My invention relates to baseball gloves and has for its object the provision of a finger construction in which the fingers in the normal position assumed by the glove (that is, in the posi6 tion which the glove assumes in the absence of any outside distorting force such, for example, as the bending of the wearer's fingers) are either definitely curved toward ball grasping position or predisposed toward such curvature, and yet present an attractive and sightly appearance to the fingers.
This object together with corollary objects, features and advantages are set forth in the following description of specific embodiments of my invention and illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein: Pig. I is a palm view of a fielder's glove embodying my invention; Pig. 2 is a transverse vertical section taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1 along a finger bifurcation and through the palm; Pig. 3 is a sagittal section through one of the fingers taken on the sagittal (that is, front-toback, to borrow a term from the anatomists' lexi2b con) plane 3-3 of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a transverse section of a finger taken on theline -4 of Pig. 3; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the back of a pair of fingers; Fig. 6 is a layout of the pieces constituting the two halves of a finger back and the medial seam welt therefor; Pigs. 7, 8 and 9 illustrate the steps in sewing the finger back halves together; 8$ Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the back of an assembled finger back; Fig. 11 is a view similar to Fig. 6, but showing a modified form of finger back pieces; and Pig. 12 is a sagittal section of a finger similar to Fig. 3, but showing the finger curvature resulting from the use of finger back pieces cut in accordance with Pig. 11.
Referring first to the form of Pigs. 1 to 10, 45 inclusive, the glove palm is preferably formed from a single palm piece 15 cut to provide Integral finger fronts 16, tpe thumb IT being set in. The palm piece 15 preferably carries an integral extension throughout its height which is d0 turned around the outside edge of the-hand and little finger to constitute the far half of the little finger back. Similarly, the opposite cr thumb edge of the palm piece 15 is carried around the near edge of the hand to constitute the near half U of the Index finger back. Both of- these edge extensions continue down to the base of the back of the glove.
The usual padding is incorporated between the palm piece 15 and the palm liner 18. The palp liner 18 preferably carries integral finger fronts 19 whereby the finger stalls are lined.
The finger backs for the ring finger and the middle finger and also for the far half of the index finger are cut short along a corded edge 20, which preferably comes just above the knuckles of the hand as it is ordinarily positioned within the glove.
A back strap 21 coming across the back of the hand just above the wrist is relied upon to hold the hand in the glove. Figs. 3, 4 and 6 to 10 illustrate a typical finger back construction-the middle finger, for example.
Referring to Fig. 6, the finger back is formed by an ear side piece 22 and a far side piece 23 which is a reverse thereof. The near edges of the pieces 22 and 23 are sewn together, with a welt 24-preferably of contrasting color-intervening to reinforce and ornament the seam by accentuating the longitudinal lines of the fingers. As shown in Figs. 7, 8 and 9, the piece 23 is first laid on the sewing machine table, then the welt 24 is laid along its margin and then the other finger back piece 22 is turned over (from the position of Fig. 6) and superposed upon the piece 23 in register therewith, and then a marginal line of stitching 25 is run along the superposed edges of the pieces 22 and 23 and through the welt 24. When the assembled pieces 22 and 23 are then opened up, they assume the convex o5 position of Fig. 10. This convex position is due to the curving of the medial margins 26 of the finger back pieces 22 and 23. The curving of the medial margins occurs only along that part of the finger back pieces which are to form the finger stall itself; the lower portion of the medial margins which are to come below the finger crotches are straight. This gives convexity, in the pre-assembly of Fig. 10, only to that portion of the finger back above the crotch and leaves the portion of the finger back below the crotch flat.
The lateral margins 27 of the pre-assembled finger back of Pig. 10 are then sewn by welted seams 28 to the margins of the finger fronts 16 of the palm piece 15. The lateral margins 27 of the finger back,pieces thus sewn by the seams 28 extend from the finger tip points 29 (Fig, -6) to the crotch points 30. The curves -of the marginal edges 21 of the finger back pieces adjacent the finger tip points 29 serve to round off the ends of the fingers and to preserve sufficient height at the ends of the finger stalls so that the ends of the fingers will not be pinched.
The lateral margins 21a of the finger back pieces 22 and 23 are then sewn to each other by welted seams 31 from the crotch points 30 down to the bases of the finger backs, where they are dressed by the previously mentioned corded seam 20.
Further attention is invited to the conformation given the finger by virtue of the shape of the finger back pieces 22 and 23. The long curve by which the medial margin 26 from a point about opposite the crotch point 30 is swung to the laterally displaced finger tip point 29, throws greater length into the medial seam 25 in its reach from the base of the finger to the tip of the finger. That is, the curvilinear medial edge 26 is of greater length than the shortest distance between the finger tip point 29 and the base of the finger back piece as viewed in Fig. 6. At the same time, the outside edge 27 is in upwardly converging relation to the long curve of the margin 26. The result is that the finger back is given a longitudinal curve in sagittal section (Fig. 3) which predisposes the finger stall toward a ball grasping position of the glove fingers, and yet the finger stall is of approximately uniform 80 cross section throughout Its length, except that it is not so deep toward the finger tip end. In the form of Figs. 1 to 10, the finger front 16 in the finished glove is normally approximately flat. Thus, the glove finger is longitudinally curved at its back, but flat at its front.
The normal position for a player's hand is one where the fingers and palm are not coplanar, but where the fingers have considerable longitudinal curvature. As the player slips his hand into the glove, the fingers can retain this normal curvature because the finger stalls are not straight and coplanar with the palm. The backs of the finger stalls are given a curvature approximating the normal curvature of the fingers. This is of great advantage, comfort and convenience over baseball gloves in which the stalls are rather straight and tend to force the fingers into an unnatural straightness.
Also, even though the finger fronts are relatively flat and straight, the curvature of the backs of the fingers, together with the general curvature of the stall and the normal curvature of the various fingers all combine to predispose the glove fingers, including the finger fronts, into the more curved position assumed in grasping and retaining the ball when caught. Because the finger backs are already curved, it is only necessary to curve the finger fronts in order that the entire finger have a definite ball retaining curvature.
An important feature of my glove finger construction is that this longitudinal curve is built into the finger back without mnpairing the attractive appearance of the glove fingers. For example, no transverse seam is run across the finger backs to break the streamlined appearance of the finger back and to present a cumbersome trans.verse ridge.
In Figs. 11 and 12 I have illustrated a modification whereby the finger front itself is normally longitudinally curved. Here the finger back halves 22' and 23' are cut on a modified pattern. The modification involves a concaving of the outer margin 21' from the crotch point 30' to the tip end curve 35. This concaving of the margin 21' would decrease the cross sectional area of the finger stall. To preserve the same cross sectional area, a corresponding convexity is preferably added to the medial margin 26'. In laying out the pattern for the pieces 22' and 23', the added convexity can be accurately calculated by superposing the pattern for the piece 22' upon the pattern for the piece 22 of Fig. 6 (the latter being indicated by dot and dash lines in Fig. 11 for comparison) and transversely adding to the medial margin what is subtracted from the outer lateral margin by the concaving of the curve 27'.
When the outer margins of the finger backs are sewn to the same finger front 16 by the seams 25', the concaved margins 27' conform the finger back 16 to a longitudinal curvature, which will be apparent from a comparison of Fig. 12 with Fig. 3. At the same time the finger back is given still greater longitudinal curvature. As a result it is still easier for the player to curve his fingers and the glove fingers into ball retaining position.
The finger back halves of Figs. 6 and 11 have base or sub-crotch extension portions. The medial margin of these sub-crotch extensions are parallel with the medial plane of the glove finger. The outer margin of the extensions are also parallel therewith, below the out-curve to the crotch points. In Fig. 6 the outer margin 27 is substantially parallel with the medial plane of the finger from the crotch point up to the in-curve to the finger tip point. In Fig. 11 the corresponding reach of the outer margin is concaved without changing the location of the crotch point or the in-curve at the upper end to the finger tip point.
In Fig. 6 the reach of the medial margin 26 between the sub-crotch extension and the finger tip point 29 is a curvilinear curve which throws greater length into the medial seam 25. The greater convexity added to the corresponding reach of the medial margin in Fig. 11 results in still greater length being thrown into the medial seam 25', but this does not modify the sub-crotcih extension nor the location of the finger tip point, the incurve of the outer margin thereto or the crotch point. In its normal position my glove presents finger stalls which are especially well adapted to receiving the outer fingers in their normal somewhat curved position, so that the glove can be used without straining the fingers to flex the glove fingers into the position which the player wants them to assume when he is about to catch a ball. When the ball has impacted the palm and the fingers are closed upon it, the curvature of the finger stalls predisposes the glove fingers to a facile flexing to increase the curvature to ball retaining position so that, in all, a minimum of finger effort is required of the player.
For the same reason it is particularly easy for the player to slide his hand into the glove. It is easy for him quickly to slide his hand out of the glove when he wishes to without the necessity of flexing his fingers.
While I have described these specific embodiments of my invention, I contemplate that many changes may be made thereover without departing from the scope or spirit of my invention.
I claim: 1. A baseball glove having a palm and a finger, the finger being formed by a finger front extending from the palm and by a finger back sewn at its margins to the margins of the finger front and substantially, at the front of the finger, the finger back comprising right and left halves medially seamed longitudinally of the finger to its tip, the medial margins of the halves in pattern being convexly curved from the tip to a point well back toward the crotch line to throw greater length into the medial seam and cause the finger back in assembly to assume a forward longitudinal curve.
2. A baseball glove, according to claim 1, in which the lateral margins of the finger front are substantially parallel throughout the reach extending from slightly below the tip to the crotch, and wherein the lateral edges of the finger back halves, where they are sewn to said reach of the front, are, in assembly, substantially straight and the finger front, in assembly, is normally substantially uncurved longitudinally.
3. A baseball glove according to claim 1 in which the lateral margins of the finger front are substantially parallel throughout the reach extending from slightly below the tip to the crotch, and wherein the lateral edges of the finger back halves, where they are sewn to said reach of the front, in pattern are concaved to cause the finger front in assembly to curve longitudinally inwardly whereby the finger stallboth front and back-is curved partially toward ball retaining position.
4. A baseball glove comprising a palm piece extending into finger fronts, finger backs consisting of right and left halves joined to each other by medial seams and to the finger fronts by marginal seams which extend from the finger tips to the crotch points, the finger back halves having longitudinal parallel margined extensions extending at reduced width from below the crotch points approximately to the knuckles, the proximate lateral margins of the extensions being seamed to each other (to form an upper back for the hand, and medial margins of the finger back halves in pattern extending curvilinearly upwardly and outwardly from the medial edges of the extensions starting about laterally opposite the crotch points and extending up to the tip points whereby greater length is thrown into the medial finger back seam to give the finger back a forward longitudinal curve.
5. A baseball glove having fingers comprising finger fronts separated from their tips to their crotch points and having substantially parallel lateral margins, finger backs consisting of right and left halves seamed together along their proximate margins in the medial sagittal front-toback planes of -the fingers, and along their outer margins seamed to the lateral margins of the finger fronts, the finger back halves being cut with their medial margins curving from about opposite the crotch point up to the tip point to throw additional length into the medial seams of the finger backs to give the finger backs a forward longitudinal curvature, the finger back halves also being cut with their outer margins concaved between the crotch points and points just below the tip points whereby the finger fronts are given a forward longitudinal curvature.
6. A baseball glove according to claim 5 in which the medial margin of each finger back half is cut with an "o g" curve which first swings inwardly away from its outer margin and then outwardly toward the finger tip to compensate for the concave curve of the outer margin to avoid restricting the cross section of the finger stall. 7. A baseball glove finger formea ay a finger front and a finger back seamed together at their lateral and tip margins, the finger back consisting of right and left halves seamed along the medial sagittal (front-to-back) plane of the finger from base to tip, the component parts of the finger being so profiled in pattern and so seamed together that, in the finished finger, (a) the finger back normally curves forwardly and outwardly longitudinally of the finger throughout the major portion of that region of the finger which lies between the finger tip and a point laterally opposite its finger crotches, and (b) the longitudinal center line of the finger pocket within the glove finger is given a forward and outward curve, the finger back halves themselves being free of transverse tailoring seams in their regions lying Upwardly of the base.
8. A baseball glove finger formed by a finger front and a finger back seamed together at their lateral and tip margins, the finger back consisting of right and left halves seamed along the medial sagittal (front-to-back) plane of the finger from base to tip, the component parts of the finger being so profiled in pattern and so seamed to together that, in the finished finger, (a) the finger back normally curves forwardly and outwardly longitudinally of the finger throughout the major portion of that region of the finger which lies between the finger tip and a point laterally opposite its finger crotches, (b) the finger front normally curves forwardly and outwardly longitudinally of the finger throughout the major portion of a corresponding region but with less curvature than the finger back, and (c) the longitudinal center line of the finger pocket within the glove finger is given a forward and outward curve, the finger back halves themselves being free of transverse tailoring seams in their regions lying tipwardly of the base. ARCHIBALD J. TURNER.