Title:
Game apparatus
United States Patent 2265598


Abstract:
This invention relates to game apparatus. One object of the invention is to provide an apparatus intended to test the ability of the driver of an automobile to follow the road. Another object of the invention is the provision of an apparatus of the designated character intended to afford...



Inventors:
Firestone, John B.
Ben, Hertz
Application Number:
US37519641A
Publication Date:
12/09/1941
Filing Date:
01/21/1941
Assignee:
INTERNAT MUTOSCOPE REEL CO INC
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
273/454, 434/63, D19/62
International Classes:
A63F9/14; A63G31/00
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Description:

This invention relates to game apparatus.

One object of the invention is to provide an apparatus intended to test the ability of the driver of an automobile to follow the road.

Another object of the invention is the provision of an apparatus of the designated character intended to afford amusement to the operator thereof, said apparatus also being designed to cater to the competitive spirit of individuals by the provision in the apparatus of scoring or indicating means for indicating the degree of success of the operator of the apparatus, in maintaining the vehicle on the road.

Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus of the designated character which operates for a predetermined interval of time during which the scoring or indicating means is operative, provided the vehicle is maintained by the operator in proper relation to the roadway, the scoring being proportionately higher with the success of the operator in maintaining the vehicle on the roadway, the arrangement being such that when the vehicle goes off the road the operation of the scoring device is interrupted for a predetermined length of time for each movement of the vehicle off the road with the result that the number of operations of the scoring device possible during the set interval of operation of the entire apparatus is diminished each time the vehicle is out of a predetermined position in relation to the roadway.

A further object of the invention is to provide the apparatus with a roadway simulating device which is movable in two paths, one transversely of the other, and the movement along one path which corresponds to the length of the road or tour being preferably uniform, and the movement along the other path being irregular or variable and providing relative movement between the simulated roadway and a member simulating a vehicle on the roadway under the control of the operator, said last mentioned movement of the roadway device being irregular in order to prevent the operator from anticipating the movement of the roadway device in relation to the vehicle device. Thus, by reciprocating the roadway device, various conditions similar to actual conditions which exist when driving an actual vehicle upon an actual road, are simulated during the operation of the apparatus and the operator is required to adjust the vehicle device in relation to the irregularly moving roadway device for maintaining the vehicle device in proper position in relation to the road- 6 way device, i. e. for maintaining the vehicle device on the road.

For adding interest to the apparatus, provision is made for simulating a trip across the United States, for example, from New York city to Los Angeles, California, said trip being mapped through various principal cities of the country.

In operating the apparatus, the purpose is to complete a trip across the country during, the interval of operation of the apparatus. The course of the vehicle in its travel across the country is indicated preferably by means of el, -tric lamps which mark the principal cities along the road of travel, said lamps being illuminated when and if said cities, respectively, are reached. Thus the operator of the apparatus can ascertain not only whether or not he has been successful in completing the trip but also, in the event that he has not been successful in completing the trip, to tell the maximum distance he was able to cover.

The above objects and features of the invention and other objects and features which might hereinafter appear will be fully understood from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying illustrative drawings.

In the drawings: Fig. 1 is a front view of an apparatus embodying the present invention; Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a detail view, on a larger scale, of companion parts of the apparatus; Fig. 4 is a view in elevation on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2, the roadway device being removed for the purpose of illustration; Fig. 5 is a rear view of the roadway device and of the frame therefor; Figs. 6 and 7 are detail views, on a larger scale, partly in elevation and partly in section; Fig. 8 is a circuit diagram.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, the apparatus embodying the present invention comprises a cabinet 10 having an upper front panel 12 on which is delineated a map 14 of the United States, having indicated thereon a cross country route 16 extending say from New York, indicated by the circle 18, to Los Angeles, indicated by the circle 20, the intermediate circles representing certain of the principal cities of the country through which the route passes. A lamp 22 is located at each of the points indicated by said circles in Fig. 1, said lamps being illuminated in succession when and if the vehicle reaches the 5 corresponding cities on said cross country route.

Lamps 22 are mounted on a panel board 24, and panel 12, which is preferably made of glass having the map of the United States painted or otherwise delineated thereon, is sufficiently translucent at the points indicated by said circles to permit the light from said lamps to be visible to the operator of the apparatus. Said panel 12 is also provided with indicating elements 26 and 28 which are illuminated by other lamps mounted on board 24 for indicating to the operator whether or not the vehicle device is on the road.

Thus, for example, when indicating element 28 is illuminated the vehicle device is on the road, indicating device 26 then being dark, while on the other hand when the vehicle device is off the road, indicating element 28 is dark and the other indicating element 26 is illuminated. Panel 12 is also provided with a plurality of elements 30 having numerical score legends thereon, lamps being provided for illuminating said elements for indicating the highest score made by the operator during the operation of the apparatus.

The roadway device 32 and the vehicle device 34, here shown as a miniature automobile, are located within cabinet 10 and are visible to the operator of the apparatus through the glass cover 36. A steering wheel 38, simulating the steering wheel of an automobile, is mounted in the front wall 40 of the cabinet and is connected in the manner as hereinafter described, to vehicle device 34 for moving the latter in the direction of one of the paths of movement of the roadway device 32. Roadway device 32, comprises as here shown a rotary drum 42 which, as illustrated in Fig. 5, has delineated thereon a simulated roadway extending laterally from line 44 to line 46, said roadway having a center line 48. The portions 50 disposed between line 44 and the adjacent end of the drum and between line 46 and the other end of the drum represent the country side along the route of travel. It will be understood that lines 44 and 46 represent the opposite sides of the road and that the vehicle is off the road when any part thereof extends outwardly beyond line 46 or center line 48.

In the operation of the apparatus, the drum 42 is rotated in the direction of the arrow 49 which appears on the right side of the roadway in Fig. 5 and indicates one of the paths of movement of said drum. This movement of the drum in relation to vehicle device 34 represents the travel of the automobile along its route. Varying conditions of the road, which are met with in the course of simulated travel of the vehicle, are produced by moving drum 42 laterally of cabinet 10, i. e., along a path transversely of the path of travel indicated by the arrow in Fig. 5.

Drum 42 is mounted for rotation in a frame 52 and is rotated by an electric motor 54 carried by said frame and connected by a sprocket chain 56 to the rotary shaft 58 of the drum. Said sprocket chain 56 is driven by sprocket wheel 60, rotated by the motor through suitable reduction gearing, and drives sprocket wheel 62 which is fixed to shaft 58.

Frame 52, which carries rotary drum 42, is mounted for reciprocation on cross rails 64 and 66, the upper rail 64 being positioned laterally of lower rail 66 toward the rear wall of the cabinet by reason of the setback of the upper front part of the cabinet. Frame 52 is supported on upper rail 64 by rollers 68 carried by brackets 70 connected to said frame, as illustrated in Figs. and 6. Said frame is guided on rail 66 by rollers 72 which are carried by brackets 14 fixed to said frame, as illustrated in Figs. 5 and 7. Frame 52 is reciprocated by a mechanism 16 operated by an electric motor 18. Said mechanism comprises a crank arm 80 rotated by motor 78 through suitable reduction gearing. The outer end of said crank arm is provided with a crank pin 82 which engages the vertically extending slot 84 of member 86 which is rigidly fixed to and depends from the lower side of frame 52.

It will be understood that if vehicle device 34 is stationary during transverse movement of drum 42 pursuant to the transverse movement of frame 52, said vehicle will not be maintained on the road but will be periodically off the road during reciprocation of said drum. It is, therefore, necessary that the operator of the apparatus adjust the position of vehicle device 34 in the direction of path of movement of drum 42 following the reciprocation of frame 52, and the skill with which this result is accomplished determines the outcome of the game and of course the score made by the operator during the operation of the apparatus. Accordingly, provision is made for moving vehicle device 34 by operating the steering wheel 38. Said steering wheel 38 is connected to a steering rod 88 mounted for rotation in cabinet wall 40. Said steering rod projects through said cabinet wall 40 and has fixed at its inner end a grooved pulley 90. Said pulley 90 operates a belt-cord 92 which passes around said pulley extending in opposite directions over lower guide pulleys 94 and over upper guide pulleys 96, the ends of said belt-cord being connected by means of tension springs 98 to a plate 100 movable along 33 a guide rail 102, said plate being provided with guide wheels 104 which engage the opposite edges of said guide rail. The vehicle device 34 is connected to plate 100 in fixed relation thereto by a rod 106 rigidly fixed at opposite ends thereof to said vehicle device and plate, respectively. Thus, by turning steering wheel 38 clockwise (viewing Fig. 1) vehicle device 34 is moved to the right, and by turning said steering wheel counterclockwise, said vehicle device is moved to the left. Consequently when drum 42 is moved to the right during reciprocation thereof the operator will, by turning steering wheel 38 clockwise, endeavor to maintain the vehicle device between lines 46 and 48, while on the other hand when 5s drum 42 is moved to the left during reciprocation thereof by the frame, the operator will endeavor to maintain the proper position of the vehicle device between said lines 46 and 48 by turning steering wheel 38 counterclockwise. In order to make it impossible for the operator of the apparatus to anticipate the movement of drum 42 in its transverse path, provision is made for varying the reciprocatory movement of frame 52 and consequently of said drum o6 which is carried by said frame. This is accomplished by irregular reversals of the direction of rotation of electric motor 78. As illustrated in the circuit diagram of Fig. 8 a switch 108 con'nected in the circuit of motor 78 is provided for 6a controlling the direction of rotation of said motor. The movable contacts of switch 108 are operated by a toothed wheel I 10 and a flat spring 112 of a stepping relay 114 which is of well known construction. Said stepping relay is operated by an electromagnet 116 operated under the control of two switches actuated by motors 54 and 78, respectively. The switch actuated by motor 54 comprises a stationary contact member or brush 118 carried by frame 52 and a plurality 76 of circumferentially spaced movable contact members 120 carried by the end wall 122 of drum 42. Thus, as drum 42 is rotated by motor 54 brush 118 engages the several contacts 120 in succession. The other switch for controlling the operation of stepping relay 114 is indicated 4 at 124 in Fig. 8 and comprises spring contact members operated by a toothed wheel 126 rotated by motor 78 at a predetermined speed through suitable reduction gearing. Drum 42 and toothed wheel 126 are rotated at different I speeds and the switches actuated thereby are in series with the winding of magnet 116 of the stepping relay 114 so that said stepping relay is energized for reversing the motor only at the times both switches are closed, the result being 1 that motor 18 is reversed at irregular intervals of time thereby imparting variable reciprocatory movement to frame 52 and drum 42 of the roadway device carried by said frame. By reason of\ this variable movement of the roadway device 2 it is very difficult, if not impossible, for the operator to anticipate the precise movement of drum 42 laterally of the vehicle device 34, and in order to operate the apparatus successfully during the interval of time available to him the operator 2, must react properly to the variable reciprocatory movement of drum 42; otherwise vehicle device 34 will go off the road, that is, it will be displaced from a predetermined position between lines 46 and 48, that is, either to the right of 3( line 46 or to the left of line 48.

When the vehicle device 34 is kept on the road a lamp 128 (Fig. 8) for illuminating indicating element 28 will be energized. While, on the other hand, when said vehicle device is off the road S a lamp 130 will be energized for illuminating indicating element 26, each lamp being extinguished when the other lamp is energized. Also, as long as the vehicle device 34 is kept in proper position on the road a scoring device is actuated at regular intervals of time, that is, through a solenoid operated stepping contact device 132 illustrated more or less diagrammatically in Fig. 8, as devices of this type are well known and need no specific description. The solenoid for operating the stepping mechanism of the scoring device 132 is indicated at 134 in Fig. 8. Said scoring device includes concentric circles 136 and 138 of stationary contact members engaged by the longer and shorter arms 140 and 142 of the rotary contact member which is operated by the ratchet wheel turned step by step by suitable mechanism operated by said solenoid 134. There are 100 individual contact members in the circle of contacts 136, and also in circle 138 there are 100 contact members arranged in groups of 10, the contact members in each group being electrically connected to each other. The lamps for illuminating the scoring legends on indicator 30 are indicated at 144 in the circuit diagram, said lamps being connected, respectively, to successive groups of contact members in inner circle 138. The lamp marked NY which indicates the start of the cross country tour is illuminated at the start of the operation of the apparatus. Other lamps 146 are connected in circuit with the individual contact members of outer contact circle 136. Lamps 146 are illuminated to Indicate scores of 100 units while lamps 144 are Illuminated in succession to indicate scores of 1000 units.

As hereinbefore indicated pointer 139 is actuated only when the automobile is on the road.

For interrupting the actuation of said pointer 139 when the vehicle device 34 is off the road the circuit of solenoid 134 is automatically opened and remains open for a predetermined length of time and is closed only upon the expiration of said interval of time and only if the vehicle device is on the road at the expiration of said interval of time. In other words, if the operator of the apparatus permits the machine to move off the road he is penalized by being given a lower score, this being accomplished by .interrupting 0 the operation of the scoring device for a predetermined interval of time, notwithstanding the fact that by operation of steering wheel 38 he immediately brings the vehicle device 34 back on the road, since, as stated, once the operator 5 permits the vehicle device to move off the road two conditions must be satisfied before the scoring device is permitted to operate, one condition being the lapse of a predetermined length. of time and the other condition being the reD turn of the vehicle to a predetermined position in relation to the rotary drum of the roadway device. For accomplishing this result the apparatus is provided with means including a switch 148 (Figs. 2 and 3) which comprises a stationary 5 contact member 150 and a movable contact member 152, said last mentioned contact member being carried by a flat spring 154 which biases contact member 152 carried thereby for engagement with said contact member 150. Said conStact members are disengaged from each other as long as vehicle device 34 is on the road and are permitted to engage each other when the vehicle device is off the road, that is, out of a predetermined position in relation to drum 42. For this purpose a roller 156 carried by the lower end of a rod 158 fixed to plate 100 which is provided for engaging spring 154 of companion contact member 152 for holding the latter disengaged from companion contact member 150 when said vehicle device 34 is on the road or in other words in predetermined position with respect to drum 42 laterally thereof. When, however, roller 156 disengages spring member 154 which occurs when vehicle device 34 is off the road switch 148 is closed by the engagement of contact member 152 with contact member 150.

Switch 148 which includes said contact members 150 and 152 controls the circuit of a timing device 160 which controls the operation of a switch 162 which, together with a pulsing switch 164, controls the circuit of solenoid 134 of the stepping mechanism of the scoring device. As illustrated in the circuit diagram timing device 160 comprises a solenoid 166 which when energized pursuant to the closing operation of switch 148 operates the switch lever 168 for actuating the spring operating member 170 of switch device 162. More particularly, when the winding 166 of said solenoid is energized the solenoid plunger 172 is moved in one direction against the spring 174 and by means of a pin 176 engages the part 178 of lever 168 for turning the latter about its pivot 180.

When this movement of lever 168 occurs spring operating member of switching device 162 is operated for making and breaking the appropriate contacts of said switching device for accomplishing the desired results. Switching device 162 controls the circuit through the winding of solenoid 166 so that as soon as lever 168 is actuated pursuant to the energization of said solenoid winding the circuit thereof is interrupted to permit spring 174 to return plunger 172 to its initial position, the time required for this return being governed by the dash pot 182 provided with an 1.9 adjustable air outlet valve 184. The movement of plunger 112 to its initial position by spring 114 results, after a predetermined interval of time depending upon the adjustment of valve 184, in the engagement of pin 116 with part 186 15 of lever 168 thus moving said lever to its position for allowing spring actuating member 110 to move to its retracted position illustrated in ig. 8. When switch device 162 is actuated pursuant to the operation of lever 168 when pin 176 1 engages part 178 of said lever motor 18 is no longer reversed but continues to rotate in the same direction so that drum 42 has a uniform reciprocatory movement thus making it easier for the operator of the apparatus to bring the 1 vehicle device 34 back on the road.

In the circuit diagram illustrated in Fig. 8 several additional devices are schematically illustrated for improving the operation of the apparatus. Thus, for example, an electrically ener- 2 gized gong 188 is provided for signalling when the vehicle device arrives at each principal city along the route across the country and for signalling each 1000 units of the score made. A cut-out relay 190 is provided for terminating the 2 operation of the apparatus in the event that the final destination of the vehicle device is reached before the allowed time of operation of the apparatus has elapsed. The time of operation of the apparatus is controlled by a timer relay 192, 3 although the lamps which illuminate the scoring indicators remain energized for a predetermined period of time after the operation of the apparatus is in other respects terminated by actuation of either cut-out relay 190 or timer 192.

The timing device 194 is provided in the circuit for maintaining the score indicating lamps energized for a predetermined length of time after the operation of the apparatus is otherwise completed. Thus, for example, timing relay 192 would normally be adjusted for permitting operation of the apparatus for an interval of one minute and timing relay 194 would be adjusted for maintaining the score indicating lamps illuminated for two additional minutes. A reset switching device 196 is also provided for controlling the solenoid 198 of the device which operates to reset the stepping mechanism of scoring device 132 to zero position. As illustrated in Fig. 1 the apparatus is provided with a coin slot device 199 as the apparatus is intended to be coin controlled. The coin slide element of said device 199 can be arranged in a well known manner for setting the timing devices of timing relays 192 and 194, while reset switch 196 is operated also in a well known manner, when said slide is returned to its initial position following the insertion of a coin for the preceding operation of the apparatus. As coin slide controlled mechanisms of this type as well as the timing relays, cut-out relays, and reset switches are all well known devices used in connection with coin controlled machines they need no further description particularly as they form in themselves no part of the present invention, and various other devices and arrangements for accomplishing the same results can be used. A transformer 200 is provided in the circuit for stepping down the voltage from the supply lines to the various solenoids and to the indicator lamps providing, for example, six volts for the lamps and twentyfour volts for the solenoids. In the diagram the letter A indicates that the lines designated by said letter are connected to a common wire of the circuit.

Briefly summarizing the operation of the apparatus, upon the insertion of a coin in the coin slot device 199 the timing relay 192 as well as the timing relay 194 are set and the operation of the apparatus begins, drum 42 being rotated and reciprocated for a period of one minute or for some other period of time as determined by the adjustment of timing relay 192. During this movement of drum 42 the operator of the ap0 paratus by adjusting steering wheel 38 endeavors to maintain the vehicle device 34 in a predetermined position in relation to said drum, that is, on the road which means in position between lines 48 and 46 of said drum. When this position is maintained indicator lamp 128 is illuminated, while said lamp is extinguished and lamp 130 is illuminated when the vehicle device is off the road. Preferably, lamp 128 is green while lamp 130 is red. The scoring device operates at regu;0 lar intervals so long as said vehicle device 34 is on the road but the operation of said scoring device is interrupted for a predetermined length of time in the event that the vehicle device 34 is permitted to go off the road, and said scoring 5 device remains out of operation so long as said vehicle device 34 is off the road. The irregular reciprocatory movement of drum 42 occurs so long as vehicle device 34 is on the road thus making it very difficult or impossible for the 0 operator of the apparatus to anticipate the movement of the drum in relation to the vehicle device. However, when the vehicle device goes off the road the irregular movement of drum 42 is eliminated in order to make it easier for the 35 operator to bring the vehicle device back on the road. Simulated advance of the vehicle along the route of travel is indicated by the illumination of lamps 22 and by the ringing of gong 188.

Also certain lamps 146 and 144 are illuminated 40 to indicate the score on indicator 130 or on other parts of panel 12 as may be desired.

Thus it is seen that the above described apparatus is well adapted to accomplish the several objects of the present invention. It will be un45 derstood that while we have referred to the apparatus as a game apparatus it can be used for other purposes, for example, for testing the reactions of individuals to varying conditions met with in operating an automobile or said appa50 ratus can be used for testing the reaction of various individuals to other changing conditions.

It will also be understood that in the apparatus disclosed herein certain changes in the details of construction and in the arrangement of parts 55 can be made and will occur to skilled artisans in view of the present disclosure. Likewise it is to be understood that the principle of the invention may be embodied otherwise than as herein specifically shown or described. Accordingly, we 60 do not wish to be limited to the invention as specifically disclosed herein except to the extent which may be required by the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described our invention, what we 65 claim and desire to secure by letters patent is: 1. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said 70 first member in the direction of one of said paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, and means operable independently of said manually operable means when said second member is in predetermined position in relation 75 to said first member for varying the movement of said first member in said last mentioned path.

2. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said first member in the direction of one of said paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, indicating means, means for operating said indicating means when said second member is in predetermined position in relation to said 1( first member, and means for rendering said operating means inoperative when said second member is out of said predetermined position.

3. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two 1 paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said first member in the direction of one of said paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, and a plurality of indicators oper- 2( able in succession at predetermined time intervals when said second member is in predetermined position in relation to said first member.

4. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two i25 paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said first member in the direction of one of said paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, a plurality of indicators operable in succession at predetermined time intervals when said second member is in predetermined position in relation to said first member, and means for preventing operation of non-operated indicators when said second member is out 3 of said predetermined position.

5. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said first member in the direction of one of said paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, a scoring device operable at predetermined time intervals when said second member is in predetermined position in relation to said first member, and means for preventing operation of said scoring device when said second member is out of said predetermined position.

6. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said first member in the direction of one of said paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, a scoring device operable at predetermined time intervals when said second member is in predetermined position in relation to said first member, and means including a timing device for preventing operation of said scoring device when said second member is out of said predetermined position.

7. Apparatus of the class described comprising a frame mounted for reciprocation, a drum mounted for rotation in said frame and movable therewith, means for rotating said drum, means for reciprocating said frame, manually operable means including a member mounted for reciprocation in relation to said drum, and means operable when said member is in a predetermined position in relation to said drum for varying the reciprocatory movement of said frame.

8. Apparatus of the class described comprising a frame mounted for reciprocation, a drum mounted for rotation in said frame and movable therewith, means for rotating said drum, means for reciprocating said frame, manually operable means including a member mounted for reciprocation in relation to said drum, means operable when said member is in a predetermined position in relation to said drum for varying the reciprocatory movement of said frame, and means for rendering said last mentioned means inoperative when said member is out of said predetermined position in relation to said drum.

0 9. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said first member in the direction of one of said paths, means for moving said first member in said two paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, and means additional to said first and second members for indicating to the operator of the apparatus when said second memo ber is out of a predetermined position in relation to said first member.

10. Apparatus of the class described comprising a frame mounted for reciprocation, a drum mounted for rotation in said frame and movable Stherewith, means for rotating said drum, means for reciprocating said frame, manually operable means including a member mounted for reciprocation in relation to said drum, and means operable when said member is in a predetermined position in relation to said drum for varying the reciprocatory movement of said frame, said last mentioned means including means operable jointly in response to rotary movement of said drum and reciprocatory movement of said frame.

11. Apparatus of the class described comprising a frame mounted for movement, a first member mounted on said frame and movable therewith and also mounted for movement in said frame in relation to a fixed point, means operable under one condition for imparting uniform movement to said frame and operable under another condition for varying the movement of said frame, and means responsive jointly to the movement of said frame and to the movement of said Smember in said frame for establishing said other condition.

12. Apparatus of the class described comprising a frame mounted for movement, a first member mounted on said frame and movable thereSwith and also mounted for movement in said frame in relation to a fixed point, means operable under one condition for imparting uniform movement to said frame and operable under another condition for varying the movement of said frame, means responsive jointly to the movement of said frame and to the movement of said member in said frame for establishing said other condition, manually operable means movable in relation to said frame and to said member, and means operable pursuant to a predetermined movement of said manually operable means in relation to said frame for establishing said first condition.

13. Apparatus of the class described comprising a frame mounted for reciprocation, a member mounted for movement with said frame and also in said frame in a direction transversely of the frame movement, a reversible motor, means actuated by said motor for reciprocating said frame, and means operable jointly in response to movement of said frame and to movement of said member in said transverse direction for reversing said motor at the ends of different intervals of time, respectively, for varying the movement of said frame.

14. Apparatus of the class described comprising a frame mounted for reciprocation, a member mounted for movement with said frame and also in said frame in a direction transversely of the frame movement, a reversible motor, means actuated by said motor for reciprocating said frame, means operable jointly in response to movement of said frame and to movement of said member in said transverse direction for reversing said motor at the ends of different intervals of time, respectively, for varying the movement of said frame, manually operable means movable in the direction of movement of said frame, and means operated under the control of said manually operable means for preventing reversals of said motor. 15. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said first member in the direction of one of said paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, relatively movable contact members, engageable with and disengageable from each other under the control of said manually operated means, electrically operated indicating means, a control circuit for said indicating means including said contact members, and an electrically operated timing device in said circuit operative to render said indicating means inoperative when said contact members are disengaged, said contact members being disengaged from each other when said second member is out of a predetermined position in relation to said first member whereby said indicating means is inoperative when said second member is displaced from said predetermined position.

16. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said first member in the direction of one of said paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, means operable independently of said manually operable means when said second member is in predetermined position in relation to said first member for varying the movement of said first member in said last mentioned path, said first member having a uniform movement in said last mentioned path when said second member is displaced from said predetermined position in relation to said first member, and a scoring device operable only when said second member is in said predetermined position.

17. Apparatus of the class described comprising a first member mounted for movement in two paths, one transversely of the other, a second member mounted for movement relatively to said first member in the direction of one of said paths, manually operable means for moving said second member, said second member having a normal predetermined position in relation to said first member during 'the movement of the latter in said last mentioned path and requiring movement by said manually operable means for maintaining said relative position, and means operable when said second member is in predetermined position in relation to said first member for varying the movement of said first member in one of said paths.

JOHN B. FIRESTONE.

BEN HERTZ.