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284685128 Novel fuzzy technique for cancer detection in noisy breast ultrasound images.  
Problem statement: Detecting tumor areas in breast Ultrasound (US) images is a challenging task. The occurrence of benign areas in breast may result in false identification of malignant areas...
284685127 Sequential multiple response optimization for manufacturing flexible printed circuit.  
Problem statement: Flexible Printed Circuit or FPC, one of automotive electronic parts, has been developed for lighting automotive vehicles by assembling with the LED. The quality performances...
284685126 A hybrid approach for detecting stego content in corporate mail using neural network based simplified-data encryption standard algorithm.  
Problem statement: The major growth of information technology is based on the security measures implemented. Steganography is a method which is used to give high level security. Approach: Today,...
284685125 Automatic palmprint identification based on high order Zernike moment.  
Problem statement: Hand geometry contains relatively invariant features of an individual. Palmprint recognition is an efficient biometric solution for authentication system. The existence of...
284685124 Genetic diversity of some Saudi barley (Hordeum Vulgare L.) landraces based on two types of molecular markers.  
Problem statement: Very little is known about the genetic diversity and morphological variability present in barley landrace in KSA, a country experiencing loss of biodiversity because of...
284685123 The mathematical model and simulation of static var compensator in medium transmission line.  
Problem statement: The Static Var Compensator (SVC) have been widely investigated its effect on transient stability of Single Machine Infinite Bus (SMIB) system. The exact medium transmission line...
284685122 Work-family psychological contract, job autonomy and organizational commitment.  
Problem statement: With the increase in dual-career couples in the workforce and absence of adequate legal contracts in the form of work-family policies, employees may hold expectations...
284685121 Effects of environmental noises on fundamental frequency contours of Thai dialects.  
Problem statement: Fundamental Frequency (F0) is an important speech feature defining the human speech prosody. It is the resultant of the vibration of human's vocal chords in speech production....
284685120 Discrimination capacity of RAPD, ISSR and SSR markers and of their effectiveness in establishing genetic relationship and diversity among Egyptian and Saudi wheat cultivars.  
Problem statement: Yield crop cultivars and landraces are valuable sources of genetic variations that the knowledge and implication of these variations are critical in the plant breeding programs....
284685119 Thermo acoustic water analyzer in hydrocarbon emulsions with kalman filter.  
Problem statement: Water detection in hydrocarbon emulsions represents a serious challenge in petroleum production industry. The elemenation of measurment noises is also desired. Approach: In...
284685118 A practical design of anti-theft car protection system based on microcontroller.  
Problem statement: This study presents a new design for an anti-theft protection System as an inexpensive solution to protect cars from theft and from non-authorized users by using...
284685117 Neuroprotective effect against Alzheimer's disease of porcine brain extract.  
Problem statement: Despite the increasing importance of Alzheimer's disease, no effective therapeutic strategy is available. Therefore, neuroprotective strategy is still required. Recent findings...
284685116 Dielectric properties of collagen on plasma modified Polyvinylidene Fluoride.  
Problem statement: The attachment of biopolymers such as collagen on inert polymeric template created great challenge due to hydrophobic nature of polymeric material. The modification of PVDF for...
284685115 New lines of chickpea against Fusarium Oxysporum f. sp. ciceris wilt.  
Problem statement: In Mexico, 70 and 20% of chickpea is produced in Sinaloa and Sonora, respectively. In Sonora wilting by Fusarium Oxysporum f. sp. Ciceris (FOC) causes losses of up to 60%, while...
284685114 Automatic personal identification using feature similarity index matching.  
Problem statement: Biometrics based personal identification is as an effective method for automatically recognizing, a person's identity with high confidence. Palmprint is an essential...
284685113 Comparative study on sustainable agriculture knowledge among Malaysian contract farmers.  
Problem statement: Modern farming methods like contract farming must emphasize on the need to practice sustainable agriculture so that it will lead towards the development of the agriculture...
284685112 The role of information systems in implementing total quality management.  
Problem statement: The aim of this study is to identify the extent to which Information Technology (IT) has been used to support TQM in order to identify the role of IT in implementing Total...
284685111 Computation of the locations of the Libration points in the relativistic restricted three-body problem.  
Problem statement: In this study, the effects of Relativistic Restricted three-Body Problem (in brief RRTBP) on the equilibrium points of both triangular and collinear is considered. The...
284685110 The mathematical model of power system with Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor in long transmission line.  
Problem statement: It is becoming increasingly important to fully utilize the existing transmission system assets due to environmental legislation, rights-of-way issues and costs of construction...
284685109 The use of E100 to fuel a used 4-stroke motorcycle.  
Problem statement: Though ethanol and gasohol are proved to be used as alternative fuels in vehicles, 4-stoke motorcycles used nationwide mainly consumed gasoline 91/95. Approach: The motorcycle...
284685108 The role of co2 emission in energy demand and supply.  
Problem statement: During the last few years in Malaysia, the amount of Carbon Dioxide (C [O.sub.2]) released into the atmosphere has been rising extensively. The main source of C [O.sub.2] is...
284685107 Organizational support and achievement motivation in leadership role of extension agents.  
Problem statement: This study argues for the importance of organizational non work supports along with work support for achievement motivation in leadership role of extension agents which has...
284685106 Multiresolution analysis based effective diagnosis of induction motors.  
Problem statement: Effective detection and localization of unbalance voltage supply affecting an induction motor may be compromised in presence of additional noise. Approach: In order to overcome...
284685105 Visual contact between two earth's satellites.  
Problem statement: In this study, an analytical expression for predicting mutually visible between Earth's satellites is developed. Approach: A relative satellite-satellite visibility function is...
284685104 Feature extraction and classification of blood cells using artificial neural network.  
Problem statement: One method of evaluating the clinical status is counting of cell types based on features that it contains. There is a need for a rapid, reproducible method, superior to human...
284685538 Bayesian framework in repeated-play decision making.  
Problem statement: There have been much reported on decisions from experience, also referred to as decisions in a complete ignorance fashion. Approach: This note lays out a Bayesian...
284685537 Low pass filter model for chemical sensors in response to gases and odors.  
Design and Modeling multi-gap sensing odor system for the objectives of odor recognition, classification and correlation are carried out. The model illustrates the low pass functionality of...
284685536 Neuroprotective effect against cerebral ischemia of passiflora foetida.  
Problem statement: Although cerebral ischemia induced by stroke has been regarded as the important problem worldwide, the therapeutic efficacy is still inadequate. Since the free radicals are...
284685535 Customers' attitude towards diminishing partnership home financing in Islamic banking.  
Problem statement: Diminishing partnership or musharakah mutanaqisah contract in home financing is recently introduced by the Islamic banking industry as an alternative of the bay bi'thaman ajil...
284685534 Some applications of spanning trees in complete and complete bipartite graphs.  
Problem statement: The number of spanning trees [tau](G) in graphs (networks) is an important invariant, it is also an important measure of reliability of a network. Approach: Using linear algebra...
284685533 Socioeconomic impact on farmers in Malaysia: a case study on Integrated Agricultural Development Project.  
Problem statement: Integrated Agricultural Development Project (IADP) is a platform for rural socioeconomic improvement. This initiative has raised the income of farmers by creating a large...
284685532 Seasonal ARIMA for forecasting air pollution index: a case study.  
Problem statement: Both developed and developing countries are the major reason that affects the world environment quality. In that case, without limit or warning, this pollution may affect human...
284685531 Effect of mosquito repellent on the transmission model of Chikungunya fever.  
Problem statement: In 2008 there was a large outbreak of Chikungunya fever in southern Thailand. Chikungunya fever is an emerging disease which tends to affect rubber plantation and fruit...
284685530 Attitude towards community building in Association of Southeast Asian Nations: a public opinion survey.  
Problem statement: The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) envisioned an integrated regional community by the year 2015, following the European Union model. However, unlike the...
284685529 Role of endometrial thickness on Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection.  
Problem statement: Endometrial receptivity is a key factor in successful outcome of in vitro fertilization. The endometrial receptivity is determined clinically by estimation of...
284685528 A multi-agent based data replication mechanism for mobile grid.  
Problem statement: In Mobile grid, the mobile devices can be effectively incorporated in to the Grid. It enables both the mobility of the users requesting access to a fixed grid and the resources...
284685527 A new strategy for signaling overhead reduction in the proxy mobile IPv6 protocol.  
Problem statement: The rapid growth of the Internet usage has been realized by the Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6). Concurrent to these technological advances is the communication overheads. Proxy Mobile IPv6...
284685526 An efficient way for clustering using alternative decision tree.  
Problem statement: To Improve the quality of clustering; a Multi-Level Clustering (MLC) algorithm which produces a most accurate cluster with most closely related object using Alternative Decision...
284685525 A hidden genetic layer based neural network for mobility prediction.  
Problem statement: With numerous wireless devices increasingly connecting to the internet, WLAN infrastructure planning becomes very important to maintain desired quality of services. For...
284685524 Still image compression using texture and non texture prediction model.  
Problem statement: Existing lossless image compression schemes attempt to do prediction in an image data using their Local Binary Pattern (LBP) and their spatial neighborhood based techniques. In...
284685523 Utilization of charge transfer and kinetic methods for the determination of doripenem.  
Problem statement: This study presents rapid, uncomplicated and sensitive spectrophotometric techniques for the analysis of doripenem in both its pure and pharmaceutical forms. Approach: The main...
284685522 Symbol timing estimation in Multiband orthogonal frequency division multiplexing based ultrawide band system.  
Problem statement: The Multiband Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (MB-OFDM) Based Ultra Wideband system (UWB) is highly susceptible to symbol timing error. Symbol timing estimation in...
284685521 Restructuring and expanding technology acceptance model structural equation model and Bayesian approach.  
Problem statement: Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) is one of models that analyze user behavior to accept and use a new technology. SEM is the most statistical method which use in TAM analysis...
284685520 The mathematical model and simulation of Thyristor controlled series capacitor in medium transmission line.  
Problem statement: It is becoming increasingly important to fully utilize the existing transmission system assets due to environmental legislation, rights-of-way issues, costs of construction...
284685519 Mulberry fruit mitigates alcohol neurotoxicity and memory impairment induced by chronic alcohol intake.  
Problem statement: To date, the therapeutic strategy efficacy against memory impairment induced by alcohol intoxication is still limited. The novel therapeutic strategy which is easy to approach,...
284685518 Machining performance study on metal matrix composites-A response surface methodology approach.  
Problem statement: Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) have become a leading material among composite materials and in particular, particle reinforced aluminum MMCs have received considerable attention...
284685517 Tourism equilibrium price trends.  
Problem statement: A review of the tourism history shows that tourism as an industry was virtually unknown in Malaysia until the late 1960s. Since then, it has developed and grown into a major...
284685516 The effect of the Static Var Compensator and R/X ratio of short transmission line on transient stability of Single Machine infinite bus system.  
Problem statement: It is becoming increasingly important to fully utilize the existing transmission system assets due to environmental legislation, rights-of-way issues and costs of construction...
284685515 Discussion around the scattering matrix realization of a microwave filter using the bond graph approach and scattering formalism.  
Problem statement: Further to research works made previously and which use collectively the scattering formalism and bond graph technique for the modeling of a physical systems often working in...
284685514 Biomarkers of oxidative DNA damage and soluble Fas/Fas Ligand in type 2 diabetic patients.  
Problem statement: Involvement of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications has been proposed. 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) has been reported to serve as a new...