United States Patent 3567084

A support for a form in the shape of a human body portion for displaying a garment has a clamp for embracing a portion of the form to hold it erect. The clamp has a downwardly projecting dovetail flange. A pedestal, secured to a flat base, has a complementary dovetail groove in its upper surface which is slanted at a large angle to the horizontal. The flange and groove are each similarly tapered from a wide upper end to a narrower lower end so that the clamp and pedestal can be locked together by sliding the flange into the groove.

Application Number:
Publication Date:
Filing Date:
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
40/538, 248/224.51, 446/268
International Classes:
A47F7/10; A47F8/00; (IPC1-7): A47F5/00; A47F7/00
Field of Search:
223/75,66,120 35
View Patent Images:
US Patent References:
3279736Support for display form1966-10-18Vogt
2769262Display stands1956-11-06Gordon
2732159N/A1956-01-24Connors et al.
2145921Hosiery form1939-02-07DeWitt
1887652Garment display device1932-11-15Loney

Foreign References:
Primary Examiner:
Lawson, Patrick D.
Assistant Examiner:
Krizmanich, George H.
I claim

1. Support means for a form duplicating the foot and a portion of the leg with heel elevated of a standing human for displaying hosiery, comprising: a flat base, a pedestal member adapted to be narrower than the toe of the form secured to and projecting upward from the base, and a clamp member above the pedestal and having sidewardly and upwardly projecting portions for substantially encircling the downwardly tapering toe end of the form with hose thereon, the members being formed of transparent synthetic resinous material and having abutting and cooperating surfaces, one member having a dovetail flange projecting from its cooperating surface and the cooperating surface of the other member having a cooperating dovetail groove therein, the cooperating surfaces being inclined at an acute angle relative to said flat base, the groove and the flange each being tapered converging downwardly in the direction of the inclination and having inclined interlocking edges, whereby the clamp member is quickly and releasably locked to the pedestal member when assembled by sliding the flange in the groove and the groove and flange are substantially concealed by the projecting portions of the clamp member and form thereon.


This invention relates to a support device for hosiery display forms and more particularly to means for releasably and quickly securing together the parts thereof.

Hosiery is displayed on hollow molded forms in the shape of a foot and a portion of the leg. For women's stockings, a form with the leg portion extending anywhere from above the ankle to above the knee is required and it is desirable to display the clothed form upright with the toe down. Since the stocking is on the form, means have heretofore been devised to support the form by means of a simple socket or clamp member into which the tapered toe portion of the form fits.

Since the toe end of the form projects down through the encircling clamp, the clamp is held above a flat base by a pedestal. The pedestal and clamp must be small and inconspicuous and, so as to show the color of the stocking, are usually made of clear plastic. Pedestal and clamp, being sa small as compared to the form, are difficult to secure together efficiently without employing conventional fasteners which are expensive and time consuming to use.


The invention, therefore, contemplates forming, as by molding, the pedestal and clamp with a dovetail joint which may be quickly and easily assembled to lock the two parts together. One part has a projecting dovetail slide and the other part a complementary dovetail groove which are disposed at a large slant angle to the horizontal when assembled. The groove and slide each are tapered in the direction of the slant so as to lock into position and to be held in locked position by the weight of the form.


FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a clothed form and its support structure embodying the invention;

FIGS. 2 and 3 are side elevational and plan views, respectively, of the support structure of FIG. 1;

FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 are plan, side elevational and bottom plan views, respectively, of the pedestal member of the support; and

FIGS. 7 and 8 are views of the clamp member of the support as viewed in the direction of the arrows 7-7 and 8-8 of FIG. 2, respectively, a modified form of clamp being indicated by broken lines. In FIG. 7.


In FIG. 1 the support device 10 is shown supporting a stocking form 11 and comprises a clamp member 12, a pedestal member 13 and a flat base 14 of wood or plastic having a base area sufficient to firmly support the form 11.

The pedestal 13, best seen in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, is round and hollow with comparatively thin sidewalls and has a pendant central hollow pillar 15 therewithin whose bottom has a threaded hole at 16 for engagement with a screw 17 for securing it to the base. The base 14 is countersunk at its center, as shown in FIG. 2, for containing the head of screw 17. The top of pedestal 13 is solid and comparatively thick and has a dovetail groove 18 thereacross. Its top surface and the groove are slanted at such an angle to the horizontal as to hold the leg form in an upright position. The pillar portion 25 projects down from the bottom of the groove.

The clamp member 12, best seen in FIGS. 7 and 8, has a dovetail flange 19 projecting downward from its bottom surface. Flange 19 is complementary to the groove 18 and at the top of the flange two strap portions 20 project on either side of the flange. The strap portions 20 are comparatively flat at the bottom of the clamp 12, conforming to the sole portion of form 11. At the sides of the clamp 12, the strap portions 20 curve sharply upward and then curve toward one another so as to conform to the shape of the top of the toe portion of form 11 at the ball of the foot where the toe portion is at its widest. The strap portions 20 embrace the toe portion of form 11 almost completely and their inner surface is tapered to conform to the taper of the form from the ball of the foot toward the ends of the toes, as shown. The strap portion may also be made in one continuous, unbroken loop as indicated by broken lines in FIG. 7.

Both groove 18 and flange 19 have sides which have a draft inward from bottom to top on the order of 5° to form the dovetail. Both are also tapered from a comparatively wide upper end to a comparatively narrow lower end, the sides of groove and flange extended meeting at an angle of the order of 10°. Groove 18 and flange 19 are proportioned so as to come into engagement at the upper end of the groove, as shown.

When assembling the support device 10, the single screw 17 is quickly installed to secure pedestal 13 to the base 14. The clamp 12 is then quickly and easily secured to pedestal 13 by sliding the flange 19 down in groove 18 to lock the two members together. When form 11 is placed within the encircling strap portions 20 of the clamp, its weight locks the two members in place more securely.

The clamp member 12 and pedestal member 13 are preferably molded of a clear and transparent plastic material such as methyl methacrylate, acetate butyrate, styrene or other thermoplastic material so that the color of the hosiery on the form may be seen through the strap portions 20. Groove 18 and flange 19 are concealed by the clothed form and the two members appear to be a single unit. No screws or other fasteners are required to lock the two members together, saving expensive hand operations in assembly and eliminating the possiblity of stripped threads or other failures in the means securing the members together. The members being molded, the means for securing them together are integrally molded, keeping costs to a minimum for this display item.

It will be apparent that modifications may be made in the structure of the two interlocking members. For instance, the groove may be formed in the bottom of the clamp member and the flange formed projecting upward from the pedestal member, groove and flange being tapered from a comparatively narrow upper end to a comparatively wide lower end.

As will be apparent to those familiar with the art, the invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristic thereof. The embodiment disclosed is, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative rather than restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claim.