Title:
Hibiscus plant named ‘Starry Wind’
United States Patent PP17491


Abstract:
A new and distinct Hibiscus plant named ‘Starry Wind’, characterized by its compact, upright, outwardly spreading, uniform, dense and symmetrical plant habit that is appropriate for container production; glossy and dark green-colored leaves; uniform and freely flowering habit; bright red-colored flowers with light yellow-colored basal margins and burgundy-colored centers; good resistance to flower bud abscission during shipping; and tolerance to pathogens common to Hibiscus grown under Florida production conditions.



Inventors:
Bergman, Wendy R. (Lehigh Acres, FL, US)
Application Number:
11/177954
Publication Date:
03/13/2007
Filing Date:
07/08/2005
Assignee:
Yoder Brothers, Inc. (Barberton, OH, US)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
A01H5/00
Field of Search:
PLT/257
View Patent Images:



Primary Examiner:
Bell, Kent
Assistant Examiner:
Hwu, June
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Whealy C. A.
Claims:
It is claimed:

1. A new and distinct Hibiscus plant named ‘Starry Wind’, as illustrated and described.

Description:

Botanical designation: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.

Cultivar denomination: ‘Starry Wind’.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Hibiscus, botanically known as Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, and hereinafter referred to by the name ‘Starry Wind’.

The new Hibiscus is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Alva, Fla. The objective of the breeding program is to create new freely-branching Hibiscus cultivars with a dense, uniform and compact plant habit appropriate for container production, early and uniform flowering, numerous flowers per lateral branch, desirable flower color and good postproduction longevity.

The new Hibiscus originated from a cross-pollination made by the Inventor in Alva, Fla. in early 1999, of a proprietary Hibiscus rosa-sinensis selection, designated as code number YB-1875, not patented, as the female, or seed, parent with a proprietary Hibiscus rosa-sinensis selection, designated as code number YB-2079, not patented, as the male, or pollen, parent. The cultivar Starry Wind was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a flowering plant within the progeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled environment in Alva, Fla., on Sep. 5, 2000.

Asexual reproduction of the new Hibiscus by vegetative terminal cuttings in a controlled environment in Alva, Fla. since February, 2001, has shown that the unique features of this new Hibiscus are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The cultivar Starry Wind has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment and cultural practices such as temperature and light intensity without, however, any variance in genotype.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of ‘Starry Wind’. These characteristics in combination distinguish ‘Starry Wind’ as a new and distinct cultivar:

    • 1. Upright, outwardly spreading, uniform, dense and symmetrical plant habit that is appropriate for container production.
    • 2. Glossy and dark green-colored leaves.
    • 3. Uniform and freely flowering habit.
    • 4. Bright red-colored flowers with light yellow-colored basal margins and burgundy-colored centers.
    • 5. Good resistance to flower bud abscission during shipping.
    • 6. Tolerant to pathogens common to Hibiscus grown under Florida production conditions.

Plants of the new Hibiscus can be compared to plants of the female parent, the proprietary Hibiscus selection code number YB-1875. Plants of the new Hibiscus differ from plants of the female parent selection in the following characteristics:

    • 1. Plants of the new Hibiscus have larger flowers than plants of the female parent selection.
    • 2. Plants of the new Hibiscus and the female parent selection differ in flower color as plants of the female parent selection have solid red-colored flowers.

Plants of the new Hibiscus can be compared to plants of the male parent, the proprietary Hibiscus selection code number YB-2079. Plants of the new Hibiscus differ from plants of the male parent selection in the following characteristics:

    • 1. Plants of the new Hibiscus have smaller flowers than plants of the male parent selection.
    • 2. Plants of the new Hibiscus and the male parent selection differ in flower color as flowers of plants of the male parent selection do not have light yellow-colored basal margins.

Plants of the new Hibiscus can be compared to plants of the Hibiscus cultivar Brilliant Red, not patented. In side-by-side comparisons conducted in Alva, Fla., plants of the new Hibiscus differed from plants of the cultivar Brilliant Red in the following characteristics:

    • 1. Plants of the new Hibiscus had a denser plant habit than plants of the cultivar Brilliant Red.
    • 2. Plants of the new Hibiscus were more freely flowering than plants of the cultivar Brilliant Red.
    • 3. Plants of the new Hibiscus flowered about two weeks earlier than plants of the cultivar Brilliant Red.
    • 4. Plants of the new Hibiscus and the cultivar Brilliant Red differed in flower color as plants of the cultivar Brilliant Red did not have light yellow-colored basal margins.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS

The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new Hibiscus, showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Hibiscus.

The photograph on the first sheet comprises a side perspective view of five typical flowering plants of ‘Starry Wind’ grown in a container.

The photograph on the second sheet comprises a close-up view of typical flowers of ‘Starry Wind’.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The photographs and following observations, measurements and values describe plants grown in Alva, Fla., with five plants per 16.5-cm container in polyethylene-covered greenhouses during the late summer under conditions which closely approximate commercial production. During the production of the plants, day temperatures ranged from 16 to 37° C. and night temperatures ranged from 13 to 26° C. Plants were about four months old when the photographs and the description were taken. In the description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 1995 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.

  • Botanical classification: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis cultivar Starry Wind.
  • Parentage:
      • Female or seed parent.—Proprietary selection of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis designated as code number YB-1875, not patented.
      • Male or pollen parent.—Proprietary selection of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis designated as code number YB-2079, not patented.
  • Propagation:
      • Type.—By vegetative terminal cuttings.
      • Time to initiate roots.—About 10 days at temperatures of 24° C.
      • Time to develop roots.—About four weeks at temperatures of 24° C.
      • Root description.—Thick, fibrous; white in color.
      • Rooting habit.—Somewhat freely branching; moderately dense.
  • Plant description:
      • Plant form and growth habit.—Perennial, evergreen, upright, outwardly spreading, uniform, dense and symmetrical plant habit; inverted triangle. Vigorous growth habit.
      • Branching habit.—Freely branching, usually about four lateral branches develop after removal of terminal apex.
      • Plant height.—About 30.5 cm.
      • Plant diameter (area of spread).—About 41 cm.
      • Lateral branch description.—Length: About 28 cm. Diameter: About 5 mm. Internode length: About 3.9 cm. Strength: Strong, but flexible. Texture: Immature, pubescent; mature, woody and rough. Color: Immature: Close to 146A. Mature: Close to 197A.
      • Foliage description.—Arrangement: Alternate, single, numerous; symmetrical. Length: About 7.5 cm. Width: About 7 cm. Shape: Ovate to cordate. Apex: Acute; typically reflexed. Base: Cordate to obtuse. Margin: Crenate. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth to sparsely pubescent; rough; leathery. Luster, upper surface: Glossy. Luster, lower surface: Somewhat glossy. Venation pattern: Palmate. Color: Developing and fully expanded foliage, upper surface: Darker green than 147A. Developing and fully expanded foliage, lower surface: Close to 147A. Venation, upper surface: 147A to darker green than 147A. Venation, lower surface: Close to 147A to darker green than 146A. Petiole: Length: About 3.4 cm. Diameter: About 3 cm. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Pubescent. Color, upper surface: Close to 147A overlain with close to 187A. Color, lower surface: Close to 146A to 147A.
  • Flower description:
      • Flower arrangement.—Flowers arranged singly at terminal leaf axils. Freely flowering with usually about three to four flower buds and/or open flowers per terminal apex. Flowers face upright to outwardly.
      • Flower appearance.—Rounded, bright red-colored flowers with light yellow-colored basal margins and burgundy-colored centers. Flowers are open for about one to two days. Flowers persistent.
      • Fragrance.—None detected.
      • Natural flowering season.—Usually spring and summer or during periods of warm weather.
      • Flower bud (before stage of showing color).—Resistance to abscission during shipping: Plants of the new Hibiscus have been observed to resist flower bud drop when stored in a closed box for 5 days at 13° C. Length: About 2 cm. Diameter: About 1.2 cm. Shape: Ovoid. Color: Close to 146A.
      • Flower diameter.—About 10.5 cm.
      • Flower length (height).—About 7.5 cm.
      • Petals.—Arrangement: Corolla consists of five petals that are fused at base; petals imbricate. Length: About 6.5 cm. Width: About 5 cm. Shape: Roughly obovate to spatulate. Apex: Rounded. Base: Attenuate. Margin: Entire; somewhat ruffled. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous, satiny; center, waxy. Color: When opening and fully opened, upper surface: Close to 42A; basal margins, close to 4C; center, close to 59A. When opening and fully opened, lower surface: Close to 42B to 42C.
      • Sepals.—Appearance: Five sepals fused into a tubular star-shaped calyx. Length: About 2.8 cm. Width: About 1 cm. Shape: Oblong. Apex: Cuspidate. Margin: Entire. Texture, upper surface: Smooth; waxy. Texture, lower surface: Sparsely pubescent. Color, upper surface: Close to 146B. Color, lower surface: Close to 146A.
      • Flower bracts.—Appearance: About six fused at base. Length: About 1.6 cm. Width: About 5 mm. Shape: Lanceolate. Apex: Sharply acute. Margin: Entire. Texture, upper surface: Smooth, glabrous. Texture, lower surface: Sparsely pubescent. Color, upper surface: Close to 146A. Color, lower surface: Close to 147A.
      • Peduncles.—Length: About 3.2 cm. Diameter: About 2.25 mm. Angle: Straight to slightly bent. Strength: Strong, flexible. Texture: Sparsely pubescent. Color: Close to 146A.
      • Reproductive organs.—Androecium: Stamen number: Numerous, about 50. Filament length: About 5 mm. Filament color: Close to 53A. Anther shape: Reniform. Anther size: About 2 mm by 1.5 mm. Anther color: Close to 185A. Amount of pollen: Abundant. Pollen color: Close to 17A. Gynoecium: Pistil length: About 7.2 cm. Style length: About 6.2 cm. Style texture: Smooth, waxy. Style color: Close to 53A. Stigma appearance: Five, rounded. Stigma color: Close to 46A. Ovary color: Close to 144A.
      • Seed/fruit.—Seed and fruit production has not been observed.
  • Temperature tolerance: Plants of the new Hibiscus have been observed to tolerate temperatures from 0 to 38° C.
  • Disease/pest tolerance: Plants of the new Hibiscus grown under Florida production conditions have shown to be relatively tolerant to pathogens common to Hibiscus such as Pseudomonas, Pythium and Phytophthora. Plants of the new Hibiscus have not been observed to be tolerant to pests and other pathogens.