Title:
Jointed toy figure
United States Patent 2400208


Abstract:
- This~ui-lvenftiorfitel.te tfo improvefients in "i'3biinted toy'figur anid 'nore' aiuti culrlmyr to a ': pil6toalTjoiit bywviich t6y'figures'iýmay assume a SWid virieft of- pogiitos 6r'poses in a natuaral *'manner. : :n-;Oe o the-Impoitat fieatuires lf:thelinveietion resides in 'aIvciadboad...



Inventors:
Paige, Richard E.
Application Number:
US54899944A
Publication Date:
05/14/1946
Filing Date:
08/11/1944
Assignee:
Paige, Richard E.
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
446/124, 446/125
International Classes:
A63H3/10
View Patent Images:



Description:

- This~ui-lvenftiorfitel.te tfo improvefients in "i'3biinted toy'figur anid 'nore' aiuti culrlmyr to a ': pil6toalTjoiit bywviich t6y'figures'iýmay assume a SWid virieft of- pogiitos 6r'poses in a natuaral *'manner.

: :n-;Oe o the-Impoitat fieatuires lf:thelinveietion resides in 'aIvciadboad tdy figurie il which the S-seprate" 'prts1 which 'hiake up the figure are Soriginally disjobited, arid b the~ skill of-a cchild, the partsmay be'ýjointed&ogether to 'produce an 1 i'aticilate toy 'figure.

A-'-Ather'f6ature of the iiveh6i ioh is to provide an articulate- ty figute iii:'hich the iparts are pivotallytircnnted 'toether in -'a novel :manner withoutt the use of' s'parate pivdt' elements.

SA ifurtherfeature of the 'ifvention is the provision ofi a cardboard joited -figuire which may be coiistructed in:stibtAtikally a:' single 'plane, Snon self-standirig; r in'a double-folded body fig:ure which is9 self-supporting, the-niovel pivoted joint present in thie *figur 'ctirig to "counteract the collapsiig of thAi folded1body wheh in set up 'position for 'display.

SA 'still fiither feature offthe 'inention is to prioide ari: ntetlocking `pivof joinit between the nmeeting bverlappin iends ofs a pair ofcardboard men bersanid 4whic1 -also''acts to,-maiitain the fliat pivotally conniecteditmmlbers in :substanS-tially parallel tblation against their idrinidr tend:ency to assume a pbisition:'a:gul'arly relative to "each other.

Other iiovel features of-'the ilrivetion will beScomi'appai~eit as. the' fol6winig  rpeification is %read ini *coinjunction :with the 'ccomipinying Sdrawings, finhich, Figure 1 is a front elevational view bf :a'inigle Y-plane toy-fligurf' shodinng iy'niivenitiontembodied -therein.

: - Figure i2 is a rear elevatilnaliiew.

SFigure 3 isg anenlarged f~rointi levational view of two members in:-sepfrited& pbsiti6n in side1 by side relation.

I Figure 4 is: ah enlariged read' elvational view of"twonmembers in-piVotally- jointed relation.

. PFigure 5is aniedgd elevaktibhal view of the piv-tally connericdted lfimbers.

- ;Figure: 6 an enlargerd -veitical sectional view on ~thdline 6-6 o6fFiguie 4.

'Figure 7 -Is :asideelevaktiol view of al standSuptoy. figutr embbdyingmy-~hinveiriifon.

Figure 8ls"'aveirtical'sectibnal view on the line 8-8 of Figure 7.

-Figure 9 is a detail sectional view or the line 9-9 of Figure 7.

ý-Refetring to the drawings by reference ;'haracters, and at present to the- toy figure shown in -Figures 1 to 6 inclusive, the numeral 10 designates a jointed toy figure of-the single plane Stype, the same being in the form of, a figure of a cowboy for iliistratiorn purposes only, for it will be unridbstood that other styles of figures depicting humans and' animfialsmay be made the subject of the toy figure.

" The toy figure 0 is cofistructed of a plurality [0 of pivotally jointed parts', all of which are constructed of stiff btif flexible cardboard:. The in.stant-tioy figure 10' iicludes an'upper body sec"'tidri II tdo hich'a lowerebody sectioi 12 is con"'iected by 'a"i6vel pivdt coinection A. A head sectibn 13 is pivotally connected to the 'upper body section 1: by a' ivot connection B. Arms 14-14 ai' respectively c'niicted to opposite sides of the Spper i b6ody section II by pivot cnnections C-C.

"'EadiT7rfii IF:has an: lbow pivbt connection D bietweerinthe Cipper and"'forearm' imei beýs 15and I18 'r$Sp'ctively, e'-BesIe7- 17 LAT' ari respectively conn;iibtetd fo'tie'ltwerf body s'c5iion by pivot cohnecSions E-E.' Eacihleg fT has a'ihee Joint' pivot ,'colnectiodn ,F:'bedt;i thethiigh'i'iniber 18' and 258 ItN low4rle9 meffiber 19.

' ,By rfeferenbe to0Fiures 'aflid 2, 'it"vill be'seen -that, the' iuman cdowboy toy 'figure 10 is constructed of a set of separate cardboard pieces '.-which are pivotally'connected at lo6ationsc6orresponding to' the hatural joints of the human I body, -Whereby manipulation of the parts will im-part, various natural * and un-natural grotesque .poses to'the figure.'-The coinection of the several parts constitutinga'set-necessary to fbrm the -toy figure I0 and to facilitate the turning Of the j oined parts to various positions is made possible Sby the novel-form of the pivot joints A, B, C, D, E and F.- -All of these pivot-joints are identical in construction and a description of -one will suffice for the others. As an example of the construction and operation of the novel pivot joint, the joint Fconnecting the members 18 and 19 of one leg IT will be specifically described.

SBy reference to Figure 3 it will be seen that the ends of the-members 18 and 19 to be connected ,have-like arcuate shaped'slits 20 and 21 respectively extending inwardly from opposite side edges thereof. The inner ends of the slits terminate midway of the width of the members 18 and 19 as at 22 aid 23 respectively, and when the members are joihed :ogether, the ends of the slots Sabut anidltheir point ofabutment constitutes the pivotal axis of the joint between the said memb--ers. The slit"ehds of'thee mefibers 18 and 19 5 "ai'e" ounded on arcs s~tri from~the'ends 22 and 23 of the slits 20 and 2 respectively. By slitting the members 18 and 19 in the arcuate shape shown in the drawings, the slit ends of the members are formed with hook-shaped terminal portions 24 and 25 respectively, which portions perform the function of maintaining the members 18 and 19 in substantially parallel relation when they are pivotally joined together as best illustrated in Figure 4.

To effect a pivotal interlocking connection between the members 18 and 19, the same are brought together in side by side edge relation as shown in Figure 3 with the open ends of the slits 20 and 21 in confronting relation. The slit 20 is inserted into the slit 21, or vice versa, until the closed ends 22 and 23 abut. As the slit portions are brought into interfitting engagement a slight turning movement may be imparted to one member relative to the other to facilitate the easy sliding of the members to their pivotal position relative to each other. The slit ends of the members are threaded together so that the terminal extensions 24 and 25 thereof overlap the members 19 and 18 respectively at the rear thereof, whereby the reversely disposed hump-like portions 26 and 27 are visible from the front.

When the members 18 and 19 are pivotally interlocked, the same are slightly flexed at the pivotal joint which places them under a tension, the force of which tends to cause the members to assume a position in forward angular relation to each other. Such force is arrested or counteracted by the terminal extension portions 24 and 25 which respectively engage the members 19 and 18 respectively, and which maintains the members 18 and 19 in substantially parallel relation as shown in Figures 5 and 6 during pivotal movement of the members upon their common axis X. The members 18 and 19 may be turned about a radius of 360°. It will therefore be understood that by manipulation of the pivotally jointed parts of the figure 10, natural and grotesque poses may be imparted to the figure, which to a child, will be most amusing. The toy figure 10 also has educational features, for the various parts are capable of being separated and reassembled at will.

The friction between the overlapped jointed ends of the adjacent members is sufficient to maintain the members in a fixed adjusted position, whereby manual manipulation is necessary to turn the members relative to each other to suit the fancy of an operator.

The toy figure 10 may be termed a single plane or two dimensional figure which is not self-supporting, but it may be made to stand up by nlacing it against a wall or other vertical structure. In Figures 7 to 9 inclusive I have illustrated my novel form of interlocking pivoted joint embodied in a three dimensional toy animal figure 30 which when set up for use, is self-standing.

The toy animal figure 30 comprises a set of separate cardboard pieces which is assembled by means of my novel pivotal interlocking joint, pro- 6 duces a figure of a four-legged animal simulating a horse. Other animals or objects may be designed in keeping with the features of my invention now to be explained. The toy animal figure 30 includes a body member 31, pairs of 7 fore legs 32-32, pairs of rear legs 33-33, a neck member 34 and a head member 35. All of the aforementioned parts are made of stiff flexible cardboard and are joined together by separable interlocking pivotal joints similar in construction 75 to the joints hereinbefore described and shown in Figures 1 to 6 inclusive.

The body member 31 is formed from a single blank of cardboard folded downwardly upon itself along a top medial longitudinal fold 36 to provide like side panels 37-37, the free edges of which are shaped to simulate that of the body of a horse. The fore and hind sets of legs 32 and 33 are connected to the lower free edges of the side panels 37-37 by pivot joints G and H. Each of the legs 32 and 33 includes two sections pivotally connected together at J and K respectively.

The neck section 34 is also formed from a single blank of cardboard folded upon itself along a medial fold 38 to form two like side panels 39-39. One end of the panels 39-39 are respectively connected to the front ends of the panels 37 by interlocking pivot joints L. The head section 35 is also formed of a single blank of cardboard folded upon itself along the fold 40 located at the nose portion thereof to form a pair of like head shaped panels 41-41.

The free ends of the panels 41-41' are respectively connected to the panels 39-39 of the neck section by interlocking pivot joints M.

The interlocking pivot joints G, H, J, K, L, and M are identical in construction to the joint F hereinbefore specifically described whereby the legs, body, neck, and head of the toy animal figure may be turned relative to each other to impart natural and grotesque antics to the figure.

The toy animal figure 30 is capable of standing alone, but only when the length of the fold 38 of the neck section 34 is disposed at an angle relative to the length of the fold 36 of the body section 31, due to the inwardly confining action set up between the lapping portions 24 and 25, and hump portions 26 and 27 of each joint L. This confining action between the lapping parts of the joints L maintain the toy figure in a substantially inverted V-shape in end elevation, whereby the pairs of legs 32 and 33 are spread apart and form a support for the figure. If the neck section 3N is swung to a position where the fold edge 38 thereof is in coextensive alinement with the fold edge 36 of the body section 30, the figure would collapse and the panels 39-39, and 37-37 thereof would flatten out. Thus it will be understood 0 that in a three-dimension toy figure, the novel pivot interlocking joint has the added function of maintaining side panels of two folded sections, such as the body section 31 and neck section 34 in a spread apart set up position when the figure 5 is in use.

From the foregoing description and accompanying drawings, it will be understood that the specific separable interlocking pivotal joint shown in detail in Figures 3 to 6 inclusive may be em0 bodied in single plane toy figures such as the cowboy figure 10 shown in Figures 1 and 2, or in a three-dimensional toy figure such as the horse 30 shown in Figures 7 to 9 inclusive. By the use of such pivotal joint, a varied number of subSjects are possible and I do not limit my invention to the subjects herein shown and described, nor to anything less than the invention as set forth in the appended claims hereunto annexed.

Having thus described the invention, what I 0 claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: 1. In a jointed toy figure, a pair of fiat members having overlapping portions, the overlapping portions of the members having eomple5 mentary slits extending from opposed edges of the members, the slit of one member fitting into the slit of the other member with the closed ends of the slits abutting and constituting the pivotal axis of the joint between said members.

2. In a jointed toy figure, a pair of flat cardboard members having overlapping portions, each overlapping portion having a slit extending inwardly from a side edge thereof, the slit of one member extending from a side edge opposite to that side edge from which the slit of the other member extends, the slit of one member interfitting into the slit of the other member with the ends of the slits abutting and with the overlapping portions of the members in laterally flexed condition, the abutting ends of the slits constituting the pivotal axis of the joined members and about which they may freely turn.

3. In a jointed toy figure as set forth in claim 2 in which the flexing of the members at their pivoted ends imparts a lateral tension thereto, and cooperating means on the overlapping slit portions of the members acting to arrest the lateral tension thereon to maintain the members in substantially parallel relation.

4. In a jointed toy figure, a pair of flat cardboard members, like complementary slits extending inwardly from opposed side edges of adjacent ends thereof, the slit of one member interfitting into the slit of the other member with the terminal end portion of the slit end of one member flatly overlapping the other member to effect an interlocking pivotal connection between said members.

5. In a jointed toy figure, a pair of flat cardboard members having adjacent ends overlapping, like reversely curved complementary slits extending inwardly from opposed side edges of the overlapping end portions of the respective members, the slit of one member fitting into the slit of the other member with the ends of the slits in abutment, the abutting ends of the slits constituting the pivotal axis upon which either of the members may be turned.

6. In a jointed toy figure as set forth in claim 5 in which the slit of each member provides a flexable hook-shaped terminal end portion thereon, the terminal end portion of one member having pressing engagement with the other member and acting to counteract the tension between the members caused by the flexing of the terminal end portions thereof to maintain the members in substantially parallel relation.

RICHARD E. PAIGE.