Title:
Dispensing device
United States Patent 2457187


Abstract:
This invention relates to dispensing devices. It is particularly directed to a machine for vending cigarettes. An object of this invention is to provide in a machine of the character described highly improved means for dispensing one or more pennies in change each time a package of cigarettes...



Inventors:
Louis, Steiner
Application Number:
US67013546A
Publication Date:
12/28/1948
Filing Date:
05/16/1946
Assignee:
MILLS IND INC
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
221/207, 221/264, 221/282
International Classes:
G07F5/24
View Patent Images:
US Patent References:
2085153Vending apparatus1937-06-29
1898192Goods holding and dispensing unit1933-02-21
1801796N/A1931-04-21
0973939N/A1910-10-25



Description:

This invention relates to dispensing devices.

It is particularly directed to a machine for vending cigarettes.

An object of this invention is to provide in a machine of the character described highly improved means for dispensing one or more pennies in change each time a package of cigarettes is dispensed.

Yet a further object of this invention is to provide in a machine of the character described an improved change maker which may be easily adjusted and converted to dispense either one or more pennies in change each time a package is dispensed.

In prior dispensing machines, it has been difficult to restock the machine with cigarettes, with packets of matches, and with pennies for change.

It is therefore a further object of this invention to provide in a machine of the character described cigarette chutes, match chutes in front of and in alignment with the cigarette chutes, and penny chutes in front of and in between the match chutes. With such arrangement the cigarette chutes, the match chutes, and the penny chutes may be restocked from the front readily.

Still another object of this invention is to provide in a machine of the character described, a penny changer and means to easily adjust aid convert the penny changer to give either one penny, two pennies, three pennies, or more change each time a package of cigarettes is dispensed.

Still a further object of this invention is to provide a dispehsing machine of the character described comprising a plurality of main chutes side by side, an auxiliary chute in front of each main chute, and a penny chute disposed in front of ard between each pair of auxiliary chutes.

A still further object of this invention is' to provide in a machine of the character described, means for transferring an auxiliary article from an auxiliary chute to a main chute and at the same time dispense a main article and an auxiliary article from the main chute, and means for furthermore dispensing a predetermined number of pennies from the penny chute; each time an article is dispensed from the main chute.

Still a further object of this invention is to provide a strong, rugged and compact machine of the character described which shall be relatively inexpensive to manufacture, smooth and positive in operation, and yet practical and efficient to'a high degree in use.

Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious arid in part hereinafter pointed out.

The invention accordingly consists in. the features of construction, combinations: of elemients, and arrangement of parts which- will be' exemplified in the crnstruction hereinafter described, and; of which theiscope of applicationfwill be indicated'in the following claims. In the accompanying drawing, in which is shown various possible illustrative embodiments of this invention, Fig. 1 is a partial elevational cross-sectional view through a machine embodying the invention; Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken substantially on line 2-2 of Fig. 1 and also showing in cross-section a support for a coin tube, and illustrating a top view of a dispensing bar; Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 3- 3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 4-a4 of Fig. 2 and showing the penny changer arranged togive one penny change; Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 4; Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 6-6 of Fig. 5; Fig. 7 is a partial view similar to Fig. 4 but showing the penny chute arranged to give two pennies change; Fig. 8 is a top plan view of a penny change slider constructed for giving two pennies change; Fig. 9 is a side elevational view of the reciprocator for the slider shown in Fig. 8; Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken on line I -80 of Fig. 8; Fig. 11 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing a slider constructed for giving three pennies change; and Fig. 12 is a view similar to Fig. 11 but showing a slider co6nstruction arranged to give four pennies change.

Referring now in detail to the drawing, 10 designates a dispensing machine embodying the invention. The same comprises a front wall I1.

Within the casing is a horizontal wall 12 formed with an upwardly extending front flange 13 spaced from the front wall HT. Attached to flange 13 is a vertical wall 14 disposed inside of front wall I1. Flange 13 and walls 14 and IT are formed with registering openings 15 for the purpose hereinafter appearing. The bottom wall 12 is formed with' a plurality of longitudinal slots I extending from front to rear. Said bottom wall is also formed with a plurality of openings 18 located between the slots IT. The openings 18 are also located between the front ends of the slots and the flange 13. The openings i8 are large enough to permit a coin such as a penny to fall therethrough. Said bottom wall 12 is furthermore formed at each opening 18 with a downwardly and forwardly inclined guide 19 to return coins falling through said opening to a change retrieving chamber.

Mounted on the bottom wall 12 are a plurality of parallel chutes 22 disposed side by side and parallel to the front wall of the casing and each comprising a front chamber 23 and a rear chamber 24. In the front chamber are the main-articles 25, such as packages of cigarettes, and in the rear chambers are reserve articles 25, such as packages of cigarettes. Any suitable mechanism 26 may be provided to cause the articles 25 in the reserve chamber 24 to be transferred to the main chamber 23 when articles in the main chamber are dispensed to a predetermined extent. Such mechanism is described and claimed in my copending application Serial No. 670,134, filed on the 16th day of May, 1946.

In front of each chute 22 and aligned therewith is a match chute 30. Slidably mounted beneath each of the aligned chutes 22, 30 is a dispensing bar 32. The dispensing bar is so constructed that when it is pulled forwardly by the customer, the bottommost book of matches 33 from the match chute 30 will drop thereon, and when the bar is retracted, said packet of matches will be transferred to the lower end of the main chamber 23. When the bar is pulled forwardly, again, the transferred packet of matches and the lowermost package of cigarettes will drop behind the bar, so that the next time the bar is retracted, a package of cigarettes and a packet of matches is dispensed. The construction for this structure is claimed in my co-pending application Serial No. 670,136, filed May 16th, 1946.

More specifically, each bar 32 comprises a block portion 35 provided with a downwardly extending hook 36 projecting through one of the slots 17.

At the top of block portion 35 is a depressed surface 37 and a shoulder 38 is formed at one end of said depressed surface. Extending from block is an elongated handle 39 passing through the openings 15 and formed with a finger engaging hook or handle 40 disposed exteriorly of the casing. When the bar is pulled forwardly by the customer (each operation may be predicated upon the deposit of predetermined coins into the machine), the lowermost packet of matches in chute 30 drops onto the recessed surface 37 in engagement with the shoulder 38. Suitable spring means may be provided for retracting the bar upon releasing the latter. Upon retracting the bar, the lowermost package 25 resting on the wall 12 is dispensed rearwardly by the abutting end of the bar 32 and simultaneously the packet of matches 33 is transferred to chute 23 beneath the next package in the column. When the bar 32 is pulled forwardly, the transferred packet of matches and the overlying package of cigarettes drop behind the rear end of bar to the wall 12. The next time the bar is retracted, a packet of matches and a package of cigarettes are simultaneously dispensed rearwardly by the abutting end of bar 32, to drop into a suitable chamber from where the customer may take them.

Hinged between each match chute and cigarette chute is a downwardly suspended gate 42 to prevent transferred matches from being drawn back into the match chute. Each bar 32 is provided with a longitudinal spine portion 45 from the rear end of which extends a vertical wall 46 adapted to engage the packages of cigarettes and packets of matches when ejecting the latter. Extending from the front end of the spine 45 is a lug 47 which is offset to one side, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawing, for the purpose hereinafter appearing. Mounted on the bottom wall 12 in front of and between each pair of adjacent match chutes 30 is a support 50 for a tubular coin tube 51 for coins 52 such as pennies and the like. As will appear hereinafter, means is provided to return a predetermined number of coins 52 each time a package of cigarettes is dispensed. Thus if the 7 machine is so arranged that a bar 32 may be pulled upon depositing 200 in the machine and the cigarettes only cost 180, the arrangement would be to return two pennies each time a pack6 age of cigarettes is sold.

Each support 50 comprises a horizontal portion 55 resting on the bottom wall 12. Each support 55 may be fixed to the bottom wall by means of suitable fastening means 55a located at the corners thereof. It is formed at its undersurface with a longitudinal through slot 56. The through slot 56 has an intermediate enlarged portion 57, the rear half of which overlies opening 18 and the front half of which overlies bottom wall 12, forwardly of opening 18 and beneath tube 51.

The enlarged slot opening 57 is sufficiently wide for a coin 52 to drop into the forward part thereof, to be carried, by means hereinafter explained, to the rear portion thereof, so as to drop through the opening 18. Member 55 is provided at its underside with a surface 59 contacting wall 12 and with a raised undersurface 60 spaced above bottom wall 12 substantially by the thickness of a coin 52. The through slot 56 extends to the undersurface 60. The undersurface 60 terminates as at 51 short of the front end 62 of support 50.

Said surface 60 also terminates short of the rear end of said support 50.

Said support 50 is formed with a channel shaped vertical upstanding portion 65 projecting upwardly from the horizontal portion 55 and comprising side flanges 66 and a front wall 67. The horizontal portion 55 is formed with a circular through opening 68 through which the tube 51 projects, said opening 68 communicating with the enlarged opening 57 at the underside of wall 55. The horizontal portion 55 is furthermore formed in its upper surface with a shallow recess 69 located rearwardly of opening 68.

Mounted on the horizontal portion 55 and telescoped within channel 65 and surrounding the lower end of tube 51 is an inner channel member 70. The lower end of the tube 51 is fixed to the flanges 71 of the channel. The front wall 67 of the channel-shaped member 65 is formed with a central vertical slot 72 and with a pair of parallel slots 73 on opposite sides thereof. Extending through slots 73 and screwed to the web 74 of channel member 70 are a pair of screws 75. When the screws 75 are loosened, channel 70 together with tube 51 may be raised or lowered.

At the upper edge 7' of web 67 is a notch 77.

Attached to the front wall or web 74 is a pivot pin 80 located above the notch 77. Rotatably mounted on the pivot 80 is a member 81 formed with four arms 82, 83, 84, and 5. Said arms are radial and at 90° from one another. The arm 82 is shortest and in the position shown in Fig. 3 engages in notch 77 contacting the bottom of the notch; arm 83 is longer than arm 82 by substantially the thickness of one of the coins; arm 84 is longer than arm 83 by substantially the thickness of one coin; and arm 85 is longer than arm 84 likewise by the thickness of one coin 52. Upon loosening the screw 75, member 70 together with its tube 51 may be raised and then member 81 may be rotated to any desired position so that one of the arms 82, 83, 84 or 85 will engage the notch 77.

When one coin is to be given as change, arm 82 is within notch 77; when two coins are to be given in change, arm 83 is within the notch; when three coins are to be given in change, arm 84 is within said notch; and when four coins are to be given in change, arm 85 is within the notch. 5 When arm 82 is within notch 77, the lower end of tube 51 is just above the level of the undersurface of recess 60.

Slidably mounted on the bottom wall 12 and within recess 60 is a gate 90. Said gate comprises a bottom wall 91 contacting the upper surface of the bottom wall 12 and of less length than the slot 60. Extending upwardly from one side of the bottom wall 91 is a vertical flange 92 which is received in a vertical slot 93 formed in member 50 and communicating with one longitudinal edge of slot 60 as seen in Fig. 2. The slot 93 may extend through the entire length of wall 55 of member 50. The bottom wall 91 extends laterally beyond member 50 and extending upwardly therefrom, is a web portion 94 from which there extends a horizontal flange 95 terminating short of one edge of member 50. The bottom wall 91 is formed with a hole 96 adapted to receive one of the coins 52.

Means is provided to slide the gate member 90 forwardly to bring opening 96 in alignment with the tube 51 so that a coin 52 will drop into said opening and rest on the bottom wall 12.

Means is also provided to retract gate member 90 to the position shown in Fig. 1 to permit the coin in opening 96 to be transferred to opening 18 so that it will drop through said opening to a change chamber.

The means for reciprocating the gate 90 is controlled by operation of the dispensing bar 32.

Said means comprises a slide 100 comprising a horizontal longitudinal intermediate portion 101 which passes through the channel formed by walls 91, 94 and 95 of the gate. Extending upwardly from the front end of portion 100 is a projection 102 which is adapted to engage the forward edge of flange 95. Projecting upwardly from the rear end of portion 101 is a projection 103 which is adapted to project above the rear end of flange 95. The offset portion 47 of the dispensing bar 32 extends between the projections 102, 103, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings.

When the bar 32 is in its normal rear position, said projection 47 contacts the upstanding arm 103 thereby retaining the gate in its rearward position with the opening 96 above opening 18.

When the proper coins are inserted in the machine and the bar 32 is pulled forwardly by the customer, projection 47 will move forwardly. On one side of wall 46 is an enlargement of thickened portion 46a. When the bar 32 is moved forwardly, said thickened portion 46a will strike arm 103, thereby moving the gate forwardly to a position where the opening 96 will register with the tube 51 so that a coin will drop therein.

When the dispensing bar is retracted or moves rearwardly again, projection 47 will strike arm 103 to again move the gate to a position where the coin is transferred to a position above opening 18 so that it will drop through said opening.

It will thus be noted that there is a lost motion between the dispensing bar and the gate 90.

Means is provided to prevent the dispensing bar from being retracted unless it is pulled forwardly to its fullest extent. To this end, there is mounted on top of wall 55 and over the recess 69, a plate 110 which may be screwed to wall 55 by means of a plurality of screws 111. Mounted on said plate is a pivot pin 112. Pivoted thereto is a pawl 113. The pawl 113 is connected to a fixed post 114 on said plate by a coil tension spring l15. The spring 115 tends to bring the pawl to normal position as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawing. On the dispensing bar is a longitudinal rack portion 116 which rotates the pawl in a clockwise direction when the dispensing bar is pulled. If the dispensing bar is not fully pulled, the pawl 113 will prevent the bar from being retracted. However, when the rack 116 fully passes the pawl, the pawl will be swung by the spring 115 in a counterclockwise direction, and then the dispensing bar can be retracted causing the pawl to be rotated in a counterclockwise direction against the tension of spring 115. In Figs. 8 and 10 there is shown a gate 90a which is to be used when it is desired to give two coins in change instead of one coin. As stated before, when the machine is to be converted for giving two coins in change, the control member 81 is rotated to lift the coin tube by the height of one coin and to bring arm 83 into notch 77. In addition, gate 90 is replaced by the gate 90a. The gate 90a differs from gate 90 in that its bottom wall 91a is formed with a longitudinal raised channel portion 120, the height of which rises above the bottom wall by the height of one coin.

In the bottom wall 91a is an opening 96a for the coins. By raising the tube, its lower end will be spaced above the bottom wall 12 by the thickness of two coins. Thus, two coins will enter opening 96a and when the gate is moved, these two coins are engaged by the bottom wall 91a and the raised portion 120 to transfer two coins to drop through opening 18.

In Fig. 11 is shown a gate 90b which differs from gate 90a in that it has a raised portion 12.a which is higher than portion 120 by the thickness of an additional coin. To dispense three pennies, control member 81 is moved to a position to bring arm 84 into the notch 77. Three pennies will then enter the opening 96b in gate member 90b and three pennies will hence be transferred to above the opening 18 to drop therethrough.

In Fig. 12 there is shown a gate SOc which is employed when it is desired to give four coins in change. Gate 90c differs from gate 90b in that it has a central longitudinal raised portion 120b disposed at opposite sides of its opening 96c higher than the portions 120a of Fig. 11. The control member 81 is adjusted to bring arm 85 into the notch 77. The tube is thus raised to permit four coins to drop into the opening 96c. When the gate is retracted, said four coins will be retracted to a position above opening 18 and will drop therethrough.

Any suitable coin controlled means may be provided to prevent pulling of the dispensing bar 32 unless a predetermined number of coins are inserted into the machine, as for example as shown and described in my Patent No. 2,207,902.

Included in such mechanism is a horizontal transverse bar 130 engaged by the hooks 36 of the various dispensing bars. The rod 130 may be supported on pivot arms 131 which are locked against movement by mechanism releasable upon insertion into the machine of the proper coins.

It will thus be seen that there is provided a device in which the several objects of this invention are achieved, and which is well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.

As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiments above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawing is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent: 1. In a vending machine, a casing having a front wall, a vertical chamber for articles to be dispensed, a vertical chamber in front of the first chamber and aligned therewith for auxiliary articles to be dispensed, a reciprocating dispening bar beneath said chambers for dispensing articles from both chambers, said bar extending through said front wall, a coin return tube in front of and to one side of the second chamber, and means to dispense coins from said tube upon reciprocating said bar.

2. In a vending machine, a casing having a front wall, a pair of vertical chambers side by side adapted to contain main articles to be dispensed, a chamber in front of each of the first chambers, and aligned therewith, and adapted to contain auxiliary articles to be dispensed, a dispensing reciprocating bar beneath each main chamber and its auxiliary chamber, said bars being horizontal and parallel to one another and extending through said front wall, a coin tube disposed in front of and between said auxiliary chambers, and means operable upon reciprocation of one of said bars to return at least one coin from the coin tube each time said bar is reciprocated.

3. In a dispensing machine, a plurality of vertical main chambers within the machine disposed side by side, an auxiliary chamber in front of and aligned with each main member, a coin tube in front of and between each pair of adjacent auxiliary chambers, means to dispense articles from said main and auxiliary chambers, and slidable means controlled by the last means said slidable means being adapted to support coins in said tube while in one position, to receive the lowermost coin in another position and to dispense said coins when moved to said first position.

4. In a dispensing device, a casing having a front wall, a plurality of vertical chambers within the casing disposed side by side, parallel to and equally spaced rearwardly from said front wall, a bar mounted for reciprocation beneath each chamber, said bars being perpendicular to said front wall, said front wall having openings through which said bars project, coin tubes disposed between said chambers and said front wall, means on said bars to dispense articles from said chambers, means controlled by said bars to dispense coins from said tubes, each tube being located between a pair of adjacent chambers, and being operable by the bar for one of said pair of chambers, a horizontal fixed wall within said casing, to slidably support said bars, the lower end of said tubes being spaced above said bottom wall, and means to adjust the height of the lower end of said tubes relative to said bottom wall.

5. In a dispensing device, a horizontal wall, a support mounted thereon, a verticle tube adjustably mounted on said support, said support being formed with an opening, said tube projecting downwardly through said opening, a gate slidably mounted on said horizontal wall in a fixed horizontal plane beneath said support, said gate being free of said tube and having provided therein an opening to receive a coin from said tube, and said horizontal wall being formed with an opening offset with respect to said tube, and means for reciprocating said gate whereby to transfer coins deposited therein to the opening in the horizontal wall.

6. In a vending machine, a horizontal wall, a support fixed thereto, said horizontal wall being formed with an opening, a vertical coin tube, means to fix said coin tube to said support in a plurality of vertical adjusted positions, the opening in said horizontal wall being offset with respect to said tube, a gate slidably mounted on said horizontal' wall in a fixed horizontal plane beneath said support, said gate being free of said tube and having provided therein an opening adapted in one position to receive a coin from said tube, and in another position to let said coin drop through said opening in said horizontal wall.

7. In a vending machine, a horizontal wall, a support fixed thereto, said horizontal wall being formed with an opening, a vertical coin tube, I5 means to fix said coin tube to said support in a plurality of vertical adjusted positions, the opening in said horizontal wall being offset with respect to said tube, a gate slidably mounted on said horizontal wall in a fixed horizontal plane beneath said support, said gate being free of said tube and having provided therein an opening adapted in one position to receive a coin from said tube, and in another position to let said coin drop through said opening in said horizontal wall, and means to reciprocate said gate.

8. In a vending machine, a horizontal wall, a support fixed thereto, said horizontal wall being formed with an opening, a vertical coin tube, means to fix said coin tube to said support in a o0 plurality of vertical adjusted positions, the opening in said horizontal wall being offset with respect to said tube, a gate slidably mounted on said horizontal wall in a fixed horizontal plane beneath said support, said gate being free of said 3; tube and having provided therein an opening adapted in one position to receive a coin from said tube, and in another position to let said coin drop through said opening in said horizontal wall, and means to reciprocate said gate, said means including a slide assembled with said gate and being formed with an upwardly extending projection, a dispensing bar mounted on said horizontal wall for reciprocation, said dispensing bar having spaced lugs located at opposite sides of said projection, whereby upon pulling said dispensing bar in one direction, one of said lugs will contact said projection to move said gate in one direction, and when said dispensing bar is moved in an opposite direction, the other lug will engage said projection to move said gate in said other direction.

9. In a vending machine, a casing having a front wall, a vertical article holding chamber within the casing and spaced from said wall, a vertical auxiliary article holding chamber disposed between said first chamber and said wall, said second chamber being aligned with said first chamber, a coin tube disposed between said auxiliary chamber and said front wall, said coin tube ,o being offset with respect to said auxiliary chamber, means to dispense articles from said chambers and means controlled by said last mentioned means for dispensing coins from the coin tube.

LOUIS STEINER.

05 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent: UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 973,939 Harris --------- _ Oct. 25, 1910 1,801,796 Chalmers --------- Apr. 21, 1931 1,898,192 Larsen ------------_ Feb. 21, 1933 2,085,153 Goretta ------------ June 29,1937