Title:
Clamp
United States Patent 2083077


Abstract:
The invention relates generally to clamping devices and more particularly to clamping devices adapted for use in removably securing articles of clothing such as dresses, skirts, trousers and the like upon coat hangers or similar supporting devices. I am aware that clamping devices of this...



Inventors:
Mayer, Edward J.
Application Number:
US9946536A
Publication Date:
06/08/1937
Filing Date:
09/04/1936
Assignee:
Mayer, Edward J.
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
24/564, 40/659, 223/93
International Classes:
A47G25/48
View Patent Images:



Description:

The invention relates generally to clamping devices and more particularly to clamping devices adapted for use in removably securing articles of clothing such as dresses, skirts, trousers and the like upon coat hangers or similar supporting devices.

I am aware that clamping devices of this general character have heretofore been provided but no such device of which I have knowledge embodies the advantages of simplicity, adaptability to universal use, surety in the clamping function and safety against the harming of clamped articles which comprise the objectives and attainments of the novel spring wire, sheath protected devices herein described.

With these and other objects in view the invention further resides in the novel features of construction and arrangement hereinafter described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing.

In the drawing:Figure 1 is a detail perspective view of the improved clamp member per se.

Figure 2 is a detail end elevation illustrating the clamp member removably attached to the end of a coat hanger of the loop wire type by one form of mounting device.

Figure 3 is a face view of the parts shown in Figure 2 moved to position for effecting separation of the clamping member from the mounting device.

Figure 4 is a detail perspective view illustrating another form of mounting device.

Figure 5 is a detail perspective view illustrating still another form of mounting device.

Like reference numerals designate corresponding parts through the several figures of the drawing.

My invention comprises a novel clamp mem4o ber and several novel optional mounting devices by employment of which such clamps may be removably attached to coat hangers of various types or other supporting devices.

My improved clamp member is formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise an upper centrally disposed spring mounting coil 5 and downwardly, opposed side arms 6 each including a finger seat or coil 7 engageable by the fingers of a user attempting to manipulate the clamp. Beneath the finger seats 7 the arms 6 are bent toward and across each other as at 8, then horizontally, laterally as at 9 in opposite directions, and finally into oppositely directed 55 opposed semi-circles 10 which are sheathed with protective rubber or other suitable tubing II.

See Figure 1.

I have devised several forms of mounting devices by which my improved clamp may be mounted upon coat hangers of the well known wooden or wire types some of which include cross bars and others of which are devoid of such equipment.

In the form of supporting device disclosed in Figures 2 and 3 of the drawing, which I have shown applied to the free end of a loop wire type of hanger a fragment of which is indicated at 12, I employ a wire body 13 sheathed as at 14 and terminating at its lower end in an open mounting eye 15. By reference to Figure 3 of the drawing it will be observed that the sheath 14 extends downwardly to the free end of the eye so as to restrict the outlet as indicated at 16 and thereby permit free mounting of the clamp shown in Figure 1 of the drawing but prevent inadvertent removal of the same. The wire body 13 is bent upon itself as at 17 to form a substantially parallel opposed leg 18 which is sheathed as at 19.

The sheaths 14 and 18 yieldably grip the cross wire end loop or cross bar 12 therebetween as indicated at 20 so as to assure against inadvertent displacement of the mounting device while readily permitting intentional removal thereof.

The lower end of the free leg 1I is bent at a retaining angle 21 so as to close off the space defined between the wire bodies 13, 17, and thus removably retain the mounting device on the coat hanger loop or cross wire. It will be obvious that, if desired, this mounting device can be applied to a wooden coat hanger including the usual narrow flat cross bar which will be receivable between the sheath wire bodies 13 and 11.

In the mounting of this device the angle bent free end of the wire body 17 may be readily deflected to provide free access to the space intervening the sheaths 14 and 18.

In Figure 4 of the drawing, I have disclosed another form of mounting device and have shown the same to be mounted upon a coat hanger of the wooden bow type indicated at 22 and including the cross bar 23. This form of device comprises two spaced substantially vertical arms 24, sheathed as at 25, and connected at their lower ends by a loop 26 adapted to be received in the mounting coil 5 with which the clamp device is provided.

At their upper ends the arms 24 are bent oppositely, horizontally, one terminating in a yieldable free end 28 and the other being bent into a transverse spring loop 29 and into an open square clamp portion 30 disposed in opposition to the sheathed arms 24. This form of mounting device may be employed to removably grip the cross bar of the hanger between the sheathed arms 24 and the clamp square 30 as illustrated in Figure 4.

In Figure 5 of the drawing, I have illustrated another form of mounting device applied to a coat hanger of the type shown in Figure 4 and which includes the same general form of vertical arms 31, sheathed as at 32, and connected by a loop 33 receivable in the mounting coil 5 of the clamp, and upper arms 34 bent oppositely, horizontally one terminating in a free end 35. The other arm 34 is bent centrally, laterally as at 36 and then upwardly to form a side arm 37 including a coil or finger seat 38. After formation of the side arm and finger seat the wire is formed into a central spring coil 39 and thence into a side arm 40 including a coil or finger seat 41 positioned to oppose the seat 38. After formation of the finger seat 41 the wire is bent in opposition to and across the portion 36 as at 42 and is then formed into an open square clamp 43 opposed to the arms 31 and sheathed as at 44.

By pressing at opposite sides at the finger seats 38 and 41 the clamp portions 32 and 44 may be spread apart to straddle the coat hanger portion and then be permitted to grip said portion as illustrated in Figure 5.

It will be noted that in all forms of the mounting devices and in my improved clamp unit, the structures are formed of a single piece of spring wire bent into suitable shape. In each of the mounting devices there is included a free end, as at 21 in Figures 2 and 3, 28 in Figure 4, and 35 -in Figure 5 whereby the mounting coil 5 of the clamp unit may be mounted or removed at will. When in use the clamp device shown in Figure 5 may be gripped at the finger seats 7 and by the application of pressure the sheathed clamping portions 11 can be forced apart and applied to the article to be clamped.

It will be obvious that the clamp and the several forms of the mounting device are adaptable to use for supporting all forms of garments such as coats, trousers, skirts, and dresses, securely and without fear of damaging the material of which they are composed.

It is of course to be understood that the details of structure and arrangement of parts may be variously changed and modified without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention. I claim: 1. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire to include means for attachment to said mounting eye, means for attachment to a support, and a free end facilitating connection and dis.connection with said mounting eye.

2. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for 175 said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire bent upon itself to form a mounting loop and substantially parallel mounting arms, one said mounting arm terminating at its free end in a free spring end angle-bent to overlie the companion arm, and the remaining mounting arm terminating at its free end in a mounting eye to removably receive the spring coil mounting eye of the clamp.

3. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire bent upon itself to form a mounting loop and substantially parallel mounting arms, one said mounting arm terminating at its free end in a free spring end angle-bent to overlie the companion arm, and the remaining mounting arm terminating at its free end in a mounting eye to removably receive the spring coil mounting eye of the clamp, and one said mounting arm having a yieldable protective sheath extended to form a yieldable closure for said free end mounting eye.

4. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire shaped to form a mounting loop receivable in the spring coil mounting eye, spaced mounting arms extending upwardly from the mounting loop and having their free ends turned toward each other one terminating in a free spring end and the other shaped to form an upper central transverse mounting eye terminating in-a spring clamp frame yieldably opposing said mounting arms.

5. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire shaped to form a mounting loop receivable in the spring coil mounting eye, spaced mounting arms extending upwardly from the mounting loop and having their free ends turned toward each other one terminating in a free spring end and the other shaped to form an upper central transverse mounting eye terminating in a spring clamp frame yieldably opposing said mounting arms, and a sheath of yieldable material on each said mounting arm.

6. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire shaped to form a mounting loop receivable in the spring coil mounting eye, spaced mounting arms extending upwardly from the mounting loop and having their free ends turned horizontally toward each other one to terminate in a free spring end and the other bent transversely and upwardly to form a side arm including a finger seat thence into an upper central spring coil mounting eye thence again downwardly to form an opposing side arm including a finger seat thence across said first mentioned side arm and terminating in a spring clamp frame yieldably opposing said mounting arms.

7. A clamp of the character described formed of a single length of spring wire to comprise a spring coil mounting eye, opposed side arms each including a finger seat, said side arms being directed toward each other then crossed and extended transversely-oppositely to terminate in opposed clamp loops; and a mounting device for said clamp formed of a single length of spring wire shaped to form a mounting loop receivable in the spring coil mounting eye, spaced mounting arms extending upwardly from the mounting loop and having their free ends turned horizontally toward each other one to terminate in a free spring end and the other bent transversely and upwardly to form a side arm including a finger seat thence into an upper central spring coil mounting eye thence again downwardly to form an opposing side arm including a finger seat thence across said first mentioned side arm and terminating in a spring clamp frame yieldably opposing said mounting arms, and protective sheathing for said mounting arms and portions of said clamp frame.

EDWARD J. MAYER.