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5255346 
Method and apparatus for design of a vector quantizer
A method and apparatus for the design of a robust vector quantizer is disclosed. The initial output vector set is equal to the centroid of a training sequence of input vectors. A neuralnetwork... 

5247606 
Adaptively setting analog weights in a neural network and the like
A method for adaptively setting analog weights in analog cells of a neural network and the like. The process starts by addressing a synapse cell in the network. A target weight for said addressed... 

5247605 
Neural nets supplied synapse signals obtained by digitaltoanalog conversion of pluralbit samples
Digital synapse input signals which are temporally aligned with each other are converted to analog form for application to a neural net layer. Several digital synapse input signals can be written... 

5247472 
Fuzzy logic operation circuit utilizing charge coupled devices
A fuzzy logic operation circuit for two inputs includes two identical charge coupled devices having at least first and second gate electrodes connected in parallel on an output side and floating... 

5239616 
Portable fuzzy reasoning device
A sensory inspection device according to this invention comprises a keyboard for inputting an evaluation value with respect to a plurality of variables, a fuzzy reading unit for outputting a final... 

5237526 
High speed electronic analog computers using lowgain amplifiers
The operational amplifiers conventionally used in electronic analog compus can be replaced with fixedgain differential amplifiers having no external negative feedback to control their gain. This... 

5229623 
Electric circuit using multiple differential negative resistance elements, semiconductor device and neuro chip using the same
A semiconductor device is disclosed, which includes a multiple negative differential resistance element having negative differential resistance characteristics at at least two places in the... 

5228111 
Fuzzy signal defuzzifier using charged coupled devices
A fuzzy computer includes a defuzzifier composed of charge coupled devices which intake and transfer a set of fuzzy data elements in parallel. Pairs of positive and negative gate electrodes are... 

5224066 
Method and apparatus for parallel implementation of neural networks
Long and short term memory equations for neural networks are implemented by means of exchange of signals which carry information in the form of both binary and continuously modulated energy... 

5222191 
Fuzzy hardware system
A fuzzy hardware system includes a sampling circuit which carries out sampling of a first membership function in generate a fuzzy set consisting of a plurality of singletons, and an arithmetic... 

5220642 
Optical neurocomputer with dynamic weight matrix
An optical computer for performing product and/or sum operations on input vector information and matrix information includes an array of light emitting elements, the array having a plurality of... 

5214744 
Method and apparatus for automatically identifying targets in sonar images
A method and apparatus for automatically identifying targets in sonar images utilizes three processing systems which preferably operate simultaneously. After the image has been filtered and... 

5204937 
Neural dataprocessing net with electrochromic material regions
The neural net includes a plurality of synaptic circuits associated with a matrix including: a plurality of line electrodes (Ri), a plurality of column electrodes (Cj), and a plurality of ordered... 

5187680 
Neural net using capacitive structures connecting input lines and differentially sensed output line pairs
Neural nets using capacitive structures are adapted for construction in complementary metaloxidesemiconductor integratedcircuit technology. In each neural net layer synapse input signals are... 

5185715 
Data processing systems and methods for linear programming
Data processing systems are described for processing linear programming problems. The invention employs optical (100) or digital (150) processors to perform Gaussian pivot operations by performing... 

5168551 
MOS decoder circuit implemented using a neural network architecture
A decoder circuit based on the concept of a neural network architecture has a unique configuration using a connection structure having CMOS inverters, and PMOS and NMOS bias and synapse... 

5151969 
Selfrepairing trellis networks
A selfrepairing trellis network includes a plurality of stages (11, 12 and 13) wherein a first set of N processing elements and a second set of M processing elements are situated. The N... 

5151970 
Method of generating, in the analog regime, weighted summations of digital signals
A method is disclosed for operating electronic apparatus for generating a weighted summation of digital input signals as manifested in electric signal form, each sample of which digital input... 

5150324 
Analog arithmetic circuit that can perform multiplication division expansion and compression by using delta sigma modulator
An analog arithmetic circuit for executing multiplications, divisions, compressions, expansions and combinations thereof. The arithmetic circuit is provided with a ΔΣ modulator comprising an A/D... 

5150323 
Adaptive network for inband signal separation
An Adaptive Network For InBand Signal Separation (26) and method for providing inband separation of a composite signal (32) into its constituent signals (28), (30). The input to the network (26)... 

5148089 
Method and apparatus for controlling motors
An apparatus and method for controlling the velocity of a motor controls the motor by fuzzy inferential reasoning in a transitional period when the motor is started, changed in speed, reversed or... 

5146602 
Method of increasing the accuracy of an analog neural network and the like
A method for increasing the accuracy of an analog neural network which computers a sumofproducts between an input vector and a stored weight pattern is described. In one embodiment of the... 

5136176 
Charge domain synapse cell
A semiconductor charge domain synapse cell has a capacitor coupled between an input line and an intermediate node. A hightolow voltage transition applied to the input line causes charge transfer... 

5136685 
Fuzzy logic computer using charge coupled devices
A fuzzy logic operation circuit for two inputs includes two identical charge coupled devices having at least first and second gate electrodes connected in parallel on an output side and floating... 

5136178 
Resistive charge domain synapse cell
A semiconductor charge domain synapse cell has a capacitor coupled between an input line and an intermediate node. A hightolow voltage transition applied to the input line causes charge transfer... 

5136177 
Multiquadrant charge domain synapse cell
A semiconductor charge domain synapse cell has a capacitor coupled between an input line and an intermediate node. A hightolow voltage transition applied to the input line causes charge transfer... 

5136532 
Coherent signal processing device using an optical delay line and application thereof to filtering correlation product and spectral analysis
A coherent signal processing device is provided using a monomode optical fiber as delay line, comprising a source and a ring interferometer with a bidirectional coupler and a monomode optical... 

5130563 
Optoelectronic sensory neural network
A neural network for processing sensory information. The network comprise one or more layers including interconnecting cells having individual states. Each cell is connected to one or more... 

5126600 
Truth value generating basic circuit suitable for analog inputs
A truth value generating basic circuit according to the invention is characterized by having one or a plurality of basic function generator circuits (23, 24) which receive an analog applied input... 

5113365 
Method and charge coupled apparatus for algorithmic computations
An array of charge coupled devices (CCD's) is used to perform algorithmic computations on a set of data. The array of CCD's divide, combine and delay the input data to produce output data... 

5113367 
Cross entropy deconvolver circuit adaptable to changing convolution functions
A neural net, and method of using the net, to solve illposed problems, such as deconvolution in the presence of noise. The net is of the TankHopfield kind, in which input to the signal net is a... 

5103405 
Digital probabilistic reasoning element
A digital set theoretic system is disclosed that expands the reasoning capability from reasoning with probability measures to reasoning with set theory measures and other Venn diagram type... 

5101361 
Analog hardware for deltabackpropagation neural networks
This is a fully parallel analog backpropagation learning processor which comprises a plurality of programmable resistive memory elements serving as synapse connections whose values can be weighted... 

5097141 
Simple distance neuron
An artificial neuron is provided using a simple distance calculation between the input signal vector and the synapse weight signals for providing an output signal. A difference signal is developed... 

5095459 
Optical neural network
An optical neural network which imitates a biological neural network, to provide an associative and/or pattern recognition function, is made of light emitting elements to represent an input neuron... 

5093803 
Analog decision network
A circuit for realizing controllable analog weights as used, for example, in template matching circuits. Analog weights are obtained by storing charge on two primary capacitors and by controlling... 

5093802 
Optical computing method using interference fringe component regions
A fundamental method and apparatus for using wavetype energy, such as light, to provide: amplification, energy control, and logic functions including OR, EXCLUSIVE OR, and INVERTER; as well as:... 

5093900 
Reconfigurable neural network
Realization of a reconfigurable neuron for use in a neural network has been achieved using analog techniques. In the reconfigurable neuron, digital input data are multiplied by programmable... 

5083285 
Matrixstructured neural network with learning circuitry
A multilayer perceptron circuit device using integrated configuration which is capable of incorporating selflearning function and which is easily extendable. The device includes: at least one... 

5072130 
Associative network and signal handling element therefor for processing data
A signal processing network circuit which may be used, for example, as a filter or an associative memory has elements (101, 102, 103, 104) each having a respective input conductor (85, 86, 87, 88)... 

5056037 
Analog hardware for learning neural networks
This is a recurrent or feedforward analog neural network processor having a multilevel neuron array and a synaptic matrix for storing weighted analog values of synaptic connection strengths which... 

5053638 
Semiconductor neural circuit device having capacitive coupling and operating method thereof
A neural circuit device modeled on vital cells includes a plurality of first signal lines to which signals to be computed are transferred, a plurality of amplifiers serving as the bodies of the... 

5048100 
Self organizing neural network method and system for general classification of patterns
A neural network system and method that can adaptively recognize each of many pattern configurations from a set. The system learns and maintains accurate associations between signal pattern... 

5047655 
Programmable analog neural network
The neural network of the invention, of the type with a Cartesian matrix, has a first column of addition of the input signals, and at each intersection of the M lines and N columns it comprises a... 

5045713 
Multifeedback circuit apparatus
A multifeedback circuit apparatus is provided which can prevent undesired oscillation or chaos phenomena that inevitably arise when the Hopfield model is realized by electronic circuits. The... 

5040230 
Associative pattern conversion system and adaptation method thereof
An associative pattern conversion system is disclosed which may be used for image recognition. The system includes an image input portion, an image processing portion and a recognition portion.... 

5039870 
Weighted summation circuits having differentweight ranks of capacitive structures
The input signals to the weighted summation circuitry are weighted by respective weighting factors on a digitsliced basis. Each of the weighting factors is expressed as a respective plurality of... 

5039871 
Capacitive structures for weighted summation as used in neural nets
The capacitances of a pair of capacitors associated with a neural net is carried out in a complementary way, so the sum of the capacitances remains equal to a constant, Ck. Each of a set of... 

5034918 
Adaptive associative memory comprising synapes of CMOS transistors
An associative memory for storing an nbit stored vector in m different states comprises n first amplifiers connected between n input terminals and n output terminals, and m second amplifiers to... 

5028810 
Four quadrant synapse cell employing single column summing line
The present invention covers a synapse cell for providing a weighted connection between a differential input voltage and a single output summing line having an associated capacitance. The... 