pseudo t, 2 H, J = 7.4 Hz), 7.11 (ddd, 1 H, J = 12.0, 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 7.02 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.82 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.71-6.65 (m, 1 H), 4.73 (s, 2 H), 2.59 (s, 3 H)
5embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (t, 1 H, J = 1.4 Hz), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.79 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.75 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.13-7.07 (m, 1 H), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.47-6.41 (m, 2 H), 6.37 (dt, 1 H, J = 8.8, 2.4 Hz), 4.49 (s, 2 H), 2.49 (s, 3 H)400.19
6embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.95 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 1.2 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.23 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.92-6.88 (m, 2 H), 6.65-6.62 (m, 2 H), 4.49 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H) 400.19
7embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (br s, 1 H), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.24 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.02 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.4 Hz), 6.94-6.88 (m, 1 H), 6.60-6.51 (m, 2 H), 4.71 (br s, 1 H), 4.58 (d, 2 H, J = 3.6 Hz), 2.51 (s, 3 H)418.18
8embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (t, 1 H, J = 1.4 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.24 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.03 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.04-6.95 (m, 1 H), 6.52 (ddd, 1 H, J = 12.4, 6.8, 2.8 Hz), 6.42-6.37 (m, 1 H), 4.48 (s, 2 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)418.18
9embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.79 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.24 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.03 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.24-6.19 (m, 3 H), 4.71 (br s, 1 H), 4.50 (s, 2 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)418.18
10embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.0 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.29 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.14 (td, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.6 Hz), 7.01 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.4 Hz), 6.75 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.8, 1.4 Hz), 6.72 (td, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.6 Hz), 5.01 (br s, 1 H), 4.60 (br s, 2 H), 2.50 (s, 3 H)416.16
11embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.43 (s, 1 H), 8.61 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.82 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 2.0 Hz), 7.49 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.36 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.32 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.4 Hz), 7.17 (td, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.2 Hz), 6.87 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.4. 1.2 Hz), 6.69 (td, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.4 Hz), 6.15 (br s, 1 H), 4.76 (s, 2 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)
12embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.95 (t, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.24 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.10 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.02 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.75 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.0, 0.8 Hz), 6.69 (t, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 6.57 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.4, 0.8 Hz), 4.51 (s, 2 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H)416.16
13embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.45 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.15 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.80 (t, 1 H, J = 2.2 Hz), 6.71-6.65 (m, 2 H), 4.71 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)
14embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.95 (t, 1 H, J = 1.4 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.4 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.16 (m, 2 H), 7.02 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.65 (m, 2 H), 4.51 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)416.16
15embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.02 (br s, 1 H), 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.75 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.24 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.03 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.85 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 6.63 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 5.15 (t, 1 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 4.57 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 2.43 (s, 3 H)450.12
16embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.24 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.20 (d, 1 H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.03 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.77 (d, 1 H, J = 2.8 Hz), 6.53 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.8, 2.8 Hz), 4.47 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H)450.12
17embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3/CD3OD) δ 8.90 (s, 1 H), 8.24 (s, 1 H), 7.71 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.64 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.16 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.57 (t, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 6.51 (d, 2 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 4.36 (s, 2 H), 2.45 (s, 3 H)450.12
18embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.94 (br s, 1 H), 8.97 (br s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.75 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.43 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 7.21 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.16 (td, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.2 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.71 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.2 Hz), 6.63 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 4.99 (t, 1 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 4.57 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 2.44 (s, 3 H)460.11
19embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.43 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.83 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.50 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.48 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.21 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 6.87 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.63 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.04 (br s 1 H), 4.78 (s, 2 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)
20embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.89 (br s, 1 H), 8.30 (s, 1 H), 7.75 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.69 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.44 (br t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.12 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.97 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.82-6.78 (m, 2 H), 6.58 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.2, 2.4, 0.8 Hz), 4.41 (s, 2 H), 2.49 (s, 3 H)460.11
21embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.44 (d, 1 H, J = 0.8 Hz), 8.61 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.83 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.50 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.94 (t, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 6.79 (ddd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 2.0, 0.8 Hz), 6.71 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.4, 2.0, 0.8 Hz), 4.63 (s, 2 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)
22embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (br s, 1 H), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.82-7.77 (m, 2 H), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.29 (m, 2 H), 7.21 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.02 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.61 (m, 2 H), 4.51 (s, 2 H), 4.44 (br s, 1 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)460.11
23embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.14 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.12 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.76 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 6.69 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.61 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H), 2.26 (s, 3 H)396.21
24embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 1.2 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.11 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 6.63 (dt, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 6.57-6.53 (m, 2 H), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H), 2.29 (s, 3 H)396.21
25embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.45 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.83 (t, 1H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 6.60 (s, 1 H), 6.54 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.0 Hz), 6.49 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.69 (s, 2 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H), 2.21 (s, 3 H)
26embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (d d, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.03 (m, 2 H), 7.02 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.65 (m, 2 H), 4.53 (s, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H), 2.25 (s, 3 H)396.21
27embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.03 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.02 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.69 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.58 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 4.59 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H), 2.31 (s, 3 H), 2.17 (s, 3 H)410.23
28embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (d, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.98 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.57 (d, 1 H, J = 2.4 Hz), 6.50 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.4 Hz), 4.53 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H), 2.20 (s, 3 H), 2.16 (s, 3 H)410.23
29embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.95 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 1.2 Hz), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.79 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.74 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.22 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.44 (br s, 1 H), 6.31 (s, 2 H), 4.49 (s, 2 H), 2.48 (s, 3 H), 2.21 (s, 6 H)410.23
30embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.16-7.11 (m, 2 H), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.80 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.71 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.2 Hz), 4.60 (s, 2 H), 2.60 (q, 2 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 2.52 (s, 3 H), 1.32 (t, 3 H, J = 7.6 Hz)410.23
31embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (d, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.14 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.66 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 6.58 (d, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 6.55 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 2.0 Hz), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 2.58 (q, 2 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 2.53 (s, 3 H), 1.21 (t, 3 H, J = 7.6 Hz)410.23
32embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.45 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.83 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.57 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.05 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.64 (d, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 6.57-6.52 (m, 2 H), 4.71 (s, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H), 2.50 (q, 2 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 1.14 (t, 3 H, J = 7.6 Hz)
33embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.21 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.12 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.83 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.71 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.58 (s, 2 H), 3.00 (heptet, 1 H, J = 6.8 Hz), 2.50 (s, 3 H), 1.31 (d, 6 H, J = 6.8 Hz)424.24
34embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.4, 0.8 Hz), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.79 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.4 Hz), 7.73 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.21 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.11 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 6.99 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.8, 0.4 Hz), 6.67 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.57 (t, 1 H, J = 2.4 Hz), 6.50 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.4, 0.8 Hz), 4.51 (s, 2 H), 2.80 (heptet, 1 H, J = 6.8 Hz), 2.47 (s, 3 H), 1.20 (d, 6 H, J = 6.8 Hz)424.24
35embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.75 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.21 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.06 (m, 2 H), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.64 (m, 2 H), 4.50 (s, 2 H), 2.80 (heptet, 1 H, J = 6.8 Hz), 2.48 (s, 3 H), 1.19 (d, 6 H, J = 6.8 Hz)424.24
36embedded image (400 MHz. CDCl3) δ 8.96 (br s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.73 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.28 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.15 (td, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.2 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.79 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 17.2, 11.2 Hz), 6.78 (td, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 6.68 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.2, 1.0 Hz), 5.62 (dd, 1 H, J = 17.2, 1.4 Hz), 5.34 (dd, 1 H, J = 11.2, 1.4 Hz), 4.53 (s, 2 H), 2.45 (s, 3 H)408.21
37embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.59 (br s, 1 H), 8.94 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.77 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.20 (br d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.15 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.86 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.75 (t, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 6.63 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 17.6, 10.8 Hz), 6.61 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0, 2.0 Hz), 5.69 (dd, 1 H, J = 17.6, 0.8 Hz), 5.21 (dd, 1 H, J = 10.8, 0.8 Hz), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 4.39 (br s, 1 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H)408.21
38embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.49 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.65 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.86 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.65 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.38 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.12 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 6.91 (t, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 6.79 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.71 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 6.64 (dd, 1 H, J = 17.6, 11.2 Hz), 5.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 17.6, 0.8 Hz), 5.20 (dd, 1 H, J = 11.2, 0.8 Hz), 4.79 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H)
39embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.40 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.98 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.43 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.40 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.13 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 6.80 (br s, 1 H), 6.79 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.64 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 17.6, 11.2 Hz), 6.63 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 2.0 Hz), 5.74 (dd, 1 H, J = 17.6, 0.8 Hz), 5.21 (dd, 1 H, J = 11.2, 0.8 Hz), 4.68 (s, 2 H), 2.58 (s, 3 H)
40embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.39 (br s, 1 H), 8.96 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.28 (m, 2 H), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.69 (m, 2 H), 6.61 (dd, 1 H, J = 17.6, 10.8 Hz), 5.55 (dd, 1 H, J = 17.6, 0.8 Hz), 5.05 (dd, 1 H, J = 10.8, 0.8 Hz), 4.56, (s, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)408.21
41embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.72 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.07 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.86 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.73 (br s, 1 H), 6.61 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 4.45 (s, 2 H), 2.98 (s, 1 H), 2.42 (s, 3 H)406.18
42embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.98 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.87 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 6.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 6.77 (td, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.6 Hz), 6.69 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.6 Hz), 4.58 (s, 2 H), 3.91 (s, 3 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)412.21
43embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) 8.95 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.22 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.11 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.36-6.31 (m, 2 H), 6.27 (t, 1 H, J = 2.4 Hz), 4.52 (s, 2 H), 3.75 (s, 3 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H)412.21
44embedded image (400 MHz. CDCl3) δ 8.96 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.01 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.80 (m, 2 H), 6.70 (m, 2 H), 4.50 (s, 2 H), 3.74 (s, 3 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)412.21
45embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (br s, 1 H), 8.34 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.72 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.42 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.20 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.96 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.88 (td, 1 H, J = 8.2, 0.4 Hz), 6.36 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.34 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.2 Hz), 4.52 (s, 2 H), 3.84 (s, 3 H), 3.81 (s, 3 H), 2.43 (s, 3 H)442.22
46embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.34 (s, 1 H), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.72 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.21 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.71 (d, 1 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 6.30 (d, 1 H, J = 2.4 Hz), 6.19 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.4, 2.4 Hz), 4.46 (s, 2 H), 3.78 (s, 3 H), 3.76 (s, 3 H), 2.47 (s, 3 H)442.22
47embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.43 (br s, 1 H), 8.94 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.77 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.20 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 5.96 (t, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 5.92 (d, 2 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 4.52 (d, 2 H, J = 2.8 Hz), 4.41 (br s, 1 H), 3.75 (s, 6 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)442.22
48embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.23 (td, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz) 7.12 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.77-6.73 (m, 2 H), 4.63 (s, 2 H), 4.60 (s, 2 H), 3.42 (s, 3 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)426.22
49embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.21 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.20 (br d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.76 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.75 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 1.6 Hz), 6.67-6.64 (m, 1 H), 4.56 (s, 2 H), 4.40 (s, 2 H), 3.38 (s, 3 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)426.22
50embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.36 (br s, 1 H), 8.95 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.78 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.20 (br d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.19 (d, 2 H, overlapped, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.71 (d, 2 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 4.40 (br s, 1 H), 4.34 (s, 2 H), 3.34 (s, 3 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)426.22
51embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.42 (br s, 1 H), 8.96 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.78 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.25-7.18 (m, 2 H), 7.15 (td, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.2 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.76 (td, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.6 Hz), 4.85 (t, 1 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 4.61 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 2.52 (s, 3 H)466.18
52embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.19 (t, 1 H, J = 8.2 Hz), 7.02 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.64-6.60 (m, 2 H), 6.55 (br s, 1 H), 4.62 (br s, 1 H), 4.52 (s, 2 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H)466.18
53embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.95 (s, 1 H), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.08 (m, 2 H), 7.02 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.70 (m, 2 H), 4.53 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)466.18
54embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.34 (br s, 1 H), 8.99 (s, 1 H), 8.34 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.72 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.43 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.35 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.21 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.12 (td, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.6 Hz), 6.95 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.70 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.65 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 5.49 (br t, 1 H, J = 4.8 Hz), 4.55 (d, 2 H, J = 4.8 Hz), 2.33 (s, 3 H), 2.32 (s, 3 H)428.18
55embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.06 (br s, 1 H), 8.94 (s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.74 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.21 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.07 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.64 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 2.0 Hz), 6.54 (t, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 6.42 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 4.47 (s, 2 H) 4.42 (br s, 1 H), 2.45 (s, 3 H), 2.40 (s, 3 H)428.19
56embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.43 (br s, 1 H), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.51 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.38 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 6.62 (t, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 6.55 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.51 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.0 Hz), 4.68 (s, 2 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H), 2.41 (s, 3 H)
57embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.40 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.98 (d, 1 H, J = 9.6 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.43 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.40 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.60 (t, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 6.56 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.48 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.0 Hz), 4.65 (s, 2 H), 2.58 (s, 3 H), 2.40 (s, 3 H)
58embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.08 (br s, 1 H), 8.94 (s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.73 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.21 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.17 (m, 2 H), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.60 (m, 2 H), 4.46 (s, 2 H), 2.45 (s, 3 H), 2.37 (s, 3 H)428.18
59embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.98 (br s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.40 (br d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.38 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.25 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6), 6.80 (d, 1 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 6.75 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 0.8 Hz), 5.32 (br t, 1 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 4.62 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 2.41 (s, 3 H)407.19
60embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.55 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.31 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.25 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.08 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.02 (dt, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.96- 6.92 (m, 2 H), 4.56 (s, 2 H), 2.62 (s, 3 H)407.19
61embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.47 (d, 1 H, J = 0.8 Hz), 8.66 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.87 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.85 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.63 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.40 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.33 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.16 (t, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 7.11 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.6 Hz), 7.06 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.79 (s, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)
62embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.39 (br s, 1 H), 8.64 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.87 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.44 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.34 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.10 (d, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 7.07 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.04 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0, 2.0 Hz), 4.70 (s, 2 H), 2.60 (s, 3 H)
63embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.93 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.79 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.48 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.43 (m, 2 H), 7.24 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.03 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.68 (m, 2 H), 5.12 (br s, 1 H), 4.54 (d, 2 H, J = 4.0 Hz), 2.51 (s, 3 H)407.19
64embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.99 (br s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.74 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.50 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.37 (t, 1 H, J = 8.2 Hz), 7.27 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.05 (d, 1 H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.98 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 5.94 (br t, 1 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 4.66 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 2.30 (s, 3 H)432.19
65embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.04 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.48 (br s, 1 H), 8.33 (s, 1 H), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.72 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.41 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.37 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.29 (td, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.2 Hz), 7.21 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.92 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.83 (d, 1 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 6.62 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.0 Hz), 6.25 (br s, 2 H), 4.59 (d, 2 H, J = 5.2 Hz), 2.32 (s, 3 H)425.20
66embedded image (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ 9.06 (br s, 1 H), 8.34 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.71 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.59-7.55 (m, 2 H), 7.22-7.18 (m, 2 H), 7.15 (dt, 1 H, J = 7.6, 2.0 Hz), 7.10 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.4, 0.8 Hz), 6.86 (ddd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 2.0, 0.8 Hz), 4.51 (s, 2 H), 2.50 (s, 3 H)425.20
67embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3/CD3OD) δ 9.03 (br s, 1 H), 8.32 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.70 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.67 (m, 2 H), 7.55 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.26 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.09 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.71 (m, 2 H), 4.52 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H)425.20
68embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.76 (br s, 1 H), 8.94 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.76 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.21 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.20-7.15 (m, 1 H), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.69 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 6.62- 6.40 (m, 2 H), 4.53 (br s, 1 H, overlapped), 4.52 (br s, 2 H, overlapped), 3.65 (s, 2 H), 2.50 (s, 3 H)421.21
69embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.78 (br s, 1 H), 8.94 (br s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.76 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.11 (d, 2 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.67 (d, 2 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 4.50 (br s, 3 H), 3.61 (s, 2 H), 2.49 (s, 3 H)421.21
70embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.09 (br s, 1 H), 8.92 (s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.79 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.74 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.30 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.26-7.24 (m, 1 H), 7.23 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.19 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.86 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.8 Hz), 4.68 (br s, 1 H), 4.52 (d, 2 H, J = 5.2 Hz), 2.53 (s, 3 H), 2.47 (s, 3 H)424.21
71embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (t, 1 H, J = 1.4 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (d, 2 H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.79-7.76 (m, 2 H), 7.54 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.30 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.07 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.70 (d, 2 H, J = 8.8 Hz), 4.63 (s, 2 H), 2.59 (s, 3 H), 2.48 (s, 3 H)424.21
72embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (br s, 1 H), 8.34 (s, 1 H), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.72 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.39 (dt, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.32 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.4, 1.6 Hz), 7.22 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.19 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.98 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.81 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.4, 0.8 Hz), 4.49 (s, 2 H), 3.84 (s, 3 H), 2.43 (s, 3 H)440.20
73embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.52 (br s, 1 H), 8.94 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.89 (m, 2 H), 7.81 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.6 Hz), 7.78 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.6 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.21 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.02 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.68 (m, 2 H), 4.90 (t, 1 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 4.58 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 3.85 (s, 3 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H)440.20
74embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.56 (br s, 1 H), 9.58 (s, 1 H), 9.36 (s, 1 H), 8.50 (s, 1 H), 8.00 (br d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.82 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.71 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.44 (br s, 1 H), 7.16 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.15 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.03 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.81 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.61 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 5.65 (t, 1 H, J = 6.0 Hz), 4.45 (d, 2 H, J = 6.0 Hz), 2.47 (br s, 3 H), 2.09 (s, 3 H)439.22
75embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.97 (br s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.79 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.73 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.38 (br s, 1 H), 7.24 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.15 (br s, 1 H), 7.09 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.69 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.41 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 4.50 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H), 2.13 (s, 3 H)439.22
76embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.96 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.27 (m, 2 H), 7.23 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.10 (br s, 1 H), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.66 (m, 2 H), 4.50 (s, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H), 2.13 (s, 3 H)439.22
77embedded image (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ 9.18 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.41 (s, 1 H), 7.87 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.75 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.66 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.38 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.20 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.4 Hz), 7.16 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.15 (td, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 6.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.71 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.4 Hz), 4.59 (s, 2 H), 3.05 (s, 3 H), 2.48 (s, 3 H)475.19
78embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.92 (br s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.73 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.21 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.11 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.2 Hz), 7.10 (br s, 1 H, overlapped), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.58 (t, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 6.54 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.2, 2.0, 0.8 Hz), 6.49 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.2, 2.0, 0.8 Hz), 4.50 (s, 2 H), 2.94 (s, 3 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H)475.19
79embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.93 (br s, 1 H), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.22 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.09 (d, 2 H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.02 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.67 (d, 2 H, J = 8.8 Hz), 6.34 (br s, 1 H), 4.52 (br s, 3 H), 2.93 (s, 3 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)475.19
80embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.99 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.10 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 7.02 (td, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.78 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.72 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.58 (s, 2 H), 2.73 (s, 6 H), 2.50 (s, 3 H)425.20
81embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.47 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.87 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.59 (br d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.58 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.41 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.29 (t, 1 H, J = 7.4 Hz), 6.99 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6. 0.8 Hz), 6.89 (t, 1 H, J = 7.4 Hz), 4.81 (s, 2 H), 3.10 (s, 6 H), 2.56 (s, 3 H)
82embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.75 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.07 (t, 1 H, J = 8.2 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.24 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.14 (br s, 2 H), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 2.90 (s, 6 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H)425.21
83embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.48 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.64 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.86 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.85 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.62 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.28 (t, 1 H, J = 8.2 Hz), 7.17 (br s, 1 H), 6.98 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.81 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 4.78 (s, 2 H), 3.09 (s, 6 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H)
84embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.41 (br s, 1 H), 8.99 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.76 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (br s, 1 H), 7.10 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.00 (td, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.77 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.72 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 4.58 (s, 2 H), 3.12 (br s, 4 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H), 1.98 (br s, 4 H)451.22
85embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.47 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.0, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.87 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 2.0 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.57 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.41 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.30 (td, 1 H, J = 7.8, 0.8 Hz), 7.02 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.2 Hz), 6.88 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.82 (s, 2 H), 3.72 (br s, 4 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H), 2.17 (m, 4 H)
86embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.48 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.25 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.09 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 7.05 (td, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.02 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.80 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.71 (dd. 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.57 (s, 2 H), 3.90 (br t, 4 H, J = 4.6 Hz), 2.96 (br t, 4 H, J = 4.6 Hz), 2.54 (s, 3 H)467.22
87embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.46 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.64 (s, 1 H), 7.98 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.57 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.38 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.06 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 6.98 (td, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.2 Hz), 6.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.8, 1.2 Hz), 6.70 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 4.80 (s, 2 H), 3.84 (br t, 4 H, J = 4.4 Hz), 2.89 (br t, 4 H, J = 4.4 Hz), 2.53 (s, 3 H)
88embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82-7.76 (m, 2 H), 7.48 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.24 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.12 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.03 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.39 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 6.34 (t, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 6.29 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.0 Hz), 4.56 (s, 2 H), 3.85-3.82 (m, 4 H), 3.15- 3.12 (m, 4 H), 2.56 (s, 3 H)467.23
89embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.47 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.64 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.17 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.86 (br s, 1 H), 6.76 (br s, 1 H), 6.59 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.76 (s, 2 H), 3.92 (br s, 4 H), 3.34 (br s, 4 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H)
90embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.95 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.70 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.43 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.21 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.94 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.80-6.73 (m, 1 H), 6.14 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.00-5.95 (m, 1 H), 4.49 (s, 2 H), 2.79 (s, 6 H), 2.31 (s, 3 H)443.21
91embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.49 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.39 (br s, 1 H, overlapped), 7.38 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.24 (pseudo t, 1 H, J = 9.8 Hz), 6.97 (br s, 1 H), 4.86 (s, 2 H), 3.10 (s, 6 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H)
92embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.49 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.25 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.04 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.38 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.4, 1.2 Hz), 6.30 (t, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 6.18 (t, 1 H, J = 2.2 Hz), 4.53 (s, 2 H), 2.92 (s, 6 H), 2.56 (s, 3 H)450.21
93embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.44 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.0, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 2.0 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.40 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.47 (s, 2 H), 6.37 (br s, 1 H), 4.73 (s, 2 H), 2.90 (s, 6 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)
94embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96 (t, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.79 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.53 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.31 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.08-7.03 (m, 3 H), 6.87 (d, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 5.44 (br s, 1 H), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 2.74 (s, 6 H), 2.58 (s, 3 H)450.21
95embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.44 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.64 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.51 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.15 (dd, 2 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 7.14 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 1.2 Hz), 4.79 (s, 2 H), 2.71 (s, 6 H), 2.56 (s, 3 H)
96embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.57 (br s, 1 H), 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.34 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.74 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.43 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.21 (br s, 1 H, overlapped), 7.17 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 7.01 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 6.98 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.72-6.66 (m, 2 H), 4.61 (s, 2 H), 3.54 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H), 2.28 (s, 6 H)439.23
97embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.03 (br s, 1 H), 9.48 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.87-7.82 (m, 2 H), 7.64 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.38 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.33-7.27 (m, 2 H), 6.95 (br s, 1 H), 6.78-6.74 (m, 2 H), 4.81 (s, 2 H), 4.43 (s, 2 H), 2.77 (s, 6 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H)
98embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.02 (br s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.74 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.27 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.13 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.90 (br s, 1 H), 6.67 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.61 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0. 2.0 Hz), 4.54 (s, 2 H), 3.48 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H), 2.30 (s, 6H)439.23
99embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.69 (br s, 1 H), 9.48 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.61 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.21 (t, 1 H, J = 8.2 Hz), 7.09 (br s, 1 H), 6.85 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.4, 2.2 Hz), 6.82 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 4.76 (s, 2 H), 4.16 (d, 1 H, J = 4.8 Hz), 2.66 (d, 6 H, J = 4.4 Hz), 2.51 (s, 3 H)
100embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.40 (br s, 1 H), 8.98 (s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.75 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.43 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.20 (br s, 1 H, overlapped), 7.15 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 7.04 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.98 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.69 (pseudo t, 2 H, J = 7.2 Hz), 4.58 (s, 2 H), 3.72 (s, 2 H), 2.56 (br s, 4 H), 2.50 (s, 3 H), 1.80 (br s, 4 H)465.25
101embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.29 (br s, 1 H), 9.47 (t, 1 H, J = 0.8 Hz), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.87-7.83 (m, 2 H), 7.65 (d. 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.38 (br d, 2 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.27 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.75 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.72 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.82 (s, 2 H), 4.47 (s, 2 H), 3.44 (br s, 2 H), 3.17 (br s, 2 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H), 2.04 (br s, 2 H), 1.94 (br s, 2 H)
102embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.04 (s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.73 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.28 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.11 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.95 (br s, 1 H), 6.68 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.60 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0. 2.0 Hz), 4.54 (s, 2 H), 3.65 (s, 2 H), 2.61 (br s, 4 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H), 1.78-1.75 ( m, 4 H)465.25
103embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.93 (br s, 1 H), 9.48 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.2, 1.6 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.86-7.81 (m, 2 H), 7.61 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.19 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.15 (br s, 1 H), 6.86-6.81 (m, 2 H), 4.76 (s, 2 H), 4.22 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 3.29 (m, 2 H), 3.00 (m, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H), 1.92 (m, 2 H), 1.82 (m, 2 H)
104embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.35 (br s, 1 H), 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.76 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.21 (br s, 1 H, overlapped), 7.19 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.04 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.73- 6.68 (m, 2 H), 4.57 (s, 2 H), 3.71 (br s, 4 H), 3.63 (s, 2 H), 2.50 (br s, 7 H)481.25
105embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.46 (s, 1 H), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.38 (br d, 2 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.29 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.75 (t 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.74 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 4.82 (s, 2 H), 4.45 (s, 2 H), 3.93 (br s, 4 H), 3.34 (br s, 4 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)
106embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.78 (br s, 1 H), 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.74 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (br s, 1 H ), 7.13 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.79 (br s, 1 H), 6.71 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.59 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 4.53 (s, 2 H), 4.44 (br s, 1 H), 3.66 (m, 4 H), 3.45 (s, 2 H), 2.49 (s, 3 H), 2.44 (br s, 4 H)481.25
107embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6/D2O) δ 9.36 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.8, 1.0 Hz), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.4, 1.0 Hz), 7.87 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.4, 1.8 Hz), 7.48 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.42 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.28 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 6.90 (br s, 1 H), 6.86-6.82 (m, 2 H), 4.68 (s, 2 H Hz), 4.23 (s, 2 H), 3.70 (br s, 4 H), 3.22 (br s, 2 H), 3.14 (br s, 2 H), 2.58 (s, 3 H)
108embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.06 (s, 1 H), 8.34 (s, 1 H), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.72 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.48 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.32 (br s, 1 H ), 7.18 (br s, 1 H), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.90 (dd, 1 H, J = 11.2, 8.0 Hz), 6.55-6.51 (m, 1 H), 4.78 (br s, 1 H), 4.59 (d, 2 H, J = 6.4 Hz), 3.54 (s, 2 H), 2.50 (s, 3 H), 2.34 (s, 6 H)457.22
109embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.73 (br s, 1 H), 9.46 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.82 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.37 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.2, 2.0 Hz), 7.36 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.18 (dd, 1 H, J = 11.8, 8.2 Hz), 6.82-6.78 (m, 1 H), 4.79 (s, 2 H), 4.17 (br s, 2 H), 2.64 (d, 6 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 2.52 (s, 3 H)
110embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.99 (br s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.24 (br s, 1 H), 6.99 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.95 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.76-6.70 (m, 2 H), 4.73 (br s, 1 H), 4.56 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 3.60 (s, 2 H), 2.50 (s, 3 H), 2.36 (s, 6 H)457.23
111embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.62 (br s, 1 H), 9.46 (s, 1 H), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.83 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.57 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.10 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.02 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.93 (pseudo t, 1 H, J = 6.6 Hz), 4.78 (s, 2 H), 4.30 (d, 2 H, J = 4.8 Hz), 2.72 (d, 6 H, J = 4.4 Hz), 2.53 (s, 3 H)
112embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.11 (br s, 1 H), 8.98 (s, 1 H), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.73 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (br s, 1 H), 6.97 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.91 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.75 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.65 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.66 (br s, 1 H), 4.51 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 3.66 (s, 2 H), 2.59 (br s, 4 H), 2.42 (s, 3 H), 1.81-1.75 (m, 4 H)483.24
113embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.84 (br s, 1 H), 9.46 (s, 1 H), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.57 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.36 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.08 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.03-6.96 (m, 2 H), 4.77 (s, 2 H), 4.36 (d, 2 H, J = 5.2 Hz), 3.39 (m, 2 H), 3.07 (m, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H), 2.03-1.87 (m, 4 H)
114embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 2.0 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.95 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.76 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.70 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 4.67 (br s, 1 H), 4.54 (d, 2 H, J = 4.8 Hz), 3.73 (m, 4 H), 3.59 (s, 2 H), 2.53 (br s, 4 H), 2.47 (s, 3 H)499.24
115embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.18 (br s, 1 H), 9.46 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 1.2 Hz), 8.62 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.57 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.10 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.05-6.99 (m, 2 H), 4.78 (s, 2 H), 4.34 (s, 2 H), 3.93 (br s, 2 H), 3.81 (br t, 2 H, J = 11.8 Hz) 3.29 (br s, 2 H), 3.13 (br s, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)
116embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.99 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.86 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.09 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.98 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 6.93 (br s, 1 H), 4.59 (s, 2 H), 3.63 (s, 2 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H), 2.33 (s, 6 H)464.23
117embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.45 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.60 (s, 1 H), 7.94 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.57 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.52 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.30 (br s, 1 H), 7.19-7.17 (m, 2 H), 4.79 (s, 2 H), 4.48 (s, 2 H), 2.78 (s, 6 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)
118embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.70 (br s, 1 H), 9.54 (s, 1 H), 8.50 (s, 1 H), 7.99 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 2.0 Hz), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.72 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.52 (br s, 1 H), 7.32 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.17-7.13 (m, 2 H), 7.07 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.02 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 4.48 (d. 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 3.68 (s, 2 H), 2.47 (s, 3 H), 2.23 (s, 6 H)464.23
119embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.48 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.60 (s, 1 H), 7.92 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.86 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.64 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.49 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.24 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 7.10 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 0.8 Hz), 4.81 (s, 2 H), 4.61 (s, 2 H), 2.89 (s, 6 H), 2.52 (s, 3 H)
120embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.01 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.49 (t, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 7.28 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.15 (br s, 1 H), 7.03 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.94 (s, 1 H), 6.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.86 (br s, 1 H), 4.55 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 3.48 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H), 2.32 (s, 6 H)464.23
121embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.77 (br s, 1 H), 9.46 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.60 (s, 1 H), 7.94 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.36 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.35 (s, 1 H, overlapped), 7.23 (br s, 2 H), 4.71 (s, 2 H), 4.22 (s, 2 H), 2.67 (s, 6 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)
122embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.40 (br s, 1 H), 8.96 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.24 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.09 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.00 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 6.86 (br s, 1 H), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 3.74 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (br s, 4 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H), 1.81 (br s, 4 H)490.25
123embedded image (400 MHz. DMSO-d6) δ 10.47 (br s, 2 H), 9.46 (s, 1 H), 8.61 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.4 Hz), 7.86 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.85 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.59 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.32 (br s, 1 H), 7.18 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.14 (d, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 4.82 (s, 2 H), 4.53 (s, 2 H), 3.23 (br s, 4 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H), 1.99 (br s, 4 H)
124embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.71 (br s, 1 H), 9.52 (s, 1 H), 8.50 (s, 1 H), 7.98 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.83 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.71 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.51 (brs, 1 H), 7.37 (t, 1 H, J = 5.2 Hz), 7.31 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.16 (d, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 7.05 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.00 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.47 (d, 2 H, J = 5.2 Hz), 3.87 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (br s, 4 H), 2.47 (s, 3 H), 1.74 (br s, 4 H)490.25
125embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6/D2O) δ 9.41 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.61 (s, 1 H), 7.94 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.89 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.55 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.50 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.42 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.25 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 7.09 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.78 (s, 2 H), 4.64 (s, 2 H), 3.45 (br s, 4 H), 2.58 (s, 3 H), 2.06 (br s, 4 H)
126embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.99 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.48 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.27 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.13 (br s, 1 H), 7.03 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.97 (br s, 1 H), 6.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.4, 1.2 Hz), 4.81 (br s, 1 H), 4.54 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 3.62 (s, 2 H), 2.57 (br s, 4 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H), 1.79 (br s, 4 H)490.25
127embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.96 (br s 1 H), 9.45 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.60 (s, 1 H), 7.94 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.83 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.54 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.39 (br s, 1 H), 7.36 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.26 (s, 1 H), 7.21 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.0, 1.6 Hz), 4.72 (s, 2 H), 4.29 (s, 2 H), 3.02 (br s, 4 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H), 1.95 (br s, 2 H), 1.84 (br s, 2 H)
128embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.79 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.49 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.29 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.12 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.03 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.99 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 6.93 (br s, 1 H), 4.57 (s, 2 H), 3.75 (br s, 4 H, overlapped), 3.72 (s, 2 H, overlapped), 2.55 (br s, 7 H)506.25
129embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.45 (d, 1 H, J = 0.4 Hz), 8.61 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.86 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.85 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.57 (d. 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.19 (s, 1 H), 7.17 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.82 (s, 2 H), 4.52 (s, 2 H), 3.91 (br s, 4 H), 3.32 (br s, 4 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)
130embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.70 (br s, 1 H), 9.48 (br s, 1 H), 8.50 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.84 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.71 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.44 (br s, 1 H), 7.34 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.28 (t, 1 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 7.16 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.07 (d, 1 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.03 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 4.49 (d, 2 H, J = 5.6 Hz), 3.76 (s, 2 H), 3.58 (m, 4 H), 2.48 (s, 3 H), 2.41 (br s, 4 H)506.24
131embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.46 (d, 1 H, J = 0.8 Hz), 8.60 (s, 1 H), 7.94 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.60 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.22 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.8 Hz), 7.08 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 4.82 (s, 2 H), 4.57 (s, 2 H), 3.95 (br t, 4 H, J = 4.4 Hz), 3.40 (br s, 4 H), 2.53 (s, 3 H)
132embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (s, 1 H), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.48 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.28 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.06 (br s, 1 H, overlapped), 7.04 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.01 (s, 1 H), 6.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.79 (br s, 1 H), 4.54 (d, 2 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 3.70 (m, 4 H), 3.48 (s, 2 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H), 2.47 (br s, 4 H)506.24
133embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.45 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.61 (s, 1 H), 7.95 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.54 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.43 (br s, 1 H), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.28 (s, 1 H), 7.23 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.2, 1.4 Hz), 4.74 (s, 2 H), 4.28 (s, 2 H), 3.83 (br s, 4 H), 3.81 (br s, 2 H), 3.08 (br s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)
134embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.98 (s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.23 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.13 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 7.04 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.72 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.71 (td, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 4.56 (s, 2 H), 2.81 (t, 2 H, J = 6.4 Hz), 2.63 (t, 2 H, J = 6.4 Hz), 2.52 (s, 3 H), 2.36 (s, 6 H)453.25
135embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6/D2O) δ 9.40 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.8, 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.86 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.8 Hz), 7.48 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.41 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.17-7.12 (m, 2 H), 6.75-671 (m, 2 H), 4.73 (s, 2 H), 3.32 (br t, 2 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 3.02 (br t, 2 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 2.90 (s, 6 H), 2.58 (s, 3 H)
136embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.08 (s, 1 H), 8.32 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.68 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.47 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.34 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.04 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.99 (dd, 1 H, J = 7.6, 0.4 Hz), 6.66 (br s, 1 H), 6.53-6.49 (m, 2 H), 4.48 (s, 2 H), 2.89-2.83 (m 4 H), 2.56 (s, 6 H), 2.48 (s, 3 H)453.25
137embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.47 (br s, 1 H), 9.49 (t, 1 H, J = 0.8 Hz), 8.63 (s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.85 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.84 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.64 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.37 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.10 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.81 (br s, 1 H), 6.66 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 6.58 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 4.75 (s, 2 H), 3.30- 3.25 (m, 2 H), 2.94-2.89 (m, 2 H), 2.77 (d, 6 H, J = 4.8 Hz), 2.51 (s, 3 H)
138embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.40 (br s, 1 H), 8.94 (s, 1 H), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.83 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.49 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.30-7.27 (m, 1 H), 7.24 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.06 (dt, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.05 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.94-6.93 (m, 2 H), 4.72 (t, 1 H, J = 5.2 Hz), 4.54 (d, 2 H, J = 5.2 Hz), 2.82 (q, 2 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 1.31 (t, 3 H, J = 7.6 Hz)421.21
139embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.37 (br s, 1 H), 8.96 (s, 1 H), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.79 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.48 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.22 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.06-7.00 (m, 3 H), 6.80 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2 Hz), 6.76-6.70 (m, 1 H), 4.62 (br s, 1 H, overlapped), 4.60 (s, 2 H), 2.80 (q, 2 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 1.29 (t, 3 H, J = 7.6 Hz)414.20
140embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.49 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.25 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.14-7.06 (m, 3 H), 7.04 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.00-6.94 (m, 1 H), 4.44 (s, 2 H), 2.91 (s, 3 H), 2.58 (s, 3 H)414.20
141embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.93 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.80-7.78 (m, 2 H), 7.48 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.35- 7.30 (m, 1 H), 7.24 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.08-7.05 (m, 3 H), 7.02 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.67 (s, 2 H), 3.14 (s, 3 H), 2.50 (s, 3 H)421.20
142embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3/CD3OD) δ 8.86 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 1.2 Hz), 8.18 (s, 1 H), 7.62 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.57 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.43 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.24 (dd, 1 H, J = 2.4, 1.6 Hz), 7.14 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.13 (d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.04 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.2, 0.8 Hz), 6.97 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.83 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.4, 0.8 Hz), 4.54 (s, 2 H), 2.99 (s, 3 H), 2.38 (s, 3 H)439.22
143embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (br s, 1 H), 8.36 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.40-7.28 (m, 5 H), 7.20 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.21 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H)367.18
144embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.93 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.77 (dd. 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.46 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.39 (td, 1 H, J = 7.6, 1.6 Hz), 7.31-7.25 (m, 1 H), 7.21 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.14 (td, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.10 (dd, 1 H, J = 8.4, 1.2 Hz), 7.02 (br d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.24 (s, 2 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)385.17
145embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.70 (br s, 1 H), 9.53 (br s, 1 H), 8.49 (s, 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.8 Hz), 7.84 (d, 1 H, J = 2.0 Hz), 7.82 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.74-7.71 (m, 2 H), 7.69 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.56 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.47 (br s, 1 H), 7.15 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.18 (s, 2 H), 2.47 (s, 3 H)392.18
146embedded image (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.51 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 0.8 Hz), 8.65 (s, 1 H), 8.08 (br s, 1 H), 7.97 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.95 (br d, overlapped, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.87 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.85-7.79 (m, 2 H), 7.63 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6, 1.2 Hz), 7.61 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.36 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 2.50 (s, 3 H)
147embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.93 (br s, 1 H), 8.32 (s, 1 H), 7.77 (s, 1 H). 7.76 (dd, 1 H, overlapped, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.69 (d, 1 H, J = 9.2 Hz), 7.56 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.44 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.39 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.26 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.21 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.98 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.60 (br s, 1 H), 6.27 (br s, 1 H), 4.15 (s, 2 H), 2.44 (s, 3 H)410.19
148embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94 (s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.77-7.72 (m, 2 H), 7.51 (t, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.32- 7.25 (m, 3 H), 7.06 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.00 (t, 1 H, overlapped, J = 7.6 Hz), 6.97 (d, 2 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 5.22 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (s, 3 H)383.17
149embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.95 (t, 1 H, J = 1.2 Hz), 8.38 (s, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.77 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.56 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.31 (d, 1H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.19 (td, 1 H, J = 8.0, 1.6 Hz), 7.14-7.06 (m, 3 H), 7.01-6.95 (m, 1 H), 5.34 (s, 2 H), 2.64 (s, 3 H)401.17
150embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3/CD3OD) δ 8.94 (dd, 1 H, J = 1.6, 1.2 Hz), 8.32 (s, 1 H), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.73 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.2 Hz), 7.52 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.42-7.37 (m, 1 H), 7.31-7.26 (m, 3 H), 7.25 (br d, 1 H, overlapped, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.07 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 5.23 (s, 2 H), 2.55 (s, 3 H)408.17
151embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3/CD3OD) δ 8.94 (t, 1 H, J = 1.6 Hz), 8.31 (s, 1 H), 7.76 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.70 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.51-7.47 (m, 2 H), 7.42 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.4, 1.2 Hz), 7.31 (t, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.23 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 7.12 (ddd, 1 H, J = 8.0, 2.4, 0.8 Hz), 7.04 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 5.22 (s, 2 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H)426.18
152embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.89 (t, 1 H, J = 1.4 Hz), 8.35 (s, 1 H), 7.76-7.19 (m, 2 H), 7.45 (t, 1 H, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.39-7.36 (m, 2 H), 7.30-7.26 (m, 2 H), 7.23- 7.19 (m, 2 H), 7.01 (d, 1 H, J = 7.6 Hz), 4.26 (s, 2 H), 2.49 (s, 3 H)399.15
153embedded image (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.86 (br s, 1 H), 8.37 (s, 1 H), 7.78 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 0.8 Hz), 7.72 (dd, 1 H, J = 9.2, 1.6 Hz), 7.54-7.48 (m, 2 H), 7.31-7.27 (m, 1 H), 7.25 (br d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 7.13-7.08 (m, 2 H), 7.06 (d, 1 H, J = 8.0 Hz), 4.30 (s, 2 H), 2.64 (s, 3 H)417.15

Biological Data

The biological activity of the compounds of the invention may be assessed using the following assays:

Cell-Free Assay for Evaluating Inhibition of ALK5 Kinase Phosphorylation

ALK5 protein was expressed in Sf9 insect cells as human recombinant GST-fusion protein using the baculovirus expression system. Expressed protein was purified by affinity chromatography using GSH-agarose (Sigma-Aldrich). Kinase assay was performed in 96-well FlashPlates™ from Perkin Elmer (Boston, Mass., USA) in a 50 μL reaction volume. The reaction cocktail was pipetted in four steps in the following order: 20 μL of assay buffer (standard buffer), 5 μL of ATP solution in H2O, 5 μL of each test compounds of formula (I) in 10% DMSO, 10 μL of GSK3 (14-27) (200 ng)/10 μL of ALK5 solution (1 ng) (premixed). The reaction cocktail contained 60 mM HEPES-NaOH, pH 7.5, 3 mM MgCl2, 3 mM MnCl2, 3 Na3VO4, 1.2 mM DTT, 50 μg/mL PEG20000, 1 μM [γ-33P]-ATP (approximately 2.5×105 cpm per well), 200 ng/10 μL GSK3 (14-27), and 1 ng/10 μL ALK5. The reaction cocktail was incubated at 30° C. for 60 min. The reaction was stopped with 50 μL of 2% (v/v) H3PO4, and plates were aspirated and washed two times with 200 μL 0.9% (w/v) NaCl. Assay was performed with a BeckmanCoulter Biomek 2000 robotic system. Incorporation of 33Pi (counting of “cpm”) was determined with a microplate scintillation counter (Microbeta, Wallac).

Compounds of formula (I) typically exhibited IC50 values of less than 1 μM; some exhibited IC50 values of less than 0.1 μM; and some even exhibited IC50 values less than 10 nM, which is shown in the table 2.

TABLE 2
ExampleIC50 (nM)
113.10
26.68
59.41
617.40
78.96
89.84
96.39
109.41
126.16
1410.70
1512.30
167.54
1714.60
186.54
204.53
2217.10
2313.90
249.07
2615.60
2718.00
2817.40
2914.30
3010.60
318.01
3314.20
3416.20
3546.00
3614.20
3711.90
4029.60
4214.40
4314.30
4448.10
4557.50
4644.20
4714.40
4824.10
4915.30
5050.70
5112.30
5223.40
5360.10
549.93
556.70
5839.60
5919.50
604.83
6332.10
6420.60
6529.70
669.14
6754.60
6811.00
6924.50
7012.80
7159.10
7216.60
7378.00
7439.50
7515.40
7639.00
7715.30
7815.10
7946.60
1389.40
13923.20
14049.80
141118.00
142153.00
14319.80
14425.10
14512.40
14740.00
14813.10
14925.40
15023.90
15122.50
15220.70

Cell-Free Assay for Evaluating Inhibition of ALK4 Kinase Phosphorylation

Inhibition of the ALK4 kinase phosphorylation by test compounds of formula (I) can be determined in a similar manner to that described above for ALK5 inhibition except that GST-tagged ALK4 (Invitrogen Corporation) and RBER-CHKtide are used in place of the GST-tagged ALK5 and GSK3 (14-27).

Compounds of formula (I) typically exhibited IC50 values of less than 1 μM; some exhibited IC50 values of less than 0.1 μM; and some even exhibited IC50 values less than 10 nM.

Kinase Selectivity Profiling

Kinase assays were performed in 96-well FlashPlates™ from Perkin Elmer in a 50 reaction volume. The reaction cocktail was pipetted in four steps in the following order: 15 of ATP solution in H2O, 20 μL of assay buffer (standard buffer), 5 μL of Example 2 in 10% DMSO, 10 μL of enzyme/substrate mixture in H2O. The reaction cocktail contained 70 mM HEPES-NaOH, pH 7.5, 3 mM MnCl2, 3 μM Na3VO4, 1.2 mM DTT, 1 μM [γ-33P]-ATP (approximately 6×105 cpm per well), protein kinase (variable amounts), and substrate (variable amounts). The reaction cocktails were incubated at 30° C. for 60 min. The reaction was stopped with 50 μL of 2% (v/v) H3PO4, and plates were aspirated and washed two times with 200 μL 0.9% (w/v) NaCl. ALL assays were performed with a BeckmanCoulter Biomek 2000/SL robotic system. Incorporation of 33Pi (counting of “cpm”) was determined with a microplate scintillation counter.

TABLE 3
% inhibition% inhibition
protein kinaseIC50 (μM)at 10 μMat 1 μM
ALK50.00668
ALK40.0173
P38α1.720
VEGF-R10.391
VEGF-R20.097
VEGF-R30.257
ALK16620
ALK27117
ALK327−6
AKT130
CDK1/CycA25
CHK15−2
DAPK1115
EGF-R wt43−8
ERK16617
GSK3α1510
MEK1 wt4714
MET wt12−5
MST13−7
PAK1−3−7
PDGFRα wt9153
PDGFRβ8747
PKA18−7
PKCα4−9
ROCK193
RPS6KA1146
STK23−1−4

Assay for Evaluating Cellular Inhibition of TGF-β Signaling

HaCaT-3TP-Luc stable cells or 4T1-3TP-Luc stable cells that have p3TP-Luc (neo) expression plasmid were seeded at 2.5×106 cells/well or 5×108 cells/well in 96-well plate, respectively. Cells were concomitantly treated with TGF-β1 (2 ng/mL) in 0.2% FBS in the presence or absence of each test compounds of formula (I) at approximately 60-70% confluence for 24 h at 37° C. in 5% CO2. Cell lysates were prepared using Luciferase Assay System (Promega) according to the manufacturer's instruction, and luminescence was measured by a luminometer, Micro Lumat Plus (Berthold, Germany).

Compounds of formula (I) typically exhibited IC50 values of less than 1 μM; some exhibited IC50 values of less than 0.1 μM; and some even exhibited IC50 values of less than 10 nM.

Immunofluorescence Assay

MCF10A cells were plated on the cover glass in 6-well plate at 2×105 cells/well. After 12 h, when cells were attached, 10% FBS medium was changed to 0.5% FBS medium. Twenty-four hours later, cells were treated with TGF-β1 (2 ng/mL) with or without Example 2 (1 μM) for 2 h. Then, cells were fixed with 4% formaldehyde solution for 30 min at room temperature and quenched with quenching solution (50 mM NH4Cl in PBS) for 15 min. After being washed three times with PBS, cells were incubated with blocking/permeabilization solution (1% BSA and 0.1% Triton X-100 in PBS) for 1 h at room temperature and incubated with anti-Smad2/3 antibody (BD Biosciences, Franklin Lakes, N.J., USA) overnight at 4° C. Fluorescence was visualized by Cy3-conjugated goat anti-mouse IgG (Jackson ImmunoResearch Laboratories, Bar Harbor, Me., USA). Nuclei of the same cells were stained with DAPI solution. Cells were analyzed using the LSM 510 META laser confocal microscopy system (Carl Zeiss, Germany).

Example 2 suppressed TGF-β1-induced Smad2/3 nuclear translocation in MCF10A cells.

Wound Healing Assay

MCF10A cells were seeded at 2×105 cells/well in 6-well plate. When each well was occupied by cells over 80% of the area, 10% FBS was changed to 0.2% FBS. After 24 h, wound was made by a plastic pipette tip, and then cells were treated with TGF-β1 (2 ng/mL) with or without Example 2 (1 μM) for 16 h. Wound area change from 0 to 16 h was calculated based on Image J program (National Institutes of Health, MD, USA) based on phase-contrast images of cells taken by microscope.

Example 2 suppressed TGF-β1-induced cell migration in MCF10A cells.

Matrigel Invasion Assay

The upper surface of Transwells (6.5 mm diameter, 8 μm pore size; Corning, Lowell, Mass., USA) were coated with 20 μL diluted Matrigel (BD Biosciences). 4T1 cells were seeded at 4×104 cells/well on the upper chamber of transwell in serum free medium with or without TGF-β1 (2 ng/mL) in the presence or absence of Example 2. The lower chamber was filled with 10% FBS with TGF-β1 (2 ng/mL) in the presence or absence of Example 2. After incubation for 20 h at 37° C. in 5% CO2, the cells remaining on the upper surface of the membrane were removed with a cotton swab, and DAPI-stained cells remaining on the bottom surface were observed using fluorescence microscopy. Average cell number per view field was obtained from 5 random fields.

Example 2 suppressed TGF-β1-induced cell invasion in matrigel invasion assay.

Cell Growth Study

Either 4T1 cells or MCF10A cells were seeded in 96-well plate at 5×103 cells per well. After cells were attached, cells were treated with Example 2 dissolved in DMSO in 0.2% serum medium. After incubation for four days, cell viability was determined by SRB assay.

Example 2 showed no effect on 4T1 cell growth and slightly increased MCF10A cell growth without significance, thus, suggesting that the anti-metastatic effect of Example 2 were not due to the primary tumor growth inhibition

Anti-Metastatic Effect on BALB/c 4T1 Xenografted Mice Model

Female BALB/c mice were purchased from Orient Bio Inc. (Seoul, Korea). Animals were maintained in a temperature-controlled room (22° C.) and supplied with food and water ad libitum. 4T1 cells (1.2×104 cells) were suspended in PBS and implanted into the left #4 mammary fat pad of five to six-week-old female BALB/c mice (day 0). In Experiment 1, treatment was started after tumor implantation (day 0). Example 3 (13.6 or 27.3 mg/kg) dissolved in water was given to mice orally BID five consecutive days per week for four weeks. In Experiment 2, treatment was started on day 4. Example 2 (5, 10, 20, or 40 mg/kg) dissolved in artificial gastric fluid formulation was given to mice orally five consecutive days per week for three weeks. In Experiment 3, treatment was started on day 4. Example 2 (5, 10, 20, or 40 mg/kg) dissolved in artificial gastric fluid formulation was given to mice orally every other day (three times per week) for 24 days. In Experiment 4, 4T1 cells (1×104 cells) were suspended in PBS and implanted into the left #4 mammary fat pad of ten-week-old female BALB/c mice (day 0). Treatment was started on day 10. Example 61 (43.6 mg/kg) dissolved in saline was given to mice intraperitoneally every other day for 2.5 weeks. In all Experiments, mice were sacrificed at 24 to 72 h after the last dosing, and 15% India ink solution (Hardy Diagnostics) in PBS was immediately injected into the trachea. The India ink-stained lungs were isolated and destained with Feket's solution (60% ethanol, 3% formaldehyde, and 4% acetic acid in PBS) for at least 20 min. Number of metastatic nodule was counted on the surface of left lobe of lung, and picture of lung was taken with digital camera. The tumor size was measured using calipers, and the tumor volume was calculated by using the following equation:
Tumor volume=(0.5236)×(width)2×(length)

Examples 2, 3, and 61 significantly reduced the number of metastastic nodules on the lung.

In Experiment 3, Western blot analysis was performed to examine the effect of Example 2 on the Smad2 phosphorylation in tumor tissues. Either vehicle buffer (4 mM HCl, 1 mg/mL BSA) or TGF-β1 (50 ng/mouse) in vehicle buffer was given to mice intravenously at 2 h before mice were sacrificed. Tumor tissues from mice were lysed in RIPA buffer [50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 150 mM NaCl, 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate, 0.5% sodium deoxycholate, 1% NP-40, 1 mM NaF, 1 mM Na3VO4, 1 mM PMSF, a protease inhibitor cocktail (1 tablet of Roche Diagnostics GmbH protease inhibitor cocktail/10 mL) (Roche)] for 20 min on ice. Lysates were cleared by centrifugation at 13000 rpm at 4° C. for 20 min. Protein content of supernatants was determined using Micro-BCA (bicinchoninic acid) protein assay kit (Thermo Scientific). Lysates containing 20-50 μg total protein were separated by electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gel and then electrophoretically transferred to polyvinylidene difluoride transfer membranes (Millipore, Billerica, Mass., USA). Membranes were blocked with 5% BSA (Sigma-Aldrich) in PBS containing 0.5% Tween-20 (PBST) for 1 h and incubated overnight at 4° C. with one of following antibodies: anti-phospho-Smad2 (Millipore), anti-Smad2/3 (BD Transduction Laboratories, NJ, USA), or anti-β-actin (Sigma-Aldrich) in PBST containing 1% BSA. Membranes were washed three times with PBST and incubated with either horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-conjugated goat anti-mouse antibody or HRP-conjugated goat anti-rabbit antibody (SantaCruz Biotechnology, Santa Cruz, Calif., USA) at room temperature for 1 h. Bound antibodies were detected using Western Blotting Luminol Reagent (SantaCruz Biotechnology). Band intensities were analyzed using a densitometer LAS-3000 imager (FUJIFILM, Tokyo, Japan).

Example 2 suppressed TGF-β1-induced Smad2 phosphorylation in tumor tissues.

Anti-metastatic Effect on MMTV/c-Neu mice breast cancer model MMTV/c-Neu female transgenic mice were purchased from Jackson Laboratory (Bar Harbor, Me., USA). Animals were maintained in a temperature-controlled SPF room (22° C.) and supplied with food and water ad libitum. In Experiment 1, Example 61 (43.6 mg/kg) dissolved in saline was given to thirty two-week-old MMTV/c-Neu mice intraperitoneally every other day for three weeks. In Experiment 2, Example 3 (43.6 mg/kg) dissolved in saline was given to thirty two-week-old MMTV/c-Neu mice intraperitoneally every other day for ten weeks. Mice were sacrificed at 24 h after the last dosing, and tissues of mammary tumor and lung were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining To analyse β-casein mRNA level in tissues of mammary tumor and lung, total RNAs were isolated from these tissues using TRIzol reagent (Invitrogen Corporation) and RNeasy Mini kit (Qiagen) according to the manufacturer's instruction. The cDNAs were synthesized from 2 μg of total RNAs using random primer (Invitrogen Corporation) by MMLV RTase (Invitrogen Corporation) for 1 h at 37° C. and subjected to PCR amplification using Taq polymerase (Promega) and following gene-specific primers: mouse GAPDH (forward) 5′-ATG TGT CCG TCG TGG ATC TGA-3′ and (reverse) 5′-TTG AAG TCG CAG GAG ACA ACC-3′, mouse β-casein (forward) 5′-TCC CAC AAA ACA TCC AGC C-3′ and (reverse) 5′-ACG GAA TGT TGT GGA GTG G-3′. Amplified DNA was analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis.

Example 61 significantly reduced the number of metastastic lesions in the lung. Significant level of β-casein (a mammary differentiation marker) mRNA was detected in the lung of MMTV/c-Neu mice. Examples 3 and 61 significantly inhibited β-casein mRNA expression level in the lung, demonstrating their anti-metastatic effect.

Activity of MMP-9 and MMP-2 in the primary mammary tumor was measured by gelatin zymography. Tumor tissues from mice (30 mg) was lysed in 500 μL RIPA buffer (50 mM Tris, 150 mM NaCl, 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate, 0.5% sodium deoxycholate, 1% NP-40, protease inhibitor without EDTA) for 10-20 min on ice. Lysates were cleared by centrifugation at 13000 rpm at 4° C. for 10 min. Protein content of supernatants was determined using Micro-BCA protein assay kit (Thermo Scientific). Loading samples were prepared by adding loading buffer (0.5 M Tris, pH 6.8, 50% glycerol, 10% SDS, and 1% bromophenol blue solution) into lysates containing 15 μg of total protein. Loading samples were heated at 60° C. for 5 min and separated by electrophoresis on 10% polyacrylamide gel containing 0.2% gelatin. Gel was washed twice with washing buffer [2.5% Triton-X100, 0.05 M Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, and 0.1 M NaCl] for 30 min at room temperature. Then, the gel was incubated in incubation buffer [0.05 M Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 0.15 M NaCl, 0.01 M CaCl2, 0.02% NaN3, and 1 μM ZnCl2] at 37° C. for 16-18 h with shaking Gel was stained by 0.5% Coomassie blue 8250 solution containing 5% methanol and 10% acetic acid for 2-4 h at room temperature and destained twice by destaining solution (5% methanol and 10% acetic acid) for 30 min at room temperature. Gel image was obtained using a densitometer LAS-3000 imager (FUJIFILM) in cybergreen mode.

Example 3 significantly inhibited activity of MMP-9 and MMP-2 in the primary mammary tumor.

Anti-Fibrotic Effect on Bile Duct-Ligated Liver Fibrosis Model

Six-week-old male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were purchased from Orient Bio Inc. In Experiment 1, SD rats weighing 180-200 g were randomly divided into five experimental groups: sham-operated control rats (n=5), sham-operated rats treated with Example 3 (43.6 mg/kg, n=5), bile duct-ligated (BDL) rats (n=10), BDL rats treated with either 21.8 or 43.6 mg/kg of Example 3 (n=10). In Experiment 2, SD rats weighing 180-200 g were randomly divided into five experimental groups: sham-operated control rats (n=5), BDL rats (n=10), BDL rats treated with either 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg of Example 2 (n=10). For BDL, the animals were anesthetized with zoletil (20 mg/kg) and xylazine (10 mg/kg), and the common bile duct was exposed and double-ligated using 3-0 silk. The first ligature was placed below the junction of the hepatic duct, and the second was placed above the entrance of the pancreatic duct. The common bile duct was then cut between the double ligatures. In sham-operated rats, an incision was made in the abdomen and then closed without any treatment. Treatment was started within 2 h after surgical procedure. Either Example 3 dissolved in saline (Experiment 1) or Example 2 dissolved in artificial gastric fluid formulation (Experiment 2) was given to rats orally three times per week for four weeks starting from BDL surgery. Animals were maintained in a temperature controlled room (at 21° C.) and supplied with autoclaved food and water. At 48 h after the last dosing, animals were killed, and the serum, spleens and livers were removed. The livers were sagittally sliced into several parts, snap frozen in liquid nitrogen, and kept at −70° C. A part of livers was immersed into 10% neutral buffered-formalin for histopathological examinations. All experimental procedures were conducted in accordance with our institutional guidelines. The activity of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) was determined using a spectrophotometric enzyme assay kit (Asan Pharm. Co., Ltd., Hwaseong-si, Korea) according to the manufacturer's instruction. Automated instrument was also used to assay general serum biochemistry. Liver specimens were fixed in 10% neutral buffered-formalin prior to routine processing in paraffin-embedded blocks. Sections (5 μm thick) were cut and stained using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), and examined by light microscopy. Liver tissues were lysed in RIPA buffer [50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate, 0.5% sodium deoxycholate, 1% NP-40, 50 mM NaF, 1 mM Na3VO4, 1 mM PMSF, a protease inhibitor cocktail (1 tablet of Roche Diagnostics GmbH protease inhibitor cocktail/10 mL) (Roche)] for 20 min on ice. Lysates were cleared by centrifugation at 13000 rpm at 4° C. for 20 min. Protein content of supernatants was determined using Micro-BCA protein assay kit (Thermo Scientific). Lysates containing 20-60 μg total protein were separated by electrophoresis on 6-10% sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel and then transferred to nitrocellulose (Whatman®, Germany) or polyvinylidene difluoride membranes (Millipore). Membranes were blocked with 5% BSA (Sigma-Aldrich) or 5% nonfat dry milk solution for 1 h and incubated overnight at 4° C. with one of following antibodies: rabbit antiphospho-Smad3 (Cell Signaling Technology, Beverly, Mass., USA), rabbit anti-α-SMA (Millipore), mouse anti-fibronectin, mouse anti-vimentin (BD Biosciences), or mouse anti-β-actin (Sigma-Aldrich). Membranes were washed three times with Tris-buffered saline and incubated with either HRP-conjugated goat anti-rabbit antibody or HRP-conjugated goat anti-mouse antibody (SantaCruz Biotechnology) at room temperature for 1 h. Bound antibodies were detected using an ECL kit (GE Healthcare, Princeton, N.J., USA). Band intensities were analyzed using a densitometer LAS-3000 imager (FUJIFILM).

BDL rats showed body weight loss and organ (liver and spleen) weight increase compared with sham-operated control rats. Examples 2 and 3 recovered body weight loss and decreased organ (liver and spleen) weight in BDL rats. A significant increase in serum ALT and AST was observed in BDL rats as compared with sham-operated animals. Examples 2 and 3 improved serum ALT and AST in BDL rats. Examples 3 inhibited Smad signaling and suppressed α-SMA, fibronectin, and vimentin in BDL rat liver. Examples 2 suppressed α-SMA and fibronectin in BDL rat liver. BDL rat livers showed typical histological changes characterized by central±central architecture disruption and bridge fibrosis formation compared with that of normal rat livers. Examples 2 and 3 greatly abolished BDL-induced histological change.

TABLE 4
BodyOrgan weight
Groups (mg/kg)weight (g)Liver (g)Spleen (g)Liver/Body (%)Spleen/Body (%)
Shamvehicle357 ± 5.211.7 ± 0.360.78 ± 0.063.28 ± 0.070.22 ± 0.02
Example 3 (43.6)354 ± 12.2##11.8 ± 0.710.81 ± 0.043.34 ± 0.120.23 ± 0.01
BDLvehicle308 ± 6.1**22.8 ± 1.30**2.01 ± 0.14**7.43 ± 0.44**0.65 ± 0.04**
Example 3 (21.8)340 ± 0.6#16.4 ± 0.72**,##1.30 ± 0.07**4.85 ± 0.26**,##0.39 ± 0.03**,##
Example 3 (43.6)335 ± 8.416.1 ± 0.57**,##1.19 ± 0.09**4.84 ± 0.26**,##0.36 ± 0.03**,##
Data represents the mean ± S.E. (n = 5-8).
**p < 0.01 vs. sham.
#p < 0.05 vs. BDL.
##p < 0.01 vs. BDL.

TABLE 5
BodyOrgan weight
Groups (mg/kg)weight (g)Liver (g)Spleen (g)Liver/Body (%)Spleen/Body (%)
Shamvehicle345 ± 6.312.1 ± 0.770.83 ± 0.053.51 ± 0.210.24 ± 0.02
BDLvehicle315 ± 16.1*20.3 ± 2.45**2.54 ± 0.29**6.39 ± 0.51**0.80 ± 0.05**
Example 2 (5)324 ± 7.317.5 ± 1.822.00 ± 0.28**5.46 ± 0.620.63 ± 0.09**
Example 2 (10)312 ± 10.415.8 ± 1.881.57 ± 0.12#5.08 ± 0.600.51 ± 0.05#
Example 2 (20)312 ± 8.4*15.2 ± 1.801.50 ± 0.16#4.88 ± 0.630.48 ± 0.05#
Data represents the mean ± S.E. (n = 5-8).
*p < 0.05 vs. sham.
**p < 0.01 vs. sham.
#p < 0.05 vs. BDL.

Anti-Fibrotic Effect on Bleomycin-Induced Lung Fibrosis Model

Six-week-old male ICR mice were purchased from Orient Bio Inc. Mice weighing 31-35 g were randomly divided into five experimental groups: sham-operated control mice (saline, n=6), bleomycin (BLM)-treated mice (n=10), BLM-treated mice treated with either 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg of Example 2 (n=10). For the induction of lung fibrosis, mice were anesthetized with zoletil (10 mg/kg) and xylazine (5 mg/kg) and were given BLM (given as BLM sulfate, 1 mg/kg) (MBcell, Los Angeles, Calif., USA) dissolved in 60 μL of saline once on day 0 through intratracheal instillation. Example 2 dissolved in artificial gastric fluid formulation was given to mice orally five times per week for two weeks starting from day 7. Animals were maintained in a temperature controlled room (at 21° C.) and supplied with autoclaved food and water. At three weeks post-surgery, animals were killed, and the lungs were removed. The lungs were sagittally sliced into several parts, snap frozen in liquid nitrogen, and kept at −70° C. A part of lungs was immersed into 10% neutral buffered-formalin for histopathological examinations. All experimental procedures were conducted in accordance with our institutional guidelines. Lung specimens were fixed in 10% neutral buffered-formalin prior to routine processing in paraffin-embedded blocks. Sections (5 μm thick) were cut, stained using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), and examined by light microscopy. Lung tissues were lysed in RIPA buffer [50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate, 0.5% sodium deoxycholate, 1% NP-40, 50 mM NaF, 1 mM Na3VO4, 1 mM PMSF, a protease inhibitor cocktail (1 tablet of Roche Diagnostics GmbH protease inhibitor cocktail/10 mL) (Roche)] for 20 min on ice. Lysates were cleared by centrifugation at 13000 rpm at 4° C. for 20 min. Protein content of supernatants was determined using Micro-BCA protein assay kit (Thermo Scientific). Lysates containing 20-50 μg total protein were separated by electrophoresis on 6-10% sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel and then transferred to nitrocellulose (Whatman®). Membranes were blocked with 5% nonfat dry milk solution for 1 h and incubated overnight at 4° C. with either rabbit anti-α-SMA (Millipore) or mouse anti-fibronectin (BD Biosciences). Membranes were washed three times with Tris-buffered saline and incubated with either HRP-conjugated goat anti-rabbit antibody or HRP-conjugated goat anti-mouse antibody (SantaCruz Biotechnology) at room temperature for 1 h. Bound antibodies were detected using an ECL kit (GE Healthcare). Band intensities were analyzed using a densitometer LAS-3000 imager (FUJIFILM).

BLM-induced fibrotic lungs showed the elevated levels of α-SMA and fibronectin compared with those of sham-operated animals. Example 2 suppressed α-SMA and fibronectin in BLM-induced fibrotic lung. Lung tissues from the BLM-treated mice showed typical histology that pulmonary interalveolar septa became thickened and infiltrated by inflammatory cells with collagen depositions in the interstitium disclosed. Example 2 greatly reduced BLM-induced histological changes at all dose levels tested.