SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The new variety which is a mutation of the Gala variety (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 3,637) was found by me during March, 1969 as a single bud sport or limb mutation among the trees growing at Matamata, New Zealand. I was attracted to the new variety because of the attractive and distinctive color of its fruit. Asexual reproduction of my discovery was first performed during March, 1970. The new variety has been named the Royal Gala variety. Asexual propagation shows that the unique combination of characteristics and distinctive color come true to form and are established and transmitted through succeeding propagations.
The accompanying drawing shows typical specimens of the foliage and fruit of the new variety as depicted in color as nearly true as is reasonably possible to make the same in a color illustration of this character.
The following is a detailed description of my new variety with color terminology in accordance with Ridgway's Color Standards and Nomenclature except where general color terms of ordinary dictionary significance are obvious.
The specimens described were grown at Matamata, New Zealand.
The first and last pickings were Feb. 25, 1976 and Apr. 1, 1976 in New Zealand.
Tree: Small; vigorous; spreading; low; round-topped; slow growing; hardy; productive; regular bearing.
Trunk: Medium; smooth.
Branches: Medium thick; smooth; much branching; Light Mouse Gray Plate LI, Color No. 15''''', tone b of Ridgway Color Standards.
Lenticels.--Numerous; medium large.
Leaves: Length, 31/2 inches; Width, 13/4 inches; medium large; medium wide; medium long; oval; abruptly pointed; Empire Green Plate XXXII, Color No. 33", tone b of Ridgway Color Standards; smooth.
Flowers: Dates of first and full bloom (in New Zealand), Oct. 18, 1975 - Oct. 30, 1975; medium early; Size, medium small; Color, white with pink on reverse side.
Fruit: Maturity when described, eating ripe.
Size.--Uniform; axial diameter, 21/2 inches; transverse, 23/4 inches; form, globose.
Cavity.--Symmetrical; abrupt at base; apex acuminate; depth, 7/8 inch; breadth, 1/2 inch; markings, none.
Basin.--Symmetrical; rounded; wide; undulate; depth, 5/16 inch; breadth, 3/4 inch; markings, none.
Stem: Medium stout; length, about 7/8 inch; breadth, about 3/32 inch.
Segments.--Broadly lanceolate; approximate: reflexed from base at apex.
Skin: Thin; smooth; glossy; waxed. Dots obscure; many; even; small; circular.
Color of dots.--Pale yellow.
Ground color--Plate XVI, Color No. 21', tone b of Ridgway Color Standards.
Color markings.--Striped; self-colored; very bright.
Color of markings.--Rose Doree Plate I, Color No. 3, tone b of Ridgway Color Standards.
Bloom.--Wanting; white with pink on reverse.
General color effect.--Glossy bright red; self-colored; overlaid with obscure darker broad striping in some fruit; very attractive appearance.
Flesh: Juicy; satiny; creamy white.
Texture.--Firm; tender; fine; crisp.
Flavor.--Mild; delicate; rich.
Core: Sessile; medium.
Bundle area (longitudinal section).--Small; oblate.
Bundles.--Inconspicuous; in one whorl.
Core lines.--Clasping; indistinct.
Calyx-tube.--Glabrous toward base; funnel form.
Stem of funnel.--Long.
Depth of tube to shoulder.--3/16 inch.
Entire depth.--1/2 inch.
Stamens.--In one distinct whorl; median.
Seed cells.--Axile; open.
Longitudinal section.--Orbicular; obtuse at apex.
Seeds: Number perfect: 10.
Number in one cell.--2.
Color.--Burnt Umber Plate XXVIII, Color No. 9", tone m of Ridgway Color Standards.
Use: Market; dessert.
Keeping quality: Good.