Title:
GARMENT PATTERN MARKING PAPER
United States Patent 3711951


Abstract:
Pattern marking paper in which the working surface between opposite longitudinal edges is provided with a multiplicity of discrete numerical indicia located at reference points over substantially the entire working surface of the paper and equally spaced in rows extending along the length of the paper parallel to the longitudinal edges and in columns extending across the width of the paper perpendicular to the rows. A longitudinal reference marker divides the multiplicity of indicia into two equal parts and comprises a center line imprinted on the working surface of the paper exactly midway between the opposite longitudinal edges of the paper and extending along the entire length between and equally spaced from adjacent rows of the indicia. The center line is itself defined by discrete indicia elements which are spaced from each other by one-half the spacing between the numerical indicia, alternate center line indicia being aligned with the numerical indicia of adjacent columns. The numerical indicia of any row are identical throughout the row, and the numerical indicia of each column define several equally spaced series of progressive numbers separated by indicia which are not part of the series and which define equally spaced repetitive groups of distinctive indicia extending along the length of the paper.



Inventors:
SEILER M
Application Number:
04/740323
Publication Date:
01/23/1973
Filing Date:
06/26/1968
Assignee:
SEILER M,US
Primary Class:
International Classes:
A41H3/06; (IPC1-7): A41H3/00
Field of Search:
283/1 33
View Patent Images:
US Patent References:
2916207Celestial fix plotter1959-12-08Vohland
2214794Dress pattern1940-09-17Le Coq
1963773Apparatus for effecting alignment of pattern pieces on garment fabric1934-06-19Bonanno
0752617N/A1904-02-16



Foreign References:
FR945860A
NO19440A
Primary Examiner:
Haroian, Harry N.
Parent Case Data:


This application is a continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 528,637, filed Feb. 18, 1966 are now abandoned for "Garment Pattern Marking Paper."
Claims:
The invention claimed is

1. Pattern marking paper having a predetermined width and a working surface between opposite parallel longitudinal edges of the paper on which a plurality of regularly and irregularly shaped master patterns may be arranged, and having, in combination, a multiplicity of discrete disconnected indicia located at reference points over substantially the entire working surface of the paper and equally spaced in rows extending along the length of said paper parallel to the said longitudinal edges and equally spaced in columns extending across the width of said paper perpendicular to said rows, and a longitudinal reference marker dividing said discrete indicia into two equal parts, said longitudinal reference marker comprising a center line imprinted on the working surface of the paper exactly midway between the said opposite longitudinal edges of the paper and extending along the entire length thereof between and equally spaced from adjacent rows of said discrete indicia, said center line being defined by discrete disconnected indicia elements which are substantially closer to each other than the said discrete indicia and being clearly and immediately distinguishable visibly from the said discrete indicia, whereby the plurality of master patterns may be arranged within selected regions of said working surface with reference to said center line and said discrete indicia for the more efficient utilization of said working surface, the indicia of each column defining several equally spaced series of progressive numbers separated by indicia which are not part of the series, which comprise the indicia of spaced rows delimiting the several series, and which define equally spaced repetitive groups of distinctive indicia along the length of the paper, the numerical indicia of any row being identical throughout the row.

2. The paper of claim 1, the said center line indicia being spaced from each other by one half the spacing between the said numerical indicia of adjacent columns and rows, alternate center line indicia being aligned with numerical indicia of adjacent columns.

3. The paper of claim 1, adjacent rows and adjacent columns being spaced one inch apart.

4. The paper of claim 1, said center line indicia comprising repetitive groups of distinctive indicia.

Description:
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to pattern marking paper, and more particularly to paper for use in the preparation of patterns employed in the garment industry.

In order to facilitate the preparation of patterns for garment pieces and the like it has heretofore been proposed to provide pattern marking paper with a plurality of marks or characters arranged to constitute two series of parallel rows or lines, the lines of one series running transversely of the paper and the rows or lines of the other series running parallel to the edge of the paper. While such pattern marking paper is an improvement over paper which lacks such reference marks, the provision of a mere rectangular grid of lines or a plurality of dots constituting the corners of such a grid has not solved many of the problems which have plagued the pattern marker. For example, although quarter yard markings along the longitudinal edges are often incorporated in such grid paper, it is difficult and burdensome to correlate such markings with positions located toward the center of the paper, which generally are quite distant from the longitudinal edges because the paper is quite wide, forty-five inches, for example, the width usually being commensurate with the width of the garment material to be cut. Hence, the pattern marker must take special care to ensure that markings are of the proper length or width. The provision of an expansive sheet of paper with a uniform grid pattern is not conducive to an efficient utilization of the working surface, there being no convenient way of dividing the surface into smaller areas. Since a large grid of lines or dots is visually fatiguing, the more so the greater the number of dots or grid lines, manufacturers of pattern marking paper have been content to provide one-inch grid line or dot spacing, and this has made it necessary to refer frequently to separate yardsticks when a finer division has been required. Moreover, it has not been a simple task to prepare patterns for garment pieces with mirror symmetry or pieces which are essentially the same except for the garment size.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

It is accordingly a principal object of the present invention to provide improved pattern marking paper for garment pieces and the like.

Another object of the invention is to provide pattern marking paper which provides a ready measure of the size of pattern pieces without reference to external yardsticks and the like.

A further object of the invention is to provide pattern marking paper which is clearly divided longitudinally without disturbing the overall arrangement of reference markings and which at the same time provides additional reference markings for finer longitudinal and transverse scaling.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide pattern marking paper in which the working area is subdivided by reference markings into a plurality of smaller areas which may serve as nuclei for the preparation of small pattern pieces yet which in no respect detract from the larger system of reference markings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The foregoing and other objects, advantages, and features of the invention, and the manner in which the same are accomplished will become more readily apparent upon consideration of the following detailed description of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, which illustrate a preferred and exemplary embodiment, and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a plan view illustrating a large piece of pattern marking paper in accordance with the invention and the utilization of the paper for the preparation of patterns; and

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary plan view illustrating a central section of the sheet of FIG. 1 shown enlarged.

Referring to the drawing, the paper 10 of the invention is a thin sheet formed of the usual pattern marking paper stock common in the garment industry and may be manufactured in any appropriate length designated by the arrow L and width designated by the arrow W. The paper is usually sold in large rolls many yards in length, and a rectangular piece is removed from the roll by cutting the paper transversely. The longitudinal edges l may be provided with the usual quarter-yard markings y. As noted above, it has been proposed heretofore to provide the working surface of the paper with a grid of dots d spaced one inch apart in rows parallel to the longitudinal edges l and in columns perpendicular to the longitudinal edges. The net result is, however, merely a large expanse of paper with a uniform dot pattern, which suffers from the deficiencies set forth above.

In accordance with the invention as illustrated in FIG. 2, however, the rows and columns which make up the equally spaced reference markings are constituted almost entirely of numerical indicia. The numbers in any row R1 through R5 are identical. In any column C the numbers form spaced repetitive series of progressive numerical indicia from 1 to 5, the series being repetitive, and adjacent series being separated and delimited by the indicia of an intervening row R6 comprising clearly distinctive indicia, such as letters. Each row R6 is constituted by repetitive, equally spaced groups of indicia. Thus, the working surface is subdivided into many smaller areas, which in the form shown are squares having a six inch side (from one row R1 to the next row R1, and from one letter T in row R6 to the next letter T), which serve as nuclei for setting out small pattern pieces.

Furthermore, the working area is provided with a longitudinal center line CL spaced midway between the longitudinal edges l and spaced midway between adjacent rows of numerical indicia (R3 and R4 in the form shown). The center line is constituted by discrete indicia, such as dots, which are spaced apart one-half the one inch spacing of the main reference markings of the rows and columns; alternate indicia of the center line being aligned with successive columns C. In the form shown some of the indicia of the center line are constituted by repetitive groups of letters, but in any event the center line is clearly distinguishable because of the closer spacing of its elements.

It will be noted that the provision of the smaller working areas referred to above and the center line is accomplished without in any respect detracting from the overall arrangement of discrete reference markings and without confusing the user, as would occur if a great many indicia in addition to the one inch spaced reference markings were provided. Moreover, the indicia of the center line provide a highly useful finer scale for making measurements directly upon the paper without the frequent use of external rulers and the like. For example, longitudinal measurements accurate to one-half inch can be made along the center line. Transverse measurements accurate to one-half inch can be made by measuring from the center line to one of the rows.

By virtue of the subdivision of the working surface into regularly shaped and regularly spaced smaller areas, the working surface may be utilized with maximum efficiency for the marking of small pattern pieces, such as the pieces p1 and p2 in FIG. 1, the smaller working areas permitting a compact arrangement of regular or irregular master or other patterns which minimizes waste of fabric cut with the aid of the marked patterns. By virtue of the center line, patterns may be laid out on one-half of the paper at one side of the center line and then readily repeated on the other half. This greatly facilitates the preparation of pattern pieces for multiple garments, for the opposite sides of a garment, or for garments of different size, one size being laid out at one side of the center line and another size being laid out at the other side of the center line. It is unnecessary to refer constantly to the yardage scales at the longitudinal edges of the paper or to auxiliary rulers or yardsticks. Moreover, the center line provides an ideal reference for preparing pattern pieces of large size and longitudinal symmetry, such as the piece p3 in FIG. 1.

All of the reference markings or indicia upon the paper of the invention are preferably printed in inks which are photographically separable from the markings defining the patterns inscribed upon the paper. By the use of the usual and conventional photographic techniques the reference markings and indicia may be rendered invisible, so that the fabric cutter will have only the pattern outlines to guide his cutting device.

While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been shown and described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes can be made in this embodiment without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims.