Title:
Amusement game apparatus
United States Patent 2166228


Abstract:
This invention relates to certain novel improvements in amusement game apparatuses, and has for its principal object the provision of an improved construction of this character which will be highly efficient in use and economical in manufacture. Among the several objects of this invention...



Inventors:
Wilsey, Irven H.
Application Number:
US9004936A
Publication Date:
07/18/1939
Filing Date:
07/11/1936
Assignee:
JOHN H SHARP
Hibbard E. W.
Primary Class:
International Classes:
A63D13/00; A63F7/02
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Description:

This invention relates to certain novel improvements in amusement game apparatuses, and has for its principal object the provision of an improved construction of this character which will be highly efficient in use and economical in manufacture.

Among the several objects of this invention is the provision of a spinning structure for obstructing the movement of balls gravitating down an inclined board of the apparatus, together with a simple and expeditious combination and arrangement of parts for releasing the balls from the ball obstructing means of the apparatus.

A still further object of the invention is the provision in an amusement game apparatus of controlling the rebound of a ball projected upon an inclined board through the medium of a stream of air directed through an orifice located in the path of movement of the ball.

Another object of this invention is the provision of pneumatic means acting as a baffle or deflector for a ball projected for gravitation down an inclined playboard.

Other objects will appear hereinafter.

The invention consists in the novel combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed.

The invention will be best understood by reference to the accompanying drawings showing the preferred form of construction, and in which: Fig. 1 is a plan view of the invention; Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional detail view of the same taken substantially on line 2-2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional detail view of the same taken substantially on line 3-3 of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional detail view of the same taken substantially on line 4-4 of Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional detail view of the same taken substantially on line 5-5 of Fig. 1; Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional detail view of 45, the same taken substantially on line 6-6 of Fig. 5; Fig. 7 is a fragmentary sectional detail view of the same taken substantially on line 7-7 of Fig. 1; Fig. 8 is a fragmentary sectional detail view of the same taken substantially on line 8-8 of Fig. 2; and Fig. 9 is a diagrammatical view of a circuit embodied in the invention.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, in which the preferred form of construction of the invention is illustrated, 10 indicates a suitable cabinet having a glass or transparent top II beneath which is arranged an inclined playboard 12 upon which balls or the like are adapted to be projected through the medium of a suitable ball propelling device 13 of a well known and conventional structure, the balls being elevated to the propelling device through a ball elevating means 14, likewise of a well known and conventional structure.

The inclined board is provided with upper and lower semi-circular shaped ramps 15, and the lower end thereof is provided with a ball exit opening 16 normally closed by a gate or panel 17 slidably connected to the inclined board 12 through the medium of slot and pin connection 18.

The sliding movement is imparted to the panel I by the slide bar 19 of a coin chute 20 of a well known and conventional type and design, this movement being effected by sliding the bar 19 inwardly so as to bring the inner end portion 21 thereof into engagement with a depending arnm 22 of the panel or gate 17. Beneath this ball exit opening 16 is a ball return runway 23 which communicates in a manner well known in the art with the elevator 14.

Disposed beneath the inclined board 12 is a chamber 24 formed by wall members 24' and which is substantially air-tight, and communicating with this chamber 24 is a delivery nozzle 25 of a blower 26 operable by a suitable electric motor 27.

Formed in the playboard 12 at predetermined points are a plurality of openings 28 through which the air from the chamber 24 is adapted to pass and be directed into suitable cup-shaped discs 29 preferably provided with fan-like blades 30, whereby when the air strikes these blades 30, the discs 29 will be caused to spin. These discs 29 are connected, as at 31, to rods 32 slidably arranged in brackets 33 secured to the inclined board 12, as at 34. The lower end portions of these rods 32 rest upon plates 35 slidably carried by supporting screws 36 suspended from the indined board 12, as best shown in Fig. 8.

Associated with each of these plates 35 is a magnetic element 37, one side of which is connected in circuit with a suitable source of energy 38, the other side of the source of energy being connected to the opposite side of the magnetic element 37, and there being interposed in this circuit control switches 39. These control switches 39 include stationary contacts 40 secured to the under side of the inclined board 12 and movable 6 contact elements 41 carried by the gate or panel I1.

In this circuit there is also provided a switch 42 which controls the circuit between the magnetic elements 37 and the source of electric energy 38 independent of the switches 39, for reasons which will be hereinafter more fully understood.

At the terminal of the upper ramp 15 of the inclined board is an enclosure 43 having a transparent top wall 44 and an open end 45. Communicating with the extreme inner end portion of the enclosure 43 adjacent its closed end 46 is a conduit 47 having communication with the chamber 24, whereby a constant stream of air is projected into the enclosure 43 toward the open end 45 thereof.

An alleyway may be provided at the lower end of the board, as indicated at 49, for directing the balls to the exit opening 16, the inclusion of this alleyway 48 being optional with the designer of the board.

In operation, the blower 26 is operated through the medium of the motor 27 having a suitable source of supply through the medium of conductors 27'. This blower will force air into the chamber 24, whereupon the air will pass under pressure through the openings 28 against the blades 30 and cause the discs 29 to spin in a horizontal plane. The player projects a ball along the upper ramp 15, and this ball will pass into the enclosure 43 a predetermined distance into the path of the air passing upwardly through the conduit 47 and be blown back toward the upper portion of the board 12 for gravitation toward the lower end thereof.

Should the ball strike the discs 29', it will be deflected in one of many directions by virtue of the spinning action of these discs. These discs 29' differ from the discs 29 in that they are not capable of being elevated. If the ball is deflected by one of the discs 29' for passage downwardly between these discs, it will pass over the movable spring leaf 48 of the switch 42, closing the switch 42, whereupon certain of the magnets 37 are energized, and being energized they will attract the bars 35, elevating the spinning discs 29 to allow any balls trapped between these discs to be released for gravitation down toward the lower end of the board. The ball passing over the leaf spring 48 of the switch will be obstructed in its movement by the adjacent pair of discs, indicated at A, until these discs are elevated in the manner hereinbefore explained, whereupon the ball, indicated at B, will travel by gravity down the board and again be stopped by the next pair of discs, indicated at C, where it will be held until the ball B is again released for further gravitation down the playboard either to be stopped by a pair of discs or for gravitation to the exit opening 16.

It is to be noted that in the operation of the game, the degree of force by which the ball B is propelled along the upper ramp 15 will determine the distance the ball passes into the enclosure 43. The greater the distance of travel of the ball into the enclosure 43, the greater force of expulsion therefrom by the air directed to this enclosure through the duct 47, and consequently under such circumstances the ball may be forced back from the housing 43 a greater or lesser distance depending upon the distance of the travel of the ball into the enclosure 43.

The spinning discs may be highly decorated with different colors so as to have aesthetic appeal to the observer.

To discharge the balls from the playboard to the return runway of the elevator, the operator pushes the slide bar 19 of the chute 20 inwardly so as to push the gate or panel 17 inwardly from obstructing position with respect to the ball exit opening 16. At the same time the movable contact members 41 are brought into contact with the stationary contact members 40, completing the circuit between the source 38 and the magnets 37 to elevate the various discs 29 to release such balls as are trapped by the said discs. To cause the return of the panel or gate 17 into ball obstructing position, there is provided a retraction spring 22'.

While I have illustrated and described the pre- 15, ferred form of construction for carrying my invention into effect, this is capable of variation and modification without departing from the spirit of the invention. I, therefore, do not wish to be limited to the precise details of construction set 201 forth, but desire to avail myself of such variations and modifications as come within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters 25B Patent is: 1. The combination with a game apparatus of the pin ball type including a ball playing board onto which balls are launched for devious movement thereover, of pneumatically driven moving 3D hazard barriers constructed and arranged to be engaged and stopped by said balls.

2. An amusement game apparatus comprising an inclined board upon which balls are propelled for gravitation thereover, a plurality of pneu- 36 matically driven moving elements arranged in pairs upon said board in the path of the balls so as to be engaged by a ball and stopped thereby, and pneumatic means for driving said elements together with mechanism for effecting the disengagement of a ball from any of said pairs.

3. In amusement game apparatus of the type including a playing field upon which a ball is propelled for devious movement thereover, ball trapping means comprising members mounted in pairs in spaced relation to each other on said field, said members being constructed and arranged to be spun in a horizontal plane, and the space between the same being normally less than that sufficient for said ball to pass therebetween, whereby said ball may become lodged 50 between said members in a manner to arrest spinning movement thereof, and means for imparting spinning motion to said members.

4. In combination, means providing a playing field, a pair of shaft members mounted in spaced relation to project above said field, means for projecting a missile of predetermined size onto said field, and missile-engaging means on each of said shafts and positioned oppositely to each other at a predetermined normal level above the surface of said field for rotation coaxially with the corresponding shafts, said shafts being arranged for axial displacement to move the respective missile-engaging means thereon out of their normal level relative to the playing field, the distance between the missile-engaging means being such that said missile may become lodged therebetween in a manner to prevent rotation thereof, means for impositively driving said missile-engaging means to effect spinning motion thereof for subsequent arrest by lodgment of the missile therebetween as aforesaid, and mechanism for displacing said shafts to increase the distance between the missile-engaging means thereon and said playing field whereby to free a missile lodged therebetween.

5. In an amusement game apparatus having a playboard on which a ball is adapted to move, 5; a pneumatic chamber associated with the board and means for maintaining a substantially constant air pressure in said chamber, an enclosure having a ball-receiving entrance and arranged in the path of a ball moving on said playboard, I: and duct means communicating between said chamber and the enclosure, said entrance of the enclosure normally providing egress for air from said chamber whereby to provide a rebound means for said ball.

6. An amusement apparatus comprising an inclined board upon which balls may be propelled for gravitating movement thereover, and pneumatically-operated barrier means on said board for affecting the motion of gravitating balls thereon.

7. An amusement game apparatus comprising an inclined board onto which balls are propelled for gravitation thereover, a plurality of pneumatically driven elements arranged in pairs upon said board, pneumatic means for operating said elements, the latter each comprising disc-like members having fan blades formed thereon and the members of each said pair being disposed in spaced relation in a substantially horizontal plane, each said pair being positioned to be engaged by a ball gravitating on said board and the motion of the elements thereof stopped by said ball and operable when so engaged to hold said ball against further gravitation, together with selectively operable mechanism for moving the said elements of a pair out of holding position relative to a ball held thereby.

8. A game apparatus including an inclined board and means for projecting balls onto said board for devious movement thereover, together with barrier means in the form of rotating members arranged in pairs on said board with the members of each pair spaced apart a distance less than the diameter of a ball whereby a ball moving over the board may be lodged between the members of a pair, means mounting said members for vertical movement to release a ball held thereby, means for rotating said members, and control mechanism operable by a ball on said board for raising the members of a said pair to release a held ball.

9. A game apparatus including a playboard, means for launching a projectile onto said board for devious movement thereover and barrier means in the form of moving elements arranged in pairs on said board with the elements of each pair cooperable to block the movement of a projectile engaging the same, means for rotating the elements of a said pair, said elements also being movable out of stopping engagement with a projectile held thereby, and control mechanism arranged on said board for engagement by a projectile thereon and operable to effect a movement of the elements of a said pair to disengage a projectile stopped thereby.

10. A game apparatus including an inclined playboard, means for propelling a ball onto said board for gravitating movement thereover, barrier means on said board and including a plurality of disc-like members mounted for rotation in spaced relation in a plane substantially parallel to that of the board and at a distance above the board for engagement by a ball moving thereon, certain of said disq-like members being relatively spaced a distance less than the diameter of a ball so as to prevent the movement of a ball freely therebetween, means for rotating said disclike members, means mounting said members for axial movement relative to said board to disengage a ball held therebetween, mechanisms for moving said elements axially, control means arranged on said board for operation by a ball to actuate certain of said last-mentioned mechanisms, together with manually operable mechanism for axially moving all of said disc-like members.

11. In a game apparatus of the type having an inclined ball playing board, means for propelling a ball onto said board for gravitation thereover, a pneumatic chamber beneath said board, and means for maintaining a pressure of air in said chamber, the combination therewith of pneumatic ball control means in the form of moving elements arranged in spaced relation on said board and cooperable in pairs to stop a ball gravitating down the same, the members of a said pair stopping a ball being themselves stopped, means for directing air from said chamber to each of said moving elements to drive the latter, and pneumatic means communicating with said chamber and arranged on said board for engagement by a ball to change the direction of movement of said ball.

12. The combination with a game apparatus of the type including a play board upon which balls are launched for devious movement thereover, of means including an air chamber arranged below the board and a plurality of air-driven moving barrier elements positioned on said board for engagement by a ball moving thereover in such manner that a predetermined number of said moving elements will be stopped when engaged by said ball in a particular manner, and means for directing air from said chamber to each of said moving barrier elements, together with means for maintaining a substantially constant air pressure within said chamber when the game apparatus is in use.

13. In a game apparatus, a play field and means for projecting a game instrumentality for movement relative to said play field, and means providing a hazard for said instrumentality and including air-driven rotatable barrier elements arranged in spaced relation on said playfield to be engaged by said instrumentality, said instrumentality being of a size to lodge against any two of said elements in the region of the space therebetween, said engagement being effective to stop rotation of the elements engaged so long as said instrumentality remains in contact therewith, together with means providing a current of air for rotating said barrier elements.

14. Game apparatus including a ball playing board and means for projecting balls thereover, together with barrier means in the form of air- go driven rotatable members arranged in groups on said board in such manner that the distance between two rotatable members of a group is less than the diameter of a ball used for projection as aforesaid whereby such a ball may be lodged and arrested substantially between two rotating barrier members of a group to arrest the movement of the ball and said members, said rotatable members being constructed and mounted for releasing movement to release a ball arrested as aforesaid, and mechanism for effecting releasing movement of the barrier members for the purpose aforesaid, together with means for moving driving air relative to each of said air-driven rotatable members for effecting rotation of the same. 15. In combination, means providing a playing field, a pair of shaft members mounted in spaced parallel relation to project above said field, means for projecting a missile of predetermined size onto said field, and missile-engaging means on each of said shafts positioned oppositely to each other at a predetermined normal level above the surface of said field for rotation coaxially with the corresponding shafts, said shafts being arranged for axial displacement to raise the respective missile-engaging means thereon above their normal level relative to the playing field, the distance between the missile-engaging means being such that said missile may become lodged therebetween in a manner to prevent rotation thereof, said missile-engaging means including air deflecting parts constituting each of the same an air motor, means for directing air against said deflecting parts to effect rotation of said missileengaging means, and mechanism for displacing said shafts as aforesaid to move said missileengaging means out of normal level whereby to free a missile lodged therebetween.

IRVEN H. WILSEY.