An active noise control system (26) includes an error microphone (28), a speaker (29) and an active resonator (30) which communicate with an ANC controller (32). The active resonator is a Helmholtz resonator which is coupled to an air introduction body (19). The resonance frequency of the active resonator is varied in response to the ANC controller (32) which provides logic which responds to sensor signals to eliminate low frequency noise such that the ANC system speaker (29) will effectively control and/or spectral shape the remaining noise.
|5446790||1995-08-29||Intake sound control apparatus|
|5930371||1999-07-27||Tunable acoustic system|
The present application claims priority to United States Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 60/336,263, filed 15 November 2001. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a vehicle noise cancellation system, and more particularly to an active noise control system which utilizes an active resonator to minimize low frequency noise.
Manufacturers have employed active and passive methods to reduce engine noise within the passenger compartment. Such noise frequently emanates from the engine, travels through the air induction system and emanates out of an inlet of the air intake into the passenger compartment.
Active noise cancellation (ANC) systems typically utilize a speaker to create a canceling noise that attenuates engine noise. The noise created is out of phase with the engine noise and combines with this noise to result in its reduction. Generally, this noise is generated in proximity to the inlet of the air induction system. In one such system, a control unit, such as a digital signal processor, obtains data from the vehicle engine, creates a predictive model of engine noise, and thereby generates the appropriate cancellation signal based on the results of this model. This signal is then transmitted to the speaker, which transforms this signal into a canceling noise.
Because the control unit may not perfectly model engine noise, an error microphone is placed in proximity to the intake of the air induction system to determine if engine noise need be further attenuated.
Small vehicles provide less packaging space for the ANC system. The ANC system on such vehicles must utilize smaller components which may result in unsatisfactory noise cancellation. Also, ANC system deficiency may be particularly pronounced in four-cylinder engines which generate low frequency noise which is difficult to cancel.
Accordingly, it is desirable to provide an effective ANC system which requires minimum packaging space for utilization in relatively small vehicles. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The active noise control system according to the present invention is mounted adjacent an air introduction body to control engine noise which is radiated through the air introduction system. The active noise control system includes an error microphone, a speaker, and an active resonator which communicate with an ANC controller.
The active resonator is a Helmholtz resonator which is coupled to the air introduction body. The resonance frequency of the active resonator is varied in response to the ANC controller which provides logic to control the active resonator in response to sensor signals such as a cam sensor signal. The active resonator eliminates low frequency noise such that the ANC system speaker will effectively control the remaining noise.
The present invention therefore provides an effective ANC system which requires minimum packaging space for utilization in relatively small vehicles when compared to conventional passive/active noise control system for a four-cylinder application. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The various features and advantages of this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description of the currently preferred embodiment. The drawings that accompany the detailed description can be briefly described as follows:
Figure 1 is a general schematic view of an air introduction system according to the present invention; and
Figure 2 is general graphical representation of a noise attenuation frequency band which for the present invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
Figure 1 illustrates a general schematic view of an air introduction system 10 for a vehicle 12. The air introduction system 10 includes an air introduction body 14 mounted adjacent a vehicle body component (illustrated schematically at 16). The air introduction body 14 intakes ambient air and communicate airflow to an engine 18. As known, noise and vibration (illustrated schematically at N) from the engine 18 emanates through the air introduction system 10 and out the inlet. The air introduction body 14 includes an inlet 20 which communicates with ambient atmosphere through a throttle 22 and an air filter 24. It should be understood that the illustrated embodiment is schematic and that other arrangements will also benefit from the present invention.
An active noise control system 26 is mounted adjacent the air introduction body 14 to control engine noise which is radiated from the air introduction system 10. The active noise control system 26 preferably includes an error microphone 28, a speaker 29 and an active resonator 30 which communicate with an ANC controller 32. The error microphone 28 is located in a reception area such that the speaker 29 of the active noise control system 26 will effectively counteract undesirable noise in response to the ANC controller 32 as generally known.
The active resonator 30 is preferably a Helmholtz resonator which is coupled to the air introduction body 14 and driven by an activator 31. A Helmholtz resonator is defined by the Helmholtz equation: "" f = c DIVIDED 2 pi
When the area of the opening becomes larger, the resonance frequency is shifted toward higher frequencies. When the area of the opening is made smaller, the resonance frequency is shifted towards lower frequencies.
The resonance frequency of the active resonator 30 is varied in response to the ANC controller 32. That is, actuator 31 responds to ANC controller 32 to vary opening 33. Particularly, the ANC controller 32 provides logic which utilize a sensor 37 such as cam sensor equal to control the active resonator 30 to best match engine noise.
The active resonator 30 is preferably tuned to eliminate low frequency noise such that the ANC system speaker 29 will effectively control the remaining noise. For example only, an eight liter Helmholtz volume with neck length of 20mm and opening diameter range of 19-30mm will attenuate 90Hz-120Hz (Figure 2) which is an otherwise difficult frequency range for a relatively small ANC system 26 to cancel. Such a frequency range is representative of a typically four-cylinder engine, however, other ranges will also benefit from the present invention. Furthermore, the ANC system 26 and active resonator 30 will have an advantageous attenuation frequency band of 75Hz-150Hz where the ANC system speaker 29 provides an attenuation capability of approximately 20 dB.
The foregoing description is exemplary rather than defined by the limitations within. Many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. The preferred embodiments of this invention have been disclosed, however, one of ordinary skill in the art would recognize that certain modifications would come within the scope of this invention. It is, therefore, to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described. For that reason the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this invention.
It should be understood that various sensors will benefit from the present invention.