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4203419 Solar cell  
A solar cell has a heat collector bar with a heat absorbing material in contact therewith. The heat absorbing material includes a transparent web member having a plurality of capsule uniformly...
4203489 Thermal energy storage system  
A modular thermal energy storage system comprises a stack of individual heat storage elements, each element having a sealed metal container filled with liquid such as water and separate thermally...
4200783 Apparatus for collecting and thermally storing energy  
An apparatus for collecting and storing energy includes a thermal energy storage cell having a single-piece steel inner core provided with external thermal insulation. A unit for collecting and...
4199021 Thermal energy storage apparatus  
A thermal energy storage apparatus and method employs a container formed of soda lime glass and having a smooth, defect-free inner wall. The container is filled substantially with a material that...
4196719 Heat storage means for solar heating system  
An improved pebble bed heat storage means is provided for a solar heating system using air as the heat transfer medium. The pebble bed is confined in a crib or bin contained in an outer housing....
4195621 Solid state differential temperature regulator for a solar heating system  
A solid state temperature regulator is provided for a solar heating system for use in conjunction with a swimming pool, or the like. The solar swimming pool heating system includes the usual...
4194496 Solar heat storage systems  
A spiral solar heat storage unit having air ducts radially spaced from the center to the rim of the spiral storage unit so the air from the solar collector can be delivered to the various ducts...
4193441 Variable capacity thermal storage system employing thermal switching  
A thermal storage system comprising a contained fluid and a fusible material in thermal communication therewith for cooperatively controlling the elevated temperature of the contained fluid. The...
4193543 Solar heating system  
A closed hollow waterproof chamber is disposed below the removable, sectional bottom floor of a building. The chamber is partially filled with water and contains air. The chamber is lined with...
4192146 Process for the recovery of energy and in particular for the recovery of heat on the heat pump principle  
A body of still water is confined in heat exchange with one or more ambient heat sources whose temperature is usually above but may drop near 0° C. Heat is withdrawn from the body according to the...
4192144 Direct contact heat exchanger with phase change of working fluid  
A direct contact thermal storage heat exchanger which utilizes the liquid-vapor phase change of a working fluid within the heat exchanger, and energy generation systems incorporating the heat...
4187904 Heat transfer installation having storage reservoir containing a salt as a heat carrier  
The heat transfer apparatus comprises a storage reservoir containing salt as a heat carrier with a heater connected into the reservoir to heat the heat carrier so as to maintain it above the...
4187831 Self contained solar heating supplemental unit  
This specification discloses a self contained solar heating supplemental unit characterized by solar collector; a mast carrying a solar collector above the earth's surface; a dual function base...
4187982 Apparatus for increasing the transmission capacity of remote heating grids  
For the purpose of improving the utilization of remote heating grids, particularly for space air heating, at least one heat storage device is connected in series with the heaters of a hot water...
4186721 Solar energy heat collector  
The apparatus of the invention includes a heat collector which utilizes a dark-colored, conductive, fibrous heat absorber positioned to receive the sun's rays and to absorb heat therefrom. The...
4187189 Phase change thermal storage materials with crust forming stabilizers  
A body for the storage of heat or for the storage of coolness is, in its solid phase, a conglomerate of a mass of crystalline particles of a salt-hydrate, and a rigid cellular support structure in...
4186722 Solar energy collector  
A solar energy collecting and storing unit comprises a single housing having a glass-covered collector chamber on one face of a gravel-filled heat storage chamber, the chambers being separated by...
4184635 Control units for heating systems  
A control unit has two inputs for connection to respective temperature sensors, and alternative primary and secondary outputs. It comprises a comparison circuit operative to sense the differential...
4182310 Heat retaining device  
A heat retaining device comprising a plurality of heat retaining elements which can be positioned on the burner of a hot water heater. While the burner is ignited they collect and store heat from...
4182489 Heat transfer system  
In a positive or negative heat transfer system with an intermittent source of positive or negative thermal energy, utilization means and a reservoir of heat transfer fluid flowing between the...
4182309 Control circuit for solar energy heating systems  
A control circuit for a solar energy heating system comprising a pair of thermistors connected in series across a source of electrical power and respectively disposed to be responsive to fluid...
4182406 Solar energy system for heating and cooling of buildings utilizing moist air cycles  
An integrated system for the collection, storage, and utilization of solar energy in the heating and cooling of buildings utilizing a moist air cycle involving evaporation and condensation of...
4182398 Crosslinked crystalline polymer and methods for cooling and heating  
The invention relates to crystalline polyethylene pieces having optimum crosslinking for use in storage and recovery of heat, and it further relates to methods for storage and recovery of heat...
4181118 Solar heating system  
A climate control system for heating and cooling a building. The system uses solar energy for its heat source and concrete blocks for its collecting and storing material. The blocks are open faced...
4180124 Process and apparatus for heat exchange  
A process and apparatus is provided for storing thermal energy and subsequently releasing and extracting the stored thermal energy upon demand. At least one sealed container of salt hydrate is...
4176653 Inflatable enclosure and energy exchange system  
A flexible water-impervious roof with a rigid peripheral structure provides support for a plurality of distinct and separate portions of liquid in a system that provides for repeated cycling of...
4176655 Solar energy collection system and apparatus for same utilizing latent energy storage fluid  
A solar energy collection and utilization storage system is constructed by using a lenticulated transparent element closed at the back to form channels which are used to carry an energy storage...
4176656 Nitrogen-heat separator furnace  
A furnace having a nitrogen-heat separator comprised of a heat absorbing mass, such as cast iron plates, containing passages through which products of combustion can pass and deposit heat into the...
4175613 Method of storing energy  
Storage of thermal energy in a ternary mixture of salts which comprises from 22.5 to 26.5 weight percent of sodium chloride, from 18.5 to 22.5 weight percent of potassium chloride and from 53.0 to...
4175541 Solar heating system  
A solar heating system comprising a collector panel with a plurality of beverage cans or the like received in holes drilled therethrough. The surfaces of the panel and the cans protruding from the...
4173993 Domestic appliance system with thermal exchange fluid  
A domestic appliance system and method are provided for storing and processing food by exchanging heat between the food and a latent heat storing material by forced circulation of a liquid thermal...
4173304 Building structure with heat storage and recovery  
In my U.S. Pat. No. 4,054,246, a double-walled structure collects solar heat with air as the heat transfer medium, which heat is stored in subterranean gravel pits. In the present invention, (1)...
4172442 Solar energy collector system and method  
A solar energy collector system having high energy collection efficiency simultaneously heats separate gas and liquid streams flowing through the collector. The gas flows in a tiered passage...
4172491 Method of more efficiently operating a heat storage-heat exchange system  
A method of operating a heat storage-heat exchange system in a more efficient manner is described. The method comprises the steps of passing a heating fluid through a bed of heat storage medium to...
4170982 Solar energy storage and distributing device  
An energy storage and distributing device having a heat storage chamber arranged for retaining heat which can be received from a solar collector arrangement or from a furnace or furnaces disposed...
4169461 Storge tank especially suitable for use in a solar heat system  
A storage tank especially suitable for use in a solar heat system utilizing water to store its collected heat is disclosed herein and includes a main body which defines an internal compartment for...
4166449 Heat storage vault  
A heat storage vault in the form of an insulated enclosure having therein a plurality of serpentine pipes each with lengths extending back and forth within the enclosure with the lengths...
4164253 Method for reducing thermal degradation of a heat exchange fluid  
Heat is transferred from a hot reservoir to an intermittent user such as a domestic appliance through an intermediate heat exchanger. Heat storing material maintains a substantially constant...
4162671 Solar energy panel and medium for use therein  
A solar energy panel and an energy storing medium for use therewith is the subject of the present invention. The solar energy panel comprises a container having a transparent pane and designed to...
4160524 Circulating fireplace with adjustable controls for selectively heating one or more rooms  
A wood burning system for selectively heating one, or several, rooms in a structure, such system including a fireplace with a firebox, a chimney based on a thermal vacuum principle of operation, a...
4160443 Inflatable solar heat collector  
An elongated inflatable tubular housing is provided including front and rear wall portions. The front wall portion is constructed of solar radiation transparent material and a panel of solar...
4160523 Air structure  
An air structure comprises a double-skin wall construction having an outer skin that is substantially transparent to short wave solar radiation but relatively opaque to long wave heat radiation...
4158358 Heat and cold storage apparatus  
Solar heat storage apparatus, invented by Thomason, includes a tank of water surrounded by a truckload of stones in a heat storage bin in the basement, U.S. Pat. No. 3,254,702 and others. Air...
4158384 Heat storage system  
A heat storage system consisting of a compartmented tank containing a liquid medium capable of storing heat therein, a flow control system operable to establish a liquid flow in the tank operable...
4154292 Heat exchange method and device therefor for thermal energy storage  
A heat exchange device for the introduction of thermal energy into and removal of thermal energy from liquid-solid phase change material is described in which the phase change material is...
4154222 Solar collector for gas heating  
Heat transfer structure comprises: A. sandwich assembly including a heat transfer plate to receive infra-red radiation or to transmit such radiation, respectively to or from skyward, B. the...
4153047 Heat storage systems  
The present invention provides systems for transfer of heat such as useful in solar energy systems. A heat storage medium is used, preferably salt conditioned by anti-caking anti-corrosive...
4149521 Solar energy collection system  
A fixed, linear, ground-based primary reflector having an extended curved sawtooth-contoured surface covered with a metalized polymeric reflecting material, reflects solar energy to a movably...
4147300 Method and structure for solar heating  
A method and structure for utilizing solar energy for heating utilizing a wall of masonry or other cementitious material having preferably vertical channels defined through the central portion...
4146057 Thermal buffer system  
A quantity of aluminum is in heat exchange contact with a potassium loop and a steam/water loop. The potassium loop includes a solar energy collector and the solar-heated potassium melts the...