Title:
Bunion easer and toe straightener
United States Patent 2499768


Abstract:
This invention relates to an orthopedic appliance designed primarily as a bunion-easing device and toe straightener. It is an object of this invention to provide a device of the kind to be more particularly described hereinafter, which is adapted to remove the pressure and relieve the friction...



Inventors:
Mcglumphy, Ralph L.
Application Number:
US6337148A
Publication Date:
03/07/1950
Filing Date:
12/03/1948
Assignee:
Mcglumphy, Ralph L.
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
128/894
International Classes:
A61F5/01; A61F13/06
View Patent Images:
US Patent References:
2332473Foot corrective device1943-10-19
1080303N/A1913-12-02



Description:

This invention relates to an orthopedic appliance designed primarily as a bunion-easing device and toe straightener.

It is an object of this invention to provide a device of the kind to be more particularly described hereinafter, which is adapted to remove the pressure and relieve the friction of a shoe on a bunion or enlarged great toe joint. The device, when applied and in use, tends to preserve the original shape of the shoe and conceal the deformity of the bunion or enlarged joint.

Another object of this invention is to provide a light weight device of this kind which will prevent toes from doubling one over the other and tends to straighten the great toe from a distorted position. The device of this invention will replace the toes into their natural and normal positions, thereby preventing soft corns between the great toe and the second toe.

A further object of this invention is to provide a toe-straightening device made of heavy rubber for engagement between the great and second toes for gently pressing the great toe outwardly into its natural position, thereby providing the proper balance and normal action of the foot.

This device is so constructed and arranged that similar devices may be manufactured by the teaching for either the left or right foot, being of a relatively thin formation so that it may be worn under regular stockings and in any type of shoe.

With the above and other objects in view, my invention consists in the arrangement, combination and details of construction disclosed in the drawings and specification, and then more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawings: Figure 1 is a top plan view of a bunion-easer and toe-straightener device constructed according to an embodiment of my invention; Figure 2 is a side elevation; Figure 3 is a horizontal section taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Figure 2; Figure 4 is a front elevation of the device; and Figure 5 is a vertical section taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 2.

Referring to the drawings, the numeral 10 designates generally an orthopedic appliance constructed according to an embodiment of this invention for easing the force of the shoes on a bunion and for straightening the great toe. The appliance 10 consists of a longitudinally-curved sheet of resilient material II which is adapted to overlie the great toe joint of a foot, and extends substantially along the length of the joint 6 and partially overlies the adjacent inner edge of the great toe. The resilient sheet 1 is curved to a shape substantially similar to the shape of the natural foot at this point. The inner surface of the sheet I I is concave inwardly for conforming to the contour of the inner edge of a foot.

For aligning the great toe from a distorted position to its natural position, I have provided a central post, as at 12, which is adapted to be disposed between the great toe and the second toe. The post 12 will bear on its outer surface against the second toe for pressing the great toe inwardly to its proper aligned position relative to the great toe joint and the foot.

Heretofore in the use of orthopedic appliances of this type, the post 12 and the sheet II have been used independently, and no effort has been made to combine the forces of these two members for the unitary result obtained by the device as set forth herein. In the use of orthopedic appliances of this type heretofore, the proper positioning of the members has been a problem which applicant has overcome by the arrangement and disposition of the elements II and 12 as disclosed herein.

For properly positioning the post or member 12 relative to the sheet 1 which overlies the inner surface of the foot, I have provided a pair of resilient upper and lower sheets 14 and 15, respectively. The resilient sheets 14 and 15 are connected at their outer edges to the inner edge of the sheet II and the post 12 is connected between the upper and lower sheets 14 and 15 adjacent their outer edges. The extreme outer edges of the upper and lower sheets 14 and 15 are adapted to overlie and underlie the second toe.

In this manner the proper positioning of the jointcovering sheet f1 is determined by the position of the post 12 between the great and second toes.

-0 The bunion-easing and toe-straightener device of this invention is formed of rubber so that the proper cushion effect of the adjacent joints in the shoe relative to the inner surface of the foot may be properly determined. The toe post 12 is formed of a central rubber cushion member 16 having a sheet covering I of soft rubber material.

The rubber sheets 11, 14 and 15 are formed in the same manner with a central elastic rubber portion 18 having a flexible rubber covering 19 on the inner and outer surfaces. As noted in Figure 5, the covering IT for the central post 12 may be formed integral with the coverings 17 and 19 described above.

While the upper and lower sheets 14 and 15 are formed in substantially the same manner, the lower sheet 15 will be slightly more rigid than the upper resilient sheet 14. In this manner the lower sheet 15 will provide a substantially firm base both for the central post 12, and the sheet 1 , which is adapted to overlie the great toe joint.

As the upper sheet 14 is more resilient than the lower sheet 15, the upper sheet will tend to pull the great toe outwardly into its normal and natural alignment with the joint.

In the normal use of the appliance 10, the post 12 will be slid between the great and second toes and the sheet 11 will be adapted to overlie the inner surface of the foot or the enlarged joint.

As the post 12 separates the toes and the sheets 14 and 15 engage on the upper and lower sides thereof, respectively, the toes will be prevented from doubling one over the other, thereby causing soft corns between them, and the great toe will be pressed outwardly to its normal, natural position. As the device 10 is made of soft rubber having a substantial strength throughout, the device 10 may be worn underneath normal types of stockings and in any type of shoes. The thickness of the post 12 and the sheets 11, 14 and 15 may be made of a natural flesh color for use with shoes and stockings where a considerable portion of the foot may be seen. The structure and arrangement of the relative parts of this device provide for the formation of similar devices in various sizes and for the left or the right foot.

I do not means to confine myself to the exact details of construction herein disclosed, but claim all variations falling within the purview of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is: 1. An orthopedic device of the kind described comprising a resilient member for engagement between the great and second toes of a wearer, a longitudinally-curved and inwardly-concave member engageable over the great toe joint, and soft resilient upper and lower connecting members between said resilient member and said concave member, said lower connecting member being substantially more rigid than the upper connecting member for pressing the great toe outwardly into its natural alignment with the great toe joint.

2. An orthopedic device of the kind described comprising a resilient post member for engagement between the great and second toes of the wearer, a longitudinally-curved inwardly-concave resilient sheet for engagement over the inner surface of the great toe joint, an upper resilient sheet connecting said post with said first sheet, and a lower resilient sheet connecting said first sheet to the upper end of said post, said lower sheet being substantially more rigid than said upper sheet for pressing the great toe outwardly into its natural alignment with the great toe joint.

3. An orthopedic device comprising a resilient member for engagement between the great and second toes of a foot, a member engageable over the great toe joint, and resilient upper and lower connecting members between said resilient member and said latter member, one of said connecting members having a degree of elasticity different from the other connecting-member for aligning the great toe into its natural alignment with the great toe joint.

RALPH L. McGLUMPHY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the 35 file of this patent: UNITED STATES PATENTS Number 40 1,080,303 2,332,473 Name Date Scholl ------------- Dec. 2, 1913 Salander ----------- Oct. 19, 1943