Title:
Sets of units for constructing various types of stand
United States Patent 3929230


Abstract:
A set of units, for the construction of various types of stand, comprises holding units shaped to take articles such as candles and plants, connecting units for the detachable connection of said holding units arranged at intervals beside one another, and tubular plug-in units for the detachable connection of said holding units arranged at intervals above one another.



Inventors:
LUTHI HANSPETER
Application Number:
05/415195
Publication Date:
12/30/1975
Filing Date:
11/12/1973
Assignee:
LUTHI; HANSPETER
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
431/295, 446/122, 446/125
International Classes:
B41M1/26; A47G7/00; A63H33/10; A63H33/12; D06P5/00; F21V35/00; (IPC1-7): A47F5/10
Field of Search:
211/13,177 431
View Patent Images:
US Patent References:
3695458MODULAR CANDELABRUM1972-10-03Nagel
2722772Building toys1955-11-08Steanes
2709318Toy construction elements1955-05-31Benjamin
2621503Sectional candlestick and the like1952-12-16Schaefer
2527706Decorative candleholder1950-10-31Curtis
1667256Toy construction set1928-04-24Herrschaft



Primary Examiner:
Frazier, Roy D.
Assistant Examiner:
Aschenbrenner, Peter A.
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Pollock, Philpitt & Vande Sande
Claims:
I claim

1. A set of units including holding units, plug-in units, and connecting units for the construction of various types of stands comprising:

2. The combination of claim 1 wherein notches are formed in said webs of said connecting units adjacent their junction with a relevant shank to form a flexible pivot.

3. A plurality of modular units for assembly in a variety of ways into various types of stands for holding flowers, candles, and the like comprising:

4. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein each said holding unit defines a plurality of circumferentially spaced radial grooves for receiving said catch member of a relevant connecting means.

5. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein each said connecting unit includes a ring-shaped member supporting diametrically opposed tangential arms on each end of which is supported a pivotable transverse shank having at an end thereof a respective one of said catch members.

6. The apparatus of claim 5 wherein each said transverse shank has on its opposite end a grip portion for pivoting said transverse shank.

7. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein each said plug-in supporting unit is of generally hollow tubular configuration and has one axial end wall closed and the other end open so that it can hold water when inserted into said supporting means with said open end uppermost to thereby permit said plug-in supporting unit to support flowers.

8. The apparatus of claim 3 which further includes a cup-shaped member fitting within said supporting means in said holding means for supporting a candle.

Description:
Various versions are known of unit construction sets for making any desired form of structure from units which can be plugged or joined together and are made of wood, plastics and metal. They are suitable as toys for children.

The present invention, however, concerns a set of units for constructing various types of stand. In accordance with the invention, it is characterized by the fact that it has holding units shaped to take candles and/or plants, connecting units for the detachable connection of holding units arranged at intervals alongside one another, and tubular plug-in units for the detachable connection of holding units arranged at intervals above one another.

The drawing shows one example of a version of the invention, in which:

FIG. 1 is a vertical section through a stand, part of which is shown, built with the units;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side view of a connecting unit;

FIG. 3a is a detail therefrom on a larger scale and

FIGS. 4 to 9 show various stands built from the units.

The set for the construction of various types of stand to hold candles and decorative objects such as plants consists of three differently shaped units, i.e., the holding units 1, the connecting units 2 for linking the holding units arranged at intervals alongside one another, and the plug-in tubular units 3. The latter are for joining holding units arranged at intervals above one another. The holding units 1 have hollow spaces above and below, separated by partitions 8. The hollow spaces 4 in the central part of the holding units 1 and are to take the candles 21 or the plug-in units 3. The hollow spaces 5 of the holding units 1 are annular in shape and form rims 6 which are provided with grooves 7. Each of the plug-in units 3 is closed at one end by an end plate 3'. If the plug-in units 3 are in an upright position, with the open end facing upwards, plants may be put in them. To keep the plants fresh, the tubular plug-in elements can be filled with water. The hollow spaces 4 and the end sections of the plug-in units 3 are slightly tapered.

The connecting units 2 are flat pats, each having an inner ring 11 and, at two opposite sides, webs 12. The ends of the webs 12 take the form of transverse shanks 13, the outer ends of which carry catches 14, while the inner ends form grips 15. Immediately below the transverse shanks 13, facing the inner rings 11, the webs 12 have, in each case, a notch 16, and the resultant necks 17 can be deformed in the plane of the inner rings 11 and can serve as pivots. If the grips 15 are pressed inwardly by hand in the direction of arrow a in FIG. 3, the transverse shanks 13 rotate around the necks 17. Parts 11, 12 and 13 of the connecting units 2 are made of plastic, and the notches 16 and the deformable necks 17 are necessary to enable the transverse shanks 13 to be rotated for insertion of the catches 14 into the grooves 7 or for their extraction therefrom. Because of the necks 17 and of the properties of the material of which the connecting units are made, the transverse shanks 13 always try to take up the position shown in FIG. 3a. In each case, two grooves 7 are in line with one another and permit insertion of the catches 14. The webs 12 of the connecting units 2 rest, in the linked position, on the outer wall of the holding units 1, ensuring a secure and wobble-free connection. Removal of the connecting units 2 from the holding units 1 is effected simply by pressing the grips 15 inwardly in the direction of arrow a (FIG. 3, left-hand side in these drawings). The catches 14 then emerge from the relevant grooves 7. With the aid of the connecting units, it is possible to join together holding units 1 placed at intervals beside one another, and the plug-in units 3 permit the detachable linking of holding units 1 placed at intervals one above the other.

If the holding units 1 are not made of heat-resistant material, and it is desired to put candles in the hollow spaces 4, cups 18 of fire-proof material such as ceramic or metal are placed therein, as shown in FIG. 1. The insides of the cups 18 have ribs 19 protruding inwards, which help to grip candles placed therein. The cups 18 can be of such a size that they project upwards out of the holding units 1.

The set described permits the construction of various types of stand, as may be seen from FIGS. 4 to 9.

The holding units 1 can, as shown in FIG. 4, be used by themselves as candlesticks and plant holders. A plug-in unit 3, containing a plant 20, is inserted in the left-hand holding unit 1. However, the right-hand holding unit 1, contains a candle 21.

FIG. 5 shows two stands arranged one beside the other. The left-hand stand corresponds to that in FIG. 4. The right-hand stand is however built in the form of a column, with several holding units 1 arranged at intervals one above the other and detachably connected to one another by connecting units 3. The candle 21 is placed in the hollow space 4, in which a cup 18 (FIG. 1) can be inserted, of the topmost holding unit.

FIGS. 7 to 9 show other candlesticks, having a decorative effect, which can be constructed with the aid of the units 1, 2 and 3.

The set which had been described permits the construction of stands, which can be taken apart, to hold candles or plants, or both together, in any desired form, suitable for table decorations, especially for festive occasions. The set comprises enough units 1, 2 and 3 to permit the construction of several stands of different types, as shown, for example, in FIGS. 4 to 9.