Title:
SYRINGE HOLDER
United States Patent 3840007


Abstract:
A holder for standard syringe assemblies for administering fluid medication hypodermically. The holder includes, in combination, a plurality of adapter portions each for receiving one of a plurality of different sized standard syringe assemblies, such as known disposable standard syringe assemblies. The adapters having identical connecting portions for connection onto the end of an elongated handle which has inner and outer telescoped members. The inner telescoped member of the handle is movable into abutment with the outer end of the plunger portion of the syringe assembly to force medicant through the needle portion of the syringe assembly when the handle and adapter are moved lengthwise to cause the adapter to engage a body and then cause the telescoped handle to collapse.



Inventors:
FISH R
Application Number:
05/286164
Publication Date:
10/08/1974
Filing Date:
09/05/1972
Assignee:
FISH R,US
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
604/218
International Classes:
A61M5/315; (IPC1-7): A61M5/00; A61M5/22
Field of Search:
128/215,218R,218F,234,218P,218PA,218D,220,221,237,234,238,272 294
View Patent Images:
US Patent References:
3780734HYPODERMIC SYRINGE HOLDER AND INJECTOR DEVICE1973-12-25Wulff
3612051HYPODERMIC SYRINGE APPLICATING DEVICE1971-10-12Arce
3605743N/A1971-09-20Arce
3388941Syringe hand gripping device1968-06-18Marcus
2959170Hypodermic syringe1960-11-08Laub
2705494Operating device for syringe or pipet1955-04-05Broadwin
2627857Syringe holder1953-02-10Marcelli
2420102Syringe extension1947-05-06Shuford
2347179Attachment for hypodermic syringes1944-04-25Gorman
2323159Syringe1943-06-29Smith
2267074Cartridge for hypodermic syringes1941-12-23Brockway
1921034Syringe container and ejector1933-08-08La Marche



Foreign References:
FR1500058A
Primary Examiner:
Gaudet, Richard A.
Assistant Examiner:
Mcgowan J. C.
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Coffee, And Sweeney
Claims:
I claim

1. Holder means for standard type syringe assemblies for the purpose of administering hypodermically fluid medication, or the like, said syringe assemblies each being of the type that has a barrel with a circular enlargement on one end and a tip on the other end on which a needle may be mounted and a plunger slidably received in the barrel for movement from an extended position with the barrel filled with fluid to an ejection position toward the tip end of the barrel for forcing the fluid through the needle, said holder means comprising, in combination:

Description:
BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to medical equipment, and more particularly to a syringe assembly holder and actuator therefor.

This invention further relates to improvements in means for administering drugs, medicines or other fluid medication hypodermically to an animal or other patient which is situated at a distance from or unapproachable by a person desiring to administer the drugs or medicines to the patient. Oftentimes, in administering drugs and medicines to animals, the animal must be bound or contained in close quarters by a chute or other means to enable an operator to come sufficiently close to the animal to administer the drug or medicine through a hand syringe assembly. This invention is directed to providing a new and improved means which permits the administration of the drugs or medicines at a safe distance from the animal to eliminate danger to the administering party. The device is useful, for instance, by cattlemen or other livestock workers for treatment of animals for various diseases or sicknesses from a safe distance, as by a rider on horseback or while riding in an automobile or other vehicle. The device is also designed for use on animals which may be kept in cages such as in zoos or the like, such as monkeys or other animals which oftentimes must be tranquilized to gain access to the animal's quarters or otherwise care for the animal.

Devices of the character described are known but are rather complicated in construction, expensive to manufacture, and not readily adaptable for repeated usage where sterilization is an important factor. More particularly, standard syringe assemblies of standard sizes (e.g., 2-1/2 cc and 5 cc of liquid) have become increasingly popular and widely utilized in both human and veterinary administrations. The syringe assemblies are usually presterilized and disposable in nature after a single injection.

An object of this invention is to provide a new and improved device of the character described and, particularly, the combination of a holder for receiving standard syringe assemblies and for operating such assemblies at a safe distance from the patient.

In the exemplary embodiment of the invention, the holder is designed for use with a standard syringe assembly for the purpose of administering fluid medication hypodermically. The syringe assembly normally is of the disposable, presterilized type that has a barrel with a circular enlargement on one end and a tip on the other end on which a needle may be mounted. A plunger is slidably received in the barrel for movement from an extended position relative to the barrel, with the barrel filled with medicant, toward the tip end of the barrel for forcing the medicant through the needle. The holder includes, in combination, a plurality of different sized adapter portions for receiving different sized standard syringe assemblies, with the outer end of the plunger portion of the syringe assembly in its extended position protruding from one end of the adapter, and with the needle exposed on the opposite end of the adapter. An elongated rigid telescoped handle is removably connected at one end to an adapter. The adapters have identical connector portions for connection to the handle. The one end of the handle is hollow and the plunger of the syringe assembly protrudes thereinto when in its extended position. An inner telescoped member of the handle is movable relative to an outer telescoped member into abutment with the end of the plunger to force the medicant through the needle when the handle and adapter are moved lengthwise to cause the adapter to engage a body and cause the telescoped handle portions to move to a collapsed position. The circular enlargement of the syringe assembly is clamped between adjacent connector portions of the adapter and handle portions when the same are connected together. Stop rings are embedded in annular grooves in certain of the handle telescoped members and slidable relative to adjacent members to define outer and inner limit positions of relative longitudinal movement of the telescoped handle members.

Other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is an elevational view of the holder of the present invention, partially broken away, with a syringe assembly received therein;

FIG. 2 is a partial longitudinal central section through a portion of the holder shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a vertical section taken generally along the line 3--3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a vertical section taken generally along the line 4--4 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a vertical section taken generally along the line 5--5 of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 6 is an exploded elevational view of the various components of the holder of the present invention in combination with a syringe assembly.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Referring to the drawings in greater detail, and first to FIGS. 2 and 6, a standard syringe assembly, generally designated 10 in FIG. 6, is utilized for the purpose of administering fluid medication and/or drugs hypodermically. Such syringe assemblies presently are available in various sizes for containing various quantities of liquid medication, but their structure remains standard, for all practical purposes. Most such standard syringe assemblies are presterilized and designed for disposal after a single injection.

Each syringe assembly 10 includes a barrel 12 having an interior cylindrical chamber 14 (FIG. 2) which contains the drug or medication. The barrel has a circular enlargement 16 at one end thereof and a tip 18 on the other end thereof on which a hub portion 20 of a needle 22 is removably mounted. A plunger 24 is slidably received within the barrel 12, with a piston 26 having sealed contact with the interior walls of the barrel chamber 14. The plunger 24, in the embodiment of the invention shown in the drawings, has a cross shape as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 and includes an outer abutment head 28 on the end thereof opposite the piston 26. The plunger is movable from an extended position relative to the barrel 12 (as shown in full lines in FIGS. 2 and 6) with the barrel at least partially filled with the medicant. The plunger is movable, as indicated by the dotted lines in FIG. 2, toward the tip end of the barrel 12 for forcing medicant through the needle 22.

The syringe assembly holder of the present invention is shown herein to generally include an adapter portion, generally designated 30, and a handle portion, generally designated 32.

Each adapter portion 30 of the handle is designed for receiving a particular size syringe assembly 10, with the outer or head end of the plunger 24 of the syringe assembly protruding from the inner end of the adapter, as shown in FIG. 2. The barrel 12 of the syringe is received within a cylindrical cavity 34 of the adapter 30, with the needle 22 exposed through an aperture 36 at the front end 38 of the adapter. A shoulder 40 on the front of the syringe barrel 12 abuts against a shoulder 42 on the inside of the adapter to define the forward position of the barrel 12 when received within the adapter. The circular enlargement 16 of the syringe barrel 12 protrudes outwardly into an annular recess 44 (FIG. 2) on the inside of the adapter.

As will be more apparent hereinafter, to facilitate connection of the adapter to the handle portion 32 of the holder, the inner end of the adapter has an inwardly opening annular groove 46 which is covered only partially by a pair of radially inwardly extending flanges 48 which are separated by angularly disposed access slots 50 (seen best in FIG. 1). The slots 50 provide longitudinal openings to the annular groove 46.

It is within the contemplation of this invention to provide a plurality of different sizes of adapters 30 to accommodate or receive different sized standard syringe assemblies. For instance, a larger size adapter is shown in FIG. 6 than the adapter shown in FIG. 1. However, the head portions thereof which include the annular groove 46 and flanges 48 are of the same size for connection to the handle portion 32 of the holder.

The handle portion 32 of the holder of the present invention is a telescoped handle having an inner telescoped member 50 and an outer telescoped member 52. The inner telescoped member 50 has a plug 54 (FIG. 2) on the inner end thereof for abutting engagement with the head 28 of the syringe plunger 24, and the outer telescoped member 52 is adapted for connection to the adapters 30, as described hereinafter.

As shown in the drawings, the outer telescoped member 52 actually has an inner extension portion 52a fixed thereto, as by bonding or a press fit, so as to define an inner forwardly facing shoulder 56. The plug 54 on the inner end of the inner telescoped member 50 protrudes radially outwardly therefrom to define a rearwardly facing shoulder 58 which may abut against the shoulder 56 and thereby cooperates therewith to define the outer extended relative limit position of the handle as the inner telescoped member 50 moves in the direction of arrow A (FIG. 2) relative to the outer telescoped member 52 (and its extension portion 52a).

A pair of stop rings 60A and 60B are provided to define the inner or collapsed limit position of the telescoped members. More particularly, stop ring 60b is embedded in an annular groove 62 on the outer surface of the inner telescoped member 50 and slides along the inner surface of the outer telescoped member extension portion 52a. Stop ring 60a is embedded in an annular groove 64 on the inner surface of the outer telescoped member extension portion 52a and slides along the outer surface of the inner telescoped member 50. Stop ring 60a defines a rearwardly facing abutment shoulder 66 and stop ring 60b defines a forwardly facing abutment shoulder 68 which cooperates to define the inner or collapsed limit positions of the telescoped members 50 and 52 as the telescoped member 50 moves opposite the direction of arrow A relative to the outer telescoped member 52.

The outer telescoped member 52 is connected to the adapters 30 by means of a pair of radially outwardly extending flanges 70 which may pass through the longitudinally opening access slots 50 as the handle portion 32 and adapter 30 are moved axially toward each other with the flanges 70 aligned with the slots 50. The flanges 70 come into abutment with the circular enlargement 16 of the syringe assembly and clamps the circular enlargement between the flanges 70 and the annular recess 44 within the adapters 30. The groove 46 is tapered so that relative angular or twisting motion between the handle portion 32 and adapters 30 causes the flanges 70 to lock under the inwardly protruding flanges 48 of the adapters to connect the adapter to the handle portion with the syringe assembly fixed in place. The needle 22 protrudes from the front of the adapter and the plunger 24 of the syringe assembly protrudes into the interior of the outer telescoped member 52 as shown by the full lines in FIG. 2. The combination then is ready for use and an injection is accomplished by a person holding an enlarged handle grip 72 and thrusting or moving the combination lengthwise to cause the adapter to engage a body as the needle 22 penetrates the body. The telescoped members 50 and 52 then move to their collapsed positions as defined by the stop rings 60a and 60b, and the plug portion 54 on the end of the inner telescoped member 50 forces the plunger 24 of the syringe assembly toward the tip of the syringe assembly to force the medicant within the barrel chamber 14 through the needle 22 into the patient's body.

After the injection, the handle portion 32 and adapter portion 30 are twisted in a reverse direction and separated to permit removal and disposal of the previously used syringe assembly. A new syringe assembly may be inserted into the adapter, the telescoped members 50 and 52 of the handle portion 32 moved to their relative extended positions, and the handle portion 32 again connected to the adapter with the syringe assembly plunger 24 protruding into the outer telescoped member 52, whereupon the combination is ready for another injection.

Roughened surfaces 80a, 80b and 80c (FIG. 1) may be provided on the adapter 30, the outer telescoped member 52, and the handle grip 72, respectively, to facilitate manipulation of the device. The length of the handle portion 32 is dependent solely upon the use for which the device is intended.

The foregoing detailed description has been given for clearness of understanding only and no unnecessary limitations should be understood therefrom as some modifications will be obvious to those skilled in the art.