Title:
Instrument mouthpiece
United States Patent 2411692


Abstract:
This invention relates to an instrument mouthpiece and more particularly to a mouthpiece for use on a clarinet or saxophone. The principal object of the invention is the provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or saxophone so designed as to permit the musician using the same to hold it in...



Inventors:
Murano, Joseph S.
Application Number:
US51201443A
Publication Date:
11/26/1946
Filing Date:
11/27/1943
Assignee:
Murano, Joseph S.
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
984/141
International Classes:
G10D9/02
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Description:

This invention relates to an instrument mouthpiece and more particularly to a mouthpiece for use on a clarinet or saxophone.

The principal object of the invention is the provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or saxophone so designed as to permit the musician using the same to hold it in his mouth, between his teeth, while his mouth is in a normally open position.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or saxophone or other instrument, the actual mouth engaging portions of which are so designed as to enable the musician using the same to obtain a better tone due to lack of tension of the musician's teeth and lips on the device.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or saxophone or other instrument, the construction of which permits the reed used in connection therewith to vibrate freely resulting in a more vibrant tone and the easier obtaining of higher notes.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or saxophone or other instrument, the lips and teeth engaging portions of which enable the reed to be used freely without danger of choking the same.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or saxophone or other reed instrument, the interior channel of which is formed with a transversely flat shape to enable the passage of clearer tones from the reed and lay area of the mouthpiece to the instrument to which it is attached.

The invention herein disclosed resides in the design of mouth engaging portions of a more or less otherwise conventionally shaped mouthpiece for a clarinet, saxophone or other reed instrument, the design differing from the mouthpiece construction heretofore known in the art primarily in the formation of the lips and teeth engaging portions thereof on a smaller, thinner scale than has heretofore been believed possible in connection with reed instrument mouthpieces.

With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed can be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein: Figure 1 is a side elevation of the mouthpiece, several lines appearing in connection therewith for the purpose of enabling the new design and formation of the mouthpiece to be seen.

Figure 2 is a bottom elevation (with respect to Figure 1) of a mouthpiece illustrating the lay portion thereof and the tone conveying channel therein.

Figure 3 is a top plan view (with respect to Figure 1) of the mouthpiece illustrating the thin, tapering formation of the mouth engaging portions thereof.

By referring to the drawing and Figure 1 in particular, it will be seen that a mouthpiece for a reed instrument such as a clarinet or saxophone has been designed following a conventional pattern with the exception of the formation of the mouth engaging portions thereof. As is well known in the art, a conventional mouthpiece consists of the area known as the lay upon which the reed is fastened and which lay area is indicated in Figure 1 by the numeral 10. The body portion II of the mouthpiece is round and tapering in shape and is provided with an extension 12 of reduced diameter which enables the mouthpiece to be telescopically affixed to the particular instrument with which it is employed. A bushing 13 of resilient material such as cork is positioned in an annular channel formed in the extension 12 of the mouthpiece in order that a satisfactory joint between the mouthpiece and the instrument to which it is attached may be obtained.

In Figure 1 a dotted line A indicates the plane of the angular shape of a conventional mouthpiece and it will be observed that the mouthpiece of this invention has been altered considerably with respect thereto in that the angular formation of this portion takes the shape of a concave line indicated in Figure 1 by the numeral 14, which concave formation, as seen in the side elevation of Figure 1, is also transversely convex in cross section. This formation in conjunction with a standard shaping of the lay surface 10 of the mouthpiece results in a relatively long, thin mouth engaging portion of the device which may be easily held between the musician's teeth and lips without causing the unnatural, relatively wider opening of the mouth necessary when using a conventional mouthpiece. The difference is illustrated in Figure 1 wherein a broken line B positioned vertically in connection therewith illustrates the approximate bite position on a conventional and the improved mouthpiece, it being observed that the distance between the dotted line A (the conventional formation) as indicated by the letter C and the bite distance with respect to the improved formation of this mouthpiece as indicated by the letter D, is almost double. It will thus be seen that whereas the conventional mouthpiece necessitates the opening of the mouth to form the larger bite, indicated- by the letter C, the improved design shown in Figure 1 requires only the considerably smaller opening of the mouth establishing the bite indicated by the. letter D. Additional dotted lines, the area between which is indicated by the letter E, indicates a minimum bite with respect to a soft reed positioned on the lay area 10 of the mouthpiece and it will be observed that the difference-in the degree of bite necessary is equally pronounced.

The center line indicated by the letters CL has been added to indicate the approximate center line of the mouthpiece with respect, to the instrument to which it is attached and it will be observed that in a conventional instrument the bite includes the entire area below the center line whereas in the present invention it is half or less of such area.

The formation of the mouthpiece with the concave surface 14, which surface is transversely convex enables the musician to hold the mouthpiece in a more natural manner between the teeth and thus avoid the fatigue otherwise inevitably occurring which results in the undue tensioning of the reed and its resultant shrill harsh notes. The design, therefore, achieves the object of better tone, bigger tone and high notes by allowing the reed to vibrate freely, at all times with the resultant easy blowing.

As the mouth engaging portions of the improved device is extremely thin and tapering with respect to the conventional design, the musician has the choice of several.teeth positions on the mouthpiece all of which approximate a normal. closed positioned of the mouth to which the jaw, muscles are adapted, all of which enables the musician to hold the same position on the mouthpiece over an indefinite period of time without. fatigue due to an unusual position of the jaw. muscles.

A further advantage of the construction is -seenin the fact that the lips are not required to seal the area about a large mouthpiece, as the thin tapering mouthpiece- of the invention. is easily enclosed between the lips, alliof which results=in, the bigger, more vibrant and clearer tone, and. at the same time avoids the possibility of choking i the reed which, with the improved mouthpiece, may be relatively soft as no undue-tension will be: exerted thereon between the teeth even after continued use. This construction enables the-reed to be kept in relaxed position which facilitates, its . delicate control by the musician, the whole of' which results in a substantial improved performance of the instrument on which the mouthpiece is used.

A further improvement in the design of the mouthpiece may be seen by referring to Figure 2 of the drawing, in which the mouthpiece body is indicated by the numeral I I, the lay area by the numeral 10 and the tone conveying channel formed therein by the numeral 15. In the mouthpiece of the invention the tone conveying chanel is formed with a transversely flat lower surface as seen in Figure 2 rather than the concave surface heretofore common in the art. This construction facilitates the thin, tapering formation of the exterior surfaces of the device as indicated in Figure 3. In Figure 3 the normal teeth engaging line with respect to the upper surface of the mouthpiece is indicated by the letter F and it will be observed that the transverse shape of the mouthpiece is convex while the longitudinal, shape thereof is concave thus creating a dished-out area generally indicated by the numeral 16 in Figure 3. The tone conveying channel is curved to conform somewhat to the curved outer shape. The curved tone channel is shown in dotted lines on Figure 1.. The edges of the mouthpiece, indicated by the numeralI 17,. are tapered to further facilitate the use of the mouthpiece. It has been determined that the lay may be of standard open shape or that. it may- be curved, smaller with respect thereto as the considerably thinner mouthpiece engaging portions of the device enable the minute- adjustment of the reed with either lay formation.

Having, thus described my invention, what I claim is: 1. A mouthpiece consisting of a round tapering portion, a bushed extension of smaller diameter on one end thereof, a lay area formed on one side of the body and the other or mouth engaging end formed with a. dished-out surface concave inside elevation and convex in transverse cross section terminating in a flat' thin flatly tapering area upon which the musician's teeth will normally be engaged.

2. A mouthpiece consisting of a round tapering portion, a bushed extension of smaller diameter on one end thereof, a lay area formed on oneside of the body and-the other or mouth engaging end formed in an axially extending concave shape. slightly convex in transverse and terminating in a thin, flat, slightly tapered, relatively wide area upon which the musician's teeth will'normally be engaged.

3. A mouthpiece consisting of a round tapering' portion, a bushed extension of smaller diameter on one end thereof;, a lay area formed on one side of the body and the other or mouth engaging. end formed.in an axially extending concave shape slightly convex in transverse and terminating, in a thin, flat, slightly tapered, relatively large area, upon which the musician's teeth-will-normally be. i0 engaged, the said thin, flat, slightly-tapered, rela-tively wide area.beingof an axial-length at least equal to its width.

JOSEPH S.-MURANO.

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