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Title:
Hop plant named `YCR Accession No. 14`
United States Patent PP12213
Abstract:
A new hop plant variety is disclosed. The new variety is used for its bittering and aromatic properties. The new variety is moderately tolerant to powdery mildew and Sphaerotheca. The new variety produces a medium size compact cone with good pickability and storageability. The cones mature early, and yield a crop of 2650 to 2880 pounds per acre (2970 to 3230 kg/ha).


Inventors:
Zimmermann, Charles E. (Prosser, WA)
Application Number:
09/287403
Publication Date:
11/20/2001
Filing Date:
04/06/1999
Assignee:
Yakima Chief Ranches, Inc. (Sunnyside, WA)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
A01H5/08; (IPC1-7): A01H5/00
Field of Search:
PLT/23.6
View Patent Images:
Primary Examiner:
Grunberg, Anne Marie
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Stratton, Ballew
Claims:
I claim:

1. A new variety of hop plant, substantially as herein shown and.

Description:

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF INVENTION

This invention relates to a new and distinct variety of hop plant, and more particularly to a new hop plant variety of unknown parentage which was discovered among plants created as part of a controlled breeding program. The new variety has been stably reproduced over successive generations. Discovery of the new variety and initial reproduction by root cuttings was carried out in a research nursery in Prosser, Wash., U.S.A. Subsequent asexual reproduction took place in Granger, Wash., U.S.A.

THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 shows a hop cone of the new hop plant variety;

FIG. 2 shows a cluster of hop cones of the new hop variety;

FIG. 3 shows a cluster of hop cones of the new hop variety;

FIG. 4 shows a blossom and leaf of the new hop plant variety;

FIG. 5 shows a bine of the new hop plant variety; and

FIG. 6 shows a hop plant of the new variety.

DESCRIPTION OF THE VARIETY

The new hop plant variety is a cultivar of recent origin, used for its bittering and aromatic properties. The new variety is moderately tolerant to powdery mildew and Sphaerotheca. The new variety produces a medium size compact cone with good pickability (similar to Cascade, unpatented) and storageability (25% to 30% alpha loss after 6 months common storage). The cones mature medium early (about September 1 in Granger, Wash., and yield a crop of 2650 to 2880 pounds per acre (2970 to 3230 kg/ha).

The following is a detailed botanical description of the new and distinct variety of Humulus lupulus, based on observations of specimens grown in Granger, Wash. during the 1998 growing season. All colors are described according to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart. It should be understood that the botanical and analytical chemical characteristics described will vary somewhat depending upon cultural practices and climate conditions and can vary with location and season.

Bine:

Color.--Yellow green (146C).

Stripe.--Greyed purple (183A).

Stipule color.--Light green.

Stipule direction.--Up, forked.

Diameter.--0.80 cm (measurement taken at 2.75 m).

Shoot emergence.--Medium early to medium; similar to Galena.

Leaves:

Leaf arrangement.--Opposite.

Leaf shape.--Cordate to palmate.

Average length.--17.3 cm.

Average width.--17 cm.

Color -- upper surface, mature.--Green (139A).

Color -- lower surface, mature.--Green (137B).

Color -- upper surface, immature.--Green (137A).

Color -- lower surface, immature.--Green (137C).

Number of leaf lobes.--1-5.

Margin.--Serrate.

Serrations per inch.--4 min., 7 max.

Pose.--Downward.

Average petiole length.--8.0 cm.

Petiole color at base.--Greyed purple (183A).

Venation.--Palmate.

Vein color.--Yellow green (146C).

Cones:

Average length.--2.8 cm.

Average diameter.--1.5 cm.

Color.--Bract: Yellow green (144A). Bracteole: Yellow green (145C).

Shape.--Ovoid.

Bract shape.--Ovate.

Bract tip shape.--Acute.

Bract tip position.--Appressed.

Bracteole shape.--Lanceolate.

Shattering potential at harvest average for commercial varieties.--Similar to Cascade.

% Alpha acids.--12.0%-14.0% of cone weigh (ASBC Spectrophotometric method).

% Beta acids.--4.0%-5.0% of cone weight (ASBC Spectrophotometric method).

% Cohumulone.--15.0%-20.0% of alpha acids.

Total oils.--2.0-2.5 mL/100 g.

Aroma.--Sharp, floral with spicy notes.

Analytical data: Essential oil profile of YCR Accession No. 14: 110 mg of 10% Adsorbate/150C/5 Min. by DTD-GC-MS. MS Area Area Spec # Integration Peak Assignment % 77-246 39360 acetone + isoprene 0.484 306-322 7766 2-methyl-3-buten-1-ol 0.096 336 1454 pentanal ? 0.018 352 266 hexene 0.003 389 850 formic acid 0.010 396 6832 acetic acid 0.084 422 488 methylpentanone 0.006 430 932 ? m/z 56, 70 peaks 0.011 457 2767 3-methyl-2-butenal 0.034 471 1795 hexanal 0.022 478 3315 isobutyric acid 0.041 489 3359 n-octane 0.041 539 11204 3-methylbutyric acid 0.138 545 2082 2-methylbutyric acid 0.026 548 972 2-methyl-2-butanol acetate 0.012 555 301 ? m/z 82/81/67 peaks 0.004 561 245 ? m/z 81 peak 0.003 565 738 propanoic acid 0.009 579 26435 4-penten-2-ol + 0.325 2,6-dimethyl-2,4-heptadiene 592 4135 5,5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanone 0.051 603 980 alpha-pinene 0.012 611 128 propylisobutyrate 0.002 617 1236 dimethyltrisulfide 0.015 626 9978 2-methylbutylpropanoate 0.123 634 235 6-methyl-5-heptene-2-one 0.003 638 15055 beta-pinene + hexanoic acid 0.185 652 1521624 myrcene 18.728 655 9934 2,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadiene 0.122 663 26663 isobutyl-2-methylbutyrate 0.328 667 31112 3-methylbutylisobutyrate 0.383 671 19675 methylheptanoate 0.242 674 200 alpha-terpinene 0.002 677 418 p-cymene 0.005 685 10340 limonene + beta-phellandrene 0.127 690 244 ? terpene 0.003 698 4618 beta-oclmene + 0.057 pentyl-2-methylpropanoate 712 584 gamma-terpinene 0.007 717 1726 Isooctanol 0.021 728 8437 heptanoic acid 0.104 733 31157 methyl-6-methylheptanoate + 0.383 2-nonanone 738 1362 linalool oxide 0.017 747 34668 linalool + nonanal + 0.427 3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-furan 752 8440 2-methylbutyl-2-methylbutyrate 0.104 756 9488 pentyl-3-methylbutyrate 0.117 762 292 ? terpene 0.004 769 34847 methyloctanoate 0.429 775 1026 0.013 779 3860 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl- 0.048 4(H)-pyran-4-one 790 5801 octanoic acid (branched isomer) 0.071 797 1219 hexylisobutyrate 0.015 800 312 cis-3-hexenylisobutyrate 0.004 802 614 2-decanone (branched isomer) 0.006 806 220 2-decanone (branched isomer) 0.003 815 492 ? terpene m/z 41/69 peaks 0.006 829 27744 ? 130 m.w.branched alcohol m/z 0.341 59 base peak + octanoic acid 836 1313 ? terpene m/z 41/69/152 peaks 0.016 841 13019 2-decanone 0.160 846 6935 methyl-4-octenoate 0.065 852 241 0.003 858 1223 heptylpropanoate 0.015 864 4438 methylnonenoate 0.055 881 24061 methylnonanoate 0.296 886 2321 nerol 0.029 892 460 0.006 899 235 0.003 904 531 0.007 910 2019 2-methylheptylpropanoate 0.025 915 66621 geraniol 0.820 918 18565 2-undecanone (branched isomer) 0.228 925 1264 ? terpene m/z 41/69 peaks 0.016 939 20854 undecenyl alcohol 0.257 950 1126 octenyl acetate 0.014 955 166 ? 180 m.w., 95 base peak, 0.002 possibly bornylformate 963 101264 methyldecanoate (branched isomer) + 1.246 2-undecanone 978 920 octylpropanoate 0.011 963 160309 methyl-4-decenoate + 1.973 methyl-4,8-decadienoate 996 51491 methylgeranate 0.634 1004 40310 methyldecanoate 0.496 1016 1736 decanoic acid (branched isomer) 0.021 1034 6140 octyl-2-methylpropanoate 0.076 1039 958 ? unsaturated alcohol or aldehyde 0.012 1050 14056 2-dodecanone (branched isomer) 0.173 1057 6412 alpha-cubebene 0.079 1064 6428 decanoic acid 0.079 1073 3240 geranyl acetate 0.040 1078 1933 ? acetate 0.024 1082 23 possibly bornylacetate 0.000 1087 6203 alpha-ylangene + methylundecanoate 0.076 (branched isomer) 1092 29196 alpha-copaene + 2-dodecanone 0.359 1107 2850 ? 204 m.w. sesquiterpene 0.035 1113 3500 methylundecadienoate 0.043 1123 1495 methyl -10-undecenoate 0.018 1129 1024 ? sesquiterpene 206 m.w. 0.013 163 base peak 1135 2161 methylundecanoate 0.027 1151 1612921 caryophyllene 19.852 1159 33311 beta-cubebene 0.410 1164 835 0.010 1169 1805 ? sesquiterpene 206 m.w. 0.022 163 base peak 1180 5290 2-tridecanone (branched isomer) 0.065 1196 3160413 humulene 38.898 1200 2148 ? 204 m.w. 0.026 sesquiterpene 161 base peak 1204 350 methyldodecenoate 0.004 1215 67631 gamma-muurolene 0.832 1224 45481 2-tridecanone 0.560 1230 24862 metyldodecenoate (branched isomer) 0.306 1238 176494 methyl-3,6-decadienoate 2.172 1246 53191 geranyl isobutyrate + 0.655 alpha-selinene (scan 1242) 1251 20079 methyldodecenoate + delta-cadinene 0.247 1262 64843 alpha-muurolene 0.798 1266 2064 calamenene 0.025 1273 95640 beta-cardinene 1.177 1276 1865 delta-selinene 0.023 1285 10335 sesquiterpene w/no common name 0.127 CAS#16728-99-7, cadinene-type 1292 11255 ? sesquiterpene 200 m.w. 0.139 157 base peak 1308 10505 dodecatrienoic acid 0.129 1318 12734 tetradecadienol 0.157 1332 1349 caryophyllyl alcohol 0.017 1342 19979 caryophyllene oxide 0.246 1348 2006 methyltridecadienoate 0.025 1356 12300 2-tetradecanone + methyl- 0.151 tridecenoate + humulene epoxide 1367 2300 methyltridecenoate 0.028 1373 34158 humulene epoxide 0.420 1379 247 0.003 1384 2559 ? sesquiterpene m/z 204/179 0.031 1390 231 ? 222 m.w. sesquiterpene 0.003 1399 11574 globutol 0.142 1411 15578 delta-cadinol 0.192 1429 35634 pentadecatrienol 0.439 1436 821 2-pentadecanone (branched isomer) 0.010 1445 12234 pentadecadienol 0.151 1451 5168 heptadecatriene 0.064 1463 770 heptadecatriene 0.009 1467 1248 heptadecatriene 0.015 1481 1416 2-pentadecanone 0.017 1499 968 caryophyllyl acetate 0.012 1580 2392 ? 250 m.w. w/115 base peak 0.029 1772 703 ? long chain isoprenoid compound 0.009 1944-1995 337102 mix of hop acid analogues (lupulon, humulon + dihydro derivatives) 8124778 Total Essential Oil Components 100.000 (minus hop acids)