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8986512 Process for producing chemically functionalized nano graphene materials  
Provided in this invention is a process for producing chemically functionalized nano graphene materials, known as nano graphene platelets (NGPs), graphene nano sheets, or graphene nano ribbons....
8865097 Flur-gas purification and reclamation system and method thereof  
A flue-gas purification system includes a flue-gas cycling system, a reactor, and an absorbent adding system having at least a catalytic absorbent, wherein the catalytic absorbent is being...
8721899 Method and apparatus for the continous production of low concentrations of chlorine dioxide from low concentrations of aqueous chlorite  
Provided are methods and systems for continuously producing low concentrations of chlorine dioxide from dilute solutions of sodium chlorite. The low concentrations of chlorine dioxide produced...
8551299 Methods of producing hydrochloric acid from hydrogen gas and chlorine gas  
A method of producing HCl from H2 and Cl2 is provided. In some embodiments, the method comprises at least one photochemical chamber placed in fluid communication with at least one source of H2 and...
8492671 Production of [18F]-F2 from [18F]-fluoride using a plasma induced scrambling procedure  
A method of producing [18F]F2 from [18F] fluoride through a plasma induced scrambling procedure is provided. The present invention also provides an apparatus for preparing [18F]F2 from [18F]...
8052848 Ultrasonic and microwave methods for enhancing the rate of a chemical reaction and apparatus for such methods  
The invention relates generally to chemical reactions and processes, and in particular to a method for enhancing the rate of a chemical reaction and to apparatus for carrying out the method. The...
7842195 Clathrate of chlorine dioxide  
Methods and compositions to a clathrate that includes chlorine dioxide (ClO2) are provided. Clathrates trap gaseous chlorine dioxide to provide a dry solid material that is stable and easy to use...
7014753 Salt chlorine generator  
An electrolytic cell combined into a unitary structure with a liquid circulation fitting, which purifies water by electrode plates inside the cell when an aqueous solution is present. The unitary...
6841141 System for in-situ generation of fluorine radicals and/or fluorine-containing interhalogen (XFn) compounds for use in cleaning semiconductor processing chambers  
A system for in-situ generation of fluorine radicals and/or fluorine-containing interhalogen compounds XFn (wherein X is Cl, Br, or I, and n is an odd integer). Such system comprises a fluorine...
6555053 Method for supplying sterilization/deodorization gas and apparatus therefor  
According to the present invention, provided are a method whereby a sterilization/deodorization gas is supplied by irradiating a stabilized chlorine dioxide gel or liquid with ultraviolet...
6179970 Process for the preparation of fluoro compounds from the corresponding amines  
Compounds containing a primary amino group are converted into compounds containing a fluorine atom in place of the amino group by reaction of the amino compound with hydrogen fluoride and a...
6179972 Two stage process and apparatus for photocatalytic and catalytic conversion of contaminants  
A process comprises passing a contaminated gaseous stream through a photocatalytic stage and, thereafter, through a catalytic stage.
6060031 Method for neutralizing acid gases from laser exhaust  
The device and method of the invention provide a neutralizing compound that reacts with acid gases generated in laser exhaust to yield an insoluble non-toxic powder.
6004436 Processes for the chemical modification of inorganic aerogels  
A process is described to modify the chemical structure of an aerogel under conditions which inhibit plasma formation within the aerogel pores, which process includes; (a) providing an aerogel...
5908532 Method of converting chlorine dioxide present in a gaseous stream from a pulp bleach plant by irradiation to chlorine  
A method for destroying chlorine dioxide includes irradiating the chlorine dioxide to effect conversion to chlorine and then reacting at least part of the resulting chlorine to form chloride.
5877392 Photon controlled decomposition of nonhydrolyzable ambients  
A method and apparatus to decompose nonhydrolyzable ambients such as chlorofluorocarbons and nitrogen trifluoride which enables the conventional disposal of their byproducts are disclosed. It...
5833834 Method for generating hydrogen from HBR  
An electrolysis cell, fuel cell and solar reactor or conventional furnace are operated in conjunction with one another for providing hydrogen as a product, from electrolysis of hydrogen bromide.
5773668 Method of making trichloromethoxybenzene  
Disclosed is a method of making trichloromethoxybenzene. A mixture is prepared of anisole and a source of chlorine free radicals, such as chlorine or sulfuryl chloride. The reaction is performed...
5709791 Method for producing oxygen and hydrogen  
There are provided a method of producing a hydrogen halide and oxygen by reacting water with a halogen using activated carbon as a catalyst, a method of producing hydrogen by thermal decomposition...
5698829 Photodegradation of toxic contaminants  
A process is provided herein for extracting organic toxic contaminants including pentachlorophenol, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, and polychlorinated dibenzofurans, from wood, e.g., utility...
5254230 Methods for preparing basic aluminum compounds with ultrasound  
Processes are provided for preparing basic aluminum compounds of Formula I: Al2 (OH)6-a Xa (I)wherein X is Cl-, Br-, F-, I-, SO4= or NO3- and a is about 0.9 to 4, the compound being characterized...
5219671 Hydrogen generation and utility load leveling system and the method therefor  
Disclosed are an apparatus and method for the electrolytic, thermal, and photolytic production of hydrogen and oxygen. In the first step of the cycle a concentrated hydrohalic acid solution is...
5211821 Method and apparatus for providing ecological protection with respect to equipment using a halogenated hydrocarbon  
A method and apparatus for providing ecological protection with respect to equipment using halogenated hydrocarbons in which the release, escape or discharge of a halogenated hydrocarbon from such...
5207878 Method for the preparation of fine particulate metal-containing compound  
A finely divided metal-containing compound can be efficiently prepared by irradiating a mixed vapor phase of an organometallic compound in a concentration to exceed a specified lower limit and a...
5186794 Alkali metal hydroxide generation system and the method therefor  
Disclosed are both an apparatus and method for the radiation-augmented electrolytic production of alkali metal hydroxide, molecular halogen, and hydrogen.Reduction of electrical energy...
5160634 Desalinization system  
A system and method are disclosed for desalinating sea water. The system includes an energy source such as a laser 13, and a container 19 (partly or wholly transparent) for holding the sea water,...
5094758 Desalinization system and method  
A system and method are disclosed for desalinating sea water. The system includes an energy source such as a laser 13, and a container 19 (partly or wholly transparent) for holding the sea water,...
4990322 NaCl:OH color center laser  
A powerful and stable color center laser is provided by additively colored NaCl:OH- crystals. The OH- impurity is the key dopant for creating color center lasing in NaCl, providing an output...
4877500 Process for the production of chlorine dioxide  
Chlorine dioxide is produced by subjecting a mixture of chlorine gas and oxygen to ultraviolet radiation. The source for chlorine and oxygen may be an alkali metal or alkaline metal hypochlorite.
4832806 Radiation for the selective destruction of toxic molecules on solid surfaces  
A method is disclosed for the distruction of toxic materials adsorbed on large masses of non-toxic materials by subjecting a mixture of the materials to a high power electron beam or to gamma rays.
4816211 Nuclear excited power generation system  
A nuclear excited power system includes a gaseous core nuclear reactor through the core of which helium is passed. The helium is excited by the high energy radiation from the nuclear reactor and...
4710222 Method for removal of plutonium impurity from americium oxides and fluorides  
Method for removal of plutonium impurity from americium oxides and fluorides. AmF4 is not further oxidized to AmF6 by the application of O2 F at room temperature, while plutonium compounds present...
4695357 Removal of unsaturated hydrocarbons in anhydrous hydrogen halide by infrared laser radiation  
Ethylene and like organic impurities are removed from anhydrous hydrogen halide by subjecting a gaseous stream of the hydrogen halide to laser radiation having a wavelength corresponding to a...
4643810 Photochemical process to eliminate lead in gasoline with a high octane number  
A process to eliminate lead in gasoline, at the same time maintaining a high octane number in the gasoline, by irradiating leaded gasoline, at room temperature and pressure, with U. V. rays, which...
4620907 Low temperature radio-chemical energy conversion processes  
Radiation from fission or fusion nuclear reactors or the like is converted to chemical energy form in a process simplifying handling of the constituent materials and operable at moderate...
4595579 Process for initiating a reaction for the manufacture of synthetic hydrochloric acid  
The invention relates to a process for initiating a reaction for the manufacture of synthetic hydrochloric acid, wherein two reactive gaseous chamical compounds, chlorine and hydrogen, are brought...
4456511 Photochemical method for generating chlorine dioxide gas  
A method for generating chlorine dioxide gas from sodium chlorite solution by photooxidizing the solution to produce chlorine dioxide in an aqueous phase which is gasified by supplying nitrogen or...
4414180 Method for generating chlorine dioxide gas  
A chlorine dioxide generator and method for generating chlorine dioxide gas from sodium chlorite through the use of photochemical oxidation, the chlorine dioxide generator comprising a base to...
4389290 Use of electrocatalytic anodes in photolysis  
A photolytic system comprised of a darkened halfcell and an illuminated halfcell in which oxidation and reduction reactions are made to occur. These halfcells are joined by an electrically...
4381978 Photoelectrochemical system and a method of using the same  
A photoelectrochemical system for conducting endoergic chemical processes driven by light energy. This system consists essentially of an illuminated halfcell and a darkened halfcell joined via...
4372834 Purification process for compounds useful in optical fiber manufacture  
Silicon tetrachloride is processed to ultrahigh purity by subjecting it to a specific succession of purification steps. These steps include the photochlorination of the SiCl4 using a reactor that...
4350577 Electronically induced multiphoton absorption  
Electronic excitation of polyatomic molecules followed by nonradiative decay provides states from which efficient multiphoton infrared excitation can be achieved. Initial (electronic) excitation...
4345983 Method for disposal of chemical waste  
A process for the safe and efficient disposal of toxic chlorinated hydrocarbon waste materials in which the chlorinated hydrocarbon is brought into close surface contact with a finely divided...
4330570 Selective photoinduced condensation technique for producing semiconducting compounds  
A process for producing a variety of organic-inorganic luminescent and semiconductive compounds or materials in the form of a film deposited directly on the surface of a substrate by ultraviolet...
4324624 Method for the activation of a composition for fused bath electrolysis  
An electrolyte, containing alkali halide, is physically transformed by means of activation-triggering energy falling within a continuum of parameters defining threshold and maximum limits. The...
4303483 Laser isotope separation and gas purification by multiple photon absorption enhanced by heating  
The efficiencies of laser isotope separation processes based on multiple photon absorption from infrared laser pulses are enhanced thermally by raising the temperature of the gas upon which the...
4212716 Method and device for excitation and selective dissociation by absorption of laser light and application to isotopic enrichment  
In a method of excitation and selective dissociation by absorption of the monochromatic light emitted by a high-power laser, the laser light is sent at a frequency ν1 into an isotopic mixture of...
4210503 Emission control method and system  
A method and system for controlling plant and other gaseous emissions from processes and stacks by decomposing predetermined components, particularly vinyl chloride, of these emissions by exposure...
4183795 Creation of F2+ color centers  
Production of F2+ color centers in alkali halide crystals with densities high enough for efficient use in lasers is achieved by a two-step, highly selective photoionization mechanism. This...
4176024 Gas dynamic reaction process and system for laser chemistry  
A reaction system is disclosed wherein a moving, unidirectional stream of an activatable gaseous species is produced, the individual members of which have the forward components of their...

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