Title:
Luggage
United States Patent 2362807


Abstract:
VMy invention relates to luggage and includes. among its objects and advantages an increase in the range of sizes available to the user of a single unit of luggage and improved means for holding a variety of long garments with a minimum of crushing or wrinkling. In the accompanying drawings:...



Inventors:
Emanuel, Dresner
Application Number:
US51124143A
Publication Date:
11/14/1944
Filing Date:
11/22/1943
Assignee:
Fannie, Poster
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
190/110, 206/292
International Classes:
A45C13/03
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Description:

VMy invention relates to luggage and includes. among its objects and advantages an increase in the range of sizes available to the user of a single unit of luggage and improved means for holding a variety of long garments with a minimum of crushing or wrinkling.

In the accompanying drawings: Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a complete unit and according to the invention; Fig. 2 is a similar perspective of the outer container of the same unit, thrown open; Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the inner container in the condition of separate use; Fig: 4 is a central transverse section of the unit in the condition of Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is a similar section with the unit closed; Fig. 6 is a detail section on line 6-6 of Fig. 4; Fig. 7 is a section on line 7-7, Fig. 4; Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing a modified carrying arrangement; Fig. 9 indicates the application of the principles of the invention to a piece of luggage of the rigid frame type; and Fig. 10 is a view of the outer container of Fig. 9 with the inner container removed. 25, In the embodiment of the invention selected for illustration in Figs. 1 to 7 inclusive, the outer container 10 and the inner container 12 are both of the semi-rigid type of construction. The outer container includes the bottom wall 14 and slightly 3ir tapering end walls 16. The rear wall 18, top wall 20 and full length closure flap 22 may be formed of a single piece of material with or without reinforcement means other than the seams 24 which fasten the back 18 and top 20 to the end walls 16. ,5 The front panel 26 is capable of rotation around a hinge at 28 formed, in this instance, by the flexibility of the material itself. The hinge 28 permits the cover 26 to move from the closed position of Fig. 5 to the open position of Fig. 4, 40, and 90° further without injury to the hinge. The front 26 is reinforced by a cleat 30 along each of its end edges and may also be braced longitudinally by a thin reinforcing strip 32 lying close against the panel itself and notched into the cleats 30.

Suitable means are provided for suspending a plurality of relatively long garments from the top 20. I have indicated a bracing strip 34 for the top 20, generally similar to the bracing strip 32, 50; and a U-shaped hanger support 36 of metal, attached to the top 20 and brace 34 substantially midway between the ends thereof.

The inner container 12 has relatively thick end walls made up of a rigid piece 38' and a cover UA panel 40, and the top 42 is of similar construction comprising a rigid piece 42 with a cover panel 44, which is extended at 46 to form a front hinged at 48. The panel 44 is also extended in the other direction to form a short flap 50 hinged at 52 and provided with a plurality of female snap fastener members 54 adapted to cooperate with the male snap fastener members 56 to fasten the inner container in the positions of Figs. 2 and 4 and support it in the position of Fig. 5.

The back of the inner container 12 is provided with a double set of male snap fastener members 58 and the panel 46 is provided with a fastening means at 60 in the nature of snap fasteners. And the top 42 is provided with a carrying handle 62 so that the inner container may be used by itself a a rnmnleti nieonp of liu'a.p in t.Ih pnnitirn illustrated in Fig. 3 with the flap 50 turned d( and held down by engagement with the male s: fastener members 58.

In using the complete unit illustrated in Fig and 5, one or more long garments 64 may draped on conventional hangers 66 and hangers engaged with the support 36, with lower portions of the garments'laid smoothly evenly out across the front panel 26. Then inner container 12, either before or after it been filled with clothing or other articles, is pi tioned as in Fig. 4 and the snap fasteners are engaged and the cover 46 closed. This the weight of the inner container rest gently the lower portion of the garments 64, and user will readily learn after a very few attem how much slack to leave to permit the garme to wrap themselves around the inner containei the parts are moved to the position of Fig Before this movement takes place the user n position additional clothing or other articles 68 or in front of the upper portions of the g ments 64, depending on how many garments th are, and after the inner container and front h been moved up to the position of Fig. 5 the sp above the inner container at 70 may-similarly filled before the closure flap 22 is moved i: place and fastened with the lock 72 or the strn 74 or both. The handle 76 for the outer cc tainer is securely fastened to the brace 34 anc of heavier construction than handle 62 on count of the heavier loads it needs to carry.

Adjacent the ends of brace 32, I provide he down straps 78, one at each end, each suital fastened to the adjacent cleat 30 and having upwardly extending reach terminating in female snap fastener member 80.. The adjace portion of the end panel 38 of the inner co tainer is provided with a plurality of male snap fastener members 82 so that the user can fasten the end of the strap 78 to which ever male snap fastener member is appropriate for the purpose of maintaining a gentle compression on the lower portions of the garment 64 between the relatively wide flat brace 32 and the entire flat rear wall of the inner container.

The equipment of Fig. 8 differs from that of Fig. 1 in having the handle 84 for carrying the II entire unit at the end of the unit. It will be apparent that such garments as 64, after they have been suitably assembled with the luggage as in Fig. 5, are gently compressed throughout substantially their entire extent in the U-shaped 1 space between the inner and outer containers so that such an assembly may be carried in the position indicated at Fig. 8 without causing the garments to become rumpled.

Referring now to Figs. 9 and 10, I have illus- 2 trated an outer container of the rigid suitcase variety having relatively rigid end walls 86, side walls 88 and bottom wall 90. The cover 92 is also relatively rigid, having a peripheral flange 94 to contribute to its strength, and a separate 2 flexible hinge member 96 to hinge it to the body.

To take care of a wide variety of lengths of garments, I have indicated a conventional type of hanger comprising a longitudinal beam 98 from which longitudinal clamping members 100 are supported by wire spacers 102. The spacers 102 tally diverge to assist the user in inserting rial between the clamping straps 100 and be drawn together by slidable loops 104 to e the device to clamp the garment. And the stable supporting strap 106 enables the user osition the clamp at the desired point, and tat it will hold the garments smooth but not ;r tension when the parts are folded up. will be apparent that the user of such a unit ggage can travel in four different ways; first, only the container of Fig. 3, as on short night trips; second, with the large container ig. 2 and without the small container, as on Sto the laundry; third, with the unit in the lition of Fig. 5, which will be, perhaps, the ,1 condition; and lastly, under conditions re a large amount of carrying capacity is ,mount, with the large container and the 11 container each carried separately.

ithout further elaboration the foregoing will ully explain my invention that others may, pplying knowledge current now or at the time uch application, readily adapt the same for under various conditions of service.

claim: Luggage equipment comprising: in combina: an outer container having two hinged pors and shaped to rest on a horizontal support, I as a floor, with one section vertical and the er section opened to a horizontal position; ns near the top of the vertical section for )ending the ends of garments with the body ach garment extending downwardly and then rally across the opened horizontal portion; inner container smaller than the other con.er; hinged means for attaching the inner tainer to the free edge of the opened section :reby the inner container may be laid gently r the remote ends of the suspended garments then folded to closed position together with I opened section; the lower end of said inner tainer being of a size adapted, when moved closed position, to displace and press against bights of the suspended garments; said hinged connection for supporting said inner container being offset from the center of gravity of said inner container in a direction away from the suspended ends of said garments whereby said inner container tends by gravity to press gently against the free ends of the garments after the outer container has been closed; said inner container being tapered with its upper end smaller than its lower end, whereby the face of the said inner 0 container opposite the suspended ends of the garments lies at an acute angle to the opposed outer container wall, and thus affords additional clearance adjacent the shoulder portions of said suspended garments.

2. Luggage equipment comprising: in combination; an outer container having two hinged portions and shaped to rest on a horizontal support, such as a floor, with one section vertical and the other section opened to a horizontal po.0 sition; means near the top of the vertical section for suspending the ends of garments with the body of each garment extending downwardly and then laterally across the opened horizontal portion; an inner container smaller than the 5. other container; hinged means for attaching the inner container to the free edge of the opened section whereby the inner container may be laid gently over the remote ends of the suspended garments and then folded to closed position to.0 gether with said opened section; the lower end of said inner container being of a size adapted, when moved to closed position, to displace and press against the bights of the suspended garments; said hinged connection for supporting 35 said inner container being offset from the center of gravity of said inner container in a direction away from the suspended ends of said garments whereby said inner container tends by gravity to press gently against the free ends of the gar40 ments after the outer container has been closed.

3. Luggage equipment comprising: in combination an outer container having two hinged portions and shaped to rest on a horizontal support, such as a floor, with one section vertical and the other section opened to a horizontal position; means near the top of the vertical section for suspending the ends of garments with the body of each garment extending downwardly and then laterally across the opened horizontal 50 portion; an -inner container smaller than the other container; hinged means for attaching the inner container to the free edge of the opened section whereby the inner container may be laid gently over the remote ends of the suspended 55 garments and then folded to closed position together with said opened section; the lower end of said inner container being of a size adapted, when moved to closed position, to displace and press against the bights of the suspended garments; said inner container being tapered with 60 its upper end smaller than its lower end, whereby the face of the said inner container opposite the suspended garments ends lies at an acute angle to the opposite outer container wall and 65 thus affords additional clearance adjacent the shoulder portions of said suspended garments.

4. Luggage equipment comprising, in combination: an'outer container having two portions; hinge means hingedly connecting said portions 70 along one edge of each; means on one firstmentioned portion remote from said hinge means for suspending the ends of garments with the body of each garment extending toward said hinge means and then laterally across and away 75 from said hinge means adjacent the other, second-mentioned, portion; an inner container smaller than the outer container; means for attaching the inner container to said second-mentioned portion along a line remote from and substantially parallel to said hinge means, whereby the inner container may be laid gently over the remote ends of the suspended garments and the second-mentioned portion and inner container then folded to closed position; the lower end of said inner container being of a size adapted, when moved to closed position, to displace and press against the bights of the suspended garments; said attaching means being offset from the center of gravity of said inner container in a direction away from the suspended ends of. said garments, whereby said inner container tends by gravity to press gently against the free ends of the garments after the outer container has been closed; and handle means on said outer container remote from said hinge means and adapted to carry it with said hinge means at the bottom.

5. Luggage equipment comprising, in combination: an outer container having two portions; hinge means hingedly connecting said portions along one edge of each; means on one firstmentioned portion remote from said hinge means for suspending the ends of garments with the body of each garment extending toward said hinge means and then laterally across and away from said hinge means adjacent the other, second-mentioned, portion; an inner container smaller than the outer container; and means for attaching the inner container to said secondmentioned portion along a line remote from and substantially parallel to said hinge means, whereby the inner container may be laid gently over the remote ends of the suspended garments and the second-mentioned portion and inner container then folded to closing position; said attaching means being offset from the center of gravity of said inner container in a direction away from' the suspended ends of said garments, whereby said inner container tends by gravity to press gently against the free ends of the garments after the outer container has been closed; and handle means on said outer container remote from said hinge means and adapted to carry it with said hinge means at the bottom.

EMANUEL DRESNER.