Title:
Decorative illuminating device
United States Patent 2306081


Abstract:
This invention relates to decorative illuminat. ing devices, for use for example during Christmas and other festive occasions. One object of the invention is to provide a decorative device of the character described wherein a novel skeletal frame structure is employed which may be given a...



Inventors:
Leo, Pollock
Application Number:
US34043740A
Publication Date:
12/22/1942
Filing Date:
06/14/1940
Assignee:
Leo, Pollock
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
428/18, 428/19
International Classes:
A47G33/06
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Description:

This invention relates to decorative illuminat. ing devices, for use for example during Christmas and other festive occasions.

One object of the invention is to provide a decorative device of the character described wherein a novel skeletal frame structure is employed which may be given a desired ornamental shape such as one simulating a Christmas tree and having means for holding in desired spaced relation decorative lamps to kive the decorative illuminated effect.

Another object of my invention is to provide a device of the character described which shall be trim and attractive in appearance, rugged and compact in construction, easy to assemble and economical to manufacture.

Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter described. and of which the scope of application will be indicated in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings, in which are 2 shown various possible embodiments of this invention and in which like numerals refer to like parts, Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an illuminating decorative device embodying my invention, simulating a Christmas tree; Fig. 2 is a front elevational view in partial sec. tion showing one of the steps in assembling the tree shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the skeletal struc- : ture; Fig. 4 is a wiring diagram for the tree; Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail showing a husk and husk holding member; Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail in perspective of the 4ý trunk member; Fig. 7 is an elevational view of the skeletal structure of a modified form of my invention; and Fig. 8 is a wiring diagram for use with the skeletal structure shown in Fig. 7.

Referring now in detail to the drawings and more specifically to Figs. 1 through 6, I have there shown a decorative illuminated device 10 embodying my invention, simulating a Christmas tree supported on a stand 11. -o The device 10 comprises a skeletal structure or frame 12 of generally triangular outline. The frame 12 may be fabricated from a single piece of relatively rigid wire, the ends thereof being suitably joined as by soldering or welding at 13, centrally of the base portion 14 of the triangular frame 12.

In accordance with my invention, the apex 15 and two inclined side arms 16 are provided with a Splurality of husk holding members 17, which may be formed integrally with the frame 12. The husk holding members 16 may be formed at the same time that the frame 12 is made.

Each of the husk holding members 17 como prises a helical loop of more than one turn, being preferably one and one-half turns in length. A substantial portion 19 (Fig. 5) of the first turn of the loop facing outwardly of the frame 12 lies in a plane perpendicular to the axis of the helix, in order to facilitate positioning of a miniature lamp husk 18 to be held therein. The inside diameter of the loops should be slightly smaller than the outside diameter of the husk 18 which it is designed to receive, for reasons which will become -0 apparent as the description proceeds. The husk 18, which is of the usual type well known to the art, may comprise a tapered or rounded base 21, a straight walled shank 22 terminating in a shoulder 23 above which the husk is enlarged and flared out !5 to form a socket receiving portion 24. Of course, the husks may be of any other desired configuration, and any other husk having a portion adapted to be engaged by a loop may be employed.

To support the frame 12 in an erect position Swhen assembled, I may provide a U-shaped wire member 25 attached as by soldering or welding to the center of the frame base 14 and disposed in the plane of the triangle.

The frame 12 is held to the stand II by means Sof a tubular trunk member 26 having diametrically opposed slots 27 in the lower portion thereof adapted to receive the frame base 14 and engage the legs 28 of the U-shaped member 25.

The base may be provided with a well 29 into which the lower portion of the trunk is frictionally inserted. An inwardly turned marginal flange.30 may be formed at the base of the well to limit the insertion of the trunk 26 and U-shaped member 25.

A Christmas tree lighting outfit comprising, in the embodiment herein shown, nine husks containing series connected sockets is employed for illuminating the side arms 16 and apex 15 of the tree.

The various elements of the tree may be assembled in the following manner: Each husk 18 of the Christmas tree outfit is inserted in sequence into a husk holding member by placing the base 21 of the husk in the helical loop and pushing on the flared top 24, thus forcing the shank 22 into thel of tl sligh the: ing firm disp: war T] cord bew tion hus! of arol base T the the wit are be enc the ne2 fla I we we rec co: in th th 4, se m 3ni 12 ri ta w sf st f e s lV f f t t 2,306,081 oop until the shoulder 23 abuts the portion 19 he loop. During this operation the helix is tly expanded. In such expanded condition, loop exerts a uniform constrictive and bindforce about the circumference of the shank, ly holding the husk against angular and axial lacement except when the husk is urged outd by pressure on its base 2 I.

he mid-portions of the electrical connecting 31 between consecutive husks 18 may then rrapped as far as they will go around the pora32 of the side arms 16 between consecutive Sholding members 17. A part of the free end he connectling cord may also be wrapped ud the lower end of the sidoe arms 1 and nd the lower end of the ide armsFig. 2.

he slotted trunk 26 may then be slipped over frame base 14 and the U-shaped member 25, legs 28 of said member 25 being received hin the slots 27. The free ends of the wire 31 introduced into the slots 27, where they may caught between the frame base 14 and upper is 27' of the slots 21. The slotted portion of trunk 26 and the U-shaped member 25 may ct be wedged into the base wall 29 up to the t e wedged intothe base wall 29 up to the f desired, the U-shaped member 2 may be desired, the U-shaped member aybe dged into the base well 29 up to the flange and the trunk 26 subsequently forced into the 11 29, the legs of the U-shaped member being 30 eived within the slots 28.

ceived within the slots 28.

A husk 33, housing a 110-volt socket having nnecting wires 34, may be frictionally received the open free end of the trunk 26.

The wires 31 of the Christmas tree set and 35 e wires 34 leading to the 110 volt socket may en be connected in parallel, as indicated in Fig. and a switch 35 in the base I I may be inrnd i in the se 11 my be I. Suitable ornamentation such as ruching 38 40 Suitable ornamentation such as rching ay be employed to decoratively cover the frame , husks 18 and 33 and trunk 26. The ruching may comprise a core 39 and decorative mateS may comprise a core 39 and decorative mateal, suitable to the occasion, which may be atal, suitable to the occasione 3 whic maye hed by the core 9 by any of the various means ell known Figs.to the and 2 the decorative materil is In Figs. 1 and 2 the decorative material is hown as comprising a plurality of narrow paper trips 40 held between a pair of twisted members orming the core 39. It is to be understood, howver, that other decorative materials such as litted or unslitted paper, cloth or Cellophane litted or unslitted paper, cloth or Cellophane ,ebs, or real or artificial leaves, berries and the ike may also be employed without departing ,rem the spirit of my invention. 5 that of a circle or a star. rom the spirit of my invention.

The ruching 38 is wound helically around the rame 12, adjacent turns of the core 39 being relatively closely spaced so that covered portions of ;he frame appear to be solid cylinders of the decorative material comprising the ruching. The winding may start at any point of the frame such as 41 (Fig. 2) on a side arm section 32 between ausk holding members 17, and proceed helically husk holding members , and proceed helically about the axis of the arm until it reaches a husk |8. The ruching is then wrapped in a cylinder about the husk 18 to present a halo-like effect around the socket receiving portion 24. The winding may then proceed alternately about the side arm sections 32 and husks 18. Ruching may also be wrapped helically about the trunk memher 26 to complete the covering of the tree skeleton.

Miniature 15-volt electric lamps 42 are inserted in the frame sockets, and a 110-volt electric lamp 43 inserted in the socket in the trunk husk 33, whereupon the tree is ready for use.

In Figs. 7 and 8 I have shown a modified form of my invention employing a reinforced wire framework 50 having parallel connected electric lamps 64 held therein. The frame 50 may be fabricated from a length of wire whose ends may be permanently joined as at s5 by soldering or welding centrally of the frame base 52. The side arms 53 and apex 54 are provided with integrally formed husk holding members 55 having a configuration similar to that described with reference to Figs. 2, 3 and 5. The frame may be of triangular outline, as indicated in Fig. 7, the husk holding members 55 being disposed at uniformly an spaced intervals along the side arms 53.

In this form of my invention, I provide a reinforcing member 56 which comprises a Ushaped pendent member 57 whose legs 58 adjacent their upper ends lie in deep grooves formed in theframebase 52. The wire forming thereinforcing member 56 is bent outwardly from the upper end of the U-shaped member 51 to form the base 59 of the reinforcing member. The bases 52 and 59 of the frame and reinforcing 2member may be juxtaposed as indicated in Fig.

7. The reinforcing member 56 is also provided t pair of side arms G parallel to and spaced with a pair of side arms parallel to and spaced from the side arms 53 of the frame 50. If desired, a pair of out-turned legs 6i may be provided at the upper ends of the side arms 60. To brace the apex 54 of the frame 50 and tie the brace the apex 54 of the frame 50 and tie the upper ends of the side arms 60, a strut 62 may be provided abutting the legs 61 and bridging the side arms 53. Struts 63 may also be used to space the side arms 53 and 60 of the frame and reinforcing member. The 62 and 63, the frame 59 and reinforcing member 60 may be permanently joined to each other in any suitable manner, as by welding or soldering at their several points of contact.

several points of contactm The reinforced framework may be mounted in the base, provided with illuminating means and n e in a mane the same as that deornamented in a manner the same as that deat-a 4 scribed with reference to Figs. 1 to 6. The electric lamps 64, in this form of my invention, may be connected in parallel, as indicated in Fig. 8.

A switch 65 may be employed to control the lthough I have shown and described my 64. ention as applied to a decorative illuminated devention as applied to a decorative illuminated device in the form of a symbolic Christmas tree, it is e ndso h h skletal structure is to be understood that the skeletal structure may assume other shapes, such as for example It will thus be seen that there is provided a d ie i whih th e see oects thee is invendevice in whchieved, and which is well adaptedto tion are achieved, and which is well adapted to meet the various possible embodiments might be madical use.

As various possible embodimentd as v arious changes of th e invention, and ai s changes might be made in the embodiments above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying draw, ings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Having thus described my invention I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent: 1. A decorative illuminating device including a 7o tubular member having axial diametrically opposed slots extending inwardly from one of the ends thereof, a base having a well to frictionally receive the slotted end portion of said tubular member, a terminal flange on said well, a skeletal 7r wire structure comprising a triangular frame, a Plurality of spaced helical loops integral with the side arms of said triangular frame, means to hold said structure rigidly and erect in said base, said means comprising a U-shaped member depending centrally from the base of said triangular frame, the legs of said member contacting the walls of said slots and the base of said member contacting said terminal flange, and a plurality of husks disposed in said helical loops, said husks having shank portions whose outer diameter is 1 slightly larger than the inner diameter of said loops.

2. A decorative illuminating device as set forth in claim 1, wherein the legs of said U-shaped member frictionally engage the walls of said well. 1 3. A decorative illuminating device as set forth in claim 1, wherein the axes of said loops are transverse to the axes of said side arms and wherein a winding of ruching covers said side arms and said husks, the axis of the winding covering the side arms being coincident with the axis of said side arms, and the axes of the winding covering the husks being coincident with the axes of said husks, whereby halos of ruching surrounding the husks are provided which are transverse to the ruching surrounding the side arms.

4. A decorative illuminating device as set forth in claim 1, wherein means are provided to reinforce said triangular frame.

5. A decorative illuminating device comprising a base, a skeletal wire structure, and an elongated member having an elongated slot substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of said member, said member connecting said wire structure and said base, said base having a well within which the slotted portion of said connecting member is Sreceived, said skeletal structure having a projecting portion with an edge disposed in said slot, said edge being substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of said member and contacting the walls of said slot.

6. A decorative illuminating device comprising a base, a skeletal wire structure, and a slotted member having a pair of oppositely disposed slots substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of said member, said member connecting said wire structure and said base, said base having a well within which the slotted portion of said connecting member is received, said skeletal structure having a pair of spaced rigidly interconnected portions disposed in said elongated member and bridging said slots, said portions contacting the walls of said slot.

LEO POLLOCK.