Title:
Dispensing device
United States Patent 2316406


Abstract:
My invention relates to beer dispensing devices and has for an object to provide a device in which a minimum amount of beer is kept in the conduits leading up to the faucet exteriorly of the cooling means to prevent a minimum warming up of the first glass of beer drawn after the device has...



Inventors:
Cornelius, Richard T.
Application Number:
US38600341A
Publication Date:
04/13/1943
Filing Date:
03/31/1941
Assignee:
Cornelius, Richard T.
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
137/375
International Classes:
B67D1/06
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Description:

My invention relates to beer dispensing devices and has for an object to provide a device in which a minimum amount of beer is kept in the conduits leading up to the faucet exteriorly of the cooling means to prevent a minimum warming up of the first glass of beer drawn after the device has been in disuse for an appreciable period of time.

Another object of the invention resides in providing a beer dispensing device in which gain of heat to the beer is greatly reduced. Another object of the invention resides in using a thin wall flexible feed tube for conducting the beer to the faucet and in employing a tubular standard to which the faucet is attached and within which the thin wall flexible feed tube and the connections therefor are disposed.

Another object of the invention resides in attaching the faucet to the standard near the upper portion thereof so that the feed tube and connections are accessible through the open end of the standard.

Another object of the invention resides in the specific construction for closing the upper end of the standard.

A feature of the invention resides in providing a base on which the standard rests and in the particular construction for mounting the standard on the base and attaching the:same to the counter on which the device is supported.

A still further object of the invention resides in providing a length of hose between the feed tube and the tube leading from the source of beer supply to prevent conduction of heat to the latter.

An object of the invention resides in providing means for draining condensation accumulated on the standard through the base and into the cooling cabinet.

Another object of the invention resides in the specific construction for attaching the faucet to the standard. Other objects of the invention reside in the novel combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter illustrated and/or described.

In the drawing: Fig. 1 is an elevational sectional view of a portion of a cooling cabinet of a beer dispensing system together with my improved beer dispensing device mounted thereon.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the clamp bar used for securing the cap to the standard.

Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 are elevational views of the collars used in securing the faucet to the standard.

For the purpose of illustrating the: application of my invention I have shown a portion of a cooling cabinet 10 for a beer dispensing system which comprises a top or counter II constructed with spaced inner and outer walls 12 and 13. At suitable intervals in the top I I are arranged separators which hold the inner and outer walls 12 and 13 in spaced relation. One of these separators is indicated at 14 and consists of a block of wood or. some similar suitable material of the proper dimensions, Between the walls 12 and 13 is provided suitable insulating material 15 which retards the transfer of heat from the exterior to the interior of the cabinet. The interior of the cabinet is indicated by the reference numeral 16 and contains the cooling coils and a suitable cooling medium. Such construction being well known in the art and forming no particular feature of the invention has not been illustrated in the drawing. Leading from the cooling coil of the beed dispensing system is a beer supply tube 17 which is connected to the dispensing device, as will hereinafter be more fully described.

My invention comprises a standard 18 which is tubular in form and which is preferably constructed of metal or some other suitable material.

The wall of this tube is preferably quite thin to prevent the storage of an appreciable amount of heat so as to reduce the transfer of heat from the exterior to the beer to be dispensed. The standard 18 is openat its ends and is closed at its lower endby means.of a closure 19 which is formed with an upwardly extending flange 21 at its outer periphery and withan inwardly extending threaded boss 22 at the center thereof. In the flange 21 is formed an annular groove 23. The standard 18 encircles the. flange 241 and has a bead 24 formed on it which is: rolled into the groove 23. By means of this construction the standard 18 is securely attached to the closure 19 without threading or soldering of the same.

The standard 18-is mounted in a base 25 which may be constructed of a moulded:plastic material, or-anyoother suitable material. This base has a bottom 26 on which the closure 19 rests, and a flange 27 extending upwardly therefrom and encircling the said, standard at: the lowermost end of the same. The base 25 in addition is constructed with a skirt 28-which projects outwardly therefrom and which rests upon the outer wall 12 of the top 1 of cabinet 10 and supports the base and standard.

The standard 13 is held attached to the top 11 of cabinet 1I by meansof a nipple 29 which extends:through an opening 31 in the separator 14 and similar openings 32 and 33 in.the outer and inner walls 12 and 13 of said top. The nipple 29 projects below the inner wall 13 and is threaded at such locality as designated at 34. A washer 35 encircles the nipple 29 and bears against the underside of the inner wall 13. A nut 36 screwed upon the threads 34 of nipple 29 urges the washer 35 against the wall 13 and draws the closure 19 with the standard 18 downwardly against the base 25. By means of this construction the standard is rigidly attached to the top 11 without means visible from the exterior of the cabinet 10.

Attached to the upper end of the standard 18 is a faucet 37 which may be of any desired construction. Due to the fact the faucet forms no particular feature of the invention the same has not been shown in detail. This faucet comprises a body 38 having a neck 39 issuing therefrom and provided with an inlet passageway 41 into which beer is directed into the faucet. The said faucet is constructed with an operating handle 42 which controls the flow of beer from a nozzle 43. The neck 39 extends through an opening 44 in the uppermost portion of the standard 18 and is threaded at 45 to receive a clamp nut 46. The said neck is reduced in diameter so that a shoulder 47 is formed between the said neck and the body 38 of the faucet. Between this shoulder and the outer surface of the wall of the standard 13 is provided a collar 48 which is constructed at one end with a square surface 49 adapted to fit up against the shoulder 47 and at its other end with a concave surface 51 adapted to fit upon the exterior of the standard 18. A similar collar 52 having at one end a convex surface 53 and at its other end a square surface 54 encircles the neck 39 upon the interior of the standard 18. A lock washer 55 is disposed between the clamp nut 45 and the collar 52. When this nut is tightened the faucet is rigidly attached to the standard 18 with the inner end of the neck 39 projecting interiorly into the standard. In order to mount the faucet in proper position, the collar 48 is constructed with key ways 56 and the neck 39 with keys 57 which enter the same. Thus the faucet becomes vertically mounted and cannot be rotated when the clamp nut 46 has been tightened.

Beer is fed into the passageway 41 of faucet 37 by means of a thin wall flexible tube 58 of relatively small dimensions which extends through the bore 59 of nipple 29 and is disposed within the interior of the standard 18. This tube has a bend 61 near the upper end thereof forming a laterally extending portion 62. A tube connection 63 encircles the portion 62 of the tube 58 and is threaded into the neck 39. This fitting serves to attach the tube to the faucet so as to form a leak-tight connection therebetween. The upper end of the standard 18 is normally open and it will readily become apparent that the connection 63 and the tube 58 are accessible through the open end of the standard so as to permit of attaching the tube after the faucet has been installed.

The beer supply tube 17 is connected to the feed tube 58 in the following manner: Extending across the lower end of the nipple 29 is a head 64 which is formed with a passageway 65. The end of the tube 17 is formed with a flange 66. A flanged sleeve 67 engages the flange 66 of the tube. A nut 68 is screwed upon the threads 34 of nipple 29 and has a flange 69 which engages the flange of the sleeve 67. By means of this construction the flange 66 is urged against a gasket 711 resting upon the end of the head 64.

When the nut 68 is suitably tightened a fluid tight connection is formed between the tube 17 and the bore 65 in the head 64. The head 64 has issuing upwardly from it and within the interior of the nipple 29 a hose connection 72.

A short length of hose 73 is attached to this hose connection and also to the lower end of the feed tube 58. In this manner beer is conducted from the tube 17 and into the tube 28. The hose 73 insulates the tube 58 from the tube 17 so as to retard transfer of heat from the exterior to the interior of the cabinet 10 through tube 58.

The upper end of the standard 18 is closed by means of a cap 74 which may be constructed of a plastic material. This cap has a depending flange 75 which is formed with an annular rabbet 76 adapted to receive the upper end of the standard 18. At the center of the cap 74 is formed a boss 77 through which a wood screw 78 extends. For attaching the cap 74 to the standard 18, a cross bar 79 is employed which is shown in detail in Fig. 2. This cross bar is constructed from a strip of resilient metal which is normally bowed, as shown, and which is formed at its center with an opening 81. The cross bar 79 is of a length slightly greater than the internal diameter of the standard 18 and is constructed with sharp ends 82 adapted to bite into the surface of said standard when pressure is applied. In attaching the cap 74 to standard 18 the screw 78 is started in the hole 81 which forms a thread along which the same may be screwed. The cap is then applied and the bar 19, if not already sufficiently bowed, is bowed enough to cause the ends 82 thereof to engage the interior surface of the standard 18. When the cap 74 is in position, screw 78 is screwed in a clockwise direction which moves the central portion of the cross bar 79 upwardly urging the ends 82 into firm engagement with the inner surface of the wall of the standard 18. Thus the cap is rigidly held attached to the standard without the use of threads or other means directly attached to the standard.

S The use of metal for the standard 18 causes condensation to collect upon the exterior thereof.

To dispose of such condensation an annular gutter 84 is formed in the upper edge of the flange 27 of base 25. This gutter has connected to it a number of grooves 85 which form passageways leading to a sump 86 within the lowermost portion of the said base. A number of drain pipes 87 are threaded into the base 25 and communicate with the sump 88. These drain pipes pass through openings 88 which are formed in the top II and discharge into the interior of the cabinet 10. Where ice is used for cooling the coil of the beer dispensing system the discharge from the pipes 87 may be directed into the interior of the cabinet 10. If desired, the pipes 87 may be conducted to any other locality than the interior of the cabinet 10 to discharge the condensation exteriorly thereof.

To retard heat transfer from the standard 18 to the tube 58, insulation, such as indicated at 89 in Fig. 1, may be inserted in the space between the standard'18 and the tube 58. The said insulation may merely lie along the inner surface of the standard or, if desired, the entire space may be filled with suitable insulating material.

The advantages of my invention are manifest.

An extremely simple and practical construction is provided for the dispensing of beer. With my invention the parts are easily accessible and may be readily inspected and cleaned whenever desired. In a beer dispensing device constructed in accordance with my invention only a small quantity of beer is contained within the conduits between the cooling cabinet and the faucet so that, when the device has stood for an appreciable length of time, the temperature of the beer in the first glass of beer drawn will not be greatly increased. Thus it becomes possible to serve the first glass of beer without throwing the same away as has heretofore been the custom. With my invention condensation accumulating upon the exterior of the standard is removed from the device. In the event that the drain grooves leading the condensation from the gutter become plugged the standard may be removed and these grooves are readily accessible for cleaning. With my invention a minimum heat loss occurs so that the beer may be kept at proper temperature and at a minimum cost.

Changes in the specific form of my invention, as herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of my invention.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is: 1. In combination, a tubular standard constructed of relatively thin metal open at the top and bottom and having a lateral opening at the side thereof, a faucet having a part extending through said lateral opening and providing an inlet to the faucet within the standard, means for attaching the faucet to the standard, a closure for the lower end of the standard, said closure being constructed with a flange having a groove extending about the same on the side thereof adjacent the standard, a bead on said tube extending into said groove for attaching the standard to the lower closure, means for feeding the liquid to be dispensed to said part of the faucet, said means extending through said closure, and a cap for closing the upper end of the standard.

2. In combination, a tubular standard open at its ends and having a lateral opening at the side thereof, a faucet having a part extending through said lateral opening, means for attaching the faucet to the standard, a closure rigidly secured to said standard at the lower end thereof, a nipple attached to said closure and adapted to extend through a counter on which the standard is mounted, a base resting on the counter and supporting said closure, and a nut screwed on the nipple for drawing the nipple downwardly and holding the closure in engagement with the base, and a tube within said nipple connected to said faucet for feeding the liquid to be dispensed to the faucet.

3. In combination, a tubular standard open at its ends and having a lateral opening at the side thereof, a faucet having a part extending through said lateral opening, means for attaching the faucet to the standard, a closure rigidly secured to said standard at the lower end thereof, a nipple attached to said closure and adapted to extend through a counter on which the standard is mounted, a base resting on the counter and supporting said closure, a nut screwed on the nipple for drawing the nipple downwardly and holding the closure in engagement with the base, a tube within said nipple connected to said faucet for feeding the liquid to be dispensed to the faucet, said base having a flange extending upwardly therefrom and encircling the standard, said flange having a gutter formed therein encircling the standard and receiving the condensation collecting on the standard, and a drain extending through the counter, said base being formed with a passageway connecting said i gutter with said drain.

4. In combination, a tubular standard open at its ends and having a lateral opening at the side thereof, a faucet having a part extending through said lateral opening, means for attaching the faucet to the standard, a closure rigidly secured to said standard at the lower end thereof, a nipple attached to said closure and adapted to extend through a counter on which the standard is mounted, a base resting on the counter and supporting said closure, a nut screwed on the nipple for drawing the nipple downwardly and holding the closure in engagement with the base, a tube within said nipple connected to said faucet for feeding the liquid to be dispensed to the faucet, said base having a flange extending upwardly therefrom and encircling the standard, said flange being constructed with a beveled inner edge forming a gutter extending about the standard and adapted to receive the condensation collecting on the standard, and a drain extending through the counter, said base being formed with a passageway communicating with said gutter and drain.

5. In combination, a tubular standard open at its ends and having a lateral opening at the side thereof, a faucet having a part extending through said lateral opening, means for attaching the faucet to the standard, a closure rigidly secured to said standard at the lower end thereof, a nipple attached to said closure and adapted to extend through a counter on which the standard is mounted, a base resting on the counter and supporting said closure, a nut screwed on the nipple for drawing the nipple downwardly and holding the closure in engagement with the base, a tube within said nipple connected to said faucet for feeding the liquid to be dispensed to the faucet, said base being formed with an annular guttter extending about the standard and adapted to receive the condensation collecting on the standard, and a drain leading away from said base and communicating with said gutter.

6. In combination, a tubular standard open at the top and having a lateral opening at the side adjacent the top, a faucet having a part extending through said lateral opening and providing an inlet to the faucet within the standard, means for attaching said faucet to the standard, a flexible tube within the standard for feeding a liquid to be dispensed to the faucet, connecting means for connecting the tube to said part of the faucet, a closure attached to the bottom of said tubular standard, conduit means connected to said closure, a fitting connected to said conduit means and a hose between said fitting and flexible tube.

7. In combination, a tubular standard open at its lower end, a faucet attached to said standard, a closure rigidly secured to the standard at the lower end thereof, means extending through said closure and said standard for feeding the liquid to be dispensed to the faucet, a base having a flange extending upwardly therefrom, said standard being received within said base with the closure resting on said base, said flange providing a gutter encircling the standard and receiving the condensation collected on the standard, a drain, said base being formed with a passageway connecting said gutter with said drain, and means for holding said standard in position on said base.

8. In combination, a tubular standard open at its lower end, a faucet attached to said standard, a closure rigidly secured to the standard at the lower end thereof, means extending through said closure and said standard for feeding the liquid to be dispensed to the faucet, a base having a flange extending upwardly therefrom, said standard being received within said base with the closure resting on said base, said flange providing a gutter encircling the standard and receiving the condensation collected on the standard, a drain, said base being formed with grooves providing passageways between said base and closure and connecting said gutter with said drain and means for holding said standard in position on said base.

RICHARD T. CORNELIUS.