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Title:
Cadaver lifter
United States Patent 2449898
Abstract:
This invention relates to a lifting means for lifting a cadaver or body from an undertaker's table. An object of this invention is to provide a lifting means which may be partly secured to one end of the working table and which includes means which may be initially positioned beneath the body...


Inventors:
Hower, Bruce A.
Application Number:
US60302045A
Publication Date:
09/21/1948
Filing Date:
07/03/1945
Assignee:
Hower, Bruce A.
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
5/81.1R, 5/85.1, 414/744.3
International Classes:
A61G7/10
View Patent Images:
US Patent References:
2218883Invalid lifting and transferring device1940-10-22
2203732Corpse lifting apparatus1940-06-11
2051163Casket1936-08-18
2035840Invalid lifting apparatus1936-03-31
1948611Corpse handling device1934-02-27
1318429N/A1919-10-14
0440471N/A1890-11-11
0236949N/A1881-01-25
0230467N/A1880-07-27
Description:

This invention relates to a lifting means for lifting a cadaver or body from an undertaker's table.

An object of this invention is to provide a lifting means which may be partly secured to one end of the working table and which includes means which may be initially positioned beneath the body during the time that the body is being prepared and which will not interfere with any operations being performed on the body. The de- 1 vice also includes means whereby after the body has been fully prepared it may be lifted from the table by one person and then shifted to a position where it may be lowered into the coffin.

Another object of this invention is to provide a device of this kind which includes a movable jack adapted to be positioned at one end of the working table and also includes a rock lever to which body supporting bands are adapted to be connected, so that when the jack is raised to rock the lever the body will thereby be lifted from the table and the jack being mounted on castors can then be shifted to a position where the body may overlie the coffin and may then be lowered into the coffin.

A further object of this invention is to provide a device of this kind which is simple in construction and which can be adapted to the present parts of an undertaker's table and may be readily removed therefrom when desired.

A further object of this invention is to provide a device of this kind which is so constructed that it will firmly support the body at a plurality of points therealong in order that the body will not be disturbed as it is being moved from the table to the coffin.

To the foregoing objects, and others which may hereinafter more fully appear, the invention consists of the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts, as will be more specifically referred to and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, but it is to be understood that changes, variations, and modifications may be resorted to which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.

In the drawings: Figure 1 is a detail side elevation of a lifting device constructed according to an embodiment of this invention disposed in operative position with respect to an undertaker's table, Figure 2 is a detail end elevation of the device shifted to a position for lowering the body into the coffin, the lever and supporting straps being omitted for facility of reference, Figure 3 is a vertical section of the lifting jack, Figure 4 is a bottom plan of the jack base witn the castors removed, Figure 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 3, Figure 6 is a fragmentary vertical section of the clamp for securing one end of the lever or lifting bar to the table, Figure 7 is a fragmentary vertical section of one of the supporting straps, "Figure 8 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 8-8 of Figure 7, Figure 9 is a fragmentary vertical section of the yoke or head at the upper end of the jack, Figure 10 is a sectional view taken on the line 12-10 of Figure 3, and Figure 11 is a fragmentary sectional view of one of the castor mountings.

Referring to the drawings, the numeral 15 designates generally an undertaker's table which in0 cludes a base 16 having positioned therein a hydraulic means and a plunger 17 adapted to be moved upwardly from the base IS. The plunger II has secured to the upper end thereof an elongated body supporting table 18. The table structure 5 is of conventional construction and is here shown as an example of an undertaker's table with which the lifting means to be hereinafter described may be combined. The table or top 18 includes a top plate 19 having depending side flanges 20 and end 30 flanges 21.

After the body B has been properly treated on top of the table 18, it must be bodily lifted from the table into the coffin C. In order to provide a means whereby one person may readily lift the 3 body B from the table without disturbing the condition or arrangement of the body I have provided an elongated lifting bar 22. The bar 22 at one end thereof is adapted to engage between the upright arms 23 of a U-shaped supporting 40 member 24, which is carried by elongated shaft 25. A set screw 29 is threaded through one of the arms 23 and is adapted to engage the adjacent side of the bar 22 so as to hold this bar against undue endwise movement while at the same time 45 permitting slight rocking movement of the bar 22. The shaft 25 is firmly secured with respect to the table 18 by means of a C clamp 27. The C clamp 27 includes an upper jaw 28 and a lower movable jaw 29 carried by a threaded shaft 30. 50 The shaft 30 is threaded through one arm 31 of the C clamp 27 and is provided with a wheel or operating member 32 at its lower end.

The clamp 27 has extending from the vertical side 33 thereof a lug or guide member 34 having 55 opening 35 therethrough and through which the shaft 25 is adapted to engage. A set screw 36 is threaded through the lug or guide 34 and bears against the shaft 35 so that the latter may be readily adjusted vertically with respect to the C clamp 25. The opposite end of the bar 22 engages in a U-shaped head 37 carried by a threaded jack shaft 38. The shaft 38 has threaded thereon a nut 39 which upon adjustment is adapted to raise or lower the shaft 38. The head 37 is swivelly mounted on the upper end of the shaft 38 by 1 means of a cap screw 40 which extends through an opening 41 formed in the bight 42 of the head 37 and is threaded into the upper end of the shaft 38. A set screw 43 extended into the shaft 38 is adapted to lock the cap screw 49 and prevent rota- 1 tion thereof with respect to the shaft 38. The nut 39, which may be constructed in the form of a hand wheel, is rotatably carried by the upper end of a tubular standard 44. The standard 44 is provided at its upper end with an annular 2a flange 45 which is encompassed by a flanged ring 46 secured by fastening members 47 to the lower side of the nut 39. In this manner the nut 39 is rotatably secured to the upper end of the tubular standard 44. The standard 44 is carried by a substantially pyramid-shaped base 48 and the standard 44 extends downwardly through the apex of the base 48 and has extending upwardly into the lower end thereof a holding pin 49; The pin 49 is fixedly secured to and extends upwardly from a transverse supporting bar 50, which is formed at the opposite ends thereof with downwardly extending flanges 51. The base 48 includes a vertically disposed apron or flange 52 which: is offset, as indicated at 53, from the base of the pyramid-shaped base member 48. The apron 52 at its upper portion has extending inwardly therefrom a pair of bars 54 which are formed with depending flanges 55 confronting the flanges E2 and secured to the latter by fastening devices 56. The corners of the apron 52 have mounted therein blocks 57 in which castor securing pins 58 are mounted. A plurality of castors, generally designated as 59, are disposed inside the apron 52 and include an inverted '4 U-shaped member 60, which is formed in the bight :l thereof with a ball race 62. A complementary ball race 63 is disposed above the race 62 and anti-friction balls 64 are disposed between the two races. The pin or stud 58 is formed with a reduced lower end portion 65 which extends through the race 63 and the bight 6! and is secured by means of a nut 66 threaded on a threaded stud or extension 67.

At the time work is initially started in prepar- i55 ing the body B on the table 18, a plurality of flexible straps 68 are inserted beneath the body and may initially be left hanging at-the opposite sides of the table 18. The straps 68 after the body has been prepared are then threaded 00 through an eye 69 carried by a hook 70. The hook 70 engages a loop 71; which is slidable along the length of the bar 22 and may be secured in selected position along the length of the bar 22 ' by means of a set screw 72. In the use and operation of this lifting device, !at the time the body B is-initially laid on the table top 18, the straps 63 may be opened and left in a r depending position beneath the body. In the i present instance there are three of these straps 70 1 68 which are positioned at, spaced points along the body so that the latter may be lifted without t disturbing the arrangements which are completed s prior to the placement of the body within the s coffin. After the body: has been fully prepared 7 r the straps 68 are slipped through the loops or eyes 69 and then buckled together. The lifting bar 22 may then be connected at one end of the table top 28 by means of the C clamp 27. The adjacent end of the bar 22 is vertically adjusted iby means of the adjustable shaft 25 and the set screw 36. The jack shaft 38 is then adjusted to a position where the opposite end of the lifting bar 22 will just about clear the body and permit 0 the hooks 70 to be engaged with the: loops 7i.

These loops may be tightly secured in adjusted position lengthwise of the bar 22 by the set screw 72. The nut 39 is then rotated so as to raise the lifting bar 22 and elevate the body from the table S18. The coffin C is positioned at one side of the table structure with the lid open and the jack structure is then bodily shifted laterally to the position shown in Figure 2. The bar 22 will swing horizontally the U-shaped member 24, which is swivelly secured to the upper end of the shaft 22 rotating on the shaft. The coffin may, if desired, be disposed at a slight angle with respect to the table 18 so that the major portion of the body wil be suspended over the coffin with the feet extending from the opposite end of the table top 18.

The body may then be lowered into the coffin and the feet which will initially extend from the coffin may be swung inwardly after release of the adjacent straps 68. With a lifting device as hereindisciosed, the body may be moved from the working table to the coffin by one person and the shifting of the body may be effected without disturbing the arrangement of the parts thereof.

The exact configuration illustrated is regarded as the optimum, but some of the desirable results inherent in this disclosure may be obtained by various slight modifications including some departure from the exact configuration shown, and it is therefore requested that the scope of the invention should be regarded as limited only by the terms of the claims.

What I claim is: 1. A lifting means for lifting a body from a table comprising an elongated bar, a vertical rod pivotally secured to one end of said bar means removably mounting said rod at one end of said table, means independent of said table engaging the opposite end of said bar for elevating the latter, and means supporting the body from said bar.

2. A lifting means for lifting a body from a table comprising an elongated bar, a vertical rod pivotally secured to one end of said bar, a clamp engageable with said table, means adjustably securing said rod to said clamp, means independent of said table engaging the opposite end of said bar for elevating the latter, and means supporting the body from said bar.

3. A lifting means for lifting a body from a table comprising an elongated bar, a vertical supporting rod pivotally carried by one end of said bar, a clamp engageable with said table, means adjustably securing said clamp to said table, neans independent of said table engageable with the opposite end of said bar for elevating the atter, a plurality of loop members loosely enraging about said bar, means securing said loop nembers in adjusted position, and:a plurality of body supporting straps dependingly engaging said oop members.

4. A lifting means for lifting a body from a able comprising an elongated bar, a vertical upporting rod pivotally carried by one end of aid bar, a clamp engageable with said table; neans adjustably securing said claimp:to said table, screw threaded elevating means independent of said table engageable with the opposite end of said bar for elevating the latter, a plurality of loop members loosely engaging about said bar, means securing said loop members in adjusted position, and a plurality of body supporting straps dependingly engaging said loop members.

members. BRUCE A. HOWER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent: Number 230,467 5 36,949 440,471 1,318,429 1,948,611 2,035,840 10 2,051,163 2,203,732 2,218,883 Name Date Carter -- ------- July 27, 1880 Highbarger -------- Jan. 25, 1881 Collins ------------ Nov. 11, 1890 Young ------------ Oct. 14, 1919 Baker ------------ Feb. 27, 1934 Sechrist et al. ------ Mar. 31, 1936 Corrigan --------- Aug. 18, 1936 Kubach ------------ June 11, 1940 Jones ------------ Oct. 22, 1940