Title:
***WITHDRAWN PATENT AS PER THE LATEST USPTO WITHDRAWN LIST***
Mask system
United States Patent 8991395


Abstract:
A cushion module provided to a frame module for delivery of a supply of gas at positive pressure to be delivered to a patient's airways, the cushion module comprising a main body and a cushion, the main body defining a breathing chamber and having an exterior surface adapted to directly engage with a surface of the frame module, wherein the main body and the cushion together comprise a co-molded, integrated component, the main body comprising a molded polycarbonate material adapted to directly contact the frame module and the cushion comprises a molded silicone material adapted to interface with patient's face, and wherein the molded polycarbonate material of the main body is a more rigid material than the molded silicone material of the cushion.



Inventors:
Ng, Eva (Erskineville, AU)
Lockwood, David James (Seaford, GB)
Wehbeh, Jamie Graeme (Mosman, AU)
Valcic, Zoran (Chatswood, AU)
D'souza, Errol Savio Alex (Hornsby Heights, AU)
Eves, Matthew (Manly Vale, AU)
Sari, Mahsita (Bella Vista, AU)
Application Number:
13/747701
Publication Date:
03/31/2015
Filing Date:
01/23/2013
Assignee:
ResMed Limited (Bella Vista, AU)
Primary Class:
International Classes:
A62B18/02; A62B18/08; A61M16/06; A61M16/00; A61M16/08; A61M16/20
Field of Search:
128/205.25, 128/206.21, 128/206.24, 128/206.28, 128/207.11, 128/207.13
View Patent Images:
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5909732Insert to provide conformal support for the reflective seal of an oxygen maskJune, 1999Diesel et al.
5906203Breathing apparatusMay, 1999Klockseth et al.
5896857Valve for use in a gas delivery systemApril, 1999Hely et al.
5887587Facial mask for respiratory apparatusMarch, 1999Groenke
5884624Respiratory mask facial sealMarch, 1999Barnett et al.
RE36165Heating and humidifying respiratory maskMarch, 1999Behr
5842469Method for extending the useful life of a nasal dilatorDecember, 1998Rapp et al.
D402755Combined nasal mask shell and cushionDecember, 1998Kwok
5832918Method of making a face mask from a facial impression and of gas deliveryNovember, 1998Pantino
5813423Inhalator and/or resuscitator mask adaptable for use with an adult and childSeptember, 1998Kirchgeorg
5807341Medical catheter dressing deviceSeptember, 1998Heim
D398987Air maskSeptember, 1998Cotner et al.
5794619Nasal cannula mounted solely by frictional engagement with the columellaAugust, 1998Edelman et al.
5794617Face mask and retainerAugust, 1998Brunell et al.
5794615Method and apparatus for providing proportional positive airway pressure to treat congestive heart failureAugust, 1998Estes
5782774Apparatus and method of bioelectrical impedance analysis of blood flowJuly, 1998Shmulewitz
5778872Artificial ventilation system and methods of controlling carbon dioxide rebreathingJuly, 1998Fukunaga et al.
5752511Universal medical tube retainer and nasal wall tissue dilatorMay, 1998Simmons et al.
5752509Artificial ventilation systemMay, 1998Lachmann et al.
5746201CPAP nose maskMay, 1998Kidd
5740799Device for the supply of oxygen and/or other gases to a patientApril, 1998Nielsen
5735272Nasal tube holder having a nasal dilator attached theretoApril, 1998Dillon et al.
5724965Nasal maskMarch, 1998Handke et al.
5724964Disposable face mask with enhanced fluid barrierMarch, 1998Brunson et al.
5715814Respiration maskFebruary, 1998Ebers
5709204Aircraft passenger oxygen, survival and escape maskJanuary, 1998Lester
5707342Protector girdle for endoscopic insertion instrumentJanuary, 1998Tanaka
5704345Detection of apnea and obstruction of the airway in the respiratory systemJanuary, 1998Berthon-Jones
D389238Inhaler maskJanuary, 1998Kirk, III et al.
5687715Nasal positive airway pressure apparatus and methodNovember, 1997Landis et al.
5685296Flow regulating valve and methodNovember, 1997Zdrojkowski et al.
5682881Nasal CPAP/Cannula and securement apparatusNovember, 1997Winthrop et al.
D385960Nasal maskNovember, 1997Rudolph
5676133Expiratory scavenging method and apparatus and oxygen control system for post anesthesia care patientsOctober, 1997Hickle et al.
5666946Apparatus for delivering drugs to the lungsSeptember, 1997Langenback
5662101Respiratory facial maskSeptember, 1997Ogden et al.
5660174Buccal respiration maskAugust, 1997Jacobelli
5660171System and method for flow triggering of pressure supported ventilation by comparison of inhalation and exhalation flow ratesAugust, 1997Kimm et al.
5657752Nasal positive airway pressure mask and methodAugust, 1997Landis et al.
5657493Diving mask with quick-release strap attachmentAugust, 1997Ferrero et al.
5655527Respiratory mask with floating seal responsive to pressurized gasAugust, 1997Scarberry et al.
5655520Flexible valve for administering constant flow rates of medicine from a nebulizerAugust, 1997Howe et al.
5653228Medical tube holding device and associated securing strapAugust, 1997Byrd
5649533Therapeutic respiration deviceJuly, 1997Oren
5649532Breathing equipment for aircrewJuly, 1997Griffiths
5647357Respiratory mask facial sealJuly, 1997Barnett et al.
5647356Respirator cartridge with sealing fit test structure and method of useJuly, 1997Osendorf et al.
5647355Automatic safety valve for respiratory equipment which is counter-balanced and self-adjustingJuly, 1997Starr et al.
5645054Device and method for the treatment of sleep apnea syndromeJuly, 1997Cotner et al.
5642730Catheter system for delivery of aerosolized medicine for use with pressurized propellant canisterJuly, 1997Baran
5642726Reduced internal volume neonatal suction adaptorJuly, 1997Owens et al.
5623923Respiratory equipment with comfort adjustmentApril, 1997Bertheau et al.
5617849Respirator having thermochromic fit-indicating sealApril, 1997Springett et al.
5608647Method for releasing controlled amount of aerosol medicationMarch, 1997Rubsamen et al.
5592938Mask apparatusJanuary, 1997Scarberry et al.
5592937Respirator mask with stiffening elementsJanuary, 1997Freund
D377089Respiratory mask facial sealDecember, 1996Starr et al.
5575278Individual equipment for protection against NBC attacksNovember, 1996Bonhomme et al.
5570689Respiratory mask having a vertically adjustable spacer element that limits seal deformation on a wearer's faceNovember, 1996Starr et al.
5570684Heating and humidifying respiratory maskNovember, 1996Behr
5570682Passive inspiratory nebulizer systemNovember, 1996Johnson
5568946Squeeze-to-release quick connector with snap-in retainerOctober, 1996Jackowski
5560354Facial masks for assisted respiration or CPAPOctober, 1996Berthon-Jones et al.
RE35339Method and apparatus for the treatment of obstructive sleep apneaOctober, 1996Rapoport
5558090Multi-purpose head-mounted adjustable medical tube holderSeptember, 1996James
5546936Tracheal tube with reinforced flexible segmentAugust, 1996Virag et al.
5542128Headwear for supporting a breathing apparatusAugust, 1996Lomas
5540223Respiratory mask facial sealJuly, 1996Starr et al.
5538001Oxygen masksJuly, 1996Bridges
5538000Airflow delivery systemJuly, 1996Rudolph
5533506Nasal tube assemblyJuly, 1996Wood
5526806Non-invasive nasal cannulaJune, 1996Sansoni
5522382Device and method for treating obstructed breathing having a delay/ramp featureJune, 1996Sullivan et al.
5517986Two-point/four-point adjustable headgear for gas delivery maskMay, 1996Starr et al.
5513635Nasal cannula anchoring apparatusMay, 1996Bedi
5513634Combination integral bite block airway and nasal cannulaMay, 1996Jackson
5511541Warm air maskApril, 1996Dearstine
5509409Nasal cannula assemblyApril, 1996Weatherholt
5509404Intrapulmonary drug delivery within therapeutically relevant inspiratory flow/volume valuesApril, 1996Lloyd et al.
5503147Respiratory equipment with comfort adjustmentApril, 1996Bertheau
5501214Non-rebreathing valve and valve element thereforMarch, 1996Sabo
5492116Respiratory mask with floating seal responsive to pressurized gasFebruary, 1996Scarberry et al.
5488948Fast donning respiratory protection equipmentFebruary, 1996Dubruille et al.
5485837Strap for combining tracheotomy tube and moist air maskJanuary, 1996Solesbee et al.
5481763Molded head harnessJanuary, 1996Brostrom et al.
5479920Breath actuated medicinal aerosol delivery apparatusJanuary, 1996Piper et al.
5477852Nasal positive airway pressure apparatus and methodDecember, 1995Landis et al.
5462528Stomach tubeOctober, 1995Roewer
D362061Respiratory mask bodySeptember, 1995McGinnis et al.
5441046Quick release mechanism for nasal and/or oral gas delivery maskAugust, 1995Starr et al.
5438981Automatic safety valve and diffuser for nasal and/or oral gas delivery maskAugust, 1995Starr et al.
5437267Device for delivering aerosol to the nasal membranes and method of useAugust, 1995Weinstein et al.
5431158Endoscopy breathing maskJuly, 1995Tirotta
5429683Face mask for breathingJuly, 1995Le Mitouard
5429126Respiratory mask headset attachmentJuly, 1995Bracken
5425359Nose plug structure with filterJune, 1995Liou
5419318Breathing maskMay, 1995Tayebi
5419317Inhalation apparatusMay, 1995Blasdell et al.
5404871Delivery of aerosol medications for inspirationApril, 1995Goodman et al.
5400781CO2 gas sampling mask having a bevelled sampling tube extending into the maskMarch, 1995Davenport
5400776Apparatus for maintaining a bend in a medical insufflation tubeMarch, 1995Bartholomew
5398676Portable emergency respiratorMarch, 1995Press et al.
5396885Mobile air supply cart having dual tanks and connections allowing simultaneous filling of tank and delivery of air to a userMarch, 1995Nelson
5394568Molded head harnessMarch, 1995Brostrom et al.
5391248Method of making an artificial airway deviceFebruary, 1995Brain
5390373Swim gogglesFebruary, 1995Flory
5388571Positive-pressure ventilator system with controlled access for nebulizer component servicingFebruary, 1995Roberts et al.
5385141Speech diaphragm and exhalation valveJanuary, 1995Granatiero
5375593Oxygenating pacifierDecember, 1994Press
5372391Internal pipe attachment mechanismDecember, 1994Bast et al.
5372390Coupling system for relatively thick-walled tubesDecember, 1994Conway et al.
5372389Nozzle swivel jointDecember, 1994Tam et al.
5372388Integral multi-duct conduit sectionDecember, 1994Gargiulo
5372130Face mask assembly and method having a fan and replaceable filterDecember, 1994Stern et al.
5364367Cannula anchorNovember, 1994Banks et al.
5357951Cardiac pulmonary resuscitator apparatus valve with integral air sampling portOctober, 1994Ratner
5357945Multipositional nebulizer deviceOctober, 1994Messina
5355893Vital signs monitorOctober, 1994Mick et al.
5355878Breathing equipment for aircrewOctober, 1994Griffiths et al.
5353789A flaccid mask with straps and a supporting element that force the mask into sealing engagement with the wearer's face in response to force exerted by the straps on the supporting elementOctober, 1994Schlobohm
5349949Face mask with lip, fold, and resilient spring means to improve sealSeptember, 1994Schegerin
5343878Pressure application methodSeptember, 1994Scarberry et al.
5335656Method and apparatus for inhalation of treating gas and sampling of exhaled gas for quantitative analysisAugust, 1994Bowe et al.
5334646Thermoplastic elastomer gelatinous articlesAugust, 1994Chen
D349586MaskAugust, 1994Handke
5331691Intra-orbital swim gogglesJuly, 1994Runckel
5322059Breathing mask with flow indicator for the respiration airJune, 1994Walther
5322057Intermittent signal actuated nebulizer synchronized to operate in the exhalation phase, and its method of useJune, 1994Raabe et al.
5311862Inhalation apparatusMay, 1994Blasdell et al.
5304146Medical appliance securing deviceApril, 1994Johnson et al.
5301689Device for temporary artificial respiration assistance for persons having snore problemsApril, 1994Wennerholm
5299599Valving arrangement for a negative pressure ventilatorApril, 1994Farmer et al.
5299579Apparatus for examining a patient's pulmonary functionApril, 1994Gedeon et al.
5299448Positive pressure test apparatus for facepiece respiratorApril, 1994Maryyanek
5291880Protective helmet with protective facepiece connection and adjustment provisionMarch, 1994Almovist et al.
5280784Device in particular and inhalating device for treating the lung and the respiratory tractsJanuary, 1994Kohler
5279289Resuscitator regulator with carbon dioxide detectorJanuary, 1994Kirk
5271391Apparatus for delivering a continuous positive airway pressure to an infantDecember, 1993Graves
5269296Nasal continuous positive airway pressure apparatus and methodDecember, 1993Landis
5267557Nose mask with a filtering deviceDecember, 1993Her-Mou
5265595Mask for breath analysisNovember, 1993Rudolph
5265592Individual protective breathing equipmentNovember, 1993Beaussant
5263939Retainer for laparoscopic cannulaNovember, 1993Wortrich
5245995Device and method for monitoring breathing during sleep, control of CPAP treatment, and preventing of apneaSeptember, 1993Sullivan et al.
5243971Nasal mask for CPAP having ballooning/moulding seal with wearer's nose and facial contoursSeptember, 1993Sullivan et al.
5243709Acoustically sealing earmuff for an infantSeptember, 1993Sheehan et al.
5233978Nasal oxygen maskAugust, 1993Callaway
5231983Method of and apparatus for the aerosol administration of medicationAugust, 1993Matson et al.
5222478Apparatus for application of pressure to a human bodyJune, 1993Scarberry et al.
5220699Surgical face mask support apparatus and methodJune, 1993Farris
5207665Absorbent product having mechanical attachment mechanismMay, 1993Davis et al.
D335322Snorkel face maskMay, 1993Jones
5199424Device for monitoring breathing during sleep and control of CPAP treatment that is patient controlledApril, 1993Sullivan et al.
D334633MaskApril, 1993Rudolph
5188101Premature baby headband for supporting nasal cannulas and oxygen feed tubesFebruary, 1993Tumolo
D333015Nasal maskFebruary, 1993Farmer et al.
5181506Multilayer protective gas maskJanuary, 1993Tardiff, Jr. et al.
5178138Drug delivery deviceJanuary, 1993Walstrom et al.
5159938Eye shieldNovember, 1992Laughlin
5146914Reusable, valved, transparent, pocket resuscitation maskSeptember, 1992Sturrock
5140982ResuscitatorAugust, 1992Bauman
5140980Hood mask and air filter system and method of manufacture thereofAugust, 1992Haughey et al.
5138722Headset ear sealAugust, 1992Urella et al.
5137017Demand oxygen systemAugust, 1992Salter
5133347Mouthpiece valve for breathing equipmentJuly, 1992Huennebeck
5127397Protective device kit for use in pulmonary ventilation treatment by the mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose methodsJuly, 1992Kohnke
5123677All plastic quick-connect couplingJune, 1992Kreczko et al.
5121746Anaesthetic and respirator breathing circuit deviceJune, 1992Sikora
5121745Self-inflatable rescue maskJune, 1992Israel
5117818Nasal tube holderJune, 1992Palfy
5113857Breathing gas delivery system and holding clip member thereforMay, 1992Dickerman et al.
5109840Resuscitator having directional control valve with internal "PEEP" adjustment valveMay, 1992Daleiden
5109839Inhalation apparatusMay, 1992Blasdell et al.
5093940Lens exchangeable goggleMarch, 1992Nishiyama
D323908Face maskFebruary, 1992Hollister et al.
5080092Protective maskJanuary, 1992Tenna
5074297Self-sealing mask for delivering intermittent positive pressure ventilationDecember, 1991Venegas
5069205Quick-donning head harness assemblyDecember, 1991Urso
5063922Ultrasonic atomizerNovember, 1991Hakkinen
5062421Respiratory mask having a soft, compliant facepiece and a thin, rigid insert and method of makingNovember, 1991Burns et al.
5046491Apparatus and method for respired gas collection and analysisSeptember, 1991Derrick
5046200Reversible, quick-adjustable diver's face mask strapSeptember, 1991Feder
5042478Method of ventilation using nares sealAugust, 1991Kopala et al.
5042473Demand valve for a respiratorAugust, 1991Lewis
5038776Universal head harnessAugust, 1991Harrison et al.
5038772Closed-cycle breathing equipmentAugust, 1991Kolbe et al.
5027809"Peeper" performance hand held nebuilizer attachment with adjustability of expiratory pressures and expiratory restrictionJuly, 1991Robinson
5025805Nasal cannula assemblyJune, 1991Nutter
5023955Impact-absorbing sound-attenuating earcupJune, 1991Murphy, II et al.
5022900Forced ventilation filtration deviceJune, 1991Bar-Yona et al.
5020163Earseal for sound-attenuating earcup assemblyJune, 1991Aileo et al.
5018519Mask for adminstering an anesthetic gas to a patientMay, 1991Brown
5005571Mouth nose mask for use with an inhalation therapy and/or breathing monitoring apparatusApril, 1991Dietz
5005568Isolation valveApril, 1991Loescher et al.
5003633Face protectorApril, 1991Itoh
5003631Flight helmet with headsetApril, 1991Richardson
5000173Respiratory aid deviceMarch, 1991Zalkin et al.
4996983Inhaler filtration device with housing supportable by spectacle templeMarch, 1991AmRhein
4989599Dual lumen cannulaFebruary, 1991Carter
4989596Face chamberFebruary, 1991Macris et al.
4989271Headphone cushioningFebruary, 1991Sapiejewski et al.
4986269Respiration therapy apparatusJanuary, 1991Hakkinen
4976698Intravenous catheter and tubing stabilization deviceDecember, 1990Stokley
D313277Medical tubing connectorDecember, 1990Haining
4971051Pneumatic cushion and sealNovember, 1990Toffolon
4969880Wound dressing and treatment methodNovember, 1990Zamierowski
4966590IV Clamp with membrane dressingOctober, 1990Kalt
4960121Half-face mask assemblyOctober, 1990Nelson et al.
D310431Gas delivery maskSeptember, 1990Bellm
4947860Non-invasive method and apparatus for measuring mixed venous carbon dioxide pressure (PvCO2) and other physiological variablesAugust, 1990Fisher
4945907Face maskAugust, 1990Tayebi
4944310Device for treating snoring sicknessJuly, 1990Sullivan
4941476Non-invasive method and apparatus for measuring mixed venous blood carbon dioxide pressure (PVC02) and other physiological variablesJuly, 1990Fisher
4938212Inspiration oxygen saverJuly, 1990Snook et al.
4938210Inhalation chamber in ventilator circuitJuly, 1990Shene
4919654IV clamp with membraneApril, 1990Kalt
4919128Nasal adaptor device and sealApril, 1990Kopala et al.
4915106Crew oxygen mask with pneumatic comfort adjustmentApril, 1990Aulgur et al.
4915105Miniature respiratory apparatusApril, 1990Lee
4914957Leak test adaptor apparatus for facilitating leak testing face mask respiratorsApril, 1990Dougherty
4910806Adjustable strap for use with a diver's face maskMarch, 1990Baker et al.
4907584Respiratory maskMarch, 1990McGinnis
4905683Respirator mask for positive pressure respirator equipmentMarch, 1990Cronjaeger
4899740Respirator system for use with a hood or face maskFebruary, 1990Napolitano
4886058Filter elementDecember, 1989Brostrom et al.
D304384Combined respiratory mask and inflatable head strapsOctober, 1989Derobert
4856118Headphone cushioningAugust, 1989Sapiejewski
4850346RespiratorJuly, 1989Michel et al.
4848366Exhaust mask system and deviceJuly, 1989Aita et al.
4848334MaskJuly, 1989Bellm
4841953Auxiliary supply system for a portable self-contained breathing apparatusJune, 1989Dodrill
4838878Universal clampJune, 1989Kalt et al.
4832017Breathing maskMay, 1989Schnoor
4830138Pressure ring for ear coverMay, 1989Palmaer et al.
4827924High efficiency respiratorMay, 1989Japuntich
4821713ResuscitatorApril, 1989Bauman
4819629Method and apparatus for delivering aerosol to the airways and/or lungs of a patientApril, 1989Jonson
4811730CPR face mask and method of using sameMarch, 1989Milano
4809692Pediatric asthmatic medication inhalerMarch, 1989Nowacki et al.
4807617Scavenging maskFebruary, 1989Nesti
4803981Anaesthesia maskFebruary, 1989Vickery
4802857CPR maskFebruary, 1989Laughlin
4799477Rebreathing maskJanuary, 1989Lewis
4790829Reusable injection catheterDecember, 1988Bowden et al.
4782832Nasal puff with adjustable sealing meansNovember, 1988Trimble et al.
4774946Nasal and endotracheal tube apparatusOctober, 1988Ackerman et al.
4774941Resuscitator bagOctober, 1988Cook
4772760Nonorthogonal EMP shielding elementsSeptember, 1988Graham
4770169Anaesthetic maskSeptember, 1988Schmoegner et al.
4767411Protective catheter sleeveAugust, 1988Edmunds
4753233Nasal cannulaJune, 1988Grimes
4739755RespiratorApril, 1988White et al.
D293613Anesthesia and respiratory face maskJanuary, 1988Wingler
H000397Modified bubble inturn mask peripheryJanuary, 1988Stark
4713844Protective helmet with face mask sealing meansDecember, 1987Westgate
4711636Catheterization systemDecember, 1987Bierman
4707863Anti-fog goggle with foam frameNovember, 1987McNeal
4706664Inspiration oxygen saverNovember, 1987Snook et al.
4699139Nasal cannula assembly with patient comfort padOctober, 1987Marshall et al.
4686977Tracheal cannulaAugust, 1987Cosma
4677977Mask for pressure breathingJuly, 1987Wilcox
4677975Method of dispensing and/or a dispenserJuly, 1987Edgar et al.
4676241Ventilation tube swivelJune, 1987Webb et al.
4674134Earmuff having sealing ring including liquid and foam plastic layersJune, 1987Lundin
4671271Protective facial maskJune, 1987Bishop et al.
4671267Gel-based therapy member and methodJune, 1987Stout
4665570Face mask sealMay, 1987Davis
4660555Oxygen delivery and administration systemApril, 1987Payton
4657010Adjustable face maskApril, 1987Wright
4655213Method and apparatus for the treatment of obstructive sleep apneaApril, 1987Rapoport et al.
D289238ChairApril, 1987Arthur, Jr.
4641647Device for securing respiratory appliance during respiratory therapyFebruary, 1987Behan
4641645Face maskFebruary, 1987Tayebi
4630604Valve assembly for a replaceable filter respiratorDecember, 1986Montesi
4622964Valve for breathing deviceNovember, 1986Flynn
4617637Servo control system for a reciprocating piston respiratorOctober, 1986Chu et al.
4616647Molded fiber disposable face mask having enhanced nose and chin filter-sealsOctober, 1986McCreadie
D285496Inhalation maskSeptember, 1986Berman
4601465Device for stimulating the human respiratory systemJuly, 1986Roy
4593688Apparatus for the delivery of oxygen or the likeJune, 1986Payton
4587967Oxygen enriched reciprocating piston respiratorMay, 1986Chu et al.
4579113Disposable covers for respiratorsApril, 1986McCreadie et al.
4572323Hearing protectorsFebruary, 1986Randall
4558710Testing of the airways and pulmonary tract of a patient, particularly for sensitivity to aerosolsDecember, 1985Eichler
4549542Multiple-effect respiratorOctober, 1985Chien
4548200Endotracheal tube holderOctober, 1985Wapner
4522639Unified filter and connector housing assembly incorporating a diversion valveJune, 1985Ansite et al.
4493614Pump for a portable ventilatorJanuary, 1985Chu et al.
4467799Transparent odor-free face maskAugust, 1984Steinberg
4458679Cold weather respiratory maskJuly, 1984Ward
4455675HeadphoningJune, 1984Bose et al.
4454881Multi-layer face mask with molded edge beadJune, 1984Huber et al.
4454880Nasal hood with open-bottom mixing chamberJune, 1984Muto et al.
4449526Mask breathing systemMay, 1984Elam
4446576Safe guard protective equipment for fighting artMay, 1984Hisataka
4422456Nasal cannula structureDecember, 1983Tiep
4417575RespiratorsNovember, 1983Hilton et al.
4414973Respirator face maskNovember, 1983Matheson et al.
4412537Fresh air breathing mask with exterior heat exchangerNovember, 1983Tiger
4406283Oxygen cannulae for continuous administration of oxygen, and its associated mounting structure and method for mounting same onto the head of a patientSeptember, 1983Bir
4402316Breathing gas maskSeptember, 1983Gadberry
4369284Thermoplastic elastomer gelatinous compositionsJanuary, 1983Chen
4367816Tear strip for gas sterilizable package and packageJanuary, 1983Wilkes
4367735Nasal cannulaJanuary, 1983Dali
4354488Nose mask gas delivery deviceOctober, 1982Bartos
4347205Process for preparing an inflatable pad for a face maskAugust, 1982Stewart
4337767Disposable anesthesia mask coverJuly, 1982Yahata
4328797Naso-gastric oxygen maskMay, 1982Rollins et al.
4312359Noninvasive blood pressure measuring systemJanuary, 1982Olson
4304229Underwater-breathing deviceDecember, 1981Curtin
D262322Nasal cannula mouth maskDecember, 1981Mizerak
4273124Nasal cannulaJune, 1981Zimmerman
4267845Method and apparatus for measuring pulmonary ventilationMay, 1981Robertson, Jr. et al.
4266540Nasal oxygen therapy maskMay, 1981Panzik et al.
4265239Gas scavenging exhaust systemMay, 1981Fischer, Jr. et al.
4264743Polyurethane foam sealing material and process for producing the sameApril, 1981Maruyama et al.
4263908Nasal cannula maskApril, 1981Mizerak
4248218Gas administration scavenging maskFebruary, 1981Fischer
4245632Underwater breathing apparatusJanuary, 1981Houston
4239038Manual resuscitatorsDecember, 1980Holmes
4233972Portable air filtering and breathing assist deviceNovember, 1980Hauff et al.
4231363Gas delivery face shieldNovember, 1980Grimes
4226234Respiratory valve face mask structureOctober, 1980Gunderson
4201205Oxygen maskMay, 1980Bartholomew
4167185Face mask sealSeptember, 1979Lewis
4156426Head-mounted oxygen-administration deviceMay, 1979Gold
4153051Compound splint and kitMay, 1979Shippert
4142527Endotracheal tube holderMarch, 1979Garcia
4120302Disposable pads for surgical instrumentsOctober, 1978Ziegler
D250131Breathing maskOctober, 1978Lewis et al.
D248497Disposable respiratorJuly, 1978Slosek
4077404Breathing equipment such as resuscitatorsMarch, 1978Elam
4069516Breathing face maskJanuary, 1978Watkins, Jr.
4062357Respirator maskDecember, 1977Laerdal
4006744Locking cannula mountFebruary, 1977Steer
3978854Demand regulatorSeptember, 1976Mills, Jr.
3972321Upper lip mounted retaining means for medical-surgical tubesAugust, 1976Proctor
3938614Cushion member for sound-proof sealingFebruary, 1976Ahs
3910261End-tidal gas analysis apparatus for respiratorsOctober, 1975Ragsdale et al.
3905361Apparatus for sealing the esophagus and providing artificial respiration and evacuating the stomachSeptember, 1975Hewson et al.
3902486Portable respiratory apparatusSeptember, 1975Guichard
3861385ANAESTHETIST'S VENTILATIONJanuary, 1975Carden
3830230SURGICAL HEADLAMPAugust, 1974Chester
D231803N/AJune, 1974Huddy
3799164ANALGESIC APPARATUSMarch, 1974Rollins
3796216RESUSCITATORMarch, 1974Schwarz
3754552FLEXIBLE NASAL CANNULAAugust, 1973King
3752157DISPOSABLE HEADBAND AND FILTERAugust, 1973Malmin
3750333INSULATED PRIME DOORAugust, 1973Vance
3739774RESPIRATORSJune, 1973Gregory
3725953FULL VIEW DIVER'S MASKApril, 1973Johnson et al.
3720235COMPOSITE TUBINGMarch, 1973Schrock
3700000VALVE ARRANGEMENT, ESPECIALLY FOR USE IN ANAESTHETIC GAS SUPPLY SYSTEMSOctober, 1972Hesse et al.
3682171NASAL CANNULAAugust, 1972Dali et al.
3670726BREATHING CIRCUITJune, 1972Mahon et al.
3580051METHOD FOR LEAK TESTING MASKSMay, 1971Blevins
3556122VALVE FOR ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION APPARATUSJanuary, 1971Laerdal
3545436FACE SEALDecember, 1970Holloway
3363833Elastic bag for artificial respiration apparatusJanuary, 1968Laerdal
3362420Anti-suffocation valveJanuary, 1968Blackburn et al.
3330274Oro-nasal face mask with improved pneumatic sealing cuffJuly, 1967Bennett
3330273Oro-nasal face mask with improved sealing cuffJuly, 1967Bennett
3315674Filter mask faceletApril, 1967Bloom et al.
3315672Surgical maskApril, 1967Cunningham et al.
3288138Surgical maskNovember, 1966Sachs
3238943Aid breathing systemMarch, 1966Holley
3193624Dictation mask sound receiverJuly, 1965Webb et al.
3189027Anti-suffocant apparatus for oxygen supply systemsJune, 1965Bartlett, Jr.
3182659Oxygen and inhalant maskMay, 1965Blount
3117574Quickly applied breathing mask and associated head harnessJanuary, 1964Replogle
3042035MaskJuly, 1962Coanda
3013556Head strap for respiratory masksDecember, 1961Galleher, Jr.
2939458Respiratory masksJune, 1960Lundquist
D188084N/AMay, 1960Garelick
2931356Oxygen mask having detachable face seal cushionApril, 1960Schwarz
2917045Face mask and similar devices having body-conforming meansDecember, 1959Schildknecht et al.
2902033Inhaler mask with visual meansSeptember, 1959Galleher, Jr.
2882895Open-cycle breathing apparatusApril, 1959Galeazzi
2881444Aerodynamic seal for face masksApril, 1959Fresh et al.
2875759Inhaler maskMarch, 1959Galleher, Jr.
2875757Marginal shaping and sealing means for respiratory masksMarch, 1959Galleher, Jr.
2868196Dust filter maskJanuary, 1959Stampe
2837090Universal aviators oxygen breathing maskJune, 1958Bloom et al.
2820651Compound swivel adapterJanuary, 1958Phillips
RE24193N/AAugust, 1956Emerson
2749910N/AJune, 1956Faulconer, Jr.
2706983Flexible construction in respirator mask facepieceApril, 1955Matheson et al.
2693178Demand type gas regulatorNovember, 1954Gilroy
2641253Anesthesia apparatusJune, 1953Engelder
2625155Face maskJanuary, 1953Engelder
2590006Nasal tube holderMarch, 1952Gordon
2578621Respirator maskDecember, 1951Yant
2540567Respiratory facial maskFebruary, 1951Bennett
D161337N/ADecember, 1950Hill
D156060N/ANovember, 1949Wade
2473518Pressure breathing mask for aviationJune, 1949Garrard et al.
2438058Air supply device for respiratorsMarch, 1948Kincheloe
2433565Nose filterDecember, 1947Korman
2428451Pressure resuscitatorOctober, 1947Emerson
2415846Oronasal maskFebruary, 1947Randall
2382364FacepieceAugust, 1945Yant
2376871Respirator maskMay, 1945Fink
2371965RespiratorMarch, 1945Lehmberg
2353643Head harness for masksJuly, 1944Bulbulian
2317608MaskApril, 1943Heidbrink
2254854Anesthetic administering deviceSeptember, 1941O'Connell
2248477Method and apparatus for administering oxygenJuly, 1941Lombard
2245969Nasal inhalerJune, 1941Francisco et al.
2245658Inhaling deviceJune, 1941Erickson
2166164RespiratorJuly, 1939Lehmberg
2149067Surgical maskFebruary, 1939Otero
2133699InhalerOctober, 1938Heidbrink
2130555Respirator filterSeptember, 1938Malcom
2127136Sanitary guard for inhalersAugust, 1938Pobirs128/207.12
2123353InhalerJuly, 1938Catt
2104016Respiratory deviceJanuary, 1938Biggs
2011733Face-conforming respirator maskAugust, 1935Shindel
1926027Breathing apparatusSeptember, 1933Biggs
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Primary Examiner:
MATTER, KRISTEN CLARETTE
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NIXON & VANDERHYE, PC (901 NORTH GLEBE ROAD, 11TH FLOOR, ARLINGTON, VA, 22203, US)
Parent Case Data:

CROSS-SECTION TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation application of application Ser. No. 12/736,024, filed Sep. 2, 2010, which is the U.S. national phase of International Application No. PCT/AU2009/000241, filed Feb. 27, 2009, which designated the U.S. and claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Nos. 61/064,406, filed Mar. 4, 2008, 61/071,893, filed May 23, 2008, and 61/136,617, filed Sep. 19, 2008, each of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A mask system for delivery of a supply of gas at positive pressure to a patient for medical treatment, the mask system comprising: a frame module; a cushion module provided to the frame module and adapted to form a seal with the patient's face; an elbow module rotatably attached to the frame module such that the frame module acts as a carrier and bearing surface for the elbow module, the elbow module being rotatably attached to the frame module such that the elbow module is rotatable 360° relative to the frame module in use, and the elbow module being adapted to be connected to an air delivery tube that delivers breathable gas to the patient; and headgear removably attachable to the frame module to assist in maintaining the mask system in a desired adjusted position on the patient's face, wherein: the cushion module includes a main body and a cushion, the main body at least partly defining a breathing chamber, the frame module and the main body having shapes that prevent relative rotation when the frame module is attached to the main body, an outer portion of the main body is exposed and remains uncovered by the frame module when the frame module and the main body are attached, and the main body and cushion together comprise an integrated component, the main body comprising a molded material that interfaces with the frame module and the cushion comprises a molded silicone material adapted to interface with patient's face, and the molded material of the main body is a more rigid material than the molded silicone material of the cushion.

2. The mask system according to claim 1, wherein: the cushion provides a sealing portion adapted to form a seal with the patient's nose and mouth, and wherein the cushion is adapted to engage the patient's face generally along nasal bridge, cheek, and chin regions of the patient's face, and the cushion includes a base wall provided to the main body.

3. The mask system according to claim 1, wherein: the elbow module includes an elbow, a vent arrangement is provided for gas washout, an anti-asphyxia valve is provided to the elbow, the elbow includes a first end portion and a second end portion, the first end portion being attached to the frame module, the second end portion being provided to a swivel joint adapted to be connected to the air delivery tube, and the elbow includes a port that is selectively closed by a flap portion of the anti-asphyxia valve depending on the presence of pressurized gas, and a structure to attach the anti-asphyxia valve.

4. The mask system according to claim 1, wherein: the frame module is structured to maintain the elbow module in an operative position with respect to the patient's face, with the frame module and elbow module being connected with a mechanical interlock.

5. The mask system according to claim 1, wherein: the frame module includes a forehead support, the frame module includes four headgear connectors to connect with the headgear, a pair of arms are provided, each of the pair of arms having a slot at a free end of the arm adapted to receive a respective headgear strap of the headgear, each arm being at least semi-rigid to stabilize the mask system on the patient's face, each arm is removably coupled to the frame module, each said arm including clip structure adapted to removably engage with a corresponding portion provided to the frame module, the headgear is removably attachable to the headgear connectors of the frame module to maintain the mask system in a desired position on the patient's face, and the headgear includes a pair of upper and lower straps with the upper straps removably attached to respective upper headgear connectors and the lower straps removably attached to respective lower headgear connectors, a free end of each strap including a hook and loop tab structured to adjustably engage the remainder of the strap to secure the strap in place.

6. The mask system according to claim 1, further comprising a concertina section provided in a nasal bridge region of the cushion, the concertina section including one or more folds that provide a higher degree of flexibility or increased movement relative to the main body.

7. The mask system according to claim 1, wherein the mask system is provided with a number of differently sized cushion modules each having a cushion and main body joined together, the main body of each cushion module including a common configuration for interfacing with the frame module, thus providing a modular arrangement that allows the frame module to be selectively and removably coupled to each of the number of cushion modules, wherein the differently sized cushion modules include different size cushions, including small, medium, and large.

8. The mask system according to claim 1, wherein: the cushion provides a sealing portion adapted to form a seal with the patient's nose and mouth, and wherein the cushion is adapted to engage the patient's face generally along nasal bridge, cheek, and chin regions of the patient's face, the cushion includes a base wall provided to the main body, the elbow module includes an elbow, a vent arrangement is provided for gas washout, an anti-asphyxia valve is provided to the elbow, the elbow includes a first end portion and a second end portion, the first end portion being attached to the frame module, the second end portion being provided to a swivel joint adapted to be connected to the air delivery tube, the elbow includes a port that is selectively closed by a flap portion of the anti-asphyxia valve depending on the presence of pressurized gas, and a structure to attach the anti-asphyxia valve, the frame module is structured to maintain the elbow module in an operative position with respect to the patient's face, with the frame module and elbow module being connected with a mechanical interlock, the frame module includes a forehead support, the frame module includes four headgear connectors to connect with the headgear, a pair of arms are provided, each of the pair of arms having a slot at the free end of the arm adapted to receive a respective headgear strap of the headgear, each arm being at least semi-rigid to stabilize the mask system on the patient's face, each arm is removably coupled to the frame module, each said arm including clip structure adapted to removably engage with a corresponding portion provided to the frame module, the headgear is removably attachable to the headgear connectors of the frame module to maintain the mask system in a desired position on the patient's face, the headgear includes a pair of upper and lower straps with the upper straps removably attached to respective upper headgear connectors and the lower straps removably attached to respective lower headgear connectors, a free end of each strap including a hook and loop tab structured to adjustably engage the remainder of the strap to secure the strap in place, a concertina section is provided in a nasal bridge region of the cushion, the concertina section including one or more folds that provide a higher degree of flexibility or increased movement relative to the main body, the mask system is provided with a number of differently sized cushion modules, the main body of each cushion module including a common configuration for interfacing with the frame module, thus providing a modular arrangement that allows the frame module to be selectively and removably coupled to each of the number of cushion modules, and the differently sized cushion modules include different size cushions, including small, medium, and large.

9. The mask system according to claim 1, wherein a co-molded connection is provided between the molded material and the molded silicone material, the molded material being a molded polycarbonate material.

10. The mask system according to claim 9, wherein the co-molded connection between the molded polycarbonate material of the main body and the molded silicone material of the cushion extends around the respective perimeters of the main body and the cushion such that the cushion is oriented to extend from the connection towards the patient's face and the main body extends away from the connection and towards the frame module.

11. The mask system according to claim 9, wherein said co-molded connection does not include a mechanical interlock.

12. The mask system according to claim 9, wherein said co-molded connection does not necessarily form a mechanical interlock.

13. The mask system according to claim 12, wherein the co-molded connection further comprises a co-molded joint between the molded polycarbonate material of the main body and the molded silicone material of the cushion extends around the respective perimeters of the main body and the cushion such that the cushion is adapted to extend from the joint towards the patient's face and the main body extends away from the joint and towards the frame module.

14. A mask system for delivery of a supply of gas at positive pressure to a patient for medical treatment, the mask system comprising: a frame module; a cushion module snap-fit to the frame module and adapted to form a seal with the patient's face; and an elbow module provided to the frame module, the frame module including a carrier having a bearing surface, the elbow module being rotatably attached to the bearing surface of the carrier such that, in use, the elbow module is rotatable 360° relative to the frame module, and adapted to be connected to an air delivery tube that delivers breathable gas to the patient, wherein the cushion module includes a main body and a cushion, the main body at least partly defining a breathing chamber, wherein the main body and the cushion together comprise an integrated component, the main body comprising a molded material adapted to directly contact the frame module and the cushion comprises a molded silicone material adapted to interface with patient's face, wherein the frame module and the main body have complementary shapes that provide for non-rotatable engagement relative to one another, and wherein the molded material of the main body is a more rigid material than the molded silicone material of the cushion.

15. The mask system According to claim 14, wherein the cushion provides a sealing portion adapted to form a seal with the patient's nose and mouth, and wherein the cushion is adapted to engage the patient's face generally along nasal bridge, cheek, and chin regions of the patient's face.

16. The mask system according to claim 15, wherein the main body includes an opening that is adapted to communicate with the elbow module.

17. The mask system according to claim 14, wherein a concertina section is provided in a nasal bridge region of the cushion of the cushion module, the concertina section including one or more folds that provide a degree of flexibility or movement relative to the main body.

18. The mask system according to claim 14, wherein: the cushion provides a sealing portion adapted to form a seal with the patient's nose and mouth, and wherein the cushion is adapted to engage the patient's face generally along nasal bridge, cheek, and chin regions of the patient's face, the main body includes an opening that is adapted to communicate with an elbow module, the cushion includes a base wall provided to the main body, at least a portion of the main body is exposed when the cushion module and the frame module are attached, and a concertina section is provided in a nasal bridge region of the cushion of the cushion module, the concertina section including one or more folds that provide a degree of flexibility or movement relative to the main body.

19. The mask system according to claim 14, wherein at least a portion of the main body is exposed when the cushion module and the frame module are attached.

20. The mask system according to claim 14, wherein a co-molded joint is provided between the molded material and the molded silicone material, the molded material being a molded polycarbonate material.

21. The mask system according to claim 20, wherein the co-molded joint between the molded polycarbonate material of the main body and the molded silicone material of the cushion extends around the respective perimeters of the main body and the cushion such that when worn the cushion is oriented to extend from the joint towards the patient's face and the main body is oriented to extend away from the joint and towards the frame module.

22. A mask system for delivery of a supply of gas at positive pressure to a patient for medical treatment, the mask system comprising: a frame module having a carrier with a bearing surface; a cushion module provided to the frame module and adapted to form a seal with the patient's face; an elbow module directly attached to the carrier of the frame module and adapted to be connected to an air delivery tube that delivers breathable gas to the patient, the elbow module being 360° rotatable relative to the bearing surface; and headgear removably attachable to the frame module to assist in maintaining the mask system in a desired adjusted position on the patient's face, wherein: the cushion module includes a main body and a cushion, the main body at least partly defining a breathing chamber and having an exterior surface directly proximate to a surface of the frame module, the main body comprises a molded material that interfaces with the frame module and the cushion comprises a molded silicone material adapted to interface with patient's face, and the molded material of the main body is a more rigid material than the molded silicone material of the cushion, headgear connectors to connect with the headgear are provided only on the frame module, the main body being shaped complementary to the frame module such that the main body and the frame module are not rotatable relative to one another, the mask system is provided with a plurality of differently sized cushion modules each having a cushion and a main body joined together, the main body of each cushion module including a universal configuration for interfacing with the frame module, thus providing a modular arrangement that allows the frame module to be selectively and removably coupled to each of the plurality of differently sized cushion modules, and the plurality of differently sized cushion modules include different size cushions, including small, medium, and large.

23. The mask system according to claim 22, wherein: the cushion provides a sealing portion adapted to form a seal with the patient's nose and mouth, and wherein the cushion is adapted to engage the patient's face generally along nasal bridge, cheek, and chin regions of the patient's face, wherein the cushion includes a base wall provided to the main body.

24. The mask system according to claim 22, wherein: the elbow module includes an elbow, a vent arrangement is provided for gas washout, an anti-asphyxia valve is provided to the elbow, the elbow includes a first end portion and a second end portion, the first end portion being attached to the frame module, the second end portion being provided to a swivel joint adapted to be connected to the air delivery tube, and the elbow includes a port that is selectively closed by a flap portion of the anti-asphyxia valve depending on the presence of pressurized gas, and a structure to attach the anti-asphyxia valve.

25. The mask system according to claim 22, wherein: the frame module is structured to maintain the elbow module in an operative position with respect to the patient's face, with the frame module and elbow module being mechanically interlocked.

26. The mask system according to claim 22, wherein: the frame module includes a forehead support, a pair of the headgear connectors each includes an arm and a slot at a free end of the arm adapted to receive a respective headgear strap of the headgear, each arm being at least semi-rigid to stabilize the mask system on the patient's face, each arm is removably coupled to the frame module, each said arm including clip structure adapted to removably engage with a corresponding portion provided to the frame module, the headgear is removably attachable to the headgear connectors of the frame module to maintain the mask system in a desired position on the patient's face, and the headgear includes a pair of upper and lower straps with the upper straps removably attached to respective upper headgear connectors and the lower straps removably attached to respective lower headgear connectors, a free end of each strap including a hook and loop tab structured to adjustably engage the remainder of the strap to secure the strap in place.

27. The mask system according to claim 22, further comprising a concertina section provided in a nasal bridge region of the cushion, the concertina section including one or more folds that provide a higher degree of flexibility or increased movement relative to the main body.

28. The mask system according to claim 22, wherein: the cushion provides a sealing portion adapted to form a seal with the patient's nose and mouth, and wherein the cushion is adapted to engage the patient's face generally along nasal bridge, cheek, and chin regions of the patient's face, the cushion includes a base wall provided to the main body the elbow module includes an elbow, a vent arrangement is provided to the elbow for gas washout, an anti-asphyxia valve is provided to the elbow, the elbow includes a first end portion and a second end portion, the first end portion being attached to the frame module, the second end portion being provided to a swivel joint adapted to be connected to the air delivery tube, the elbow includes a port that is selectively closed by a flap portion of the anti-asphyxia valve depending on the presence of pressurized gas, and a structure to attach the anti-asphyxia valve, the frame module is structured to maintain the elbow module in an operative position with respect to the patient's face, with the frame module and elbow module being mechanically interlocked, the frame module includes a forehead support, a pair of the headgear connectors each includes an arm and a slot at the free end of the arm adapted to receive a respective headgear strap of the headgear, each arm being at least semi-rigid to stabilize the mask system on the patient's face, each arm is removably coupled to the frame module, each said arm including clip structure adapted to removably engage with a corresponding portion provided to the frame module, the headgear is removably attachable to the headgear connectors of the frame module to maintain the mask system in a desired position on the patient's face, the headgear includes a pair of upper and lower straps with the upper straps removably attached to respective upper headgear connectors and the lower straps removably attached to respective lower headgear connectors, a free end of each strap including a hook and loop tab structured to adjustably engage the remainder of the strap to secure the strap in place, and a concertina section is provided in a nasal bridge region of the cushion, the concertina section including one or more folds that provide a higher degree of flexibility or increased movement relative to the main body.

29. The mask system according to claim 22, wherein at least a portion of the main body is exposed when the cushion module and the frame module are attached.

30. The mask system according to claim 22, wherein a co-molded connection is provided between the molded material and the molded silicone material, the molded material being a molded polycarbonate material.

31. The mask system according to claim 30, wherein the co-molded connection between the molded polycarbonate material of the main body and the molded silicone material of the cushion extends around the respective perimeters of the main body and the cushion such that the cushion is oriented to extend from the co-molded connection towards the patient's face and the main body extends away from the co-molded connection and towards the frame module.

32. A mask system for a patient, the mask system comprising: a cushion module comprising a cushion of one material adapted to form a seal with the patient's face, and a main body of a different, more rigid material, the main body having a main body opening to receive pressurized breathable gas; an elbow module having an elbow adapted to be connected to an air delivery tube that delivers breathable gas to the patient via the cushion module; and a frame module connected to the main body of the cushion module with a snap-fit connection, wherein the frame module and the cushion module are not rotatable relative to one another when connected, wherein the frame module retains the elbow module, and acts as a carrier and a bearing surface for the elbow module, and wherein the elbow module is rotatably attached to the frame module so that the elbow module is rotatable 360 degrees relative to the frame module.

33. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the frame module includes a portion to provide forehead support.

34. The mask system of claim 33, wherein the main body includes a lower portion having the main body opening, and an upper portion having a vent arrangement.

35. The mask system of claim 34, wherein the frame module includes: a frame-opening aligned with the main body opening, and a headgear connector on each side of the frame-opening.

36. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the main body is provided without upper headgear connectors and the main body is free of lower headgear connectors.

37. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the cushion module includes a concertina section having one or more folds.

38. The mask system of claim 37, wherein a nasal bridge region of the cushion module includes the one or more folds to provide the mask system, in use, with a higher level of adaptability or flexibility in the nasal bridge region of the cushion module relative to another region of the cushion module.

39. The mask system of claim 38, wherein the flexibility of the concertina section is variable by varying at least one of a number of folds, a wall thickness of each fold, and a depth of each fold.

40. The mask system of claim 37, wherein the cushion is configured to form a seal along a nasal bridge region, a cheek region, and a lower lip/chin region of the patient's face in use.

41. The mask system of claim 37, wherein the concertina section is provided to a nasal bridge region of the main body.

42. The mask system of claim 37, wherein the concertina section is provided in selected regions of the cushion module.

43. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the cushion is a full-face cushion.

44. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the cushion is co-molded to the main body.

45. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the frame module includes headgear connectors adapted to removably attach to respective headgear straps of headgear.

46. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the frame module includes upper and lower headgear connectors on each side of the frame module.

47. The mask system of claim 46, wherein each upper headgear connector includes a slot adapted to receive a respective headgear strap in use.

48. The mask system of claim 47, wherein each lower headgear connector is adapted to be removably interlocked with a headgear clip associated with a respective headgear strap.

49. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the frame module includes an open construction.

50. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the elbow module includes an anti-asphyxia valve.

51. The mask system of claim 50, wherein the anti-asphyxia valve includes a flap portion adapted to selectively close a port provided in the elbow module.

52. The mask system of claim 32, wherein connection between the elbow module and the frame module is independent of releasable connection between frame module and the main body.

53. The mask system of claim 32, wherein the frame module includes a portion to provide forehead support, wherein the main body includes a lower portion having the main body opening, and an upper portion having a vent arrangement, wherein the main body is provided without upper headgear connectors and the main body is free of lower headgear connectors, wherein the cushion module includes a concertina section having one or more folds, wherein a nasal bridge region of the cushion module includes the one or more folds to provide the mask system, in use, with a higher level of adaptability or flexibility in the nasal bridge region of the cushion module relative to another region of the cushion module, wherein the cushion is configured to form a seal along a nasal bridge region, a cheek region, and a lower lip/chin region of the patient's face in use, wherein the cushion is a full-face cushion, wherein the frame module includes headgear connectors adapted to removably attach to respective headgear straps of headgear, wherein the frame module includes an open construction, and wherein connection between the elbow module and the frame module is independent of releasable connection between frame module and the main body.

54. An oro-nasal mask system for treatment of respiratory disorder with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure equipment suitable to generate a supply of gas at positive pressure to be delivered to a patient's airways, the mask system comprising: a frame module; a cushion module having (i) a cushion adapted to form a seal with the patient's nose and mouth and (ii) a main body; an elbow module adapted to be connected to an air delivery tube to deliver breathable gas to the patient; and headgear removably attachable to the frame module, wherein: the frame module includes two headgear connectors to connect with the headgear, the main body comprises a relatively harder material and the cushion comprises relatively softer material provided to the main body, the cushion is an oro-nasal cushion adapted to engage the patient's face generally along nasal bridge, cheek, and chin regions of the patient's face, a vent arrangement is provided for gas washout, the elbow module includes a first end portion and a second end portion, the first end portion being attached to the frame module, the second end portion being provided to a swivel joint adapted to be connected to the air delivery tube, the elbow module includes an elbow and an anti-asphyxia valve provided to the elbow, the elbow includes a port that is selectively closed by a flap portion of the anti-asphyxia valve depending on the presence of pressurized gas, and a structure to attach the anti-asphyxia valve, the elbow module is rotatably attached to the frame module, the elbow module and the frame module are mechanically interlocked to form a combined elbow and frame module that is releasably snap-fitted to the cushion module, in a non-rotatable manner, with a snap-fit attachment mechanism.

55. The mask system according to claim 54, wherein the frame module includes a forehead support.

56. The mask system according to claim 55, further comprising a concertina section provided in a nasal bridge region of the cushion of the cushion module, the concertina section including one or more folds that provide a degree of flexibility or movement.

57. The mask system according to claim 54, wherein the main body includes a universal configuration adapted to interface with the frame module, the main body being adapted to connect with a plurality of cushions of different sizes, thus providing a modular arrangement that allows the frame module to be selectively and removably coupled to each of a plurality of differently sized cushion modules.

58. The mask system according to claim 57, wherein the differently sized cushion modules include different size cushions, including small, medium, and large.

59. The mask system according to claim 58, wherein the main body and cushion are co-molded with one another to form an integrated co-molded component, a polycarbonate material of the main body comprising a first molded material adapted to interface with the frame module, and a silicone material of the cushion comprises a second molded material adapted to interface with patient's face.

60. The mask system according to claim 54, wherein: the elbow module is permitted to be rotated 360 degrees relative to the frame module, the frame module includes a forehead support, a concertina section is provided in a nasal bridge region of the cushion of the cushion module, the concertina section including one or more folds that provide a degree of flexibility or movement, the main body includes a universal configuration adapted to interface with the frame module, the main body being adapted to connect with a plurality of cushions of different sizes, thus providing a modular arrangement that allows the frame module to be selectively and removably coupled to each of a plurality of differently sized cushion modules, and the differently sized cushion modules include different size cushions, including small, medium, and large.

61. A full-face mask system for delivering a supply of breathable gas at positive pressure to a patient's airways to treat a respiratory disorder, the mask system comprising: a frame module; a cushion module that engages the frame module, the cushion module including a main body and a full-face cushion adapted to engage the patient's face generally along nasal bridge, cheek, and chin regions of the patient's face, the main body at least partly defining a breathing chamber; an elbow directly attached to the frame module in a rotatable manner such that the elbow and the frame module are 360° rotatable, the elbow being adapted to be connected to an air delivery tube to deliver breathable gas to the patient; and headgear directly or indirectly attachable to the frame module in a removable manner, wherein: the frame module and the main body are joined with a snap-fit, the frame module includes an opening, the elbow including a distal end inserted into the opening of the frame module to retain the elbow with the frame module, and the frame module and the main body having shapes that prevent relative rotation when the frame module is snap-fitted to the main body.

62. The mask system according to claim 61, wherein: a vent arrangement is provided for gas washout, the elbow includes a swivel joint adapted to be connected to the air delivery tube, and the elbow includes an anti-asphyxia valve and a port that is selectively closed by a flap portion of the anti-asphyxia valve depending on the presence of pressurized gas.

63. The mask system according to claim 61, wherein: the frame module includes a forehead support and four headgear connectors that are attached to the frame module to connect with the headgear.

64. The mask system according to claim 61, wherein the mask system is provided with a plurality of differently sized cushion modules each having a full-face cushion and a main body, the main body of each cushion module including a universal configuration for interfacing with the frame module, thus providing a modular arrangement that allows the frame module to be selectively and removably coupled to each of the plurality of differently sized cushion modules, and wherein the plurality of differently sized cushion modules include different size full-face cushions, including small, medium, and large.

65. The mask system according to claim 61, wherein the main body and full-face cushion together comprise an integrated component, the main body comprising a molded polycarbonate material that interfaces with the frame module and the full-face cushion comprises a molded elastomeric material adapted to interface with patient's face.

66. The mask system according to claim 61, wherein: a vent arrangement is provided for gas washout, the elbow includes a swivel joint adapted to be connected to the air delivery tube, the elbow includes an anti-asphyxia valve and a port that is selectively closed by a flap portion of the anti-asphyxia valve depending on the presence of pressurized gas, the frame module includes a forehead support and four headgear connectors that are attached to the frame module to connect with the headgear, the mask system is provided with a plurality of differently sized cushion modules each having a full-face cushion and a main body, the main body of each cushion module including a universal configuration for interfacing with the frame module, thus providing a modular arrangement that allows the frame module to be selectively and removably coupled to each of the plurality of differently sized cushion modules, the plurality of differently sized cushion modules include different size full-face cushions, including small, medium, and large, and the main body and full-face cushion together comprise an integrated component, the main body comprising a molded polycarbonate material that interfaces with the frame module and the full-face cushion comprises a molded elastomeric material adapted to interface with patient's face.

Description:

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a mask system used for treatment, e.g., of Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) or Non-Invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV).

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Patient interfaces, such as a full-face or nasal mask systems, for use with blowers and flow generators in the treatment of sleep disordered breathing (SDB), typically include a soft face-contacting portion, such as a cushion, and a rigid or semi-rigid shell or frame module. In use, the interface is held in a sealing position by headgear so as to enable a supply of air at positive pressure (e.g., 2-30 cm H2O) to be delivered to the patient's airways.

One factor in the efficacy of therapy and compliance of patients with therapy is the comfort and fit of the patient interface.

The present invention provides alternative arrangements of mask systems to enhance the efficacy of therapy and compliance of patients with therapy.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

One aspect of the invention relates to a mask system including a frame module and a cushion module provided to the frame module. The cushion module includes a main body defining a breathing chamber and a cushion adapted to form a seal with the patient's face. The frame module and the cushion module are co-molded with one another. The cushion module is constructed of a first, relatively soft, elastomeric material and the frame module is constructed of a second material that is more rigid than the cushion module. At least a portion of the cushion module includes a concertina section having a plurality of folds. Each of the folds has a side wall with the side walls of the folds becoming progressively longer away from the patient's face.

Another aspect of the invention relates to a cushion module including a main body defining a breathing chamber and a cushion adapted to form a seal with the patient's face. The main body and the cushion are co-molded with one another. The cushion is constructed of a first, relatively soft, elastomeric material and the main body is constructed of a second material that is more rigid than the cushion. At least a portion of the main body includes a concertina section.

Another aspect of the invention relates to a method for constructing a cushion module including molding a first part of the cushion module with a first, relatively soft, elastomeric material, co-molding a second part of the cushion module to the first part with a second material that is more rigid than the first material, and molding at least a portion of the second part to include a concertina section.

Other aspects, features, and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which are a part of this disclosure and which illustrate, by way of example, principles of this invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings facilitate an understanding of the various embodiments of this invention. In such drawings:

FIG. 1 is a front perspective view of a mask system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the mask system shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged front perspective view of the mask system shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a side view of the mask system shown in FIG. 1;

FIGS. 5-1 is a rear view of a cushion according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5-2 is a front view of the cushion shown in FIG. 5-1 with a partial cut-away;

FIG. 5-3 is a cross-section view through line 5-3-5-3 in FIG. 5-1;

FIG. 5-4 is a cross-section view through line 5-4-5-4 in FIG. 5-1;

FIG. 5-5 is a cross-section view through line 5-5-5-5 in FIG. 5-1;

FIGS. 6-1 to 6-3 illustrate top, front, and side views respectively of a concertina section according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a side view of a mask system including a cushion module according to a variation of the present invention; and

FIG. 8 illustrates a cushion including a concertina section according to an embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENTS

The following description is provided in relation to several embodiments which may share common characteristics and features. It is to be understood that one or more features of any one embodiment may be combinable with one or more features of the other embodiments. In addition, any single feature or combination of features in any of the embodiments may constitute additional embodiments.

While each embodiment below is described as including a full-face interface type, each embodiment may be adapted for use with other suitable interface types. That is, the interface type is merely exemplary, and each embodiment may be adapted to include other interface types, e.g., nasal interface, etc.

In this specification, the word “comprising” is to be understood in its “open” sense, that is, in the sense of “including”, and thus not limited to its “closed” sense, that is the sense of “consisting only of”. A corresponding meaning is to be attributed to the corresponding words “comprise”, “comprised” and “comprises” where they appear.

The term “air” will be taken to include breathable gases, for example air with supplemental oxygen.

1. Mask System

FIGS. 1-4 illustrate a mask system 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment, the mask system 10 includes a full-face or oro-nasal interface. The mask system 10 includes a frame module 20, a cushion module 40 provided to the frame module 20 and adapted to form a seal with the patient's face, and an elbow module 70 provided to the frame module 20 and adapted to be connected to an air delivery tube that delivers breathable gas to the patient. Headgear 90 may be removably attached to the frame module 20 to maintain the mask system 10 in a desired adjusted position on the patient's face. The mask system is intended for use in positive pressure therapy for users with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or another respiratory disorder.

As described below, the mask system 10 provides a modular design that allows different styles and/or sizes of the frame module 20, cushion module 40, and elbow module 70 to be interchanged or mixed and matched with one another to provide a more customized mask system for the patient. In addition, such design allows selected modules to be easily replaced, e.g., treatment requirements change, worn out or damaged, etc.

1.1 Frame Module

The frame module 20 (e.g., constructed from polycarbonate, polypropylene, thermoplastic elastomer (TPE), Pocan®, etc.) is structured to maintain the cushion module 40 and the elbow module 70 in an operative position with respect to the patient's face. In addition, the frame module 20 is structured to removably attach to the headgear 90 adapted to maintain the mask system 10 in a desired position on the patient's face.

As best shown in FIG. 2, the frame module 20 (also referred to as a skeleton frame) includes an open construction that provides an annular or part annular retaining portion 22 structured to retain the cushion module 40 and the elbow module 70. The frame module 20 also includes upper and lower headgear connectors 24, 25 on each side of the retaining portion 22.

In the illustrated embodiment, each upper headgear connector 24 includes an elongated arm 26 and a slot 27 at the free end of the arm 26 adapted to receive a respective headgear strap in use. Each arm 26 may be at least semi-rigid (i.e., rigidizer) to stabilize the mask system on the patient's face. Also, each arm 26 is suitably formed, shaped, or contoured to follow the contours of the patient's face and avoid line of sight in use. A cheek pad may be provided to the inner surface of the arm 26 to support the arm 26 on the patient's cheek in use.

Each lower headgear connector 25 includes a clip receptacle 31 adapted to be removably interlocked with a headgear clip 33 associated with a respective headgear strap. As best shown in FIG. 2, each clip 33 includes two spring arms 35 adapted to interlock with the respective clip receptacle 31 with a snap-fit and a slot 37 adapted to receive a respective headgear strap in use.

In an embodiment, the arm 26 may be removably coupled to the frame module 20, e.g., arm 26 includes clip structure adapted to removably interlock with a clip receptacle provided to the frame module 20. This arrangement allows different styles of upper and lower headgear connectors to be used with the frame module, e.g., arms for both upper and lower headgear connectors, clips for both upper and lower headgear connectors, different length arms for upper and lower headgear connectors, etc.

However, the frame module 20 may provide other suitable arrangements for attaching headgear straps of headgear. Also, the frame module 20 may include one or more additional components, e.g., forehead support.

The mask system 10 is provided without a forehead support adapted to engage the patient's forehead. This provides the mask system 10 with a less obtrusive arrangement which does not significantly affect the patient's field of view.

1.2 Cushion Module

The cushion module 40 is structured to interface with the frame module 20 and form a seal with patient's nose and mouth in use.

The cushion module 40 includes a main body 42 and a cushion 44 provided to the main body 42. In use, the main body 42 defines a breathing chamber and is adapted to interface with or otherwise attach to the frame module 20 and the cushion 44 provides a sealing portion or sealing ring adapted to form a seal with the patient's nose and/or mouth. Also, the main body 42 includes an opening 46 that is adapted to communicate with the elbow module 70.

In the illustrated embodiment, the cushion 44 is a full-face cushion adapted to engage the patient's face generally along nasal bridge, cheek, and lower lip/chin regions of the patient's face. However, other cushion interfaces are possible, e.g., nasal.

FIGS. 5-1 to 5-5 illustrate various views of a cushion (e.g., constructed of silicone) according to an embodiment of the present invention. As illustrated, the cushion 44 includes a base wall 44(1) provided to the main body 42, an undercushion layer (UCL) 44(2) extending away from the base wall 44(1), and a membrane 44(3) provided to substantially cover the UCL 44(2) and provide a sealing structure. In the illustrated embodiment, the cushion 44 is structured to sit lower on the nasal bridge to reduce mask obtrusiveness and improve “line of sight” in use.

Also, as best shown in FIGS. 5-3 and 5-5, the UCL 44(2) design in the nasal bridge region is structured to provide improved stability across the nasal bridge in use. As shown in FIGS. 5-1 and 5-3, the UCL is not provided in the lower lip/chin region. However, other arrangements of the UCL are possible, e.g., UCL around entire perimeter.

In an embodiment of the cushion shown in FIGS. 5-1 to 5-5, D1 may be about 15-20 mm, e.g., 18.2 mm, D2 may be about 53-59 mm, e.g., 55.8 mm, D3 may be about 88-93 mm, e.g., 90 mm, D4 may be about 78-83 mm, e.g., 81.1, D5 may be about 58-63 mm, e.g., 60 mm, D6 may be about 95-100 mm, e.g., 98.1 mm, D7 may be about 57-62 mm, e.g., 59.7 mm, D8 may be about 77-82 mm, e.g., 79 mm, D9 may be about 88-93 mm, e.g., 90.7 mm, D10 may be about 30-35 mm, e.g., 33.1 mm, D11 may be about 14-19 mm, e.g., 16.4 mm, D12 may be about 8-13 mm, e.g., 9.6 mm, D13 may be about 0.3-0.5 mm, e.g., 0.35 mm, D14 may be about 0.4-0.6 mm, e.g., 0.5 mm, and D15 may be about 0.3-0.5 mm, e.g., 0.4 mm. Although specific dimensions and ranges are indicated, it is to be understood that these dimensions and ranges are merely exemplary and other dimensions and ranges are possible depending on application. For example, the exemplary dimensions may vary by 10-20% or more or less depending on application.

The mask system 10 may be provided with a number of different cushion modules 40, e.g., each having cushions of different styles and/or sizes (e.g., depending on patient preference and/or fit). For example, the main body 42 of each cushion module may include a common or universal configuration for interfacing with the frame module 20, and the cushion 44 may include different styles and/or sizes. This provides a modular arrangement that allows the frame module 20 to be selectively (e.g., and removably) coupled to one of multiple cushion modules. For example, the different cushion modules may include different size cushions (e.g., small, medium, and large) and may include a different cushion structures.

Similarly, the cushion module 40 may be provided with different frame modules 20, e.g., each frame module having a different style and/or size (e.g., frame module with forehead support, frame module with different arrangement/style of headgear connectors, etc).

1.2.1 Co-Molding Main Body and Cushion

In an embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 1-4, the main body 42 and cushion 44 may be co-molded with one another to form a one-piece, integrated component. For example, the main body 42 may be molded of a first material adapted to interface with the frame module 20 and the cushion 44 may be co-molded onto the main body 42 of a second material adapted to interface with patient's face.

In such embodiment, the cushion 44 may be constructed of a relatively soft elastomeric material (e.g., silicone) for sealing and the main body 42 may be constructed of a more rigid material than the cushion 44 (e.g., polycarbonate, polypropylene) for interfacing with the frame.

Co-molding the main body 42 to the cushion 42 provides a chemical bond without necessarily forming a mechanical interlock. As a result, the connection includes no cracks, a gas tight seal, and clean interface. Moreover, such co-molded connection relaxes tolerances as the mold materials are sufficiently flexible to fill in any gaps at the interface between the main body 42 and the cushion 44. Also, the co-molded cushion module 40 provides a reduced part count (reduced cost) and facilitates assembly/disassembly to the frame module 20.

The frame module 20 is structured to hold and secure the cushion module 40 in an operative position with respect to the patient's face. As shown in FIG. 2, the annular retaining portion 22 includes an interfacing structure 23 along an inner edge that is adapted to interface with or otherwise removably connect to an interfacing structure 48 along the outer perimeter of the main body 42 of the cushion module 40 (e.g., see FIG. 2). In the illustrated embodiment, the interfacing structure 23 is in the form of opposed flanges 23(1) that are adapted to interlock with respective locking structures 48(1) provided on opposing sides of the main body 42. However, other suitable arrangements for attaching the cushion module 40 to the frame module 20 are possible, e.g., friction fit, snap-fit, mechanical interlock, or other suitable attachment mechanism.

For example, the cushion module 40 may be coupled to the frame module 20 in a manner that allows the cushion module 40 to be locked in different angular positions with respect to the frame module 20, e.g., pivotally mounted.

1.2.2 Co-Molding Cushion Module and Frame

In the arrangement shown in FIG. 7, the main body 42 and cushion 44 may be integrally formed in one piece, e.g., of a silicone material. That is, the cushion module 40 may have the same shape and structure as described above, but be integrally molded of the same material, e.g., silicone.

In an embodiment, the integrally formed cushion module 40 may be co-molded to the frame module 20, e.g., constructed of polycarbonate or polypropylene. For example, frame module 20 may be constructed of a relatively rigid material (e.g., polycarbonate or polypropylene) and the cushion module 40 may be co-molded onto the frame module 20 of a relatively soft elastomeric material (e.g., silicone).

1.2.3 Concertina Section

As best shown in FIGS. 4 and 7, a concertina section 50 is provided in a nasal bridge region of the cushion module 40. As illustrated, the concertina section 50 includes a bellows structure with one or more folds 52 that provide a higher degree of flexibility or increased movement to the main body 42. That is, the concertina section 50 provides a higher level of adaptability or flexibility to the nasal bridge region of the cushion module 40 which is a more sensitive region of the patient's face in use. Moreover, the concertina section 50 provides increased movement without compromising seal.

FIGS. 6-1 to 6-3 illustrate various views of a concertina section 50 (isolated from the remainder of the cushion module) with one or more folds 52 according to an embodiment of the present invention. As best shown in FIG. 6-3, the folds may have different lengths, depths, and/or contours with respect to one another to optimize the concertina effect, e.g., provide sufficient degree of movement without compromising seal. For example, as shown in FIG. 6-3, each fold 52 includes a first side wall 52(1) and a second side wall 52(2) that interconnects adjacent side walls 52(1).

In the illustrated embodiment, the first side walls 52(1) and/or the second side walls 52(2) may become progressively longer away from the patient's face. For example, the first side wall 52(1) and/or the second side wall 52(2) adjacent patient's face, or the combination of side walls 52(1) and 52(2), may have a length that is longer than and in some cases significantly longer than the adjacent side wall 52(1) and/or 52(2) (e.g., one side wall at least 25% greater than and up to 5× as long as the other side wall, e.g., 1×, 2×, 3×, or 4×).

The folds may be constructed and arranged to provide a predetermined order of movement or folding, e.g., folds structured to fold in a sequential or progressive manner wherein one fold collapses before an adjacent fold collapses. For example, upon application of force, the folds closest to the patient's face may fold or collapse before the folds furthest from the patient's face. Also, the folds may be constructed and arranged to provide various degrees of fold or collapse, e.g., folds may fold or collapse more than others.

In an embodiment of the concertina section shown in FIGS. 6-1 to 6-3, D1 may be about 50-60 mm, e.g., 55.7 mm, D2 may be about 5-15 mm, e.g., 9.7 mm, and D3 may be about 0.3-0.5 mm, e.g., 0.4 mm. Although specific dimensions and ranges are indicated, it is to be understood that these dimensions and ranges are merely exemplary and other dimensions and ranges are possible depending on application. For example, the exemplary dimensions may vary by 10-20% or more or less depending on application.

It should be appreciated that a concertina section 50 may be provided in other regions of the cushion module 40, e.g., depending on patient comfort. For example, the concertina section 50 may be provided around the entire perimeter of the cushion module 40 or may be provided in selected regions of the cushion module 40.

Also, the flexibility of the concertina section 50 may be varied and may be varied in different regions of the cushion module 40, e.g., depending on patient comfort. For example, the cushion module 40 may include a concertina section in the nasal bridge region with a relatively high degree of flexibility and a concertina section in the lower lip/chin region with a relatively low degree of flexibility. The flexibility of the concertina section 50 may be varied by varying the number of folds 52 (e.g., 1-5 folds), the wall lengths, the wall thickness of the folds 52, the depth of the folds 52, etc.

As noted above, the cushion module may be co-molded of two parts with different materials/rigidities or may be integrally formed of the same material. In both embodiments, the concertina section may be provided in the main body and/or the cushion.

In FIGS. 1-4, the cushion module 40 is co-molded of two parts (i.e., main body 42 and cushion 44) with the concertina section 50 provided in the main body 42. The main body 42 and cushion 44 include different rigidities in order to optimize the function of each part. For example, one part (i.e., cushion 44) may be constructed of a relatively soft, supple material to optimize the sealing effect and the other part (i.e., main body 42) may be constructed of a more rigid material to provide adequate support for the cushion while at the same time allowing a sufficient degree of movement to optimize the concertina effect. While the main body is more rigid than the cushion, the main body may be constructed of a flexible material to allow the concertina effect.

In FIG. 7, the main body 42 and cushion 44 are integrally formed in one piece with the concertina section 50 provided in the main body 42. The material properties and/or dimensions may be selectively modified to optimize sealing and concertina effects.

For both embodiments of FIGS. 1-4 and 7, it should be appreciated that the concertina section may be alternatively provided in the cushion 44 or in both the main body 42 and cushion 44. For example, FIG. 8 illustrates a concertina section 50 integrally formed with the cushion 44 in the nasal bridge region.

1.3 Elbow Module

The elbow module 70 includes an elbow 74, a vent arrangement 76 provided to the elbow 74 for gas washout, and an anti-asphyxia valve (AAV) 85 provided to the elbow 74.

In an embodiment, the mask system may be provided with a number of different elbow modules 70, e.g., each having a vent arrangement, AAV (in the case of an oro-nasal mask), and/or elbow of different styles and/or sizes. In the illustrated embodiment, the vent arrangement 76 and AAV 85 are structured to be removably attachable to the elbow 74. This provides a modular arrangement that allows the elbow module 70 to be selectively and removably coupled to one of multiple vent arrangements 76 and/or AAVs 85. This also allows the vent arrangement and AAV to be easily replaced, e.g., if damaged.

1.3.1 Elbow

The elbow 74 (e.g., constructed of a relatively hard material such as polycarbonate or polypropylene) includes a first end portion 74(1) and a second end portion 74(2). The first end portion 74(1) provides an interfacing structure 75 structured to interface or otherwise attach to the frame module 20. The second end portion 74(2) is provided to a swivel joint 80 adapted to be connected to an air delivery tube.

As illustrated, the first end portion 74(1) of the elbow 74 provides a relatively large diameter which allows the potential for cleaner/smoother lines thereby contributing to the overall mask aesthetic and reduced obtrusiveness. In addition, the relatively large diameter elbow offers the potential for the patient's nose to protrude into the elbow cavity thereby permitting the mask to be brought closer to the patient's face (i.e., reduced obtrusiveness).

In the illustrated embodiment, the swivel joint 80 is provided to a short tube 82 (e.g., extendable and retractable tube) that interconnects the elbow with the air delivery tube. In an embodiment, the swivel joint 80 may be integrally formed in one piece with the short tube 82.

1.3.2 Vent Arrangement

In the illustrated embodiment, the vent arrangement 76 is in the form of a vent insert that is adapted to be removably supported within an outlet opening in the elbow 74. In an embodiment, the vent arrangement 76 includes a base adapted to be supported within the outlet opening, one or more grill components or media (e.g., filter, membrane, or other porous material) provided to the base and structured to diffuse vent flow, and a cover to maintain the grill components/media within the base. Only the cover 77 of the vent arrangement 76 is visible in FIGS. 1-4.

Exemplary embodiments of such a vent arrangement are disclosed in U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/957,766, filed Aug. 24, 2007, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

However, it should be appreciated that the vent arrangement may include other suitable arrangements, e.g., vent insert with one or more vent holes.

Also, the elbow may provide an alternative venting arrangement to the vent insert. For example, as indicated in dashed lines in FIG. 4, the first end portion 74(1) of the elbow 74 (e.g., along the interfacing structure 75) may include one or more vent holes 276 for gas washout. The one or more holes 276 may be provided to a soft part (e.g., silicone seal as described below) and/or a hard part (e.g., polycarbonate, polypropylene) of the elbow. The holes 276 may extend around the entire perimeter of the first end portion 74(1) or may extend along one or more portions of the first end portion 74(1). It is noted that providing vent holes along the entire perimeter of the elbow may help to disperse the vent flow in use. However, other suitable hole arrangements, hole numbers, and/or hole shapes along the first end portion 74(1) and/or other portions of the elbow are possible.

1.3.3 AAV

The elbow 74 includes a slot to receive the AAV 85, a port 79 that is selectively closed by a flap portion 86 of the AAV 85 (depending on the presence of pressurized gas), and structure for attaching the AAV 85, e.g., with a snap-fit.

The AAV 85 includes a flap portion 86 and a clip portion 88 provided to the flap portion 86 for attaching the AAV 85 to the elbow 74. In the illustrated embodiment, the flap portion 86 and the clip portion 88 are co-molded with one another to form a one-piece, integrated component. However, the flap portion 86 and clip portion 88 may be secured to one another in other suitable manners, e.g., mechanical interlock.

In an embodiment, the flap portion 86 may be constructed of a relatively soft elastomeric material (e.g., silicone) and the clip portion 88 may be constructed of a more rigid material (e.g., rigid plastic) for interfacing with the elbow 74.

The clip portion 88 of the AAV 85 includes structure for removably interlocking with the elbow 74, e.g., with a snap-fit. For example, the clip portion 88 may include tabs structured to interlock with respective recesses/protrusions provided to the elbow 74.

Alternative embodiments of the AAV are disclosed in PCT Application No. PCT/AU2006/000031, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

1.3.4 Elbow Module Attachment to Frame Module

The frame module 20 is structured to maintain the elbow module 70 in an operative position with respect to the patient's face. That is, the frame module 20 acts as a carrier and bearing surface for the elbow module 70. The frame module 20 and elbow module 70 may connect with a friction fit, snap-fit, mechanical interlock, or other suitable attachment mechanism. However, other suitable arrangements for attaching the elbow module to the frame module are possible.

In the illustrated embodiment, the elbow module 70 may be rotatably attached to the frame module 20 so that the elbow module 70 may be rotated relative to the frame module 20 in use, e.g., 360° rotation. This arrangement allows the elbow module 70 to assume different orientations in use, e.g., depending on patient preference. For example, the elbow module 70 may assume a first orientation so that the elbow extends generally downwardly from the mask to direct the air delivery tube under the patient's head in use. Alternatively, the elbow module 70 may be rotated and assume a second orientation so that the elbow extends upwardly from the mask to direct the air delivery tube over the patient's head in use. In an embodiment, the frame module 20 and elbow module 70 may be constructed of dissimilar materials to prevent or at least reduce squeak between the components in use.

1.4 Interface Seal

In an embodiment, a seal may be provided at the interface between the elbow module 70 and the frame module 20, at the interface between the cushion module 40 and the frame module 20, and/or at the interface between the elbow module 70 and the frame module 20. For example, a seal (e.g., elastomeric, ring-shaped seal) may be formed separately from the modules and attached at the interface (e.g., sandwiched between modules, adhesive, etc.). Alternatively, a seal may be co-molded with one or more of the modules. In an embodiment, a silicone lip seal may be provided to the cushion module to seal against the elbow module, thereby reducing leak.

In another embodiment, the interfacing structure 75 of the elbow module 70 may be constructed of a relatively soft, sealing material (e.g., silicone, which may be co-molded to the harder material of the elbow) that is structured to provide a seal at the interface between the elbow module 70 and the frame module 20. Also, the relatively soft interfacing structure 75 (e.g., silicone) provides a “soft” attachment to the relatively hard frame 20 (e.g., polycarbonate, polypropylene) which may allow an interference type fit. As noted above, one or more vent holes may be provided to the softer interfacing structure and/or the harder elbow.

1.5 Headgear

Headgear 90 may be removably attached to the headgear connectors 24, 25 of the frame module 20 to maintain the mask system in a desired position on the patient's face.

In the illustrated embodiment, the headgear 90 includes a pair of upper and lower straps 92, 94 with the upper straps 92 removably attached to respective upper headgear connectors 24 and the lower straps 94 removably attached to respective lower headgear connectors 25. The free end of each strap may include a Velcro® tab structured to engage the remainder of the strap to secure the strap in place. Such Velcro® attachment also allows adjustment of the length of the straps. However, the upper and lower headgear straps 92, 94 may be secured to the frame module 20 in any other suitable manners, e.g., adjustable ladder-lock arrangement, etc.

The headgear 90 also includes an upper strap 96 adapted to pass over the top of the patient's head in use and a rear strap 98 adapted to pass behind the patient's head in use.

The headgear 90 is structured to be self-supporting.

While the invention has been described in connection with what are presently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited to the disclosed embodiments, but on the contrary, is intended to cover various modifications and equivalent arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the invention. Also, the various embodiments described above may be implemented in conjunction with other embodiments, e.g., aspects of one embodiment may be combined with aspects of another embodiment to realize yet other embodiments. Further, each independent feature or component of any given assembly may constitute an additional embodiment. Furthermore, each individual component of any given assembly, one or more portions of an individual component of any given assembly, and various combinations of components from one or more embodiments may include one or more ornamental design features. In addition, while the invention has particular application to patients who suffer from OSA, it is to be appreciated that patients who suffer from other illnesses (e.g., congestive heart failure, diabetes, morbid obesity, stroke, bariatric surgery, etc.) can derive benefit from the above teachings. Moreover, the above teachings have applicability with patients and non-patients alike in non-medical applications.