Title:
Buckle
United States Patent 2212862


Abstract:
My invention relates to devices for strap connections and fastenings and, more particularly, to buckles functioning in this manner. The main object of the present invention is to provide a buckle of this character which is readily attached to and as readily detached from a garment, strap,...



Inventors:
Fred, Hirsh
Application Number:
US30972139A
Publication Date:
08/27/1940
Filing Date:
12/18/1939
Assignee:
ADJUSTA COMPANY
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
2/268, 2/336, 24/23B, 24/200, 24/336, D11/218
International Classes:
A44B11/04
View Patent Images:



Description:

My invention relates to devices for strap connections and fastenings and, more particularly, to buckles functioning in this manner.

The main object of the present invention is to provide a buckle of this character which is readily attached to and as readily detached from a garment, strap, or other wearing apparel. It is also an object of the invention to make the connection or fastening hold steadily and firmly while the device is in operative position. For example, when a tape or ribbon is passed into a buckle of my invention, the passage is effected smoothly and without effort or possible injury to the material, and, again, the tape or ribbon can be removed from the buckle in an equally easy, smooth manner. Yet, while the tape or ribbon is in .the buckle, in operative position, it will not slip out, no matter how much movement the buckle itself may be subjected to. A further '20 object of the invention is to provide a buckle affording two connecting means, one of) a perma-; nent character, and the other of a transitional nature. Nor need the permanent connections be fixed. They may be adjustable. A still further. object is to provide a buckle for connecting two pieces of apparel or the two ends of a strap or band in which both the connected articles or ends can be readily disconnected. Other objects of the invention will become apparent from the specification which follows and from the accompanying drawing.

In the drawing, Figure 1 is a front view of a buckle embodying my invention as applied to a strap at one end and a loop at the other end, -35 when fastening some garment to a piece of another wearing apparel, or when connecting the two ends of a band, strap or belt. Figure 2 is a cross section taken along the line 2-2 of Figure 1. Figure 3 is a similar front view of the same -buckle alone. Figure 4 is a modification of the invention differing from the embodiment shown in Figure 3 only in that the central slot is closed at both ends instead of being open at one end, as in Figure 3. Figure 5 is another modification, the two arms along the edges of the buckle in this embodiment being oppositely directed instead of being unidirectional, as in Figures 3 and 4. Figure 6 is a further modification of the device, there being two short arms in this case, with an opening btween them, instead of one .pf the arms in the embodiment Illustrated in Figure 4. Other modifications of the invention are shown in Figures 7 and 8, wherein there is no central slot, and the arms are oppositely dia5 rected. The two buckles shown in Figures ' and 8 are identical, except that the one shown in F:gure 8 is provided with holes in the main body portion of the buckle. The modification illustrated in Figure S differs from the one shown in Figure 7 in that it has only one open end arm, 6 the slot at the opposite side being closed at both ends. Finally, Figure 10 illustrates a buckle embodying my invention in combination with a safety pin.

Referring to the figures in detail, the buckle shown in Figures 1-3 comprises a main body I, made of a flat piece of metal or other suitable material. Two arms 2, 2', extend on opposite sides from the main body I, forming parallel slots 3, 3', therewith. The slots 3, 3', as shown, are of equal width, but, of course, their widths need not be the same. The main body I has a central slot 4, parallel to the slots 3 and 3', and open at one end. The open ends of the arms 2, 2', terminate in scrolls 5, 5', which are turned towards the main body I and form inverted cusps 6, 6', on their inner sides. The scrolls 5, 5', preferably, extend above the slots 3, 3', as shown in the drawing, but they need not extend that high, so long as they at least partially block the entrance into the slots 3, 3'. As shown, if the main body I were not cut away opposite the scrolls, the slots 3, 3', would be partially or completely closed at this end. To open up a passage into and out of the slots 3, 3', the main body I is cut away opposite 'the scrolls 5, 5', along contours following the contours of the scrolls, at a distance therefrom substantially equal to the width of the slots 3, 3'. The reason for this distance is that there must be at least as much room between the main body I and the scrolls 5, 5', as there is between the edges of the slots 3, 3', in order to pass material of a thickness conforming to the slots-3, 3', between the main body I and the scrolls 5, 5'. In the appli,'4 cation illustrated in Figures 1-2, a tape or ribbon 9 is passed once through the central slot 4, once through the slot 3', and twice through the slot 3, in accordance with a well known manner of adjustably connecting a strap to a buckle. At the same time, the arm 2' of the buckle passes through the loop 8 formed by another length of tape or ribbon, or by arother end of the same -tape or ribbon. Thus, two thicknesses of the material pass through the slots 3 and 3', and only one thickness through the central slot 4.

Accordingly, as shown, the width of the slot 4_ is one half that of the slots 3 and 3'.

The above described illustration is of .the type wherein the buckle has a permanent, but ad- -5 justable, strap connection involving one of the arms 2, 2', and a transitional connection at the,, other end, involving the other arm which rests in a loop. When the device is in operative position, a pull, indicated in Figure 2 by arrows, is exerted on the arm 2' by the loop 8. This will cause the material of the loop 8 to cling firmly to the arm 2', while the cusp 6' will prevent the loop from slipping off the arm 2'. When it is desired to break the connection between the buckle and the loop, the pull is relieved, and then the loop 8 is readily slipped off the arm 2' through the smooth, rounded passage between the main body I and the scroll 5'.

The variants of my invention illustrated in Figures 4-6 are characterized by the fact that the central slot 10 is closed at both ends. The buckle in Figure 5, moreover, shows an arrangement wherein the arms 2 and 2' are oppositely directed, and the- one in Figure 6, an arrangement providing for two short arms II, II', with an opening between them, in lieu of the single arm 2'. All these buckles may be used, in the same manner as the one shown in Figures 1-2. The main body I of the buckle illustrated in Figure 7 has no central slot. Among the various applications possible with this type of buckle is the formation of a connecting link between two loops .such as the loop 8 of Figure 2, each loop engaging one of the arms of the buckle.

The main body I may be secured to a garment.

For example, it may be sewn to it, for which purpose the buckle is provided with holes 12, as shown in Figure 8. Another buckle without the central slot is shown in Figure 9. This buckle has only one arm, the slot 3' in this case being closed at both ends. The possible uses of this type of buckle are well known and need not be described here, except to say that the arm 2 may be -used in connection with a loop, as in the case illustrated in Figure 2.

A great many ether modifications of the device readily suggest themselves, all characterized by the same feature of the arm or arms open at one end and terminating in scrolls of the character fully illustrated and explained in the above examples, but only one more is shown in the drawing, namely, the one illustrated in Figure 10, in which one of the arms 2, 2', is replaced by a connection with a safety pin, 13. This modification has a great many applications in the field of women's undergarments.

I claim: 1. A buckle comprising a mati body, an arm on said main body forming a slot therewith, and a scroll at the open end of said arm turned towards said main body, the main body being cut away opposite said scroll to provide a passage therebetween of a width substantially equal to the width of said slot.

2. A buckle comprising a maip body and an 'arm on said main body forming a slot therewith, the open end of said arm terninating in 65 a scroll turned towards said main body, said main body being cut away opposite said scroll to provide-a passage therebetween of a width substantially equal to the width of said slot, and said scroll having an inverted cusp on its inner side.

070 3. A buckle comprising a main body, an arm on said main body forming a slot therewith, and a scroll at the open end of said arm turned towards said nain body and extending above said slot, said main body being cut away opposite said scroll to present a, contour following the contour of said scroll at a distance therefrom substantially equal to the width of said slot.

4. A buckle comprising a main body, an arm on said main body forming a slot therewith, and a scroll at the open end of said arm turned towards -5 said main body and extending above said slot, said main body being cut away opposite said scroll to provide a passage therebetween of a width substantially equal to the width of said slot, and said scroll having an inverted cusp on its inner side.

5. A buckle comprising a main body provided with one or more parallel slots, an arm on said main body forming an additional slot therewith parallel to said first mentioned slots, and a scroll at the open end of said arm turned towards said main body, said main body being cut away opposite said scroll to provide-a passage therebetween of a width substantially equal to the width of said additional slot. 6. A buckle comprising a main body provided with one or more parallel slots, and an arm on said main body forming an additional slot therewith parallel to said first mentioned slots, said arm terminating at its open end in a scroll turned towards said main body, said main body being cut away opposite said scroll to present a contour following the contour of said scroll at a distance therefrom substantially equal to the width of said additional slot, and said scroll having an inverted cusp on its inner side.

7. A buckle comprising a main body, arms on said main body at two opposite edges thereof parallel to said edges and forming slots therewith, and scrolls at the open ends of said arms turned 'towards said main body, said main body being - cut away opposite said scrolls to provide passages between the scrolls and the main body, each passage being of a width substantially equal to the width of the corresponding slot. 8. A buckle comprising a main body, arms on said main body at two opposite edges thereof parallel to said edges and forming slots therwith, and scrolls at the open ends of said airs. turned .towards said main body, said main body being cut away opposite said scrolls to present contours; each contour following the contour of the corresponding scroll at a distance therefrom substantially equal to the width of the corresponding slot, and said scrolls having inverted cusps on their inner sides.

9. A buckle comprising a main body and unidirectional arms on said main body at two opposite edges thereof parallel to said edges and forming slots therewith, the open ends of said arms terminating in scrolls turned towards said main body, said main body being cut away opposite said scrolls to provide passages between said scrolls and said main body, each passage being of a width substantially equal to the width of the corresponding slot.

10. A buckle comprising a main body and oppositely directed arms on said main body at.two pposite edges thereof parallel to said edges and forming slots therewith, the open ends of said arms terminating in scrolls turned towards said main body, said main body being cut away opposite said scrolls to provide passages between the scrolls and the main body, each passage being of a width substantially equal to the width of the 70. corresponding slot.

11. A buckle comprising a main body having a central slot and arms on said main body at two opposite edges thereof forming terminal slots therewith parallel to and having twice the width of said central slot, the open ends of said arms terminating in scrolls turned towards said main body, said main body being cut away opposite said scrolls to present contours, each contour following the contour of the corresponding scroll at a distance therefrom substantially equal to the width of the corresponding terminal slot.

12. A buckle comprising a main body having a central slot and arms on said main body at two opposite edges thereof forming terminal slots therewith parallel to and of twice the width of said central slot, the open ends of said scrolls terminating in scrolls turned towards said main body, said main body being cut away opposite said scrolls to provide passages between the scrolls and the main body, each passage being of a width substantially equal to the width of the corresponding terminal slot, and said scrolls having cusps on their inner sides.

PRED MIRSB