Title:
Mounting for bathroom fixtures
United States Patent 2479837


Abstract:
This invention, relates to bathroom fixtures and it is directed particularly to improvements in the mounting of toilet fixtures upon wood flooring covered with linoleum, asphalt, tile, etc. The primary objective of the present invention, has been to provide a metallic toilet fixture base having...



Inventors:
Hollaender, Peter R.
Application Number:
US66367346A
Publication Date:
08/23/1949
Filing Date:
04/20/1946
Assignee:
HOLLAENDER MFG COMPANY
Primary Class:
International Classes:
E03C1/20; E03D11/16
View Patent Images:
US Patent References:
2082348Closet mounting1937-06-01
1533444Floor slab for plumbing fixtures1925-04-14
1333368Water-closet construction1920-03-09
0952602N/A1910-03-22



Description:

This invention, relates to bathroom fixtures and it is directed particularly to improvements in the mounting of toilet fixtures upon wood flooring covered with linoleum, asphalt, tile, etc.

The primary objective of the present invention, has been to provide a metallic toilet fixture base having a central portion constructed and arranged to serve as a mounting for the toilet fixture, and having an outer or peripheral portion extending beyond the fixture pedestal to form a splash or drip guard which is effective for preventing damage, through moisture seepage, to the floor adjacent the fixture. In present building construction it is conventional to install the toilet fixture on' a finished floor of linoleum or tile suitably cemented in place. From time to time moisture collects around the base or pedestal of the unit and seeps underneath the finished floor layer. When this occurs the bond between the finished floor and sub floor may be destroyed and the finished floor layer may buckle. Evenr if deterioration is not so pronounced, still the' seepage- is so confined that rapid evaporation cannot take place and after a period of time, disagreeable odors may be formed.

In' accordance with the present invention, a panel which is preferably of a substantially noincorrosive metal such as: stainless steel or Mdonel metal is interposed between the pedestal of the toilet fixture and the finished floor so as to extend substantially beyond the contour of the pedestal particularly at the front of the fixture. This panel rests upon' a second panel of sheet material, for instance Masonite, or the like, which is of sufficient thickness to elevate the upper, metallic panel to the level of the finished floor, and the metallic panel extends peripherally beyond the outer edge of the sub panel so as to form a peripheral groove into which the finished floor covering may be extended, whereby an overlapping type of joint is formed.

An aperture is provided at a suitable point in the panel assembly for the reception of the soil pipe for the fixture and a squeeze ring is utilized to clamp a flange formed on the soil pipe against the panel assembly and thereby form a substantially gas-tight and water-tight interconnection which is suitably large to receive the tailpiece of the toilet fixture. In the preferred construction,. but not necessarily, the squeeze ring has bolts extending upwardly therefrom to pass through the pedestal of the fixture whereby the fixture firmly may be mounted on the panel.

Other features of the apparatus and other details of the inveintioi- are shownh in the drawings, i fiwhich: Figur 1- isi a' planf view of the panel.

Figure 4 is- an endi viw.

s, Figuir 3' is a. sectional view taken, on, the' line 3-3 t'o illustrate' th' mounting- of the toilet fixture to: the padiil1 arnd to illustrate the- details incross sectio, of the pafiel construction.

Figure4 is' a6 view of a modified' form' of struc1I' ture which is adapted' particularly for use in conribtiobn with- acast ironi soil pipe as distinguished: froni a, lead soil pipe. Ii- the p ereferredl arrangement;, a shown, in- the drawings;, the outef o' exposed- ply of the unit, 1 i whib' constitutes the splash' guard, is a sheet of stairilessi steel or- Monel metal indicated generally dat l, Which' may beo Of approximately 22gauge, ibdut 24' inches long and 12 inches wide, that- is,- of such width- and length that it will extend substantially' beybrnd the pedestal, of a toilet fixture. Thus, the outline of the fixture pedestal is indicatediby the dot-dash line 2. This pl- at: its outer periphery embodies a bead- or upturned lip 3 which is effective for preventing any acuniulatibns of moisture on the panel surface friAh- draining: onto the floor of the bathroom.

The metallidc ply -1 is' associated- by- cement or fastendrs- with a.- econd ply 41 Which may be of 30' Masonite; rubb'er-- plywood, asphalt, sheet metal, or other suitable domposition, preferably of substantially the same: thickness as the thickness of the finished floor layer, the latter being indicated generally at 5,. in Figure 3. Ply 4 terminatesS3 inriwardly of the outer extremity of the lip 3, thereby providing a marginal annular groove or rabbet 6 into which the finished' floor layer may be:ektended. This:construction permits the panel assembly and th bathroom fixture to be mounted and installed prior to the time the finished floor is laid. Thus, ply' 4 rests on' the sub floor indicated generally at 7, thereby spacing the lip 3 from the: sub floor a distance corresponding to the thickness of the'finished floor.

4.5 In accordance with- the present invention, the central portion of the panel assembly has an aperture 8 therein. This, aperture is delineated by an annular reenforcement lip 9 struck laterally from an adjoining portioni 10 of the ply I which is offset from the main plane of configuration; II thereof. By virtue of the offset 10' an annular space or recess 12 is provided intermediate the plies I- and 4 and a ring 13 is disposedý within this recess surrounding the aperture. Lip. 9 serves to rigidify the structure adjacent the opening 8 and the lip terminates substantially flush with the lower surface of ply 4.

Ring 13, on the other hand, while serving as a reenforcement, is utilized primarily to provide a sufficient thickness of material to receive threads into which screws 14 may be threaded and, if a cast structure is utilized, or if bosses are fastened to the lower surface of the metallic sheet, then this detail may be omitted.

A squeeze ring 15 is placed at the upper surface of the offset portion 10 of the splash guard I.

This ring has substantially the same internal diameter as the aperture 8 and it has bbres which are in alignment with the threaded bores in the ring 13 for the reception of the screws 14, the screws preferably being of bevel-head, type; and the holes in ring 15 being countersunk so that the tops of the screws are substantially flush with the top of the squeeze ring.

The squeeze ring 15 serves as a clamp to press an annular flange 16 bent from the upper surface of the lead soil pipe I1 against the offset portion 10 and thereby form a seal. In present building construction it is conventional for the plumber to extend the soil pipe through the bathroom floor and then seal it off so as to prevent the entrance of dirt and shavings into the plumbing system until the fixture is installed. In accordance with the present invention, the panel assembly is placed over the extended portion of the soil pipe, the seal on the soil pipe is removed and the upper end of the soil pipe is then flanged outwardly as at 16 so that the flange rests upon the upper surface of the panel 1, as shown in Figure 3.

Holes are then drilled through-flange 16 in alignment with the screw holes in ring 13 to permit the screws 14 to be passed through the squeeze ring 15 and flange 16 into the threaded bores in ring 13, whereby the flange 16 may be clamped in place. This forms a water and gas-tight connection because of the pliability of the lead of which the lead soil pipe is made.

At this stage the unit is ready for the reception of the toilet fixture.

Most present-day toilet fixtures have a flangedtype pedestal which is bored to receive bolts through which the pedestal may be fastened to the floor. In the present construction the squeeze ring 15 has T-slots 18 which adjustably receive mounting bolts 19. The T-slots have entrance apertures 20 through which the heads of the bolts 19 may be inserted into the T-slots after the squeeze ring 15 has been fastened down by screws 14. These bolts therefore may be shifted until they are in alignment .with the bores in the pedestal flange of the fixture, after which the fixture is placed and fastened down by means of cap nuts 21. A rubber gasket 22 rests upon the upper surface of the squeeze ring 15 and is of such thickness that its upper surface is compressibly engaged by the lower surface 23 of the pedestal flange whereby the fixture is maintained in gastight connection with the soil or drain pipe. It is to be noted that aperture. 8 and the lead soil pipe which extends through it preferably are ( sufficiently large in diameter to surround the tailpiece 24 of the fixture.

The modified form of apparatus which is shown in Figure 4 is adapted for connection: with a cast iron or rigid type of soil pipe. In this structure 7 the details of the panel are as previously described but for the clamp ring 15 a tubular sleeve indicated generally at 25 is utilized. This sleeve is disposed within the aperture 8 and its upper end terminates in a lateral -flange having the 2 same type of configuration as the ring 15 which was previously described, that is, the flange rests upon the offset portion II of the panel and the outer peripheral edge of the flange includes an annular depending bead which elevates the center portion of the flange above the upper surface of the offset 11. In this manner a clearance space is provided for the heads of T bolts 19. The flange is slotted to permit these T bolts to be adjusted to match the bores in the base of the toilet receptacle. Likewise, the flange contains countersunk bores for reception of the hold-down screws 14.

The skirt 26 of the sleeve 25 is of sufficiently large inside diameter telescopically to receive the upper endwise portion of the soil pipe, while the lower extremity of the skirt has an inturned bead 27, the inside diameter of which is slightly greater than the outside diameter of the soil pipe. This construction provides an annular cavity above the inturned bead between the outside of the soil pipe and the inside of the sleeve. To form a liquid-tight connection between the two the cavity is first calked with a packing 28 such as oakum or the like, and then the remainder of the cavity is filled with lead 29.

Any moisture escaping the fixture which normally would collect upon the floor is caught upon the non-corrosive metal panel 1; even substantial accumulations of moisture are prevented from draining off onto the bathroom floor or seeping underneath the finished floor by virtue of the ledge or lip 3 at the outer periphery of the panel.

Therefore-moisture always is confined to an area where it readily may be- removed by mopping. Having described my invention, I claim: 1;. A base for a toilet fixture, comprising a metal panel substantially larger than the base of a toilet fixture, said panel having an aperture therein for the reception of a drain pipe, a squeeze ring adapted to be placed upon an annular flange bent from said drain pipe and extending mariginally beyond said-aperture, means for connecting said squeeze ring to said panel and thereby forming a tight connection between the flange of said drain pipe and said panel, and means projecting laterally from said squeeze ring for connecting the pedestal of a toilet fixture to said panel and independent sealing means between the squeeze ring and the fixture.

2. A base for a toilet fixture, comprising a panel of substantially non-corrosive metal having an aperture therein for the reception of a lead soil pipe, said panel being substantially longer and wider than the pedestal of a toilet fixture, and means. for clamping a flange formed ton said soil pipe to a surface of said panel, including a squeeze ring and bolts for fastening said squeeze ring to said panel through said flange and independent means for attaching and sealing a toilet fixture 10 relative to said squeeze ring.

3. A base for a toilet fixture, comprising a panel of substantially non-corrosive metal having an aperture therein for the reception of a soil pipe, said panel being substantially longer and wider 15 than the pedestal of a toilet fixture, and means for clamping a flange formed on said soil pipe to a surface of said panel, including a squeeze ring and bolts for fastening said squeeze ring to said panel through said flange, said squeeze ring havr0 ing fixture mounting bolts extending laterally therefrom and a gasket for sealing a toilet fixture relative to said squeeze ring.

4. A base for a toilet fixture, comprising a metallic sheet which is substantially longer and a' wider, than the pedestal of a toilet fixture, said sheet having a central portion offset from the plane of configuration thereof and said offset portion containing an aperture for the reception of a soil pipe, a ring surrounding said aperture and disposed within said offset portion, a second ring at the other side of said offset portion, and fasteners for bringing said rings into clamping engagement with said offset portion for forming a seal with an annularly flanged portion of a soil pipe disposed therebetween and a plurality of slots in said squeeze ring having bolts engaged therein adapted to attach a toilet fixture to said squeeze ring and a sealing gasket interposed in sealing engagement between said squeeze ring and said toilet fixture.

5. A base for a toilet fixture, comprising a multi-ply panel which is substantially larger than the pedestal of a toilet fixture, one of said plies being of substantially ncn-corrosive metal sheet and the other of said plies terminating inwardly from the marginal edge of said metal sheet, said multi-ply panel having an aperture therein for the reception of a flanged drain pipe of a toilet fixture, a squeeze ring adapted to be mounted annularly about said aperture, means for interconnecting said squeeze ring to said panel with the drain pipe flange clamped and sealed therebetween, and bolt means extending from said squeeze ring for interconnection with the pedestal of a toilet fixture.

6. A base for a toilet fixture, comprising a panel having an outer ply of a substantially non-corrosive metal sheet and a lower ply connected therewith, said panel being substantially larger in dimensions than the contour of the pedestal of a toilet fixture, said panel having an aperture at a central portion thereof, the said outer, metallic ply, annularly adjacent said aperture, being offset from the lower ply, a threaded member interposed between the offset portion of the metallic ply and the lower ply, a squeeze ring mounted at the outer face of said metallic ply about said aperture, and means for fastening said squeeze ring to said threaded member through said metallic panel whereby pressure may be exerted by said squeeze ring upon a flanged portion of a soil pipe resting on said offset portion a plurality of bolts slidably engaged in said squeeze ring, a sealing gasket seated upon the upper face thereof, said bolts adapted to attach a toilet fixture to said ring and in sealing engagement with said sealing gasket.

7. A base for a toilet fixture, comprising a panel having an upper ply of sheet metal and a lower ply connected thereto, said panel being substantially larger in dimensions than the contour of the pedestal of a toilet fixture, said panel having an aperture at a central portion thereof, the said upper ply, annularly adjacent said aperture, being offset from the lower ply of said panel, a ring interposed between the offset portion of the metallic ply and the lower ply about said aperture, said offset portion having a reenforcement lip extending laterally therefrom at said aperture, a squeeze ring mounted at the upper face of said metallic ply about said aperture, and means for fastening said squeeze ring to said first-named ring through said metallic ply whereby pressure may be exerted by said squeeze ring upon a flanged portion of a soil pipe resting on said offset portion to seal the same with respect to said metallic ply.

8. A base for a toilet fixture, comprising a multiply panel including an upper ply of sheet metal and a lower ply connected therewith, said panel being substantially larger in dimensions than the contour of the pedestal of a toilet fixture, said panel having an aperture at a central portion thereof, means for fastening and sealing a flanged portion of a soil pipe extending through said aperture to the upper ply of said panel, the upper ply of said panel extending marginally beyond the lower ply of said panel at the outer periphery thereof to constitute a rabbet groove for the reception of flooring material.

PETER R. HOLLAENDER.

REFERENCES CITED SThe following references are of record in the file of this patent: UNITED STATES PATENTS Number 952,602 1,333,368 1,533,444 2,082,348 Name Date Candee --------- Mar. 22, 1910 Auer --------------- Nov. 9, 1920 Mohr ------------- Apr. 14, 1925 Le Tarte ----------- June 1, 1937