Title:
Hemerocallis plant named ‘WF 712’
United States Patent PP26325


Abstract:
A new and distinct Hemerocallis cultivar named ‘WF 712’ is disclosed, characterized by its excellent landscape performance, resistance to daylily rust, orange-red flower color, with a rose pink eye, lighter pink mid rib and darker pink veining. Plants bloom early and have evergreen foliage. The new variety is a Hemerocallis, normally produced as an outdoor garden plant.



Inventors:
Westmoreland, Philip Dale (Franklinton, LA, US)
Application Number:
13/999581
Publication Date:
01/19/2016
Filing Date:
03/10/2014
Assignee:
WESTMORELAND PHILIP DALE
Primary Class:
International Classes:
A01H5/02
Field of Search:
PLT/312
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
Mccormick Ewoldt, Susan
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Bright, Cassandra
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A new and distinct cultivar of Hemerocallis plant named ‘WF 712’ as herein illustrated and described.

Description:

Latin name of the genus and species: Hemerocallis hybrid.

Variety denomination: ‘WF 712’.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The new Hemerocallis cultivar is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the inventor Philip Dale Westmoreland, in Southern Louisiana. The objective of the breeding program was to produce new Hemerocallis varieties with strong performance in the landscape. This includes such characteristics as clear color, repeat bloom over a long period, strong and upright flower scape, high bud count, fade resistance of blooms, foliage appeal, and maintaining plant vigor throughout the season in a general landscape environment where it may not get optimum care.

Since the advent of daylily rust, beginning in approximately 2000, caused by Puccinia hemerallidis, the top priority in the breeding program has been to develop seedlings with a high resistance to daylily rust, in addition to the previously cited characteristics. The selection process involves no application of fungicides on any cultivars in our hybridizing program. This practices results in a loss of many cultivars in the program, but is necessary to determine which varieties may be rust resistant.

All daylilies from this program are hybridized, evaluated, and multiplied in plastic nursery containers using pinebark screenings as a growing medium and using overhead sprinklers for irrigation. They are grown in full sun outdoors year round. Each cultivar selected is confidentially evaluated for a period of 5 to 10 years.

The cross resulting in the variety know as ‘WF 712’ was made during 2001. The seed parent is an unnamed, unpatented proprietary seedling, as is the pollen parent. The new variety was selected in the September of 2004 by the inventor in a group of seedlings resulting from the 2001 crossing, at a commercial nursery in Franklinton, La.

Asexual reproduction of the new cultivar was first performed by root divisions at a the same commercial nursery in Franklinton, La. during 2004, and has shown that the unique features of this cultivar are stable and reproduced true to type over multiple generations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The cultivar ‘WF 712’ has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment such as temperature, day length, and light intensity, without, however, any variance in genotype.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of ‘WF 712’. These characteristics in combination distinguish ‘WF 712’ as a new and distinct Hemerocallis cultivar:

    • 1. Excellent landscape performance
    • 2. Orange-Pink flower coloration with rose pink eye zone and lighter pink mid rib and darker pink veining.
    • 3. Early blooming.
    • 4. Repeat blooming
    • 5. 20 inch scape.
    • 6. Dark green foliage
    • 7. Highly resistant to daylily rust.
    • 8. Evergreen foliage.
    • 9. Deep, consistent attractive margin ruffling.
    • 10. Upright foliage

The inventor is unable to compare ‘WF 712’ to the parent varieties, as it is unknown which proprietary varieties are the actual parents.

COMMERCIAL COMPARISON

Plants of the new cultivar ‘WF 712’ are comparable to the unpatented commercial variety Hemerocallis ‘Fairy Tale Pink’. The two Hemerocallis varieties are similar in most horticultural characteristics; however, the new variety ‘WF 712’ differs in the following ways;

    • 1. Much hardier plant capable of withstanding harsh conditions.
    • 2. Rust free.
    • 3. Starts blooming earlier and continues blooming longer with repeated blooming.

Plants of the new cultivar ‘WF 712’ can also be compared to the unpatented commercial variety Hemerocallis ‘Barbara Mitchell’ These varieties are similar in most horticultural characteristics; however ‘WF 712’ differs in the following ways;

    • 1. Not susceptible to daylily rust. The comparator is very susceptible to daylily rust.
    • 2. Starts blooming earlier and continues blooming longer with repeated blooming.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPH

The accompanying photograph in FIG. 1 illustrates in full color a typical plant of ‘WF 712’ grown outdoors, in a 1 gallon pot. Age of the plant photographed is approximately 1 year old. The photograph was taken using conventional techniques and although colors may appear different from actual colors due to light reflectance it is as accurate as possible by conventional photographic techniques.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart 2007 except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. The following observations and measurements describe ‘WF 712’ plants grown outdoors in Camarillo, Calif. The growing temperature ranged from approximately 10° C. to 35° C. during the day and from approximately 5° C. to 23° C. during the night. General light conditions are bright, normal sunlight. Measurements and numerical values represent averages of typical plant types.

  • Botanical classification: Hemerocallis hybrid ‘WF 712’.

PROPAGATION

  • Root description: Rhizomes. Thick, typically colored near Orange-White 159C.
  • Propagation method: Rhizome divisions or tissue culture.

PLANT

  • Age of plant described: Approximately 12 months.
  • Container size: 1 gallon.
  • Growth habit: Evergreen semi-hardy perennial.
  • Height: Approximately 45 cm to top of highest leaf. Approximately 60 cm to top of highest inflorescence.
  • Plant spread: Approximately 40 cm.
  • Growth rate: Moderate to rapid.
  • Branching characteristics: Non-branching, forms basal clumps.

FOLIAGE

  • Leaf:
      • Growth habit.—Mainly upright.
      • Average length.—Approximately 48 cm.
      • Average width.—Approximately 2.5 cm.
      • Shape of blade.—Narrow lanceolate.
      • Apex.—Acute.
      • Base.—Truncate.
      • Sheathing.—No.
      • Margin.—Entire.
      • Texture of top surface.—Glabrous with moderate ridges.
      • Texture of bottom surface.—Glabrous with moderate ridges and a very prominent mid-vein.
      • Quantity of leaves per plant.—Average 20.
      • Color.—Young foliage upper side: Near RHS Green 137A. Young foliage under side: Near RHS Green 137A. Mature foliage upper side: Near RHS Green 137A, but darker. Mature foliage under side: Near RHS Green 137A.
      • Venation.—Type: Linear. Venation color upper side: Near RHS Green 137A. Venation color under side: Near RHS Green 137A.

FLOWER

  • Natural flowering season: Typically early Spring until Fall.
  • Inflorescence type and habit: Single flowers occurring in clusters of 3 to 6 on a scape.
  • Flower longevity on plant: 2 to 4 days from fully opened.
  • Quantity of open flowers per plant at one time: Approximately 3 to 12.
  • Inflorescence size (excluding scape):
      • Height.—Approximately 18 cm.
      • Width.—Approximately 20 cm.
  • Individual corolla:
      • Arrangement.—Rotate.
      • Size.—Length: Approximately 15 cm. Width: Approximately 11 cm at widest point.
      • Tepals per corolla.—6.
      • Margin.—Entire, with deep, even very attractive ruffling.
      • Tepal shape.—Ovate.
      • Apex.—Acute, ruffled.
      • Texture.—Glabrous, all surfaces.
  • Color: Tepals.
      • When opening.—Outer surface: Near RHS Orange-Red 31D. Inner surface: Near RHS Orange-Red 31C, center eye near N34C tube near Orange-Red N34D.
      • Fully opened.—Outer surface: Near RHS Orange-Red 31D. Inner surface: Near RHS Orange-Red 33D, center eye near Red 37A tube near Orange-Red N34D. Midrib near Red 36D, veining near Red 37A.
      • Aging flower color.—Outer surface: Near RHS Orange-Red 31D. Inner surface: Near RHS Orange-Red 33D, center eye near Red 37A tube near Orange-Red N34D. Midrib near Red 36D, veining near Red 37A.
  • Bud:
      • Shape.—Elongated and oblong.
      • Length.—Approximately 5.5 cm.
      • Diameter.—Approximately 1 cm.
      • Color.—Near RHS Orange-Red 32D.
  • Scape:
      • Length.—Approximately 51 cm.
      • Width.—Approximately 0.8 cm.
      • Angle.—Upright, straight.
      • Strength.—Very Strong.
      • Color.—Near RHS Green 137A.
  • Peduncles:
      • Quantity per scape.—Typically 2 to 6.
      • Length.—Approximately 5 cm to 12 cm.
      • Width.—Approximately 0.5 cm.
      • Aspect/angle.—Approximately 45 degrees.
      • Texture.—Glabrous.
      • Color.—Near Green RHS 137A.

REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS

  • Stamens:
      • Number.—Average 6.
      • Filament length.—Approximately 7.9 cm.
      • Filament color.—Near RHS Orange-Red 33D.
      • Anther length.—0.4 cm.
      • Anther color.—Near RHS Orange 24B.
      • Anther shape.—Symmetrical and oblong.
      • Pollen.—Moderate.
  • Pistil:
      • Number.—1.
      • Length.—Approximately 8.2 cm.
      • Style color.—Near RHS Orange-Red 35C.
      • Stigma.—Shape: Linear. Color: Near RHS Orange-Red 35D.
      • Ovary color.—Near Green RHS 137A.

OTHER CHARACTERISTICS

  • Seeds and fruits: None observed to date.
  • Disease/pest resistance: Common to other Hemerocallis varieties.
  • Temperature tolerance: Tolerates temperatures from approximately below 0° C. to 35° C.