Title:
Exercising device
United States Patent 2223309


Abstract:
This invention relates to exercising devices and has for its object to provide a new and improved device of this description. The invention has as a further object to provide an exercising device which will occupy very little space and which will be cheap to construct and effective in operation....



Inventors:
John, Swanson
Application Number:
US32754540A
Publication Date:
11/26/1940
Filing Date:
04/03/1940
Assignee:
John, Swanson
Primary Class:
International Classes:
A63B23/00; A63B21/00; A63B21/04; A63B21/055
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Description:

This invention relates to exercising devices and has for its object to provide a new and improved device of this description. The invention has as a further object to provide an exercising device which will occupy very little space and which will be cheap to construct and effective in operation.

The invention has as a further object to provide an exercising device partidularly adapted for eliminating fat deposits on the body. The invention has as a further object to provide an exercising device particularly adapted for eliminating excessive abdominal fat. The invention has further objects which are more particularly set out in the accompanying description.

Referring now to the drawings, Fig. 1 is a view showing one form of exercising device embodying the invention; Fig. 2 is a view of the device shown in Fig. 1 illustrating one way of using it; Fig. 3 is an enlarged side elevation of the device shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a front elevation, in part section, of the device shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a view of the device shown in Fig. 1 when not in use; Fig. 6 is a view showing a modified form of contact roller; Fig. 7 is a front elevation showing a modified construction; Fig. 8 is a side elevation of the exercising device of Fig. 7; Fig. 9 is an enlarged view of the upper end of the exercising device shown in Figs. 7 and 8; Fig. 10 is a view of the lower end of the exercising device of Figs. 7 and 8, showing a modified construction; Fig. 11 is a side elevation of an exercising device, showing a modified construction; Fig. 12 is a side elevation of an exercising device. showing a further modification; Fig. 13 is an enlarged view of the center joint of Fig. 12; and Fig. 14 is a front view of the joint shown in Fig. 13.

Like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several figures.

Referring now to the construction shown in Figs. 1 to 5, there is a platform I upon which the user stands. Connected with this platform are the hollow members 2 and 3. These members are pivotally connected to the platform in any desired manner. As herein shown, this connection is made by means of a rod 4 which passes through the ends of the members 2 and 3 and which removably holds them in position by means of the nut 5. I prefer to provide the hollow members 2 and 3 with the separate end pieces 6 and 7, as shown in Fig. 4, the rod 4 passing through these end pieces. Within the hollow members 2 and 3 are the springs 8 and 9. Sliding in the hollow members 2 and 3 are the members 10 and I1 which engage the springs 8 and 9 and when moved down, compress them. Connected with these members 10 and II are the projections I0a and l a which may be of any form, but are shown as screws with heads on them. These projecting members reciprocate in slots 10b and 1 b in the hollow members 2 and 3.

I prefer to have springs 12 and 13 which are connected with the hollow members 2 and 3 at one end and to the platform I at the other end.

There is also provided a connecting member 14 associated with each of the hollow members 2 and 3 and which connects them to the platform. This connecting member is preferably flexible and is provided with a hook 15 by means of which it is releasably attached to a part 16 on the hollow members 2 and .3. These hooks can be unhooked when it is desired to fold the device when out of use, as shown in Fig. 5. The springs 12 and 13 may also be provided with hooks 17 so that they may be unhooked from the platform when the device is folded, as shown in Fig. 5.

The rods 10 and II are provided with apertures 10c and I Ic and members 2 and 3 have apertures 2a and 3a. Pins 2b may be passed through these apertures when they are aligned, holding the springs 8 and 9 compressed, thus reducing the size of the device for storage. Connected with the members O0 and II is a roller 18 which may be of any form and material I Prefer to make this roller with its central part 19 of sponge rubber. In this event I prefer tc cast it upon the tube 20. A rod 21 is loosel mounted in the tube 20 so that the roller 19 wifl move freely therein. This rod projects from the ends of the roller through openings 22 in the members 10 and I1. These openings are larger than the rod so as to permit individual movement of the roller with relation to the members 10 and II. The ends of the rod 21 are provided with handles 23. 24 for the user to grasp when desired. In the use of the device the user brings the roller into contact with the portion of the body it is desired to reduce and then bends down: as shown, for example in Fig. 2, the springs 8 and 9 resisting this bending as the members 10 and I move down into the members 2 and 3, these members forming as it were, telescoping mem2' 2,2 bers. Since the roller 18 contacts a portion of the body of the user, there is applied pressure and as the position of the roller changes, this pressure is distributed over a considerable area, the roller moving along the body of the user.

Fig. 6 shows a modified construction of roller wherein instead of being cylindrical, it has an enlargement or bulge or ball-like projection 25 intermediate the ends thereof. This permits a more or less side pressure to be exerted on portions of the body, in addition to the direct pressure.

Figs. 7, 8 and 9 show a construction where the springs are differently located and instead of being compression springs, they are extension springs, the resistance being due to the extension of the springs. In this construction there are two upright members 26 and 27 which are pivotally mounted on the base I, by the rod 4 removably connected in position by the nut 5. There is a cross connecting piece 28 connecting the members 26 and 27, having a cut-away space 29 for the toes of the user. The springs 30 and 31 are connected at one end to the upright members 26 and 27. The spring 30 is connected at one end to a flexible member 32 and the spring 31 is connected at one end to the flexible member 33. The other ends of these flexible members pass over pulleys 34 and are connected at 35 with the roller 18. The rod 21 through this roller is free to slide along slots 36 in the upright members 26 and 27. There are springs 12 connecting the base I with the upright members 26 and 27 and detachable so that these members can be folded down. There are also flexible members 38 detachably connected with the upright members and which resist the pull of the springs 12, but permit the members 26 and 27 to be moved about their pivots, as shown in dotted lines in. Fig. 8. Instead of having the flexible members 38, I may provide the air cylinders 39 having pistons, the piston rods 40 of which are detachably connected to the members 26 and 27, as shown in Fig. 10.

Fig. 11 shows a modified construction similar to Fig. 7, except that the ends of the upright members 26 and 27, instead of being pivoted to the base 1, are connected to coiled springs 41 which are attached by an attaching member 42 with the base I. This in addition to upward pressure of the roller 19, permits the roller to be moved forward so that there is backward pressure of any desired amount against the body of the user.

Figs. 12, 13 and 14 show a further modification where the upright members are formed of two pieces 43 and 44. The pieces 44 are pivoted at 45 with the base I and the roller 19 is attached to the piece 43. The pieces 43 and 44 have brackets 46 and 47 through which extends a pivot, 48.

A coiled spring 49 surrounds the pivot and has one end 50 pressing against the piece 43 and the other end 51 pressing against the piece 44.

Springs 12 are connected with the pieces 44 and with the base I. In the use of this device the pivotal points of the two pieces move forward as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 12, when the roller 19 is applied to the body of the user and during this movement the springs 12 and 49 exert pressure to press the roller against the body of the user.

The use and operation of the invention are as follows: When the device is not in use the upright members are moved down substantially parallel to the base and the device can be stored in a small space.

When it is desired to use the device, the upright members are brought into an upright position. The device can be used in various ways. The user, for example, stands on the base and may simply use the device by moving the roller outward away from the body, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1, the springs 12 affording the resistance for this movement. When the pressure moving the upright members forward is relieved, the springs 12 move them back to the upright position.

The most important use of the device is where theluser brings the device into contact with some part of the body and then presses down to overcome the resistance of the springs 8 and 9, or 30 and'31, or 49. The roller, being of rubber, moves along the body and massages the portion of the body it engages, as well as exerting pressure thereon, and this brings about a reducing condition, that is, it causes the amount of flesh to be decreased and the weight of the individual to be decreased. This also strengthens and tones up the muscles, particularly of the abdomen, which are some of the most vital muscles in the body.

It will be seen that this provides an easy way of exercising, and particularly an easy way of exercising the abdominal muscles, for all the user has to do in this event is to stand on the platform or base and bend forward and overcome the resistance of the springs and permit the roller to roll along the front part of the body, and then stand in an upright position and repeat this movement as many times as desired. In this construction when the user applies weight to the body engaging member to move it down and energize the springs, these springs act to assist in moving the user back to the upright position. This becomes very important for people who have heart trouble as it greatly lessens the strain on the heart, because the energized springs practically move the user back to the upright position without any strain on the heart.

I claim: 1. An exercising device comprising a base, upright members connected with said base, a body engaging member connected with. said upright members, and comprising a rubber roller, a hollow tube on the interior of said rubber roller, a rod extending through said tube and connected with said upright members, resisting means for resisting the downward movement of said body engaging member when engaged by the body, and retracting means for moving the upright members to their original upright position.

2. An exercising device comprising a base, upright members connected with said base, each of said upright members consisting of two telescoping parts, a body engaging member connected with two of said telescoping parts, and coiled springs in the other two telescoping parts which oppose the movement of the telescoping parts to which the body engaging member is connected, said springs acting both as resisting means and retracting means.

3. An exercising device comprising a base, upright members connected with said base, each of said upright members consisting of two telescoping parts, a body engaging member connected with two of said telescoping parts, and coiled springs in the other two telescoping parts which oppose the movement of the telescoping parts to which the body engaging member is connected, said springs acting both as resisting means and retracting means, the telescoping parts containing the springs being provided with longitudinally extending slots and the telescoping parts to which the body engaging member is connected being provided with projections which move along said slots when the body engaging member is moved downwardly.

4. An exercising device comprising upright members, a base therefor, a body engaging member at the upper end of said upright members, springs for resisting the downward movement of the body engaging member when pressure is applied thereto and for retracting said body engaging member to its initial position, slots in said upright members and guiding members associated with said body engaging member which work in said slots.

5. An exercising device comprising upright members, a base therefor, a rotatable rubber body contacting roller connected with said upright members, resisting means for resisting the downward movement of said roller, slots in the upright members and guiding members associated with said roller which work in said slots. 6. An exercising device comprising a base, upright members connected with said base, a body engaging member connected with said upright members, resisting means for resisting the downward movement of said body engaging member when engaged by the body, retracting means for moving the upright members to their original upright position, springs connected with said upright members and said base at one side of the upright members and opposing connections for opposing said springs, connected with said upright members and base on the other side of the upright members.

7. An exercising device comprising a base, upright members connected with said base, a body engaging member connected with said upright members, resisting means for resisting the downward movement of said body engaging member when engaged by the body, retracting means for moving the upright members to their original upright position, springs connected with said upright members and said base at one side of the upright members and opposing connections for opposing said springs, connected with said upright members and base on the other side of the upright members, said springs and opposing connections being detachable to permit the upright members to be moved to a folded position extending along said base.

8. An exercising device comprising upright members, a base therefor, a body engaging memher at the upper end of said upright members, springs for resisting the downward movement of the body engaging member when pressure is applied thereto and for retracting said body engaging member to its initial position, slots in said upright members, guiding members associated with said body engaging member which work in said slots, flexible members connected with said springs, and pulleys over which said flexible members pass, said flexible members being connected with said body engaging member.

9. An exercising device comprising upright members, a base therefor, a body engaging member at the upper end of said upright members, springs for resisting the downward movement of the body engaging member when pressure is applied thereto and for retracting said body engaging member to its initial position, slots in said upright members, guiding members associated with said body engaging member which work in said slots, and springs connected with the lower ends of said upright members and with said base.

10. An exercising device comprising upright members, a base therefor, a body engaging member at the upper end of said upright members, said upright members formed of two parts, one of said parts being pivotally connected with the base, the two parts being pivotally connected together, and a spring at the point where the parts are pivotally connected together and engaging both of said parts and tending to maintain them in a straightened position.

JOHN SWANSON.

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