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Title:
Panel construction
United States Patent 2048132
Abstract:
An object of my invention is to provide a panel construction of simple, durable and inexpensive construction for reproducing paneled wall effects in exact appearance of the usual construction, but which requires less labor and material and makes a stronger assembly. A further object is to...


Inventors:
Sern, Madsen
Publication Date:
07/21/1936
Assignee:
George, Curtis L.
Eugene, Curtis J.
Charles, Armstrong A.
Primary Class:
Other Classes:
52/506.06
International Classes:
E04F19/06
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Description:

An object of my invention is to provide a panel construction of simple, durable and inexpensive construction for reproducing paneled wall effects in exact appearance of the usual construction, but which requires less labor and material and makes a stronger assembly.

A further object is to improve on the usual types of moldings for paneled surfaces, my construction however being indistinguishable from true paneling, yet securing a number of advantages which will hereinafter be pointed out.

A further object is to provide a frontal appearance for the panel construction, whereby intersections of stiles and rails, such as T-joints and X joints present continuous surface appearance for one of the members in the flat portion of the molding, the molded edges presenting a mitered effect in exact duplicate of true paneling.

Still another object is to provide miter joints for molded edges of molding members and to provide overlaid members in the form of battens, some of these battens being arranged in one direction continuously and other at right angles to that direction being arranged with their ends abutting the side edges of the continuous battens, thus simulating the usual coped joints in true paneling.

Another object is to provide a panel construction which can be economically produced by making it possible to use relatively short lengths of materials for the greater portions of the moldings.

With these and other objects in view, my invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of the various parts of my panel construction, whereby the objects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in my claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which: Figure 1 is a front elevation of a paneled surface embodying my invention.

Figure 2 is a vertical, sectional view on the line 2-2 of Figure 1, showing the top of the panel.

Figure 2a is a similar sectional view slightly enlarged showing the bottom of the panel.

Figure 3 is an enlarged sectional view on the line 3-3 of Figure 1, showing the coaction of a batten strip with a grooved base member and with a panel surface to which the base member is applied.

Figure 4 is a perspective view of the base member and the batten strip assembled together; and Figure 5 is a perspective view of a plurality of batten strips illustrating their arrangement.

On the accompanying drawing, I have used the reference numeral 10 to indicate generally a '' panel. The panel 10 may be a continuous surface to be divided into smaller sizes, or a plurality of sections, such as indicated at 10 and 10a in Figure 3, with the joints between the sections to be covered by panel forming moldings.

A plurality of molding members A and A' are provided for dividing the paneled surfaces into smaller panels and these extend only from one intersection to the next one as shown by both solid and dotted lines in Figure 1.

The molding members A are characterized by a back groove 14 and the usual molded side edges 16. The molding members also have front grooves 12 to receive batten strips B and C, which are ordinarily formed as part of the molding members, and which therefore require either complicated mitering or coping operations in order to divide a panel surface into smaller panels, and also require relative long lengths of the molding members, which requirement is entirely eliminated with my panel construction. The batten strips B and C overlie the molding members A and A' and are inlaid relative thereto by fitting in the grooves 12.

In applying the molding members to the panel surfaces 10-10a, the ends are mitered as indicated at 13 and the short lengths of molding are applied end to end and intersecting each other as illustrated in Figure 1. The ends need not abut each other, it being merely necessary that they are separated by not more than the width of the batten strips, so that the open ends are covered by the batten strips when applied.

The panels 10 and IOa are illustrated as being secured to studding or the like 15 by nails 11, while the molding members A are secured to the walls as by nails or the like 18. These nails are driven preferably to a position not quite as tight as shown in Figure 3, and the batten strips are then inserted in the grooves 12 and seated tightly by placing a block of wood against them and hammering on the block, which further drives the nails 18, thus bowing the central portion of the molding member and causing the side edges of the groove 12 to firmly grip the batten strips.

Thereafter when the panel is painted or otherwise finished, the paint or the like will serve as a retaining means to keep the battens in place without any necessity of using brads, although, of course, brads can be used if desired.

The molded edges 16, of course, may be of any desired shape and either one or two of the edges may be provided, depending on whether the molding member is between the edges of two panel areas or at the edge of a panel area.

The molding member A' is illustrated as one being at the edge of the panel and in Figure 2, the groove 12a thereof is illustrated as a rabbet rather than a groove.

Cap molding 20 may be used on the top of the panel, while as shown in Figure 2a, a molded strip A' may be used, in which the groove 12b is actually a groove, and its lower edge is concealed by a base molding or quarter round 22.

The inlaid or batten strips B and C:may be of the proper-width to suit the size and kind of groove 12 employed.

When this strip is nailed as at 2 , the cap mold 20 conceals the nails.

In applying the molding members A and A', they can be easily and properly-aligned'by the use of a short strip of the 'batten across the joint between the ends of the molding members and fitting in the grooves thereof.

The battens B extend continuously across the joints while the battens C have their ends terminating at the side edges:.ofthe battens-B, -as best-shown in iFigure 5.

This arrangement is used and should zalways correspond to the stile. or'rail:members which in true paneling would be continuous and -broken respectively.

The.short lengths -,C-must be cut so -that their ends -fit rsnugly -up against the side .edges .of -the continuous strips;B.

-My panel .construction -eliminates the usual coping and complicatedmmitered-joints in molding members, some of which-must extend continuously -the ,length- or .width of -the panel in -order to produce -true: paneled! surfaee effect.

rWith my construction, however, all the molding members may -ýer.short lengths, but -the long length-appearanceeis obtainedby use of thebatten strips ,B extending -continuously iand smoothly acrossithe:inter-sections .ofmoldingrmembers. Some changes 1may :be made in -the arrangement and- construction of the parts of ýmy panel construction, -without departing from the real spirit and purpose of my invention, and-it is -my intention ito cover ,by my claims, any -modified forms of structure-or use of mechanical equivalents, which may -be -reasonably -included -within their scope.

I..claim as my invention: 1. -In.a panel construction, a -surface, -molding laid,thereover.to provide panel-areas, said-molding comprising .base >members shaving formed grooves in .theouter surfaces thereof and inlaid members fitting in; said- grooves, said basermembers abutting eachother with miterded edges at the intersections thereof, -said inlaid -members being continuous in one :direction across said intersections.

.2. In;a panel..construction, a-surface, molding laid thereover to -providepanel areas, said molding comprising base members -having -formed grooves in the outer surfaces thereof and inlaid members.fitting in said grooves, rsaid-base'members-abutting each other with mitered edges at the intersections thereof,-some-oftsaid inlaid members.being continuous'in.one.direction across-said intersections- and- others.being interrupted at the intersections.

.3.,In ..a panel construction, a :panel surface, molding laid thereover to define panel areas, said 'molding comprising grooved -molding members andlinlaid,members for-said grooves, two of said molding .members being arranged in end to end relationship on rsaid ,surface, third and .fourth molding,members arranged at right -angles to -said two rmolding imembers sand .with ,their :ends engaging them in mitered relationship, one of said inlaid members being in the grooves of said two members, and continuous past the adjoining ends, and the second and third inlaid members being in the grooves of the third and fourth molding members with their ends abutting the side edges of the first inlaid member.

4. A panel construction comprising a panel surface, a plurality of molding members extending in one direction thereacross and arranged end to end, a second plurality of molding members extending across said panel surface and arranged -at-an anglerelative to said first plurality of molding members and also arranged end to end and intersecting said'first plurality of molding members at the-ends .thereof, a plurality of batten strips extending longitudinally of said first plurality -of amolding :members and continuously across the ends thereof, and a second plurality of batten strips extending longitudinally of said secand 3plurality of :mdlding :members .and having ends-terminating t .the sside edges of.-said:first pluralityiofrbatten strips.

:5. A-.panel.construction comprising a panelTsurface, sa plurality :of -molding members extending in one direction thereacross and-arrangedtend to end, a second plurality of molding -members extendingracross-said panel surface and arranged at an angle relative to .saidfirst plurality of-molding members and also :arranged end to end and interseetingssaid first-plurality:odf molding.members :at -the -ends thereof, .a -plurality -of batten strips xextending longitudinally of said first plurality tof ,molding imembers and ,continuously across thecends thereof, and a second plurality of35 battei:strips extending longitudinally of said secondtpluralityof molding members and having, ends terminating -at -the side edges of :said first plurality :f :batten -strips, said molding members being-longitudinally grooved ito at least-partially receiveisaid batten:-strips.

-6. ;A panelconstruction comprising apanel surface, a-plurality .of molding 'members iextending in cone direction thereacross and arranged end to end,~a.second plurality of molding members;extending cacross said- panel -surface -and arranged atman:angle relative to said first plurality:of molding .mnembers .and .also 'arranged end to end ;and intersecting said-first;plurality of molding members mt the cends thereof, a plurality of -batten -50 strips -extending longitudinally -of said first plurality of -molding -members rand continuously across the ends thereof, and second plurality of batten:strips:extending longitudinally.of said second plurality of molding members and having ends terminating at the side edges of said first plurality of battenrstrips, said molding -members and !batten ,strips thaving 'formed interlocking parts.

-,7. A-panePlonstruction-comprising:a panel surface, :a plurality rof molding members extending in one rdirection thereacross and arranged end to end, a second plurality-of molding members extending across said -panel -surface -and arranged at-an angle relative toDsaid first plurality of- mold-'65 ing:members .and :lso:arranged end to end and intersecting:said first pluralityof molding members at the ends thereof, a plurality of batten strips .extending :longitudinally of said first -plurality -of :molding 'members and 'continuously acrossithe.-ends thereof, and a :second plurality df battenrstrips-'extending longitudinally -f said second plurality -of molding ,members and -having ends -terminating -at (the side edges of said first plurality af :abatten strips,r said molding-members having centrally arranged back and front grooves, said batten strips fitting in said front grooves.

8. A panel construction comprising a panel surface, a pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon, a second pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon and intersecting said first pair of molding members where their ends meet, the edges of said first and second pair of molding members, being mitered to fit each other, a batten strip extending longitudinally of said first pair of molding members, and second and third batten strips extending from the side edges of said first batten strip and longitudinally of said second pair of molding members.

9. A panel construction comprising a panel surface, a pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon, a second pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon and intersecting, said first pair of molding members where their ends meet, the edges of said first and second pair of molding members being mitered to fit each other, a batten strip extending longitudinally of said first pair of molding members, and second and third batten strips extending from the side edges of said first batten strip and longitudinally of said second pair of molding members, said molding members being grooved to receive the bases of said batten strips.

10. A panel construction comprising a panel surface, a pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon, a second pair of molding members arranged end to end thereon and intersecting, said first pair of molding members where their ends meet, the edges of said first and second pair of molding members being mittered to fit each other, a batten strip extending longitudinally of said first pair of molding members, and second and third batten strips extending from the side edges of said first batten strip and longitudinally of said second pair of molding members, said molding members being back-grooved to grip the edges of said batten strips when fastening elements through the molding members draw the molding members toward said panel.

SERN MADSEN.